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Lexicon :: Strong's H517 - 'ēm

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive word
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 115a

Strong’s Definitions

אֵם ʼêm, ame; a primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively [like father]):—dam, mother, × parting.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 220x

The KJV translates Strong's H517 in the following manner: mother (214x), dam (5x), parting (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 220x
The KJV translates Strong's H517 in the following manner: mother (214x), dam (5x), parting (1x).
  1. mother

    1. of humans

    2. of Deborah's relationship to the people (fig.)

    3. of animals

  2. point of departure or division

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אֵם ʼêm, ame; a primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively [like father]):—dam, mother, × parting.
STRONGS H517: Abbreviations
אֵם 221 noun feminine mother (Phoenician אם, Arabic أُمًّ, إِمًّ Ethiopic እዎ, Sabean אם (only in proper names compare e. g. BaeRel 118) Assyrian ummu COTGloss; Aramaic אֵם, אִימָּא, axmAe  ) — א׳ absolute Genesis 32:12 +; construct Genesis 3:20 +; suffix אִמִּי Genesis 20:12 + etc.; plural only suffix אִמֹּתֵנוּ Lamentations 5:3; אִמֹּתָם Jeremiah 16:3; Lamentations 2:12 (twice in verse); —
1. literal (human) mother, as parent Genesis 20:12; Genesis 32:12; Genesis 44:20; Exodus 2:8; Psalm 51:7; Psalm 113:9 (opposed to עֲקֶרֶת) Jeremiah 15:8 10; Jeremiah 20:14; Jeremiah 22:26; Jeremiah 50:12; 1 Chronicles 4:9; Songs 6:9; Songs 8:5 +; hence of Eve אֵם כָּל־חָ֑י Genesis 3:20; in poetry of birth, יָצָא מִבֶּטֶן אֵם Job 1:21; Ecclesiastes 5:14; יָצָא מֵרֶחֶם אֵם Numbers 12:12 compare Psalm 139:13 (Jeremiah 20:18 &) מִמְּעֵי אִמִּי גּוֺזִי Psalm 71:6 (subject י׳, compare גחה Psalm 22:10; > גּוֺזִי = my benefactor from birth Thes Ew Hup Pe); also וַתְּהִי אִמִּי קִבְרִי Jeremiah 20:17; מִבֶּטֶן אֵם = from earliest existence Judges 16:17; Job 31:18; Psalm 22:11; so מִמְּעֵי אֵם Isaiah 49:1; as giving suck Songs 8:1 (שְׁדֵי אֵם) Psalm 22:10; compare Psalm 131:2 (see Exodus 2:9 compare Exodus 2:8); as exercising authority Genesis 21:21; Genesis 24:28; Genesis 27:11), 13) 14; Judges 17:2f; Ruth 1:8; Songs 3:4; Songs 8:2 etc.; especially of queen-mother as possessing dignity & influence 1 Kings 1:11; 1 Kings 2:13) 19) 20; 2 Chronicles 22:2), 3; Songs 3:11; Proverbs 31:1; compare names of mothers of kings of Judah 1 Kings 14:21), 31; 1 Kings 15:2), 10), 13 +; as shewing love & care 1 Samuel 2:19; 1 Kings 3:27; 1 Kings 17:23; 2 Kings 4:30; Isaiah 66:13 (simile of י׳'s comforting his people; compare also Genesis 27:45); as beloved & lamented 1 Kings 19:20 (|| אָב) Genesis 24:67; Psalm 35:14; בֶּן־אִמּוֺ = own (uterine) brother Genesis 43:29; & || אָח Genesis 27:29; Deuteronomy 13:7; Judges 8:19; Psalm 50:20; Psalm 69:9; Songs 1:6; compare Songs 8:1; so בַּת־אִמּוֺ Leviticus 18:9; Leviticus 20:17; Deuteronomy 27:22 (|| בַּת־אָבִיו) Genesis 20:12; often with אָב, as parentes Jeremiah 16:3; Zechariah 13:3 (twice in verse); Isaiah 8:4; as rightfully claiming honour, authority, etc., compare above, Genesis 28:7 (P) compare Genesis 37:10 (E) Judges 14:2f, so in precept Proverbs 1:8; Proverbs 6:20; Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 15:20 etc. compare Ezekiel 22:7; laws enjoining these Exodus 20:12 = Deuteronomy 5:16; Leviticus 19:3 compare Deuteronomy 22:15; laws prohib. contrary Exodus 21:15), 17 (E) Leviticus 20:9 (twice in verse) (H) Deuteronomy 21:18), 19; Deuteronomy 27:16; laws as to mourning for Leviticus 21:2), 11 (H) Numbers 6:7 (P) compare Jeremiah 16:7; Ezekiel 44:25; left for wife Genesis 2:24; for mother-in-law Ruth 2:24; [Ruth 2:11] for husband Deuteronomy 21:13 (law for captive women); compare Deuteronomy 33:9 (of devoted service of Levites); loving, caring for children Proverbs 4:3 (on the opposite compare Psalm 27:10); loved, cared for Joshua 2:13 compare Joshua 2:18; Joshua 6:23. 1 Samuel 22:3; 1 Kings 19:20 compare 2 Samuel 19:38.
†2. figurative of Deborah as caring for her people אֵם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל Judges 5:7 (compare אָב Isaiah 22:21; Job 29:16); so of a city 2 Samuel 20:19 ('stock, race, community' RSK 28 compare Proph. iv. n 8); of Israel Hosea 2:4; Hosea 2:7; Hosea 4:5; compare Hosea 10:14; of Judah Isaiah 50:1 (twice in verse); of Hittite as mother of Jerusalem אָבִיךְ הָאֱמֹרִי וְאִמֵּךְ חִתִּית Ezekiel 16:3), 45 compare Ezekiel 16:44; Ezekiel 16:45; also Ezekiel 19:2), 10 & see Ezekiel 23:2.
† 3. of animals, dam Exodus 22:29 (of ox & sheep) Leviticus 22:27 (of bullock, sheep, or goat); Exodus 23:19 = Exodus 34:26 = Deuteronomy 14:21 (of kid); mother-bird Deuteronomy 22:6 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 22:7; figurative Job 17:14 לַשַּׁחַת קָרָאתִי אָבִי אָ֑תָּה אִמִּי וַאֲחֹתִי לָרִמָּֽה ׃.
†4. = point of departure or division אֵם הַדֶּרֶךְ Ezekiel 21:26. (|| ראֹשׁ שְׁנֵי הַדְּרָכִים).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:24; 3:20; 3:20; 20:12; 20:12; 20:12; 21:21; 24:28; 24:67; 27:11; 27:14; 27:29; 27:45; 28:7; 32:12; 32:12; 37:10; 43:29; 44:20


2:8; 2:8; 2:9; 20:12; 21:15; 21:17; 22:29; 23:19; 34:26


18:9; 19:3; 20:9; 20:17; 21:2; 21:11; 22:27


6:7; 12:12


5:16; 13:7; 14:21; 21:13; 21:18; 21:19; 22:6; 22:7; 22:15; 27:16; 27:22; 33:9


2:13; 2:18; 6:23


5:7; 8:19; 14:2; 16:17; 17:2



1 Samuel

2:19; 22:3

2 Samuel

19:38; 20:19

1 Kings

1:11; 2:13; 2:19; 2:20; 3:27; 14:21; 14:31; 15:2; 15:10; 15:13; 17:23; 19:20; 19:20

2 Kings


1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

22:2; 22:3


1:21; 17:14; 29:16; 31:18


22:10; 22:10; 22:11; 27:10; 35:14; 50:20; 51:7; 69:9; 71:6; 113:9; 131:2; 139:13


1:8; 4:3; 6:20; 10:1; 15:20; 31:1



Song of Songs

1:6; 3:4; 3:11; 6:9; 8:1; 8:1; 8:2; 8:5


8:4; 22:21; 49:1; 50:1; 66:13


15:8; 15:10; 16:3; 16:3; 16:7; 20:14; 20:17; 20:18; 22:26; 50:12


2:12; 5:3


16:3; 16:44; 16:45; 16:45; 19:2; 19:10; 21:26; 22:7; 23:2; 44:25


2:4; 2:7; 4:5; 10:14



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H517 matches the Hebrew אֵם ('ēm),
which occurs 220 times in 202 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 5 (Gen 2:24–Deu 22:7)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:24 -

For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother H517, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:20 -

Now the man named his wife [fn]Eve, because she was the mother H517 of all the living.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:12 - “Besides, she actually is my sister, the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother H517; and she became my wife;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:21 - He lived in the wilderness of Paran, and his mother H517 took a wife for him from the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:28 -

Then the young woman ran and told her mother’s H517 household about these things.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:53 - And the servant brought out articles of silver and articles of gold, and garments, and gave them to Rebekah; he also gave precious things to her brother and to her mother H517.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:55 - But her brother and her mother H517 said, “Let the young woman stay with us a few days, say ten; afterward she may go.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:67 - Then Isaac brought her into his mother H517 Sarah’s tent, and he took Rebekah, and she became his wife, and he loved her; so Isaac was comforted after his mother’s H517 death.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:11 - But Jacob said to his mother H517 Rebekah, “Behold, my brother Esau is a hairy man and I am a smooth man.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:13 - But his mother H517 said to him, “Your curse be on me, my son; only obey my voice, and go, get the goats for me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:14 - So he went and got them, and brought them to his mother H517; and his mother H517 made a delicious meal such as his father loved.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:29 -

May peoples serve you,

And nations bow down to you;

Be master of your brothers,

And may your mother’s H517 sons bow down to you.

Cursed be those who curse you,

And blessed be those who bless you.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:2 - “Arise, go to Paddan-aram, to the house of Bethuel your mother’s H517 father; and from there take to yourself a wife from the daughters of Laban, your mother’s H517 brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:5 - Then Isaac sent Jacob away, and he went to Paddan-aram to Laban, son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, the mother H517 of Jacob and Esau.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:7 - and that Jacob had obeyed his father and his mother H517 and had gone to Paddan-aram.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:10 - When Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of his mother’s H517 brother Laban, and the sheep of his mother’s H517 brother Laban, Jacob went up and rolled the stone from the mouth of the well, and watered the flock of his mother’s H517 brother Laban.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:14 -

Now in the days of wheat harvest Reuben went and found mandrake fruits in the field, and brought them to his mother H517 Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, “Please give me some of your son’s mandrakes.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:11 - “Save me, please, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, that he will come and [fn]attack me and the mothers H517 with the children.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:10 - He also told it to his father as well as to his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have [fn]had? Am I and your mother H517 and your brothers actually going to come to bow down to the ground before you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:29 - And as he raised his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s H517 son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me?” Then he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:20 - “And we said to my lord, ‘We have an old father and a little boy born in our father’s old age. Now his brother is dead, so he alone is left of his mother H517, and his father loves him.’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:8 - Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Go ahead.” So the girl went and called the child’s mother H517.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:12 -

“Honor your father and your mother H517, so that your days may be prolonged on the land which the LORD your God gives you.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:15 -

“And one who strikes his father or his mother H517 shall certainly be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:17 -

“And one who curses his father or his mother H517 shall certainly be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:30 - “You shall do the same with your oxen and with your sheep. It shall be with its mother H517 for seven days; on the eighth day you shall give it to Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:19 -

“You shall bring the choice first fruits of your soil into the house of the LORD your God.

“You are not to boil a young goat in the milk of its mother H517.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:26 -

“You shall bring the very first of the first fruits of your soil into the house of the LORD your God.

“You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s H517 milk.”

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 18:7 - ‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father, that is, the nakedness of your mother H517. She is your mother H517; you are not to uncover her nakedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 18:9 - As for the nakedness of your sister, either your father’s daughter or your mother’s H517 daughter, whether born in the household or born outside the household, you shall not uncover their nakedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 18:13 - ‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s H517 sister, for she is your mother’s H517 blood relative.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:3 - ‘Every one of you shall revere his mother H517 and his father, and you shall keep My Sabbaths; I am the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:9 -

‘If there is anyone who curses his father or his mother H517, he shall certainly be put to death. He has cursed his father or his mother H517, and has brought his [fn]own death upon himself.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:14 - ‘If there is a man who [fn]marries a woman and her mother H517, it is an outrageous sin; both he and they shall be burned with fire, so that there will be no such outrageous sin in your midst.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:17 -

‘If there is a man who takes his sister, his father’s daughter or his mother’s H517 daughter, so that he sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a disgrace; and they shall be cut off in the sight of the sons of their people. He has uncovered his sister’s nakedness; he bears his guilt.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:19 - ‘You shall also not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s H517 sister or of your father’s sister, for such a one has uncovered his [fn]blood relative; they will bear their guilt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:2 - except for his relatives who are nearest to him, his mother H517, his father, his son, his daughter, and his brother,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:11 - nor shall he approach any dead person, nor defile himself even for his father or his mother H517;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:27 - “When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall [fn]remain seven days [fn]with its mother H517, and from the eighth day on it will be considered acceptable as a sacrifice of an offering by fire to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 24:11 - And the son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name and cursed. So they brought him to Moses. (Now his mother’s H517 name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.)
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:7 - ‘He shall not make himself unclean for his father or for his mother H517, for his brother or for his sister, when they die, because his consecration to God is [fn]on his head.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 12:12 - “Oh, do not let her be like a dead person, whose flesh is half eaten away when he comes out of his mother’s H517 womb!”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:16 -

‘Honor your father and your mother H517, just as the LORD your God has commanded you, so that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well for you on the land which the LORD your God is giving you.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:6 -

“If your brother, your mother’s H517 son, or your son or daughter, or the wife [fn]you cherish, or your friend who is like your own soul, entices you secretly, saying, ‘Let’s go and serve other gods’ (whom neither you nor your fathers have known,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:21 -

“You shall not eat anything which dies of itself. You may give it to the stranger who is in your [fn]town, so that he may eat it, or you may sell it to a stranger; for you are a holy people to the LORD your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s H517 milk.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:13 - “She shall also [fn]remove the clothes of her captivity and shall remain in your house, and weep for her father and mother H517 a full month; and after that you may have relations with her and become her husband and she shall be your wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:18 -

“If any person has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father or his mother H517, and when they discipline him, he does not listen to them,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:19 - then his father and mother H517 shall seize him, and bring him out to the elders of his city [fn]at the gateway of his hometown.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:6 -

“If you happen to come upon a bird’s nest along the way, in any tree or on the ground, with young ones or eggs in it, and the mother H517 sitting on the young or on the eggs, you shall not take the mother H517 with the young;

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:7 - you shall certainly let the mother H517 go, but the young you may take for yourself, in order that it may go well for you and that you may prolong your days.

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