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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5462 - sāḡar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1462

Strong’s Definitions

סָגַר çâgar, saw-gar'; a primitive root; to shut up; figuratively, to surrender:—close up, deliver (up), give over (up), inclose, × pure, repair, shut (in, self, out, up, up together), stop, × straitly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 91x

The KJV translates Strong's H5462 in the following manner: shut (40x), shut up (12x), deliver (9x), pure (8x), deliver up (7x), shut in (3x), give up (2x), gave over (2x), inclosed (1x), repaired (1x), closed (1x), shutting (1x), stop (1x), straitly (1x), together (1x), close up (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 91x
The KJV translates Strong's H5462 in the following manner: shut (40x), shut up (12x), deliver (9x), pure (8x), deliver up (7x), shut in (3x), give up (2x), gave over (2x), inclosed (1x), repaired (1x), closed (1x), shutting (1x), stop (1x), straitly (1x), together (1x), close up (1x).
  1. to shut, close

    1. (Qal)

      1. to shut

      2. to close, close up

      3. closed up, closely joined, shut up

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be shut up

      2. to be shut or closed

    3. (Piel) to shut up, deliver up

    4. (Pual) to be shut up

    5. (Hiphil)

      1. to deliver up

      2. to shut up, imprison

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָגַר çâgar, saw-gar'; a primitive root; to shut up; figuratively, to surrender:—close up, deliver (up), give over (up), inclose, × pure, repair, shut (in, self, out, up, up together), stop, × straitly.
STRONGS H5462: Abbreviations
† I. סָגַר verb shut, close (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic H5463 סְגַר, bdb068809 id.; Zinjirli מסגרת prison Lzb328; Phoenician סגר Pi. or Hiph. deliver over; possibly Ethiopic bdb068810 (prison) guard PräBAS i. 371); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ס׳ Genesis 19:6 +, 3rd person plural סָֽגְרוּ 2 Chronicles 29:7, סָֽגְר֑וּ Psalm 17:10 (compare Baer's n., Ges§ 29 oii, 1, 535 Anm.), סָגָר֑וּ Genesis 19:10; Joshua 2:7; Imperfect יִסְגֹּר Job 12:14; Malachi 1:10, 1st person plural cohortative נִסְגְּרָה Nehemiah 6:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular סְגֹר Psalm 35:3; Isaiah 26:20 (וּסֲגֹר Baer Ginsb), masculine plural סִגְרוּ 2 Kings 6:32; Infinitive construct לִסְגּוֺר Joshua 2:5; Participle active סֹגֵר Isaiah 22:22; feminine סֹגֶּרֶת Joshua 6:1 (but see below); passive סָגוּר 1 Kings 6:20 + 12 times; —
1. shut door (דֶּלֶת) Genesis 19:10 (J) 2 Kings 6:32; Malachi 1:10; Nehemiah 6:10; 2 Chronicles 28:24; 2 Chronicles 29:7; gate (שַׁעַר) Joshua 2:7 (JE) Ezekiel 46:12, compare Ezekiel 44:1, Ezekiel 44:2 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 46:1, לִסְגֹּר וַיְהִי הַשּׁ׳ Joshua 2:5 (JE), also (שַׁעַר omitted) Joshua 6:1 (si vera lectio; סֹגֶרֶת dittograph according to BuhlLex 13); door after one (אַחֲרֵי), on leaving room Genesis 19:6 (J); upon, behind, oneself, from within (בְּעַדwhich see) 2 Kings 4:4, 2 Kings 4:5, 2 Kings 4:33; Isaiah 26:20 (figurative), also (דֶּלֶת omitted) Judges 9:51; 2 Kings 4:21; with דֶּלֶת + בְּעַד upon one left inside Judges 3:23, and (דֶּלֶת omitted) Genesis 7:16 (J); figurative דַּלְתֵי בִטְנִי ס׳ Job 3:10, compare רַחְמָהּ ס׳ 1 Samuel 1:5, בְּעַד ס׳ רַחְמָהּ 1 Samuel 1:6; absolute shut (opposed to מָּתַח) Isaiah 22:22 (twice in verse); metaphor חֶלְבָּמוֺ ס׳ Psalm 17:10 their fat (i.e. gross, unreceptive heart) they have closed.
a. close in upon (בְּעַד) Judges 3:22 (fat upon blade of sword), so possibly also וַיִּסְגֹּר בָּשָׂר תַּחְתֶּנָּה Genesis 2:21 (J) and flesh closed in, in place of it (usually and he closed flesh, i.e. closed the gap with flesh); עֲלֵיהֶם הַמִּדְבָּר ס׳ Exodus 14:3 the wilderness hath closed in upon them; object omitted, יִסְגֹּר עַלאִֿישׁ Job 12:14 he closeth in upon a man, figurative of imprisonment.
b. close up breach (מֶּרֶץ) [in wall] of city 1 Kings 11:27; possibly close up [path] (si vera lectio) Psalm 35:3 Vrss Ol De Bae; JDMich DeW Ew Hup-Now Che take סְגֹר here as weapon, usually battle-axe [Greek σάγαρις] of Massagetae Herodi. 215 compare LagGes. Abh. 203, also Egyptian sagartá (loan-word) Bondi55; both improbable, text probably corrupt; SchwZAW xi (1891), 258 reads חֲגֹר > HalRev. Sém. iii (1894), 47 עוּרָה (compare Psalm 59:5 [Psalm 59:4]).
3. Passive participle, closed up = closely joined with tight seal, Job 41:7 [Job 41:15] (of scales of crocodile).
4. elsewhere only Passive participle in זָהָב סָגוּר (gold shut up, and so prized, rare, fine ?), only of temple adornment and utensils 1 Kings 6:20, 1 Kings 6:21; 1 Kings 7:49, 1 Kings 7:50; 1 Kings 10:21 = 1 Chronicles 9:20; 1 Chronicles 4:20, 1 Chronicles 4:22; perhaps read סָגוּר (abbreviated for ס׳ ז׳) Job 28:15 (for MT סְגוֺר, so Hoffm Bu Du): compare Assyrian ḫurâṣu sakru, DlHWB 499.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculinesingular נִסְגַּר 1 Samuel 23:7; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִסָּגֵר Ezekiel 46:2; 3rd person feminine singular jussive תִּסָּגֵר Numbers 12:14, וַתִּסָּגֵר Numbers 12:15; 3rd person masculine plural יִסָּנֵר֑וּ Isaiah 45:1; Isaiah 60:11, וַיִּסָּֽגְרוּ Nehemiah 13:19; Imperative masculine singular הִסָּגֵר Ezekiel 3:24; —
1. subject person be shut up [in city] 1 Samuel 23:7, מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה Numbers 12:14, Numbers 12:15 (E); בְּתוֺךְ בַּיִת Ezekiel 3:24.
2. be shut, closed, of city gates Ezekiel 46:2; Isaiah 45:1; Isaiah 60:11 and (דלתות) Nehemiah 13:19.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular סִגַּר 1 Samuel 26:8; 2 Samuel 18:28; suffix סִגְּרַנִי 1 Samuel 24:19 [1 Samuel 24:18]; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix יְסַגֶּרְךָ 1 Samuel 17:46; — deliver up to (leave no other opening for one, shut one up to), compare [H4042] [מָגַן], מִגֵּן, above), only Samuel: with accusative of person + בְּיַד 1 Samuel 17:46; 1 Samuel 24:19 [1 Samuel 24:18]; 1 Samuel 26:8; בְּיַד omitted 2 Samuel 18:28 (see also [H5462Hiph.).
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular סֻגַּר Isaiah 24:10; 3rd person plural סֻגְּרוּ Jeremiah 13:19, וְסֻגְּרוּ consecutive Isaiah 24:22; Participle feminine מְסֻגֶּ֫רֶת Joshua 6:1; — be shut up:
1. of cities Jeremiah 13:19 (opposed to מָּתַח), of beleaguered city Joshua 6:1 (JE), of houses Isaiah 24:10 (+ מִבּוֺא).
2. of prisoners עַלמַֿסְגֵּר Isaiah 24:22 = down into a dungeon.
3. of doors Ecclesiastes 12:14 [Ecclesiastes 12:4]
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִסְגִּיר Leviticus 14:46 +; 2nd person masculine singular suffix הִסְגַּרְתַּ֫נִי Psalm 31:9 [Psalm 31:8]; 1st person singular וְהִסְגַּרְתִּ֫י Amos 6:8, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַסְגִּיר Job 11:10, וַיַּסְגֵּר Psalm 78:48; Psalm 78:62; 2nd person masculine singular תַּסְגִּר Deuteronomy 23:16 [Deuteronomy 23:15], jussive תַּסְגֵּר Obadiah 14, etc.; Infinitive construct הַסְגִּיר Amos 1:6, suffix הַסְגִּירוֺ 1 Samuel 23:20, הַסְגִּירָם Amos 1:9; —
1. deliver up to (compare Pi.), with accusative of person + בְּיַד 1 Samuel 23:11, 1 Samuel 23:12, 1 Samuel 23:20; 1 Samuel 30:15; Joshua 20:5 (D) Psalm 31:9 [Psalm 31:8]; + לְ Amos 1:9; Psalm 78:50; Psalm 78:62, and (accusative of person omitted) Amos 1:6; + אֶלֿ Deuteronomy 23:16 [Deuteronomy 23:15]; Job 16:11; with accusative of animal + לְ Psalm 78:48; with accusative of person alone Deuteronomy 32:30; Obadiah 14, accusative omitted 1 Samuel 23:12; with accusative urb. alone Amos 6:8.
2. shut up (late; chiefly Leviticus 13; Leviticus 14 P):
a. with accusative of person Leviticus 13:5, Leviticus 13:11, Leviticus 13:21, Leviticus 13:26 compare Leviticus 13:4; Leviticus 13:31; Leviticus 13:33, so (absolute) = imprison Job 11:10; with accusative of thing Leviticus 13:54 compare Leviticus 13:50.
b. with accusative הַבַּיִת Leviticus 14:38 and (indefinite subject) Leviticus 14:46.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:21; 7:16; 19:6; 19:6; 19:10; 19:10




13:4; 13:5; 13:11; 13:21; 13:26; 13:31; 13:33; 13:50; 13:54; 14:38; 14:46; 14:46


12:14; 12:14; 12:15; 12:15


23:15; 23:15; 32:30


2:5; 2:5; 2:7; 2:7; 6:1; 6:1; 6:1; 6:1; 20:5


3:22; 3:23; 9:51

1 Samuel

1:5; 1:6; 17:46; 17:46; 23:7; 23:7; 23:11; 23:12; 23:12; 23:20; 23:20; 24:18; 24:18; 26:8; 26:8; 30:15

2 Samuel

18:28; 18:28

1 Kings

6:20; 6:20; 6:21; 7:49; 7:50; 10:21; 11:27

2 Kings

4:4; 4:5; 4:21; 4:33; 6:32; 6:32

1 Chronicles

4:20; 4:22; 9:20

2 Chronicles

28:24; 29:7; 29:7


6:10; 6:10; 13:19; 13:19


3:10; 11:10; 11:10; 12:14; 12:14; 16:11; 28:15; 41:15


17:10; 17:10; 31:8; 31:8; 35:3; 35:3; 59:4; 78:48; 78:48; 78:50; 78:62; 78:62




22:22; 22:22; 24:10; 24:10; 24:22; 24:22; 26:20; 26:20; 45:1; 45:1; 60:11; 60:11


13:19; 13:19


3:24; 3:24; 44:1; 44:2; 46:1; 46:2; 46:2; 46:12


1:6; 1:6; 1:9; 1:9; 6:8; 6:8


1:14; 1:14


1:10; 1:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5462 matches the Hebrew סָגַר (sāḡar),
which occurs 91 times in 87 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 2:21–2Ch 4:20)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:21 - And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up H5462 the flesh instead thereof;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:16 - And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in. H5462
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:6 - And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut H5462 the door after him,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:10 - But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut H5462 to the door.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:3 - For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in. H5462
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:4 - If the bright spot be white in the skin of his flesh, and in sight be not deeper than the skin, and the hair thereof be not turned white; then the priest shall shut H5462 up him that hath the plague seven days:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:5 - And the priest shall look on him the seventh day: and, behold, if the plague in his sight be at a stay, and the plague spread not in the skin; then the priest shall shut H5462 him up seven days more:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:11 - It is an old leprosy in the skin of his flesh, and the priest shall pronounce him unclean, and shall not shut H5462 him up: for he is unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:21 - But if the priest look on it, and, behold, there be no white hairs therein, and if it be not lower than the skin, but be somewhat dark; then the priest shall shut H5462 him up seven days:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:26 - But if the priest look on it, and, behold, there be no white hair in the bright spot, and it be no lower than the other skin, but be somewhat dark; then the priest shall shut H5462 him up seven days:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:31 - And if the priest look on the plague of the scall, and, behold, it be not in sight deeper than the skin, and that there is no black hair in it; then the priest shall shut H5462 up him that hath the plague of the scall seven days:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:33 - He shall be shaven, but the scall shall he not shave; and the priest shall shut H5462 up him that hath the scall seven days more:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:50 - And the priest shall look upon the plague, and shut H5462 up it that hath the plague seven days:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:54 - Then the priest shall command that they wash the thing wherein the plague is, and he shall shut H5462 it up seven days more:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:38 - Then the priest shall go out of the house to the door of the house, and shut H5462 up the house seven days:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:46 - Moreover he that goeth into the house all the while that it is shut H5462 up shall be unclean until the even.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 12:14 - And the LORD said unto Moses, If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be ashamed seven days? let her be shut H5462 out from the camp seven days, and after that let her be received in again.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 12:15 - And Miriam was shut H5462 out from the camp seven days: and the people journeyed not till Miriam was brought in again.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:15 - Thou shalt not deliver H5462 unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto thee:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:30 - How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up? H5462
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:5 - And it came to pass about the time of shutting H5462 of the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out: whither the men went I wot not: pursue after them quickly; for ye shall overtake them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:7 - And the men pursued after them the way to Jordan unto the fords: and as soon as they which pursued after them were gone out, they shut H5462 the gate.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:1 - Now Jericho was straitly H5462 shut up H5462 because of the children of Israel: none went out, and none came in.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - And if the avenger of blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver H5462 the slayer up into his hand; because he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated him not beforetime.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:22 - And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed H5462 upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:23 - Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut H5462 the doors of the parlour upon him, and locked them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:51 - But there was a strong tower within the city, and thither fled all the men and women, and all they of the city, and shut H5462 it to them, and gat them up to the top of the tower.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:5 - But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up H5462 her womb.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:6 - And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut H5462 up her womb.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:46 - This day will the LORD deliver H5462 thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:7 - And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And Saul said, God hath delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in, H5462 by entering into a town that hath gates and bars.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:11 - Will the men of Keilah deliver me up H5462 into his hand? will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard? O LORD God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the LORD said, He will come down.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:12 - Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver H5462 me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver thee up. H5462
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:20 - Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of thy soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver H5462 him into the king's hand.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:18 - And thou hast shewed this day how that thou hast dealt well with me: forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered H5462 me into thine hand, thou killedst me not.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:8 - Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered H5462 thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not smite him the second time.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:15 - And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver H5462 me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:28 - And Ahimaaz called, and said unto the king, All is well. And he fell down to the earth upon his face before the king, and said, Blessed be the LORD thy God, which hath delivered up H5462 the men that lifted up their hand against my lord the king.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 6:20 - And the oracle in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure H5462 gold; and so covered the altar which was of cedar.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 6:21 - So Solomon overlaid the house within with pure H5462 gold: and he made a partition by the chains of gold before the oracle; and he overlaid it with gold.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 7:49 - And the candlesticks of pure H5462 gold, five on the right side, and five on the left, before the oracle, with the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs of gold,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 7:50 - And the bowls, and the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers of pure H5462 gold; and the hinges of gold, both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy place, and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the temple.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 10:21 - And all king Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure H5462 gold; none were of silver: it was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:27 - And this was the cause that he lifted up his hand against the king: Solomon built Millo, and repaired H5462 the breaches of the city of David his father.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:4 - And when thou art come in, thou shalt shut H5462 the door upon thee and upon thy sons, and shalt pour out into all those vessels, and thou shalt set aside that which is full.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:5 - So she went from him, and shut H5462 the door upon her and upon her sons, who brought the vessels to her; and she poured out.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:21 - And she went up, and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut H5462 the door upon him, and went out.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:33 - He went in therefore, and shut H5462 the door upon them twain, and prayed unto the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:32 - But Elisha sat in his house, and the elders sat with him; and the king sent a man from before him: but ere the messenger came to him, he said to the elders, See ye how this son of a murderer hath sent to take away mine head? look, when the messenger cometh, shut H5462 the door, and hold him fast at the door: is not the sound of his master's feet behind him?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 4:20 - Moreover the candlesticks with their lamps, that they should burn after the manner before the oracle, of pure H5462 gold;

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