Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


Copy Options
Red Letter
The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5358 - nāqam

Choose a new font size and typeface
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1413

Strong’s Definitions

נָקַם nâqam, naw-kam'; a primitive root; to grudge, i.e. avenge or punish:—avenge(-r, self), punish, revenge (self), × surely, take vengeance.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x

The KJV translates Strong's H5358 in the following manner: avenge (18x), vengeance (4x), revenge (4x), take (4x), avenger (2x), punished (2x), surely (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x
The KJV translates Strong's H5358 in the following manner: avenge (18x), vengeance (4x), revenge (4x), take (4x), avenger (2x), punished (2x), surely (1x).
  1. to avenge, take vengeance, revenge, avenge oneself, be avenged, be punished

    1. (Qal)

      1. to avenge, take vengeance

      2. to entertain revengeful feelings

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to avenge oneself

      2. to suffer vengeance

    3. (Piel) to avenge

    4. (Hophal) to be avenged, vengeance be taken (for blood)

    5. (Hithpael) to avenge oneself

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נָקַם nâqam, naw-kam'; a primitive root; to grudge, i.e. avenge or punish:—avenge(-r, self), punish, revenge (self), × surely, take vengeance.
STRONGS H5358: Abbreviations
† [נָקַם] verb avenge, take vengeance (Ecclus 46:1e להנקם נקמי אויב (Niph. + accusative of congnate meaning with verb); נקם, noun also Ecclesiasticus 12:6 (compare Deuteronomy 32:41), Ecclesiasticus 39:30; Ecclesiasticus 48:7; Late Hebrew נָקַם especially in derivatives; Aramaic נְקַם (rare), bdb066707 in derived species; Arabic bdb066708 take vengeance (bdb066709 upon), Lane3037; compare Ethiopic bdb066710 Di458 vindictae studium, ultionis cupido; Assyrian iḳḳimu, vengeance, requital, is possibly from √ אקם JägerBAS ii. 279); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix נְקָמֵ֫נִי 1 Samuel 24:13; Imperfect יִקּוֺם Deuteronomy 32:43; יִקֹּם Joshua 10:13; 2nd person masculine singular תִּקֹּם Leviticus 19:18; Infinitive absolute נָקֹם Exodus 21:20; construct נְקֹם Ezekiel 24:8; Ezekiel 25:12; Imperative נְקֹם Numbers 31:2; Participle נִקֵם Nahum 1:2 + 3 times; feminine נֹקֶ֫מֶת Leviticus 26:25; —
1. avenge, take vengeance:
a. God subject דַּם עֲבָדָיו יִקּוֺם Deuteronomy 32:43 the blood of his servants he avengeth (against those who slew them) (+ 1 Kings 2:5 LXX of Lucian (Lag.) Klo); נ׳ absolute Nahum 1:2 (twice in verse) with לְ (against Nineveh) Nahum 1:2; נָקָם נ׳ (against Jerusalem) Ezekiel 24:8; עַלעֲֿלִילוֺהָם on their doings (his people's) Psalm 99:8; נְקַם בְּרִית נ׳ Leviticus 26:25 (H) the vengeance of the covenant (against those who break it); נְקָמַנִי 1 Samuel 24:13, with מִן of person from whom vengeance is taken (compare Jeremiah 20:10).
b. Israel and its leaders against their enemies, נקמה נ׳ with מִן against whom Numbers 31:2 (P); with accusative יִקֹּם אֹיְבָיו Joshua 10:13 (poem).
c. Edom against Judah נקם לְ נ׳ Ezekiel 25:12.
d. in administration of justice against murder Exodus 21:20 (E).
2. entertain revengeful feelings (opposed to אהב) against neighbour forbidden Leviticus 19:18 (H).
Niph. Perfect 1st person singular נִקַּ֫מְתִּי Judges 15:7; 1 Samuel 14:24; 3rd person masculine plural נִקְּמוּ Ezekiel 25:12; imperfect יִנָּקֵם Exodus 21:20; 1st person singular אִנָּֽקְמָה Judges 16:28; Isaiah 1:24; 3rd person masculine plural יִנָּֽקְמוּ Ezekiel 25:15; Infinitive הִנָּקֵם Jeremiah 46:10 + 2 times; Imperative הִנָּ֫קֶם Jeremiah 15:15; plural הִנָּֽקְמוּ Jeremiah 50:15: —
1. avenge oneself,
a. י׳ subject with מִן of adversary Isaiah 1:24; Jeremiah 46:10; with מִן advers., לְ for whom Jeremiah 15:15; with בְּ adversary Jeremiah 50:15.
b. of Israel and champions with מִן Judges 16:28; 1 Samuel 14:24; Esther 8:13; with בְּ Judges 15:7; 1 Samuel 18:25.
c. of enemies against Israel נקם נ׳ Ezekiel 25:15; with בְּ Ezekiel 25:12.
2. suffer vengeance (of law against murder) Exodus 21:20 (E).
Piel Perfect 1st person singular נִקַּ֫מְתִּי 2 Kings 9:7; Jeremiah 51:36; — avenge, י׳ subject דָּמִים מיד 2 Kings 9:7 blood at hands of; נִקְמָתֵךָ נ׳ Jeremiah 51:36 take vengeance for thee.
Hoph. Imperfect יֻקַּם Genesis 4:24; Exodus 21:21, יֻקָּ֑ם Genesis 4:15 be avenged, vengeance be taken (for blood).
Hithp. Imperfect תִּתְנַקֵּם Jeremiah 5:9, 29; Jeremiah 9:8; Participle מִתְנַקֵּם Psalm 8:3 [Psalm 8:2]; Psalm 44:17 [Psalm 44:16]; avenge oneself, י׳ subject לֹא תִתְנַקֵּם נַפְשִׁי בְּ׳ Jeremiah 5:9, 29; Jeremiah 9:8; of Israel's enemies אוֺיֵב וּמִתְנַקֵּם Psalm 8:3 [Psalm 8:2]; Psalm 44:17 [Psalm 44:16].
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


4:15; 4:24


21:20; 21:20; 21:20; 21:20; 21:21


19:18; 19:18; 26:25; 26:25


31:2; 31:2


32:41; 32:43; 32:43


10:13; 10:13


15:7; 15:7; 16:28; 16:28

1 Samuel

14:24; 18:25; 24:13; 24:13

1 Kings


2 Kings

9:7; 9:7




8:2; 8:2; 44:16; 44:16; 99:8


1:24; 1:24


5:9; 5:9; 5:29; 5:29; 9:8; 9:8; 15:15; 15:15; 20:10; 46:10; 46:10; 50:15; 50:15; 51:36; 51:36


24:8; 24:8; 25:12; 25:12; 25:12; 25:12; 25:15; 25:15


1:2; 1:2; 1:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5358 matches the Hebrew נָקַם (nāqam),
which occurs 35 times in 31 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:15 - And the LORD said to him, Therefore whoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him seven-fold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:24 - If Cain shall be avenged seven-fold, truly Lamech seventy and seven-fold.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:20 - And if a man shall smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he shall die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:21 - Notwithstanding, if he shall continue a day or two, he shall not be punished; for he is his money.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:18 - Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself; I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:25 - And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant: and when ye are gathered within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you: and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 31:2 - Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered to thy people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:43 - Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful to his land, and to his people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:13 - And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:7 - And Samson said to them, Though ye have done this, yet will I be avenged of you, and after that I will cease.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:28 - And Samson called to the LORD, and said, O Lord GOD, remember me, I pray thee, and strengthen me, I pray thee, only this once, O God, that I may be at once avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:24 - And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening, that I may be avenged on my enemies. So none of the people tasted any food.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:25 - And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dower, but a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:12 - The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee: but my hand shall not be upon thee.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:7 - And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master, that I may avenge the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD, at the hand of Jezebel.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:13 - The copy of the writing for a commandment, to be given in every province was published to all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 8:2 - Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thy enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:16 - For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and avenger.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 99:8 - Thou didst answer them, O LORD our God: thou wast a God that forgavest them, though thou tookest vengeance of their inventions.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:24 - Therefore saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of my adversaries, and avenge me of my enemies:
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:9 - Shall I not visit for these things? saith the LORD: and shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:29 - Shall I not visit for these things? saith the LORD: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:9 - Shall I not visit them for these things? saith the LORD: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 15:15 - O LORD, thou knowest: remember me, and visit me, and avenge me of my persecutors; take me not away in thy long-suffering: know that for thy sake I have suffered rebuke.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:10 - For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiated and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:15 - Shout against her on every side; she hath given her hand: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down: for it is the vengeance of the LORD: take vengeance upon her; as she hath done, do to her.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:36 - Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:8 - That it might cause fury to come up to take vengeance; I have set her blood upon the top of a rock, that it should not be covered.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 25:12 - Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because Edom hath dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and hath greatly offended, and revenged himself upon them;
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 25:15 - Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with a despiteful heart, to destroy it for the old hatred;
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 1:2 - God is jealous, and the LORD avengeth; the LORD avengeth, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth wrath for his enemies.
BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan