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Lexicon :: Strong's H5391 - nāšaḵ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1430,1430b

Strong’s Definitions

נָשַׁךְ nâshak, naw-shak'; a primitive root; to strike with a sting (as a serpent); figuratively, to oppress with interest on a loan:—bite, lend upon usury.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 16x

The KJV translates Strong's H5391 in the following manner: bite (14x), lend upon usury (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 16x
The KJV translates Strong's H5391 in the following manner: bite (14x), lend upon usury (2x).
  1. to bite

    1. (Qal) to bite

    2. (Piel) to bite

  2. to pay, give interest, lend for interest or usury

    1. (Qal) to give interest

    2. (Hiphil) to make to give interest

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נָשַׁךְ nâshak, naw-shak'; a primitive root; to strike with a sting (as a serpent); figuratively, to oppress with interest on a loan:—bite, lend upon usury.
נָשַׁךְ verb bite (Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew, but also transposed נְכַשׁ Hiph.); Assyrian našâku DlHWB 486; Targum נְכֵית (especially of snakes); Syriac bdb067501, bdb067502; Ethiopic bdb067503 Di642; BaZMG xliii (1889), 188 compare Arabic bdb067504, undo threads, untwist rope, disintegrate, dissolve); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נָשַׁךְ Numbers 21:9, suffix וּנְשָׁכוֺ consecutive Amos 5:19, וּנְשָׁכָם consecutive Amos 9:3; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשֹּׁךְ Ecclesiastes 10:11, יִשָּׁ֑ךְ Proverbs 23:32, suffix יִשְּׁכֶנּוּ Ecclesiastes 10:8; Participle active נשֵׁךְ Genesis 49:17; plural נשְׁכִים Micah 3:5, suffix נשְׁכֶיךָ Habakkuk 2:7; passive נָשׁוּךְ Numbers 21:8; — bite, chiefly of serpent, with accusative, Amos 5:19; Amos 9:3; Genesis 49:17 (poem in J), Numbers 21:8 (passive participle, absolute), Numbers 21:9, Ecclesiastes 10:8 also Ecclesiastes 10:11 (absolute), Proverbs 23:32 (simile of wine); figurative of prophets בְּשִׁנֵּיהֶם הַנּ׳ Micah 3:5 who are biting with their teeth, and crying, Peace! figurative of oppression, etc., נשְׁכֶיךָ Habakkuk 2:7 (with play on sense thy debtors, those that give thee interest).
Pi. Perfect 3rd person plural וְנִשְּׁכוּ אֶתְכֶם Jeremiah 8:17 and they shall bite you fatally (figurative); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural וַיְנַשְּׁכוּ אֶתהָֿעָם Numbers 21:5 and they bit the people fatally (both of serpents).

† [נָשַׁךְ] verb denominative pay, give interest (compare GerberVerba denom. 89); —
Qal Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁ֑ךְ Deuteronomy 23:20 interest of anything off which one giveth interest (compare Dr).
Hiph. make one give interest; Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular תַּשִּׁיךְ Deuteronomy 23:20)+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Deuteronomy 23:21 (twice in verse); all with לְ person
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


49:17; 49:17


21:5; 21:8; 21:8; 21:9; 21:9


23:20; 23:20; 23:21


23:32; 23:32


10:8; 10:8; 10:11; 10:11




5:19; 5:19; 9:3; 9:3


3:5; 3:5


2:7; 2:7

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5391 matches the Hebrew נָשַׁךְ (nāšaḵ),
which occurs 16 times in 14 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:17 - “Dan shall be a serpent in the way,
A horned viper in the path,
That bites H5391 the horse’s heels,
So that its rider falls backward.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:6 - Then the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people and they bit H5391 the people, so that many people of Israel died.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:8 - Then the LORD said to Moses, “[fn]Make a fiery serpent, and put it on a flag pole; and it shall come about, that everyone who is bitten H5391, and looks at it, will live.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:9 - So Moses made a bronze serpent and put it on the flag pole; and it came about, that if a serpent bit H5391 someone, and he looked at the bronze serpent, he lived.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:19 - “You are not to charge H5391 interest H5391 to your countrymen: interest on money, food, or anything that may be loaned H5391 on H5391 interest H5391.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:20 - “You may charge H5391 interest H5391 to a foreigner, but to your countrymen you shall not charge H5391 interest H5391, so that the LORD your God may bless you in all [fn]that you undertake in the land which you are about to enter to [fn]possess.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:32 - In the end it bites H5391 like a snake
And stings like a viper.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 10:8 - One who digs a pit may fall into it, and a serpent may bite H5391 one who breaks through a wall.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 10:11 - If the serpent bites H5391 [fn]before being charmed, there is no benefit for the charmer.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:17 - “For behold, I am sending serpents among you,
Vipers for which there is no charm;
And they will bite H5391 you,” declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 5:19 - As when a man flees from a lion
And a bear confronts him,
[fn]Or he goes home, leans with his hand against the wall,
And a snake bites H5391 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 9:3 - “And though they hide on the summit of Carmel,
I will track them down and take them from there;
And though they hide themselves from My sight on the bottom of the sea,
I will command the serpent from there, and it will bite H5391 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 3:5 - This is what the LORD says concerning the prophets who lead my people astray:
When they have something to bite H5391 with their teeth,
They cry out, “Peace!”
But against him who puts nothing in their mouths
They declare holy war.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:7 - “Will [fn]your creditors H5391 not rise up suddenly,
And those who [fn]collect from you awaken?
Indeed, you will become plunder for them.

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