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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H519 - 'āmâ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Apparently a primitive word
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 112

Strong’s Definitions

אָמָה ʼâmâh, aw-maw'; apparently a primitive word; a maid-servant or female slave:—(hand-) bondmaid(-woman), maid(-servant).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 55x

The KJV translates Strong's H519 in the following manner: handmaid (22x), maidservant (19x), maid (8x), bondwoman (4x), bondmaids (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 55x
The KJV translates Strong's H519 in the following manner: handmaid (22x), maidservant (19x), maid (8x), bondwoman (4x), bondmaids (2x).
  1. maid-servant, female slave, maid, handmaid, concubine

    1. of humility (fig.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָמָה ʼâmâh, aw-maw'; apparently a primitive word; a maid-servant or female slave:—(hand-) bondmaid(-woman), maid(-servant).
STRONGS H519: Abbreviations
אָמָה noun feminine maid, handmaid (Phoenician אמת, Arabic أَمَةً, Sabean אמת in proper name SabDenkm20, Aramaic aXtmAf  , Assyrian amtu ZimBP 67) — א׳ absolute Genesis 21:10 +; suffix אֲמָתִי Genesis 30:3 +, etc.; plural absolute אֲמָהֹת Genesis 31:33; 2 Samuel 6:22; construct אַמְהוֺת 2 Samuel 6:20; אַמְהֹתַי Job 19:5 etc. — maid, handmaid.
1. literally maidservant (= שִׁפְחָה which see, where however sometimes more servile; rarely P in Hexateuch) Genesis 30:3; Genesis 31:33 (|| שִׁפְחָה Genesis 29:24, 29; P Genesis 30:4f. J etc.) Exodus 2:5 (all E); 2 Samuel 6:20, 22; Job 19:15; Nahum 2:8 (suffix refers to mistress, except Job 19:15 compare 2 Samuel 6:20, 22); in legisl. (|| עֶבֶד) Exodus 20:10, 17; Exodus 21:20, 26, 27, 32 (all E) Leviticus 25:6, 44 (twice in verse) (H) Deuteronomy 5:14 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 5:18; Deuteronomy 12:12, 18; Deuteronomy 15:17 (compare see 12) Deuteronomy 16:11, 14; compare also Job 31:13; Ezra 2:65; Nehemiah 7:67; applied to concubine (suffix of master) Genesis 20:17; Genesis 21:12; Exodus 23:12 (all E) Judges 9:18; Judges 19:19; also Genesis 21:10 (twice in verse); Genesis 21:13 (Genesis 16:1f. P שִׁפְחָה which see) Exodus 21:7 (all E), see on this StaGesch i: p. 380.
2. figurative in address, אֲמָֽתְךָ etc., referring to speaker, in token of humility; Ruth 3:9 (twice in verse) (|| שׁפחה Ruth 2:13) 1 Samuel 1:16 (|| id. 1 Samuel 1:18) 1 Samuel 25:24 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 25:25, 28, 31, 41 (|| id. 1 Samuel 25:27) 2 Samuel 14:15, 16 (|| id. 2 Samuel 14:6; 2 Samuel 14:7; 2 Samuel 14:12; 2 Samuel 14:15; 2 Samuel 14:17; 2 Samuel 14:19); 2 Samuel 20:17; 1 Kings 1:13, 17; 1 Kings 3:20; in addressing God (never שׁפחה) 1 Samuel 1:11 (3 times in verse), compare בֶּן־א׳ Psalm 86:16; Psalm 116:16.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


16:1; 20:17; 21:10; 21:10; 21:12; 21:13; 29:24; 29:29; 30:3; 30:3; 30:4; 31:33; 31:33


2:5; 20:10; 20:17; 21:7; 21:20; 21:26; 21:27; 21:32; 23:12


25:6; 25:44


5:14; 5:18; 12:12; 12:18; 15:17; 16:11; 16:14


9:18; 19:19


2:13; 3:9

1 Samuel

1:11; 1:16; 1:18; 25:24; 25:25; 25:27; 25:28; 25:31; 25:41

2 Samuel

6:20; 6:20; 6:20; 6:22; 6:22; 6:22; 14:6; 14:7; 14:12; 14:15; 14:15; 14:16; 14:17; 14:19; 20:17

1 Kings

1:13; 1:17; 3:20






19:5; 19:15; 19:15; 31:13


86:16; 116:16




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H519 matches the Hebrew אָמָה ('āmâ),
which occurs 56 times in 49 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:17 - Then Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech and his wife and his female H519 slaves H519, so that they gave birth to children.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:10 - Therefore she said to Abraham, “Drive out this slave H519 woman H519 and her son, for the son of this slave H519 woman H519 shall not be an heir with my son [fn]Isaac!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:12 - But God said to Abraham, “[fn]Do not be distressed because of the boy and your slave H519 woman H519; whatever Sarah tells you, listen to her, for through Isaac [fn]your descendants shall be named.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:13 - “And of the son of the slave H519 woman H519 I will make a nation also, because he is your [fn]descendant.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:3 - Then she said, “Here is my female H519 slave H519 Bilhah: have relations with her that she may give birth [fn]on my knees, so that [fn]by her I too may obtain a child.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:33 - So Laban went into Jacob’s tent, and into Leah’s tent, and into the tent of the two slave H519 women H519, but he did not find them. Then he went out of Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:5 - Now the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the Nile, with her female attendants walking alongside the Nile; and she saw the [fn]basket among the reeds and sent her slave H519 woman H519, and she brought it to her.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:10 - but the seventh day is a Sabbath of the LORD your God; on it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male slave or your female H519 slave H519, or your cattle, or your [fn]resident who [fn]stays with you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:17 - “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male slave, or his female H519 slave H519, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:7 - “Now if a man sells his daughter as a female H519 slave H519, she is not to [fn]go free as the male slaves [fn]do.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:20 - “And if someone strikes his male or female H519 slave H519 with a rod and the slave dies [fn]at his hand, he shall [fn]be punished.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:26 - “And if someone strikes the eye of his male or female H519 slave H519 and destroys it, he shall let [fn]the slave go free on account of the eye.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:27 - “And if he [fn]knocks out a tooth of his male or female H519 slave H519, he shall let [fn]the slave go free on account of the tooth.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:32 - “If the ox gores a male or female H519 slave H519, [fn]the owner shall give his or her master [fn]thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:12 - “For six days you are to do your work, but on the seventh day you shall cease from labor so that your ox and your donkey may rest, and the son of your female H519 slave H519, as well as the stranger residing with you, may refresh themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:6 - All of you shall have the Sabbath produce of the land as food; for yourself, your male and female H519 slaves H519, and your hired worker and your foreign resident, those who live as strangers among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:44 - ‘As for your male and female H519 slaves H519 whom you may have—you may acquire male and female H519 slaves H519 from the pagan nations that are around you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:14 - but the seventh day is a Sabbath of the LORD your God; you shall not do any work that day, you or your son or your daughter, or your male slave or your female H519 slave H519, or your ox, your donkey, or any of your cattle, or your [fn]resident who [fn]stays with you, so that your male slave and your female H519 slave H519 may rest as well as you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:21 - ‘You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor desire your neighbor’s house, his field, his male slave or his female H519 slave H519, his ox, his donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:12 - “And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you and your sons and daughters, your male and female H519 slaves H519, and the Levite who is within your gates, since he has no portion or inheritance with you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:18 - “But you shall eat them before the LORD your God in the place which the LORD your God will choose, you and your son and daughter, and your male and female H519 slaves H519, and the Levite who is within your gates; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God in all [fn]your undertakings.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 15:17 - then you shall take an [fn]awl and pierce it through his ear into the door, and he shall be your servant permanently. You shall also do the same to your female H519 slave H519.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:11 - and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, your son and your daughter, and your male and female H519 slaves H519, and the Levite who is in your [fn]town, and the stranger, the [fn]orphan, and the widow who are in your midst, at the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish His name.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:14 - and you shall rejoice in your feast, you, your son and your daughter, and your male and female H519 slaves H519, and the Levite, the stranger, the [fn]orphan, and the widow who are in your [fn]towns.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:18 - but in fact you have risen against my father’s house today and have killed his sons, seventy men, on one stone, and have made Abimelech, the son of his female H519 slave H519, king over the [fn]leaders of Shechem, because he is your relative
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:19 - “Yet there is both straw and feed for our donkeys, and also bread and wine for me, and [fn]your female H519 slave H519, and the young man who is with your servants; there is no lack of anything.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:9 - So he said, “Who are you?” And she answered, “I am Ruth your slave H519. Now spread your garment over your slave H519, for you are a redeemer.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:11 - And she made a vow and said, “LORD of armies, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your bond-servant H519 and remember me, and not forget Your bond-servant H519, but will give Your bond-servant H519 a [fn]son, then I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and a razor shall never come on his head.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:16 - “Do not [fn]consider your bond-servant H519 a useless woman, for I have spoken until now out of my great concern and provocation.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:24 - She fell at his feet and said, “On me [fn]alone, my lord, be the blame. And please let your slave H519 speak [fn]to you, and listen to the words of your slave H519.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:25 - “Please do not let my lord [fn]pay attention to this [fn]worthless man, Nabal, for as his name is, so is he. [fn]Nabal is his name, and stupidity is with him; but I your slave H519 did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:28 - “Please forgive the offense of your slave H519; for the LORD will certainly make for my lord an [fn]enduring house, because my lord is fighting the battles of the LORD, and evil will not be found in you all your days.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:31 - this will not become an obstacle to you, or a [fn]troubled heart to my lord, both by having shed blood without cause and by my lord’s having [fn]avenged himself. When the LORD deals well with my lord, then remember your slave H519.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:41 - And she got up and bowed with her face to the ground, and said, “Behold, your slave H519 is a servant to wash the feet of my lord’s servants.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 6:20 - But when David returned to bless his own household, Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David and said, “How the king of Israel dignified himself today! For he exposed himself today in the sight of his servants’ female H519 slaves H519, as one of the rabble shamelessly exposes himself!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 6:22 - “And I might demean myself even more than this and be lowly in my own sight, but with the female H519 slaves H519 of whom you have spoken, with them I am to be held in honor!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:15 - “Now then, [fn]the reason I have come to speak this word to my lord the king is that the people have made me afraid; so your servant said, ‘Let me now speak to the king, perhaps the king will perform the [fn]request of his slave H519.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:16 - ‘For the king will listen, to save his slave H519 from the [fn]hand of the man who would eliminate [fn]both me and my son from the inheritance of God.’
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:17 - So he approached her, and the woman said, “Are you Joab?” And he answered, “I am.” Then she said to him, “Listen to the words of your slave H519.” And he said, “I am listening.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:13 - “Go [fn]at once to King David and say to him, ‘Have you not, my lord the king, sworn to your servant H519, saying, “Solomon your son certainly shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:17 - So she said to him, “My lord, you yourself swore to your servant H519 by the LORD your God, saying, ‘Your son Solomon certainly shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 3:20 - “So she got up in the middle of the night and took my son from beside me while your servant H519 was asleep, and she laid him at her breast, and laid her dead son at my breast.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 2:65 - besides their male and female H519 slaves H519 [fn]who totaled 7,337; and they had two hundred singing men and women.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 7:67 - besides their male slaves and their female H519 slaves H519, [fn]of whom there were 7,337; and they had 245 male and female singers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:15 - “Those who live in my house and my servant H519 women H519 consider me a stranger.
I am a foreigner in their sight.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:13 - “If I have rejected the claim of my male or female H519 slaves H519
When they filed a complaint against me,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 86:16 - Turn to me, and be gracious to me;
Grant Your strength to Your servant,
And save the son of Your maidservant H519.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 116:16 - O LORD, [fn]I surely am Your slave,
I am Your slave, the son of Your female H519 slave H519,
You have unfastened my restraints.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 2:7 - It is set:
She is stripped, she is led away,
And her slave H519 women H519 are sobbing like the sound of doves,
Beating their [fn]breasts.
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