Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search NASB20
Your Bible Version is the NASB20
Go to Top
Link to This Page Cite This Page
Share this page Follow the BLB
Printable Page
 
 
Left Context Bar Edge 1Left Context Bar BackgroundLeft Context Bar Edge 2Previous Strongs NumberCopy VersesCopy OptionsShow StrongsRed Letter OnNext Strongs NumberRight Context Bar Edge 2Right Context Bar BackgroundRight Context Bar Edge 1
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search NASB20
 [?]

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval
x
Search NASB20

Let's Connect
x
Daily Devotionals
x

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans
x

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Lexicon :: Strong's H5315 - nep̄eš

Choose a new font size and typeface
נֶפֶשׁ
Transliteration
nep̄eš
Pronunciation
neh'-fesh
Listen
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1395a

Strong’s Definitions

נֶפֶשׁ nephesh, neh'-fesh; from H5314; properly, a breathing creature, i.e. animal of (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental):—any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, × dead(-ly), desire, × (dis-) contented, × fish, ghost, greedy, he, heart(-y), (hath, × jeopardy of) life (× in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortally, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, slay, soul, tablet, they, thing, (× she) will, × would have it.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 753x

The KJV translates Strong's H5315 in the following manner: soul (475x), life (117x), person (29x), mind (15x), heart (15x), creature (9x), body (8x), himself (8x), yourselves (6x), dead (5x), will (4x), desire (4x), man (3x), themselves (3x), any (3x), appetite (2x), miscellaneous (47x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 753x
The KJV translates Strong's H5315 in the following manner: soul (475x), life (117x), person (29x), mind (15x), heart (15x), creature (9x), body (8x), himself (8x), yourselves (6x), dead (5x), will (4x), desire (4x), man (3x), themselves (3x), any (3x), appetite (2x), miscellaneous (47x).
  1. soul, self, life, creature, person, appetite, mind, living being, desire, emotion, passion

    1. that which breathes, the breathing substance or being, soul, the inner being of man

    2. living being

    3. living being (with life in the blood)

    4. the man himself, self, person or individual

    5. seat of the appetites

    6. seat of emotions and passions

    7. activity of mind

      1. dubious

    8. activity of the will

      1. dubious

    9. activity of the character

      1. dubious

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נֶפֶשׁ nephesh, neh'-fesh; from H5314; properly, a breathing creature, i.e. animal of (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental):—any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, × dead(-ly), desire, × (dis-) contented, × fish, ghost, greedy, he, heart(-y), (hath, × jeopardy of) life (× in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortally, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, slay, soul, tablet, they, thing, (× she) will, × would have it.
STRONGS H5315:
נֶ֫פֶשׁ 756 noun feminineGenesis 49:6 (so even Genesis 2:19; Numbers 31:28; 1 Kings 19:2 see AlbrZAW xvi (1896), 42 SS) soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, appetite, emotion, and passion (Ecclesiasticus 3:18; 4:1 (twice in verse); Ecclesiasticus 4:2 (twice in verse); Ecclesiasticus 13:12; Ecclesiasticus 14:11); — נ׳ Genesis 1:20 +; נָ֑פֶשׁ Genesis 37:21 +; suffix נַפְשִׁי Genesis 12:13 +; plural נְפָשׁוֺת Ezekiel 13:18 + 13 times; נְפָשֹׁת Exodus 12:4; Leviticus 27:2; construct נַפְשׁוֺת Genesis 36:6 + 4 times; נַפְשֹׁת Leviticus 21:11; נְפָשִׁים Ezekiel 13:20 (but read חָפְשִׁים, see Co Berthol Toy); suffix נַפְשׁוֺתָם 2 Samuel 23:17 +; נַפְשֹׁתָם Numbers 17:3 +: —
1. = that which breathes, the breathing substance or being = ψυχή, anima, the soul, the inner being of man:
a. distinguished from ׃בָּשָׂר מִנֶּפֶשׁ וְעַד בָּשָׂר Isaiah 10:18; הַנֶּפֶשׁ עִם הַבָּשָׂר Deuteronomy 12:23; from שְׁאֵר Proverbs 11:17; from בֶּטֶן body Psalm 31:10.
b. both the inner נפשׁ and the outer בשׂר are conceived as resting on a common substratum: אַךְ בְּשָׂרוֺ עָלָיו יִכְאָ֑ב וְנַפְשׁוֺ עָלָיו תֶּאֱבָֽל׃ Job 14:22 only his flesh upon him is in pain, and his soul upon him mourneth; compare Psalm 42:5; Psalm 42:7; Psalm 131:2; Job 30:16; Lamentations 3:20 [see עַל 1d], all poetical (compare 6 c).
c. נ׳ departs at death and returns with life: וַיְתִי בְּצֵאת נַפְשָׁהּ כִּי מֵתָה Genesis 35:18 (E) and it came to pass when her soul was going forth (for she died); בַפְשָׁהּ נָֽפְחָה Jeremiah 15:9 she breathed out her soul, compare 1 Kings 17:21, 22; Job 11:20; Job 31:39.
d. often desired that the נפשׁ may be delivered: from She’ôl Psalm 16:10; Psalm 30:4; Psalm 49:16; Psalm 86:13; Psalm 89:49; Proverbs 23:14; from שַׁחַת, the pit of She’ôl, Isaiah 38:17; Job 33:18, 22, 28, 30.
2. The נפשׁ becomes a living being: by God's breathing נשׁמת חיים into the nostrils of its בשׂר; of man Genesis 2:7 (J); by implication of animals also Genesis 2:19 (J); so Psalm 104:29; Psalm 104:30; compare Psalm 66:9; man is נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה, a living, breathing being Genesis 2:7 (J); elsewhere נפשׁ חיּה always of animals Genesis 1:20, 24, 30; Genesis 9:12, 15, 16 (all P), Ezekiel 47:9; so נפשׁ החיּה Genesis 1:21; Genesis 9:10 (both P), Leviticus 11:10, 46 (H); נפשׁ השׁרצת Leviticus 11:46 (H); נפשׁ כל חי Job 12:10. נפשׁ is frequently used with the verb ׃חיה וחיתה נפשׁ Genesis 12:13; Genesis 19:20 (both J), 1 Kings 20:32 (E), Psalm 119:175; Jeremiah 38:17, 20; חֵי נַפְשְׁךָ 1 Samuel 1:26; 1 Samuel 17:55; 1 Samuel 20:3; 1 Samuel 25:26; 2 Samuel 11:11; 2 Samuel 14:9; 2 Kings 2:2, 4, 6; 2 Kings 4:30 (all J E); compare † יְחַיֶּה נ׳ 1 Kings 20:31 (E), Ezekiel 18:27; Psalm 22:30; also Genesis 19:19; Isaiah 55:3; Proverbs 3:22.
3. The נפשׁ (without חיה noun or verb) is specified:
a. a living being whose life resides in the blood [so in Arabic WeSkizzen iii. 217 G. JacobArab. Dicht. iv. 9 f.] (hence sacrificial use of blood, and its prohibition in other uses; first in D), Deuteronomy 12:23, 24 only be sure that thou eat not the blood, for the blood is the living being (הַדָּם הוּא הַנֶּפֶשׁ); and thou shalt not eat the living being with the flesh (הַנֶּפֶשׁ עִם הַבָּשָׂר); thou shalt pour it upon the earth as water; this is enlarged in H, Leviticus 17:10, 11, 12, 14 and in P Genesis 9:4, 5, compare Jeremiah 2:34.
b. a serious attack upon the life is an attack upon this inner living being 2 Samuel 1:9; Jeremiah 4:10; Jonah 2:6; Psalm 69:2; Psalm 124:4; Psalm 124:5; Job 27:3.
c. נפשׁ is used for life itself + 171 times, of animals Proverbs 12:10, and of man Genesis 44:30 (J); נפשׁ תחת נפשׁ life for life Exodus 21:23 (E), Leviticus 24:18 (H), 1 Kings 20:39, 42; 2 Kings 10:24; נפשׁנו תחתיכם Joshua 2:14 (J); נפשׁ בנפשׁ Deuteronomy 19:21; בנפשׁ for the life of 2 Samuel 14:7; Jonah 1:14; שׂם נפשׁ בכף put life in one's own hand Judges 12:3; 1 Samuel 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:21; Job 13:14; חרף נפשׁו למות Judges 5:18 risked his life to die; † בנפשׁ at the risk of life Numbers 17:3 (P), 2 Samuel 23:17 = 1 Chronicles 11:19 (twice in verse), 1 Kings 2:23; Proverbs 7:23; Lamentations 5:9; † בקּשׁ נפשׁ Exodus 4:19 (J), 1 Samuel 20:21; 1 Samuel 22:23 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 23:15; 1 Samuel 25:29; 2 Samuel 4:8; 2 Samuel 16:11; 1 Kings 19:10, 14; Jeremiah 4:30; 11:21; 19:7, 9; 21:7; 22:25; 34:20, 21; 38:16; 44:30 (twice in verse); 46:26; 49:37; Psalm 35:4; 38:13; 40:15; 54:5; 63:10; 70:3; 86:14; Proverbs 29:10; † שׁאל נ׳ 1 Kings 3:11 2 Chronicles 1:11; 1 Kings 19:4 = Jonah 4:8; † הִכָּה נפשׁ smite mortally Genesis 37:21 (J), Deuteronomy 19:6, 11; Jeremiah 40:14, 15; † לקח נ׳ 1 Kings 19:4; Jonah 4:3; Psalm 31:14; Proverbs 1:19; † הִצִּיל נֶפֶשׁ מִמָּוֶת deliver life from death Joshua 2:13; Psalm 33:19; Psalm 56:14; † מלּט נפשׁ 1 Samuel 19:11; 2 Samuel 19:6 (4 times in verse); 1 Kings 1:12 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 48:6; Jeremiah 51:6, 45; Ezekiel 33:5; Amos 2:14, 15; Psalm 89:49; Psalm 116:4; † פדה נ׳ 2 Samuel 4:9; 1 Kings 1:29; Psalm 34:23; Psalm 49:16; Psalm 55:19; Psalm 71:23; † שׁמר נ׳ Psalm 25:20; Psalm 97:10; Job 2:6; Proverbs 13:3; Proverbs 16:17; Proverbs 19:16; Proverbs 22:5.
4. The נפשׁ as the essential of man stands for the man himself:
a. paraphrase for personal pronoun especially in poetry and ornate discourse, + 70 times;
(1) נַפְשִׁי = me: אל תבא נפשׁי Genesis 49:6 let me not enter (poem in J); מות ישׁרים תָּמֹת נ׳ Numbers 23:10 let me die, etc. (poem); תָּמוֺת נַפְשְׁי Judges 16:30 (J); אמרה נפשׁי Lamentations 3:24 I say.
(2) נַפְשְׁךָ = thee: לְאֻמִּים תַּחַת נַפְשֶׁ֑ךָ Isaiah 43:4 peoples instead of thee; אָֽמְרוּ לְנַפְשֵׁךְ Isaiah 51:23.
(3) נַפְשׁוֺ = he: נפשׁו בטוב תלין Psalms he will not dwell in good circumstances.
(4) נַפְשֵׁנוּ = we: נִמְלְטָה כְּצפּוֹר נַפְשֵׁנוּ יוֺקְשִׁים מִפַּח Psalm 124:7.
(5) נַפְשָׁם = they, them: נַפְשָׁם בַּשְּׁבִי הָלָ֑כָה Isaiah 46:2 they are gone into captivity; אוי לנפשׁם Isaiah 3:9.
b. = reflexive, self, + 53 times: אסר על נפשׁ bind oneself Numbers 30:3; 30:5 (twice in verse); 30:6; 30:7; 30:8; 30:9; 30:10; 30:11; 30:12; לְעַנֹּת נ׳ Numbers 30:14 to afflict oneself.
(1) נַפְשִׁי = myself: לא אדע נפשׁי Job 9:21 I know not myself.
(2) נַפְשְׁךָ = thyself: שׁמר נ׳ Deuteronomy 4:9 keep thyself.
(3) נַפְשׁוֺ = himself: אהב כנ׳ 1 Samuel 18:1, 3; 1 Samuel 20:17 loved as himself.
(4) נַפְשָׁהּ = herself: צדּקה נ׳ Jeremiah 3:11 justified herself.
(5) נַפְשָׁם = themselves: הציל נ׳ deliver themselves Isaiah 47:14; Ezekiel 14:14, 20.
(6) נַפְשְׁכֶם, נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם = yourselves: אַלתַּֿשִּׁאוּ נ׳ Jeremiah 37:9 deceive not yourselves, also Jeremiah 42:20; Jeremiah 44:7; ענּה נ׳ Leviticus 16:29, 31; Leviticus 23:27, 32; Numbers 29:7 (P); נשׁמרתם לנ׳ Deuteronomy 4:15; Joshua 23:11 (D).
(7) נַפְשׁוֺתֵינוּ = ourselves: על נ׳ Jeremiah 26:19 against ourselves.
c. = person of man, individual, + 144 times, first in D2; especially in H, P, and kindred writers:
(1) with אָדָם: אדם נ׳ Leviticus 24:17 opposed to בהמה נ׳ Leviticus 24:18 (both H), and so אדם נ׳ human persons Numbers 31:35, 40, 46 (P) 1 Chronicles 5:21; Ezekiel 27:13. Elsewhere without אדם : ברכה נ׳ Proverbs 11:25 one who blesses; רְמִיָּה נ׳ Proverbs 19:15 idle person; תחת נ׳ נ׳ person in place of person, Job 16:4; כפּר על נ׳ Exodus 30:15, 16; Numbers 15:28; Numbers 31:50 (all P) Leviticus 17:11 (H).
(2) נפשׁ = person, any one: Deuteronomy 24:7; Deuteronomy 27:25; Proverbs 28:17; Ezekiel 18:4 (3 times in verse); Ezekiel 33:6; elsewhere only H P: Leviticus 2:1; Leviticus 4:2, 27; 5:1, 2, 4, 15, 17; 5:21; 7:18, 20, 21, 25, 27; 23:29, 30 (twice in verse); Numbers 5:6; 15:27, 30; 19:22; 31:19, 28; 35:11, 15, 30 (twice in verse); Joshua 20:3, 9 (all P), Leviticus 17:10, 12, 15; 20:6 (twice in verse); 22:6, 11 (all H); נכרתה הנ׳ הַהִוא מן that person shall be cut off from: only in Genesis 17:14; Exodus 12:15, 19; 31:14; Leviticus 7:20, 21, 27; Numbers 9:13; 15:30, 31; 19:13, 20 (all P), Leviticus 19:8; Leviticus 22:3 (both H).
† (3) נפשׁ collective for persons, in enumerations: Deuteronomy 10:22; Joshua 10:28, 30, 32, 35, 37 (twice in verse); Joshua 10:39; Joshua 11:11 (all D2) Jeremiah 43:6; Jeremiah 52:29, 30 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 22:25; elsewhere only Genesis 12:5; Genesis 46:15, 18, 22, 25, 26 (twice in verse); Genesis 46:27 (twice in verse); Exodus 1:5 (twice in verse); Exodus 12:16; Numbers 31:35, 40 (all P).
† (4) נְפָשׁוֺת persons Genesis 36:6; Exodus 12:4; Exodus 16:16; Numbers 19:18 (all P), Leviticus 18:29; Leviticus 20:25; Leviticus 27:2 (all H), 2 Kings 12:5; Proverbs 11:30; Proverbs 14:25; Ezekiel 13:18 (3 times in verse); 13:19 (twice in verse); 13:20 (twice in verse); 17:17; 18:4; 22:27 (נפשׁים 13:20 see above).
† (5) נפשׁ = deceased person, sometimes with מֵת, נֶפֶשׁ מֵת Numbers 6:6 (P), נַפְשֹׁת מֵת (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version נֶפֶשׁ) Leviticus 21:11 (H); usually without מֵת, נפשׁ (ה)אדם Numbers 9:6, 7; Numbers 19:11, 13 (P); or simply נפשׁ, Leviticus 19:28; Leviticus 21:1; Leviticus 22:4 (all H) Numbers 5:2; Numbers 6:11; Numbers 9:10 (all P); elsewhere only Haggai 2:13.
5. נפשׁ = seat of the appetites, in all periods (46 times) —
a. hunger: רְעֵבָה נ׳ hungry soul Psalm 107:9; Proverbs 27:7; with noun or verb of שׂבע satisfy Isaiah 56:11; Isaiah 58:10; Jeremiah 50:19; Ezekiel 7:19; Psalm 63:6; Psalm 107:9; Proverbs 13:25; Proverbs 27:7; מתוק לנ׳ Proverbs 16:24 sweet to the taste.
b. thirst: עֲיֵפָה נ׳ weary soul Proverbs 25:25; Jeremiah 31:25; כארץ עיפה נ׳ Psalm 143:6; צמאה נ׳ Psalm 42:3; Psalm 63:2.
c. appetite in general: יַקִּיפוּ עָלָיו אֹיְבַי בנ׳ Psalm 17:9 my enemies compass me about with greed; הִרְחִיבָה שְׁאוֺל נַפְשָׁהּ וּפָֽעֲרָה פִיהָ Isaiah 5:14 She’ôl enlarged her appetite, etc., compare Habakkuk 2:5; Proverbs 23:2 בַּעַל נֶפֶשׁ; Ecclesiastes uses נפשׁ only in the sense of a, b, c; the נפשׁ craves, lacks, and is filled with good things: Ecclesiastes 2:24; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 6:2, 3, 7, 9; Ecclesiastes 7:28.
6. = נ׳ seat of emotions and passions (151 times) —
a. desire: † אִוְּתָה נ׳ soul desires Deuteronomy 12:20; Deuteronomy 14:26; 1 Samuel 2:16; 2 Samuel 3:21; 1 Kings 11:37; Job 23:13; Proverbs 13:4; Proverbs 21:10; Micah 7:1; תַּאֲוַת נ׳ Psalm 10:3; Isaiah 26:8; † אַוַּת נ׳ Deuteronomy 12:15, 20, 21; Deuteronomy 18:6; 1 Samuel 23:20; Jeremiah 2:24; so also לנפשׁ according to one's desire Deuteronomy 21:14; Psalm 78:18; Jeremiah 34:16; כנפשׁ Deuteronomy 23:25; האח נפשׁנו ah, our desire Psalm 35:25; בנפשׁ at one's desire Psalm 105:22; Ezekiel 16:27; יָֽצְאָה נ'בְדַבְּרוֹ Songs 5:6; נשׂא נ׳ lift up the soul, desire Deuteronomy 24:15; 2 Samuel 14:14 (read אליהם, not אלהים), Psalm 24:4; Psalm 25:1; Psalm 86:4; Psalm 143:8; Proverbs 19:8; Jeremiah 22:27; Jeremiah 44:14; Hosea 4:8.
†b. abhorrence, loathing: געלה נ׳ soul abhorreth Leviticus 26:11, 15, 30, 43 (H) Jeremiah 14:19; בחלה בי וגם נ׳ Zechariah 11:8 and their soul also fell a loathing against me.
c. sorrow and distress: † מרי נ׳ bitter, gloomy, discontented of soul Judges 18:25 (E) 2 Samuel 17:8; Job 3:20; Proverbs 31:6; † מר נ׳ 1 Samuel 22:2 compare Job 7:11; Job 10:1; Isaiah 38:15; Ezekiel 27:1; עָֽגְמָה נ׳ Job 30:35 grieved; אגמי נ׳ sad of soul Isaiah 19:10; תבכה נ׳ my soul shall weep Jeremiah 13:17; ירעה נ׳ his soul trembleth Isaiah 15:4; צרת נ׳ distress of soul Genesis 42:21 (E).
†d. joy: תגיל נ׳ my soul rejoiceth Psalm 35:9; Isaiah 61:10; שׂמּח נ׳ rejoice the soul Psalm 86:4; also Psalm 94:19; Psalm 138:3; Proverbs 29:17.
†e. love: אהבה נ׳ my soul loveth Songs 1:7; Songs 3:1, 2, 3, 4; יְדִדוּת נ׳ darling of my soul Jeremiah 12:7; ב׳ דבקה נ׳ his soul clave unto Genesis 34:3 (J), with אחרי Psalm 63:9; חשׁקה ב׳ נ׳ soul is attached to Genesis 34:8 (P).
f. alienation, hatred, revenge: † מן תֵּקַע נ׳ the soul is alienated from Jeremiah 6:8; Ezekiel 23:17, 18; מן נקעה נ׳ Ezekiel 23:18, 22, 28; שְׂנֻאי נ׳ hated of soul 2 Samuel 5:8 (Qr); שׂנאה נ׳ Psalm 11:5; Isaiah 1:14.
g. other emotions and feelings: השׁיב נ׳ bring back soul Lamentations 1:11, 19 (i.e. revive, compare with שׁוּב 1 Kings 17:21f), hence figurative refresh, cheer, 1 Kings 17:16; Psalm 19:8; Proverbs 25:14; Ruth 4:15; שׁובב נ׳ Psalm 23:3; מַחְמַל נ׳ your souls' compassion Ezekiel 24:21; קצרה נ׳ soul was impatient Numbers 21:4 (E), Judges 10:16; Judges 16:16; Zechariah 11:8; כי אאריך נ׳ that I should prolong my patience Job 6:11 הגר ידעתם אתנֿ׳ ye know the feeling of the stranger Exodus 23:9 (RD).
7. נפשׁ is used occasionally for mental acts + לבב (see 10); possibly also alone, owing to unconscious assimilation by late writers; but most, if not all, examples may be otherwise explained: נפשׁי ידעת מאד Psalm 139:14 my soul knoweth well (or I know well; compare 4 a); בלא לא טוב דעת נ׳ Proverbs 19:2 that the soul be without knowledge is not good (but RVm desire without knowledge, compare 6 a); דעה חכמה לנ׳ Proverbs 24:14 know wisdom for thy soul (or according to thy desire, compare6a); אל תדמי בנ׳ Esther 4:13 think not in thy soul (or in thyself, compare 4b); כמו שׁער בג׳ Proverbs 23:7 as he reckoneth in his soul (but RV in himself, compare 4 b); מה תאמר נ׳ 1 Samuel 20:4 (but AV RV following Greek Version of the LXX ἐπιθυμεῖ = תְּאַוֶּה; see 6 a).
8. נפשׁ for acts of the will is dubious: אם ישׁ נפשׁכם (את) if it is your purpose Genesis 23:8 (P) 2 Kings 9:15 (or if it is your desire, 6a); בחרה נ׳ my soul chooseth Job 7:15; מאנה נ׳ my soul, refuseth Job 6:7; Psalm 77:3; חפצה נ׳ their soul delighteth in Isaiah 66:3; רצתה נ׳ my soul delighteth in Isaiah 42:1; (all perhaps emotional, 6b, d, g).
9. נפשׁ = character is still more dubious: בּוֹ נ'לא־יָֽשְׁרָה Habakkuk 2:4 his soul is not right in him (but Greek Version of the LXX οὐκ εὐδοκεῖ ἡ ψυχή μου ἐν αὐτῷ [εὐδοκεῖ = רצתה], see 6); נַפְשִׁי לאֹ מְטֻמָּאָה Ezekiel 4:14 my soul hath not (or I have not, 4a) been polluted.
†10. נ׳ in D, when used with לבב, is assimilated to it, and shares with it the meanings of 7, 8, 9; and so in later writers influenced by D (unless we may think that ל׳ is used of intellect, while נ׳ is used of the feelings): thus, בכל לבב ובכל נפשׁ (see לבב): with דרשׁ Deuteronomy 4:29; 2 Chronicles 15:12; עשׂה Deuteronomy 26:16; אהב Deuteronomy 6:5; 13:4; 30:6; ידע Joshua 23:14; עבד Deuteronomy 10:12; Deuteronomy 11:13; Joshua 22:5; שׁמע בקלו Deuteronomy 30:2; שׁוב אל Deuteronomy 30:10; 1 Kings 8:48 2 Chronicles 6:38; 2 Kings 23:25; שׁמר מצות 2 Kings 23:3 2 Chronicles 34:31; הלך לפני 1 Kings 2:4; and Deuteronomy 11:18; 1 Samuel 2:35; 1 Chronicles 22:19; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Jeremiah 32:41; Psalm 13:8 [Psalm 13:2] [?]; Proverbs 2:10; Proverbs 24:12.
Note. — In three cases is generally found closer approach to supposed radical meaning breath:
a. שׁמן וקטרת ישׂמח לב ומתק רעהו מעצת נפשׁ Proverbs 27:9. Ges (after Döderlein) renders מעצת נ׳ more than odorous trees, so later edds., even Buhl; but Vulgate De SS transpose) מֵעֲצַת רֵעֵהוּ וּמֶתֶק נ׳. Greek Version of the LXX Hi Bi ומתקרעה = the soul is rent asunder by cares. In any case נפשׁ is || לב, compare 10.
b. נַפְשׁוֺ גֶּחָלִים תְּלַהֵט Job 41:13 his breath kindleth coals (of the crocodile). The piece is one of the latest in the book; primitive meaning hardly in such a passage; context favours reference to passion or fury; perhaps below 6f, his passion or fury kindleth coals.
c. בָּתֵּי הַנֶּפֶשׁ Isaiah 3:20 perfume boxes; meaning evident from context; but not necessarily scent (breath)-boxes; may be 6 a, boxes of desire, or 5, boxes exciting the sense of smell; = smelling boxes or bottles. No sufficient evidence in Biblical Hebrew, therefore, for meaning breath, odour. — See, for complete study of נֶפֶשׁ (all passages), BrJBL 1897,17 ff.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

1:20; 1:20; 1:21; 1:24; 1:30; 2:7; 2:7; 2:19; 2:19; 9:4; 9:5; 9:10; 9:12; 9:15; 9:16; 12:5; 12:13; 12:13; 17:14; 19:19; 19:20; 23:8; 34:3; 34:8; 35:18; 36:6; 36:6; 37:21; 37:21; 42:21; 44:30; 46:15; 46:18; 46:22; 46:25; 46:26; 46:27; 49:6; 49:6

Exodus

1:5; 4:19; 12:4; 12:4; 12:15; 12:16; 12:19; 16:16; 21:23; 23:9; 30:15; 30:16; 31:14

Leviticus

2:1; 4:2; 4:27; 5:1; 5:2; 5:4; 5:15; 5:17; 7:18; 7:20; 7:20; 7:21; 7:21; 7:25; 7:27; 7:27; 11:10; 11:46; 11:46; 16:29; 16:31; 17:10; 17:10; 17:11; 17:11; 17:12; 17:12; 17:14; 17:15; 18:29; 19:8; 19:28; 20:6; 20:25; 21:1; 21:11; 21:11; 22:3; 22:4; 22:6; 22:11; 23:27; 23:29; 23:30; 23:32; 24:17; 24:18; 24:18; 26:11; 26:15; 26:30; 26:43; 27:2; 27:2

Numbers

5:2; 5:6; 6:6; 6:11; 9:6; 9:7; 9:10; 9:13; 15:27; 15:28; 15:30; 15:30; 15:31; 17:3; 17:3; 19:11; 19:13; 19:13; 19:18; 19:20; 19:22; 21:4; 23:10; 29:7; 30:3; 30:5; 30:6; 30:7; 30:8; 30:9; 30:10; 30:11; 30:12; 30:14; 31:19; 31:28; 31:28; 31:35; 31:35; 31:40; 31:40; 31:46; 31:50; 35:11; 35:15; 35:30

Deuteronomy

4:9; 4:15; 4:29; 6:5; 10:12; 10:22; 11:13; 11:18; 12:15; 12:20; 12:20; 12:21; 12:23; 12:23; 12:24; 13:4; 14:26; 18:6; 19:6; 19:11; 19:21; 21:14; 23:25; 24:7; 24:15; 26:16; 27:25; 30:2; 30:6; 30:10

Joshua

2:13; 2:14; 10:28; 10:30; 10:32; 10:35; 10:37; 10:39; 11:11; 20:3; 20:9; 22:5; 23:11; 23:14

Judges

5:18; 10:16; 12:3; 16:16; 16:30; 18:25

Ruth

4:15

1 Samuel

1:26; 2:16; 2:35; 17:55; 18:1; 18:3; 19:5; 19:11; 20:3; 20:4; 20:17; 20:21; 22:2; 22:23; 23:15; 23:20; 25:26; 25:29; 28:21

2 Samuel

1:9; 3:21; 4:8; 4:9; 5:8; 11:11; 14:7; 14:9; 14:14; 16:11; 17:8; 19:6; 23:17; 23:17

1 Kings

1:12; 1:29; 2:4; 2:23; 3:11; 8:48; 11:37; 17:16; 17:21; 17:21; 17:22; 19:2; 19:4; 19:4; 19:10; 19:14; 20:31; 20:32; 20:39; 20:42

2 Kings

2:2; 2:4; 2:6; 4:30; 9:15; 10:24; 12:5; 23:3; 23:25

1 Chronicles

5:21; 11:19; 22:19; 28:9

2 Chronicles

1:11; 6:38; 15:12; 34:31

Esther

4:13

Job

2:6; 3:20; 6:7; 6:11; 7:11; 7:15; 9:21; 10:1; 11:20; 12:10; 13:14; 14:22; 16:4; 23:13; 27:3; 30:16; 31:39; 33:18; 33:22; 33:28; 33:30; 41:13

Psalms

10:3; 11:5; 13:2; 16:10; 17:9; 19:8; 22:30; 23:3; 24:4; 25:1; 25:20; 30:4; 31:10; 31:14; 33:19; 35:4; 35:9; 35:25; 38:13; 40:15; 42:3; 42:5; 42:7; 49:16; 49:16; 54:5; 55:19; 63:2; 63:6; 63:9; 63:10; 66:9; 69:2; 70:3; 71:23; 77:3; 78:18; 86:4; 86:4; 86:13; 86:14; 89:49; 89:49; 94:19; 97:10; 104:29; 104:30; 105:22; 107:9; 107:9; 116:4; 119:175; 124:4; 124:5; 124:7; 131:2; 138:3; 139:14; 143:6; 143:8

Proverbs

1:19; 2:10; 3:22; 7:23; 11:17; 11:25; 11:30; 12:10; 13:3; 13:4; 13:25; 14:25; 16:17; 16:24; 19:2; 19:8; 19:15; 19:16; 21:10; 22:5; 23:2; 23:7; 23:14; 24:12; 24:14; 25:14; 25:25; 27:7; 27:7; 27:9; 28:17; 29:10; 29:17; 31:6

Ecclesiastes

2:24; 4:8; 6:2; 6:3; 6:7; 6:9; 7:28

Song of Songs

1:7; 3:1; 3:2; 3:3; 3:4; 5:6

Isaiah

1:14; 3:9; 3:20; 5:14; 10:18; 15:4; 19:10; 26:8; 38:15; 38:17; 42:1; 43:4; 46:2; 47:14; 51:23; 55:3; 56:11; 58:10; 61:10; 66:3

Jeremiah

2:24; 2:34; 3:11; 4:10; 4:30; 6:8; 11:21; 12:7; 13:17; 14:19; 15:9; 19:7; 19:9; 21:7; 22:25; 22:27; 26:19; 31:25; 32:41; 34:16; 34:20; 34:21; 37:9; 38:16; 38:17; 38:20; 40:14; 40:15; 42:20; 43:6; 44:7; 44:14; 44:30; 46:26; 48:6; 49:37; 50:19; 51:6; 51:45; 52:29; 52:30

Lamentations

1:11; 1:19; 3:20; 3:24; 5:9

Ezekiel

4:14; 7:19; 13:18; 13:18; 13:19; 13:20; 13:20; 13:20; 14:14; 14:20; 16:27; 17:17; 18:4; 18:4; 18:27; 22:25; 22:27; 23:17; 23:18; 23:18; 23:22; 23:28; 24:21; 27:1; 27:13; 33:5; 33:6; 47:9

Hosea

4:8

Amos

2:14; 2:15

Jonah

1:14; 2:6; 4:3; 4:8

Micah

7:1

Habakkuk

2:4; 2:5

Haggai

2:13

Zechariah

11:8; 11:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5315 matches the Hebrew נֶפֶשׁ (nep̄eš),
which occurs 757 times in 683 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 14 (Gen 1:20–Exo 23:9)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:20 - Then God said, “Let the waters [fn]teem with swarms of living creatures H5315, and let birds fly above the earth [fn]in the open [fn]expanse of the heavens.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:21 - And God created the great sea creatures and every living creature H5315 that moves, with which the waters swarmed, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:24 - Then God said, “Let the earth produce living creatures H5315 according to [fn]their kind: livestock and crawling things and animals of the earth according to [fn]their kind”; and it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:30 - and to every animal of the earth and to every bird of the sky and to everything that [fn]moves on the earth [fn]which has life H5315, I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:7 - Then the LORD God formed the man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living [fn]person H5315.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:19 - And out of the ground the LORD God formed every animal of the field and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature H5315, that was its name.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:4 - “But you shall not eat flesh with its life H5315, that is, its blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:5 - “I certainly will require [fn]your lifeblood H5315; [fn]from every animal I will require it. And [fn]from every person, [fn]from every man as his brother I will require the life H5315 of a person.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:10 - and with every living creature H5315 that is with you: the birds, the livestock, and every animal of the earth with you; of all that comes out of the ark, every animal of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:12 - God said, “This is the sign of the covenant which I am making between Me and you and every living creature H5315 that is with you, for [fn]all future generations;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:15 - and I will remember My covenant, which is between Me and you and every living creature H5315 of all flesh; and never again shall the water become a flood to destroy all flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:16 - “When the rainbow is in the cloud, then I will look at it, to remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature H5315 of all flesh that is on the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:5 - Abram took his wife Sarai and his nephew Lot, and all their possessions which they had accumulated, and the [fn]people H5315 which they had acquired in Haran, and they [fn]set out for the land of Canaan; so they came to the land of Canaan.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:13 - “Please say that you are my sister so that it may go well for me because of you, and that [fn]I may live on account of you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:21 - Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give the [fn]people H5315 to me and take the possessions for yourself.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 17:14 - “But as for an uncircumcised male, one who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that person H5315 shall be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:17 - When they had brought them outside, [fn]one said, “Escape for your life H5315! Do not look behind you, and do not stay [fn]anywhere in the surrounding area; escape to the [fn]mountains, or you will be swept away.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:19 - “Now behold, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have magnified your compassion, which you have shown me by saving my life H5315; but I cannot escape to the [fn]mountains, for the disaster will overtake me and I will die;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:20 - now behold, this town is near enough to flee to, and it is small. Please, let me escape there (is it not small?) [fn]so that my life H5315 may be saved.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 23:8 - And he spoke with them, saying, “If [fn]you are willing H5315 to let me bury my dead out of my sight, listen to me, and plead with Ephron the son of Zohar for me,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:4 - and prepare a delicious meal for me such as I love, and bring it to me that I may eat, so that my soul H5315 may bless you before I die.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:19 - Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn; I have done as you told me. Come now, sit and eat of my game, so that [fn]you may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:25 - So he said, “Bring it to me, and I will eat of my son’s game, that [fn]I may bless you.” And he brought it to him, and he ate; he also brought him wine and he drank.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:31 - Then he also made a delicious meal, and brought it to his father; and he said to his father, “Let my father arise and eat of his son’s game, that [fn]you may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:30 - So Jacob named the place [fn]Peniel, for he said, “I have seen God face to face, yet my [fn]life H5315 has been [fn]spared.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:3 - But [fn]he was deeply attracted to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the girl and [fn]spoke tenderly to her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:8 - But Hamor spoke with them, saying, “The soul H5315 of my son Shechem longs for your daughter; please give her to him [fn]in marriage.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:18 - And it came about, as her soul H5315 was departing (for she died), that she named him [fn]Ben-oni; but his father called him [fn]Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:6 - Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all [fn]his household, and his livestock and all his cattle, and all his property which he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to another land away from his brother Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:21 - But Reuben heard this and rescued him out of their hands [fn]by saying, “Let’s not [fn]take his life H5315.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:21 - Then they said to one another, “Truly we are guilty concerning our brother, because we saw the distress of his soul H5315 when he pleaded with us, yet we would not listen; for that reason this distress has happened to us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:30 - “So now, when I come to your servant, my father, and the boy is not with us—since [fn]our father’s life H5315 is so attached to the boy’s life H5315
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:15 - These are the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan-aram, with his daughter Dinah; [fn]all his sons and his daughters numbered thirty-three.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:18 - These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Leah; and she bore to Jacob these sixteen persons H5315.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:22 - These are the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob; there were fourteen persons H5315 in all.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:25 - These are the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Rachel, and she bore these to Jacob; there were seven persons H5315 in all.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:26 - All the people H5315 belonging to Jacob, who came to Egypt, [fn]his direct descendants, not including the wives of Jacob’s sons, were sixty-six persons H5315 in all,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:27 - and the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were [fn]two; all the people H5315 of the house of Jacob, who came to Egypt, were seventy.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:6 - “May my soul H5315 not enter into their council;
May my glory not be united with their assembly;
For in their anger they killed [fn]men,
And in their self-will they lamed [fn]oxen.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:5 - [fn]All the people H5315 who descended from Jacob were seventy [fn]people H5315, but Joseph was already in Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:19 - Now the LORD said to Moses in Midian, “Go [fn]back to Egypt, for all the men who were seeking your life H5315 are dead.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:4 - ‘Now if the household is too small for a [fn]lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the [fn]number of persons H5315 in them; in proportion to [fn]what each one should eat, you are to [fn]divide the lamb.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - ‘For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall remove dough with yeast from your houses; for whoever eats anything with yeast from the first day until the seventh day, that [fn]person H5315 shall be cut off from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:16 - ‘And on the first day you shall have a holy assembly, and another holy assembly on the seventh day; no work at all shall be done on them, except for what must be eaten by every person H5315—that alone may be [fn]prepared by you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:19 - ‘For seven days there shall be no dough with yeast found in your houses; for whoever eats anything with yeast, that [fn]person H5315 shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:9 - “The enemy said, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoils;
[fn]I shall [fn]be satisfied against them;
I will draw my sword, my hand will [fn]destroy them.’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:16 - “This is [fn]what the LORD has commanded: ‘Everyone gather [fn]as much as he will eat; you shall take [fn]an omer apiece according to the number of people H5315 each of you has in his tent.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:23 - “But if there is any further injury, then you shall appoint as a penalty life H5315 for life H5315,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:30 - “If a ransom is [fn]demanded of him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life H5315 whatever is [fn]demanded of him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:9 - “You shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the [fn]feelings H5315 of a stranger, for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.


Donate Contact

Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization