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Lexicon :: Strong's H5234 - nāḵar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1368

Strong’s Definitions

נָכַר nâkar, naw-kar'; a primitive root; properly, to scrutinize, i.e. look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning):—acknowledge, × could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange(-ly).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 50x

The KJV translates Strong's H5234 in the following manner: know (16x), acknowledge (7x), discern (6x), respect (4x), knowledge (2x), known (2x), feign to another (2x), miscellaneous (11x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 50x
The KJV translates Strong's H5234 in the following manner: know (16x), acknowledge (7x), discern (6x), respect (4x), knowledge (2x), known (2x), feign to another (2x), miscellaneous (11x).
  1. to recognise, acknowledge, know, respect, discern, regard

    1. (Niphal) to be recognised

    2. (Piel) to regard

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to regard, observe, pay attention to, pay regard to, notice

      2. to recognise (as formerly known), perceive

      3. to be willing to recognise or acknowledge, acknowledge with honour

      4. to be acquainted with

      5. to distinguish, understand

    4. (Hithpael) to make oneself known

  2. to act or treat as foreign or strange, disguise, misconstrue

    1. (Niphal) to disguise oneself

    2. (Piel)

      1. to treat as foreign (profane)

      2. to misconstrue

    3. (Hithpael)

      1. to act as alien

      2. to disguise oneself

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נָכַר nâkar, naw-kar'; a primitive root; properly, to scrutinize, i.e. look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning):—acknowledge, × could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange(-ly).
STRONGS H5234: Abbreviations
† I. [נָכַר] verb (not Qal) regard, recognize (Late Hebrew Hiph. know, be acquainted with; Targum Aph`el id.; Syriac Aph`el bdb064801 id.; compare also Arabic bdb064802 in sense be shrewd, cunning); **Arabic bdb112503 be shrewd, apparently rare, compare bdb112504 cunning Lane2850a. —
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine plural לֹא נִכְּרוּ Lamentations 4:8 they are not recognized.
Pi. Perfect לֹא נִכַּר שׁוֺע לִפְנֵידָֿ֑ל Job 34:19 he regardeth not the opulent above the poor (|| שָׂרִים פְּנֵי לֹא־נָשָׂא); Imperfect לֹא תְנַכֵּ֑רוּ Job 21:29 do ye not recognize their tokens.
Hiph. Perfect הִכִּיר Deuteronomy 33:9; Daniel 11:39 Kt; suffix הִכִּירוֺ Genesis 27:23; 3rd person plural הִכִּירוּ Judges 18:3 + 2 times, suffix הִכִּירֻהוּ Job 2:12, הִכִּרֻהוּ Genesis 42:8; Imperfect יַכִּיר Deuteronomy 21:17 + 3 times + Daniel 11:39 Qr; וַיַּכֵּר Genesis 38:26 +; suffix וַיַּכִּרֵ֫הוּ 1 Kings 18:7, יַכִּירֶ֫נּוּ Job 7:10, וַיַּכִּירָהּ Genesis 37:33, etc.; Imperative הַֽכֶּר־ Genesis 31:32 + 2 times; Infinitive absolute הֵַֽֽֽכּרֿ (Ginsb van d. H. הַֽכֶּר־) Proverbs 24:23; Proverbs 28:21; construct suffix הַכִּירֵנִי Ruth 2:10; Participle מַכִּיר Psalm 142:5, suffix מַכִּירֵךְ Ruth 2:19, etc.; —
1. regard, observe, especially with a view to recognition, with object clause, Genesis 31:32; Genesis 37:32; Genesis 38:25; pay attention to, with accusative of person Ruth 2:10, 19; accusative of thing (of God) Job 34:25; accusative of thing omitted 2 Samuel 3:36; י׳ subject כֵּן אַכִּיר ֗֗֗ לְטוֺבָה Jeremiah 24:5 so will I regard the exiles... for good; Antiochus subject Daniel 11:39; פָּנִיםהִכִּיר pay regard to (shew partiality, = פ׳ פְּנֵי נָשָׂא Deuteronomy 1:17; Deuteronomy 16:19 (|| מִשְׁפָּט הִטָּה), Proverbs 24:23; Proverbs 28:21.
2. Recognize (as formerly known) with accusative of person or thing, Genesis 27:23; Genesis 37:33; Genesis 38:26 (all J), Genesis 42:7, 8 (twice in verse) (E), 1 Kings 18:7; 1 Kings 20:41; Job 2:12; proverb. בְּטֶרֶם יַכִּיר אִישׁ אֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ Ruth 3:14 before a man could recognize his fellow (i.e. before dawn); recognize voice (קוֺל), Judges 18:3; 1 Samuel 26:17; = perceive the true situation, וָאַכִּירָה וְהִנֵּה Nehemiah 6:12 and I perceived, and lo! God had not sent him.
3. Be willing to recognize, acknowledge Deuteronomy 21:17; Deuteronomy 33:9; Isaiah 63:16 (|| יָדַע), Psalm 142:5; acknowledge with honour Isaiah 61:9.
4. Be acquainted with, לֹא יַכִּירֶנּוּ עוֺד מְקוֺמוֺ Job 7:10 his place shall be acquainted with him no more (he shall be gone and forgotten), compare Psalm 103:16; with accusative of thing Job 24:17.
5. Distinguish, understand, הִכִּיר קוֺל ֗֗֗ לְקוֺל Ezra 3:13 could not distinguish, etc.; compare Job 4:16 could not distinguish its appearance; הִכִּיר לְדַבֵּר Nehemiah 13:24 understand how to speak, etc.
Hithp. Imperfect יִתְנַכֶּרנָֿ֑עַר Proverbs 20:11 by his deeds a youth maketh himself known, whether his doing be pure, etc.

[נכר] verb denominative act or treat as foreign, or strange; disguise, misconstrue; —
Niph. Imperfect יִנָּכֵר Proverbs 26:24 with his lips a hater disguiseth himself (dissembles, speaks what is foreign to his thought).
Pi. Perfect נִכַּר 1 Samuel 23:7, but see below; Imperfect וַיְנַכְּרוּ Jeremiah 19:4 and they have treated this place as foreign (profane); יְנַכְּרוּ צָרֵהוּ Deuteronomy 32:27 lest their adversaries should misconstrue (it). — בְּיָדִי נִכַּר אֹתוֺ א׳ 1 Samuel 23:7 God hath alienated him into my hand, but improbable; Greek Version of the LXX מָכַר (compare Judges 4:9) hath sold him, so Th Klo HPS (compare We); < סִכַּר (as Isaiah 19:4) Krochm Dr; Kit either of these; > סִגַּר Bu; Löhr either סִגַּר or סִכַּר.
Hithp. Imperfect וַיִּתְנַכֵּר אֲלֵיהֶם Genesis 42:7 he acted as a stranger toward them; Participle feminine מִתְנַכֵּרָ֑ה 1 Kings 14:5, 6 feign to be a stranger-woman.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


27:23; 27:23; 31:32; 31:32; 37:32; 37:33; 37:33; 38:25; 38:26; 38:26; 42:7; 42:7; 42:8; 42:8


1:17; 16:19; 21:17; 21:17; 32:27; 33:9; 33:9


4:9; 18:3; 18:3


2:10; 2:10; 2:19; 2:19; 3:14

1 Samuel

23:7; 23:7; 26:17

2 Samuel


1 Kings

14:5; 14:6; 18:7; 18:7; 20:41




6:12; 13:24


2:12; 2:12; 4:16; 7:10; 7:10; 21:29; 24:17; 34:19; 34:25


103:16; 142:5; 142:5


20:11; 24:23; 24:23; 26:24; 28:21; 28:21


19:4; 61:9; 63:16


19:4; 24:5




11:39; 11:39; 11:39

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5234 matches the Hebrew נָכַר (nāḵar),
which occurs 50 times in 47 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:23 - And he did not recognize H5234 him, because his hands were hairy like his brother Esau’s hands; so he blessed him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:32 - “The one with whom you find your gods shall not live; in the presence of our relatives [fn]point H5234 out H5234 what is yours [fn]among my belongings and take it for yourself.” Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:32 - and they sent the [fn]multicolored tunic and brought it to their father and said, “We found this; please [fn]examine H5234 it to see whether it is your son’s tunic or not.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:33 - Then he [fn]examined H5234 it and said, “It is my son’s tunic. A vicious animal has devoured him; Joseph has surely been torn to pieces!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:25 - It was while she was being brought out that she sent word to her father-in-law, saying, “I am pregnant by the man to whom these things belong.” She also said, “Please examine H5234 and H5234 see H5234, whose signet ring and cords and staff are these?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:26 - And Judah recognized H5234 them, and said, “She is more righteous than I, since I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not [fn]have relations with her again.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:7 - When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized H5234 them, but he disguised H5234 himself to them and spoke to them harshly. He said to them, “Where have you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan, to buy food.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:8 - But Joseph had recognized H5234 his brothers, although they did not recognize H5234 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:17 - ‘You are not to [fn]show H5234 partiality H5234 in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike. You are not to be afraid of any person, for the judgment is God’s. The case that is too difficult for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:19 - “You shall not distort justice, you shall not [fn]show H5234 partiality H5234; and you shall not accept a bribe, because a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and distorts the words of the righteous.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:17 - “On the contrary, he shall acknowledge H5234 the firstborn, the son of the [fn]unloved wife, by giving him a double [fn]portion of everything that [fn]he owns, for he was the beginning of his [fn]strength; to him belongs the right of the firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:27 - Had I not feared the provocation by the enemy,
That their adversaries would misjudge H5234,
That they would say, “Our hand is [fn]triumphant,
And the LORD has not performed all this.”’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:9 - Who said of his father and his mother,
‘I did not consider them’;
And he did not acknowledge H5234 his brothers,
Nor did he regard his own sons,
For they kept Your word,
And complied with Your covenant.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:3 - When they were near the house of Micah, they recognized H5234 the voice of the young man, the Levite; and they turned aside there and said to him, “Who brought you here? And what are you doing in this place? And what do you have here?”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:10 - Then she fell on her face, bowing to the ground, and said to him, “Why have I found favor in your sight that you should take H5234 notice H5234 of me, since I am a foreigner?”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:19 - Her mother-in-law then said to her, “Where did you glean today and where did you work? May he who took H5234 notice H5234 of you be blessed.” So she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked, and said, “The name of the man with whom I worked today is Boaz.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:14 - So she lay at his feet until morning, and got up before one person could recognize H5234 another; and he said, “Do not let it be known that the woman came to the threshing floor.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:7 - When it was reported to Saul that David had come to Keilah, Saul said, “God has handed H5234 him over H5234 to me, for he shut himself in by entering a city with double gates and bars.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:17 - Then Saul recognized H5234 David’s voice and said, “Is this your voice, my son David?” And David said, “It is my voice, my lord the king.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:36 - Now all the people took H5234 note H5234 of David’s vow, and it [fn]pleased them, just as everything that the king did [fn]pleased all the people.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:5 - Now the LORD had said to Ahijah, “Behold, the wife of Jeroboam is coming to [fn]inquire of you about her son, because he is sick. You shall say such and such to her, for it will be when she arrives, that she is going to make H5234 herself unrecognizable H5234.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:6 - So when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet coming in the doorway, he said, “Come in, wife of Jeroboam; why do you make H5234 yourself unrecognizable H5234? Nevertheless, I am sent to you with a harsh message.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:7 - Now as Obadiah was on the way, behold, Elijah met him, and he recognized H5234 him and fell on his face and said, “Is it you, Elijah my master?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:41 - Then he quickly took the bandage away from his eyes, and the king of Israel recognized H5234 him, that he was one of the prophets.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 3:13 - so that the people could not distinguish H5234 the sound of the shout of joy from the sound of the weeping of the people, because the people were shouting with a loud shout, and the sound was heard far away.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:12 - Then I realized H5234 [fn]that God certainly had not sent him, but he uttered his prophecy against me because Tobiah and Sanballat had hired him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:24 - As for their children, half spoke in the language of Ashdod, and none of them knew H5234 how H5234 to speak the language of Judah, but [fn]only the language of his own people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 2:12 - When they [fn]looked from a distance and did not recognize H5234 him, they raised their voices and wept. And each of them tore his robe, and they threw dust over their heads toward the sky.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:16 - Something was standing still, but I could not recognize H5234 its appearance;
A form was before my eyes;
There was silence, then I heard a voice:
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:10 - “He will not return to his house again,
Nor will his place know H5234 about H5234 him anymore.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:29 - “Have you not asked travelers,
And do you not examine H5234 their [fn]evidence?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:13 - [fn]Others have been with those who rebel against the light;
They do not want H5234 to H5234 know H5234 its ways
Nor stay in its paths.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:17 - “For the morning is the same to him as thick darkness,
For he is H5234 familiar H5234 with the terrors of thick darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:19 - Who shows no partiality to the prominent,
Nor regards H5234 the rich as above the poor,
Since they are all the work of His hands?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:25 - “Therefore He knows H5234 their deeds,
And He overthrows them in the night,
And they are crushed.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 103:16 - When the wind has passed over it, it is no more,
And its place no longer knows H5234 about H5234 it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 142:4 - Look to the right and see;
For there is no one who regards H5234 me favorably;
[fn]There is no escape for me;
No one cares for my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:11 - It is by his deeds that a boy [fn]distinguishes H5234 himself,
If his conduct is pure and right.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:23 - These also are sayings of the wise:
To [fn]show H5234 partiality H5234 in judgment is not good.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 26:24 - One who hates disguises H5234 it with his lips,
But he harbors deceit in his [fn]heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:21 - To [fn]show H5234 partiality H5234 is not good,
Because for a piece of bread a man will do wrong.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 61:9 - Then their offspring will be known among the nations,
And their descendants in the midst of the peoples.
All who see them will recognize H5234 them
Because they are the offspring whom the LORD has blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:16 - For You are our Father, though Abraham does not know us
And Israel does not recognize H5234 us.
You, LORD, are our Father,
Our Redeemer from ancient times is Your name.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 19:4 - “Since they have abandoned Me and have made H5234 this place foreign H5234, and have burned [fn]sacrifices in it to other gods that neither they nor their forefathers nor the kings of Judah had ever known, and since they have filled this place with the blood of the innocent
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 24:5 - “This is what the LORD, the God of Israel says: ‘Like these good figs, so I will regard H5234 as good the captives of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:8 - Their appearance is darker than soot,
They are not recognized H5234 in the streets;
Their skin is shriveled on their bones,
It is dry, it has become like wood.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:39 - “And he will take action against the strongest of fortresses with the help of a foreign god; he will give great honor to [fn]those who acknowledge H5234 him and will make them rulers over the many, and will parcel out land for a price.
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