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Lexicon :: Strong's H5397 - nᵊšāmâ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1433a

Strong’s Definitions

נְשָׁמָה nᵉshâmâh, nesh-aw-maw'; from H5395; a puff, i.e. wind, angry or vital breath, divine inspiration, intellect. or (concretely) an animal:—blast, (that) breath(-eth), inspiration, soul, spirit.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 24x

The KJV translates Strong's H5397 in the following manner: breath (17x), blast (3x), spirit (2x), inspiration (1x), souls (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 24x
The KJV translates Strong's H5397 in the following manner: breath (17x), blast (3x), spirit (2x), inspiration (1x), souls (1x).
  1. breath, spirit

    1. breath (of God)

    2. breath (of man)

    3. every breathing thing

    4. spirit (of man)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נְשָׁמָה nᵉshâmâh, nesh-aw-maw'; from H5395; a puff, i.e. wind, angry or vital breath, divine inspiration, intellect. or (concretely) an animal:—blast, (that) breath(-eth), inspiration, soul, spirit.
STRONGS H5397: Abbreviations
נְשָׁמָה noun feminine breath; — נ׳ Deuteronomy 20:16 + 9 times; construct נִשְׁמַת (compare LagBN 82) Genesis 2:7 + 10 times; suffix נִשְׁמָתִי Job 27:3; נִשְׁמָתוֺ Job 34:14; plural נְשָׁמוֺת Isaiah 57:16; —
1. breath of God as hot wind kindling a flame Isaiah 30:33; as destroying wind 2 Samuel 22:16 = Psalm 18:16; Job 4:9; as cold wind producing ice Job 32:8; Job 33:4.
2. breath of man 1 Kings 17:17; Isaiah 42:5; Job 27:3; Daniel 10:7; breath of life נשׁמת חיים Genesis 2:7 (J); compare נִשְׁמַת רוּחַ חַיִּים Genesis 7:22 (J); as breathed in by God it is God's breath in man Job 34:14; Job 36:4; and is characteristic of man אדם אשׁר נשׁמה באפו Isaiah 2:22 man in whose nostrils is but a breath (late gloss).
3. synonym נפשׁ כָּל נְשָׁמָה every breathing thing Deuteronomy 20:16; Joshua 11:11, 14; 1 Kings 15:29; כָּלהַֿנְּשָׁמָה Joshua 10:14; Psalm 150:6; נְשָׁמוֺת Isaiah 57:16.
4. spirit of man, || רוּחַ, אָדָם נ׳ נֵר י׳ Proverbs 20:27 the spirit of man is a lamp of י׳.

See related BDB entry H5395.
See related Aramaic BDB entry H5396.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:7; 2:7; 7:22


20:16; 20:16


10:14; 11:11; 11:14

2 Samuel


1 Kings

15:29; 17:17


4:9; 27:3; 27:3; 32:8; 33:4; 34:14; 34:14; 36:4


18:16; 150:6




2:22; 30:33; 42:5; 57:16; 57:16




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5397 matches the Hebrew נְשָׁמָה (nᵊšāmâ),
which occurs 24 times in 24 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:7 - Then Yahweh God formed man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath H5397 of life; and so the man became a living [fn]being.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:22 - All in whose nostrils was the breath H5397 of the spirit of life—of all that was on the dry land—died.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:16 - “Only in the cities of these peoples that Yahweh your God is giving you as an inheritance, you shall not leave alive anything that breathes H5397.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:40 -

Thus Joshua struck all the land—the hill country and the [fn]Negev and the [fn]Shephelah and the slopes—as well as all their kings. He left no survivor remaining, but he devoted to destruction all who H5397 breathed H5397, just as Yahweh, the God of Israel, had commanded.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:11 - And they struck every person who was in it with the edge of the sword, [fn]devoting them to destruction; there was no one left who H5397 breathed H5397. And he burned Hazor with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:14 - Now all the spoil of these cities and the cattle, the sons of Israel took as their plunder; but they struck every man with the edge of the sword until they had destroyed them. They left no one remaining who H5397 breathed H5397.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:16 -

“Then the channels of the sea appeared,

The foundations of the world were [fn]laid bare

By the rebuke of Yahweh,

At the blast H5397 of the breath of His nostrils.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 15:29 - Now it happened that as soon as he was king, he struck down all the household of Jeroboam. He did not leave to Jeroboam anyone who drew breath H5397, until he had destroyed them, according to the word of Yahweh, which He spoke by the hand of His servant Ahijah the Shilonite,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 17:17 -

Now it happened after these things that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, became sick; and his sickness was so severe that there was no breath H5397 left in him.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:9 -

“By the breath H5397 of God they perish,

And by the wind of His anger they come to an end.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 26:4 -

“To whom have you declared words?

And whose breath H5397 comes out from you?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:3 -

For as long as breath H5397 is in me,

And the spirit H5397 from God is in my nostrils,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 32:8 -

“But it is a spirit in man,

And the breath H5397 of the Almighty gives them understanding.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:4 -

“The Spirit of God has made me,

And the breath H5397 of [fn]the Almighty gives me life.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:14 -

“If He should set His heart on it,

If He should gather to Himself His spirit and His breath H5397,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:10 -

“From the breath H5397 of God ice is made,

And the expanse of the waters is frozen.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:15 -

Then the channels of water appeared,

And the foundations of the world were [fn]laid bare

At Your rebuke, O Yahweh,

At the blast H5397 of the breath of Your nostrils.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 150:6 -

Let everything that has breath H5397 praise Yah.

[fn]Praise Yah!

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:27 -

The [fn]breath H5397 of man is the lamp of Yahweh,

Searching all the [fn]innermost parts of his body.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:22 -

[fn]Stop regarding [fn]man, whose breath H5397 of life is in his nostrils;

For [fn]why should he be esteemed?

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:33 -

For [fn]Topheth has long been ready,

Indeed, it has been prepared for the king.

He has made it deep and large,

[fn]A pyre of fire with plenty of wood;

The breath H5397 of Yahweh, like a torrent of brimstone, sets it afire.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 42:5 -

Thus says the God, Yahweh,

Who created the heavens and stretched them out,

Who spread out the earth and its [fn]offspring,

Who gives breath H5397 to the people on it

And spirit to those who walk in it,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:16 -

“For I will not contend forever,

Nor will I always be angry;

For the spirit would grow faint before Me,

And the breath H5397 of those whom I have made.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 10:17 - “Now how can such a servant of my lord talk with such as my lord? As for me, right now no might stands within me, nor does any breath H5397 remain within me.”
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