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Lexicon :: Strong's H5462 - sāḡar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1462

Strong’s Definitions

סָגַר çâgar, saw-gar'; a primitive root; to shut up; figuratively, to surrender:—close up, deliver (up), give over (up), inclose, × pure, repair, shut (in, self, out, up, up together), stop, × straitly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 91x

The KJV translates Strong's H5462 in the following manner: shut (40x), shut up (12x), deliver (9x), pure (8x), deliver up (7x), shut in (3x), give up (2x), gave over (2x), inclosed (1x), repaired (1x), closed (1x), shutting (1x), stop (1x), straitly (1x), together (1x), close up (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 91x
The KJV translates Strong's H5462 in the following manner: shut (40x), shut up (12x), deliver (9x), pure (8x), deliver up (7x), shut in (3x), give up (2x), gave over (2x), inclosed (1x), repaired (1x), closed (1x), shutting (1x), stop (1x), straitly (1x), together (1x), close up (1x).
  1. to shut, close

    1. (Qal)

      1. to shut

      2. to close, close up

      3. closed up, closely joined, shut up

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be shut up

      2. to be shut or closed

    3. (Piel) to shut up, deliver up

    4. (Pual) to be shut up

    5. (Hiphil)

      1. to deliver up

      2. to shut up, imprison

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָגַר çâgar, saw-gar'; a primitive root; to shut up; figuratively, to surrender:—close up, deliver (up), give over (up), inclose, × pure, repair, shut (in, self, out, up, up together), stop, × straitly.
† I. סָגַר verb shut, close (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic H5463 סְגַר, bdb068809 id.; Zinjirli מסגרת prison Lzb328; Phoenician סגר Pi. or Hiph. deliver over; possibly Ethiopic bdb068810 (prison) guard PräBAS i. 371); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ס׳ Genesis 19:6 +, 3rd person plural סָֽגְרוּ 2 Chronicles 29:7, סָֽגְר֑וּ Psalm 17:10 (compare Baer's n., Ges§ 29 oii, 1, 535 Anm.), סָגָר֑וּ Genesis 19:10; Joshua 2:7; Imperfect יִסְגֹּר Job 12:14; Malachi 1:10, 1st person plural cohortative נִסְגְּרָה Nehemiah 6:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular סְגֹר Psalm 35:3; Isaiah 26:20 (וּסֲגֹר Baer Ginsb), masculine plural סִגְרוּ 2 Kings 6:32; Infinitive construct לִסְגּוֺר Joshua 2:5; Participle active סֹגֵר Isaiah 22:22; feminine סֹגֶּרֶת Joshua 6:1 (but see below); passive סָגוּר 1 Kings 6:20 + 12 times; —
1. shut door (דֶּלֶת) Genesis 19:10 (J) 2 Kings 6:32; Malachi 1:10; Nehemiah 6:10; 2 Chronicles 28:24; 2 Chronicles 29:7; gate (שַׁעַר) Joshua 2:7 (JE) Ezekiel 46:12, compare Ezekiel 44:1, Ezekiel 44:2 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 46:1, לִסְגֹּר וַיְהִי הַשּׁ׳ Joshua 2:5 (JE), also (שַׁעַר omitted) Joshua 6:1 (si vera lectio; סֹגֶרֶת dittograph according to BuhlLex 13); door after one (אַחֲרֵי), on leaving room Genesis 19:6 (J); upon, behind, oneself, from within (בְּעַדwhich see) 2 Kings 4:4, 2 Kings 4:5, 2 Kings 4:33; Isaiah 26:20 (figurative), also (דֶּלֶת omitted) Judges 9:51; 2 Kings 4:21; with דֶּלֶת + בְּעַד upon one left inside Judges 3:23, and (דֶּלֶת omitted) Genesis 7:16 (J); figurative דַּלְתֵי בִטְנִי ס׳ Job 3:10, compare רַחְמָהּ ס׳ 1 Samuel 1:5, בְּעַד ס׳ רַחְמָהּ 1 Samuel 1:6; absolute shut (opposed to מָּתַח) Isaiah 22:22 (twice in verse); metaphor חֶלְבָּמוֺ ס׳ Psalm 17:10 their fat (i.e. gross, unreceptive heart) they have closed.
a. close in upon (בְּעַד) Judges 3:22 (fat upon blade of sword), so possibly also וַיִּסְגֹּר בָּשָׂר תַּחְתֶּנָּה Genesis 2:21 (J) and flesh closed in, in place of it (usually and he closed flesh, i.e. closed the gap with flesh); עֲלֵיהֶם הַמִּדְבָּר ס׳ Exodus 14:3 the wilderness hath closed in upon them; object omitted, יִסְגֹּר עַלאִֿישׁ Job 12:14 he closeth in upon a man, figurative of imprisonment.
b. close up breach (מֶּרֶץ) [in wall] of city 1 Kings 11:27; possibly close up [path] (si vera lectio) Psalm 35:3 Vrss Ol De Bae; JDMich DeW Ew Hup-Now Che take סְגֹר here as weapon, usually battle-axe [Greek σάγαρις] of Massagetae Herodi. 215 compare LagGes. Abh. 203, also Egyptian sagartá (loan-word) Bondi55; both improbable, text probably corrupt; SchwZAW xi (1891), 258 reads חֲגֹר > HalRev. Sém. iii (1894), 47 עוּרָה (compare Psalm 59:5 [Psalm 59:4]).
3. Passive participle, closed up = closely joined with tight seal, Job 41:7 [Job 41:15] (of scales of crocodile).
4. elsewhere only Passive participle in זָהָב סָגוּר (gold shut up, and so prized, rare, fine ?), only of temple adornment and utensils 1 Kings 6:20, 1 Kings 6:21; 1 Kings 7:49, 1 Kings 7:50; 1 Kings 10:21 = 1 Chronicles 9:20; 1 Chronicles 4:20, 1 Chronicles 4:22; perhaps read סָגוּר (abbreviated for ס׳ ז׳) Job 28:15 (for MT סְגוֺר, so Hoffm Bu Du): compare Assyrian ḫurâṣu sakru, DlHWB 499.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculinesingular נִסְגַּר 1 Samuel 23:7; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִסָּגֵר Ezekiel 46:2; 3rd person feminine singular jussive תִּסָּגֵר Numbers 12:14, וַתִּסָּגֵר Numbers 12:15; 3rd person masculine plural יִסָּנֵר֑וּ Isaiah 45:1; Isaiah 60:11, וַיִּסָּֽגְרוּ Nehemiah 13:19; Imperative masculine singular הִסָּגֵר Ezekiel 3:24; —
1. subject person be shut up [in city] 1 Samuel 23:7, מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה Numbers 12:14, Numbers 12:15 (E); בְּתוֺךְ בַּיִת Ezekiel 3:24.
2. be shut, closed, of city gates Ezekiel 46:2; Isaiah 45:1; Isaiah 60:11 and (דלתות) Nehemiah 13:19.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular סִגַּר 1 Samuel 26:8; 2 Samuel 18:28; suffix סִגְּרַנִי 1 Samuel 24:19 [1 Samuel 24:18]; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix יְסַגֶּרְךָ 1 Samuel 17:46; — deliver up to (leave no other opening for one, shut one up to), compare [H4042] [מָגַן], מִגֵּן, above), only Samuel: with accusative of person + בְּיַד 1 Samuel 17:46; 1 Samuel 24:19 [1 Samuel 24:18]; 1 Samuel 26:8; בְּיַד omitted 2 Samuel 18:28 (see also [H5462Hiph.).
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular סֻגַּר Isaiah 24:10; 3rd person plural סֻגְּרוּ Jeremiah 13:19, וְסֻגְּרוּ consecutive Isaiah 24:22; Participle feminine מְסֻגֶּ֫רֶת Joshua 6:1; — be shut up:
1. of cities Jeremiah 13:19 (opposed to מָּתַח), of beleaguered city Joshua 6:1 (JE), of houses Isaiah 24:10 (+ מִבּוֺא).
2. of prisoners עַלמַֿסְגֵּר Isaiah 24:22 = down into a dungeon.
3. of doors Ecclesiastes 12:14 [Ecclesiastes 12:4]
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִסְגִּיר Leviticus 14:46 +; 2nd person masculine singular suffix הִסְגַּרְתַּ֫נִי Psalm 31:9 [Psalm 31:8]; 1st person singular וְהִסְגַּרְתִּ֫י Amos 6:8, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַסְגִּיר Job 11:10, וַיַּסְגֵּר Psalm 78:48; Psalm 78:62; 2nd person masculine singular תַּסְגִּר Deuteronomy 23:16 [Deuteronomy 23:15], jussive תַּסְגֵּר Obadiah 14, etc.; Infinitive construct הַסְגִּיר Amos 1:6, suffix הַסְגִּירוֺ 1 Samuel 23:20, הַסְגִּירָם Amos 1:9; —
1. deliver up to (compare Pi.), with accusative of person + בְּיַד 1 Samuel 23:11, 1 Samuel 23:12, 1 Samuel 23:20; 1 Samuel 30:15; Joshua 20:5 (D) Psalm 31:9 [Psalm 31:8]; + לְ Amos 1:9; Psalm 78:50; Psalm 78:62, and (accusative of person omitted) Amos 1:6; + אֶלֿ Deuteronomy 23:16 [Deuteronomy 23:15]; Job 16:11; with accusative of animal + לְ Psalm 78:48; with accusative of person alone Deuteronomy 32:30; Obadiah 14, accusative omitted 1 Samuel 23:12; with accusative urb. alone Amos 6:8.
2. shut up (late; chiefly Leviticus 13; Leviticus 14 P):
a. with accusative of person Leviticus 13:5, Leviticus 13:11, Leviticus 13:21, Leviticus 13:26 compare Leviticus 13:4; Leviticus 13:31; Leviticus 13:33, so (absolute) = imprison Job 11:10; with accusative of thing Leviticus 13:54 compare Leviticus 13:50.
b. with accusative הַבַּיִת Leviticus 14:38 and (indefinite subject) Leviticus 14:46.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:21; 7:16; 19:6; 19:6; 19:10; 19:10




13:4; 13:5; 13:11; 13:21; 13:26; 13:31; 13:33; 13:50; 13:54; 14:38; 14:46; 14:46


12:14; 12:14; 12:15; 12:15


23:15; 23:15; 32:30


2:5; 2:5; 2:7; 2:7; 6:1; 6:1; 6:1; 6:1; 20:5


3:22; 3:23; 9:51

1 Samuel

1:5; 1:6; 17:46; 17:46; 23:7; 23:7; 23:11; 23:12; 23:12; 23:20; 23:20; 24:18; 24:18; 26:8; 26:8; 30:15

2 Samuel

18:28; 18:28

1 Kings

6:20; 6:20; 6:21; 7:49; 7:50; 10:21; 11:27

2 Kings

4:4; 4:5; 4:21; 4:33; 6:32; 6:32

1 Chronicles

4:20; 4:22; 9:20

2 Chronicles

28:24; 29:7; 29:7


6:10; 6:10; 13:19; 13:19


3:10; 11:10; 11:10; 12:14; 12:14; 16:11; 28:15; 41:15


17:10; 17:10; 31:8; 31:8; 35:3; 35:3; 59:4; 78:48; 78:48; 78:50; 78:62; 78:62




22:22; 22:22; 24:10; 24:10; 24:22; 24:22; 26:20; 26:20; 45:1; 45:1; 60:11; 60:11


13:19; 13:19


3:24; 3:24; 44:1; 44:2; 46:1; 46:2; 46:2; 46:12


1:6; 1:6; 1:9; 1:9; 6:8; 6:8


1:14; 1:14


1:10; 1:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5462 matches the Hebrew סָגַר (sāḡar),
which occurs 91 times in 87 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 2:21–2Ch 4:20)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:21 - So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed H5462 up the flesh at that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:16 - Those that entered, male and female of all flesh, entered as God had commanded him; and the LORD closed H5462 it behind him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:6 - But Lot went out to them at the doorway, and shut H5462 the door behind him,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:10 - But the men reached out their [fn]hands and brought Lot into the house [fn]with them, and shut H5462 the door.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:3 - “For Pharaoh will say of the sons of Israel, ‘They are wandering aimlessly in the land; the wilderness has shut H5462 them in.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:4 - “But if the bright spot is white on the skin of his [fn]body, and [fn]it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, and the hair on it has not turned white, then the priest shall [fn]isolate H5462 him who has the infection for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:5 - “The priest shall look at him on the seventh day, and if in his eyes the infection [fn]has not changed and the infection has not spread on the skin, then the priest shall [fn]isolate H5462 him for seven more days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:11 - it is [fn]a chronic leprosy on the skin of his [fn]body, and the priest shall pronounce him unclean; he shall not [fn]isolate H5462 him, for he is unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:21 - “But if the priest looks at it, and behold, there are no white hairs in it and it is not lower than the skin and is faded, then the priest shall [fn]isolate H5462 him for seven days;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:26 - “But if the priest looks at it, and indeed, there is no white hair in the bright spot and it is no [fn]deeper than the skin, but is dim, then the priest shall [fn]isolate H5462 him for seven days;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:31 - “But if the priest looks at the infection of the scale, and indeed, it appears to be no deeper than the skin and there is no black hair in it, then the priest shall [fn]isolate H5462 the person with the scaly infection for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:33 - then he shall shave himself, but he shall not shave the scale; and the priest shall [fn]isolate H5462 the person with the scale seven more days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:50 - “Then the priest shall look at the mark and shall [fn]quarantine H5462 the article with the mark for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:54 - then the priest shall order them to wash the thing in which the mark occurs and he shall [fn]quarantine H5462 it for seven more days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:38 - then the priest shall come out of the house, to the [fn]doorway, and [fn]quarantine H5462 the house for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:46 - “Moreover, whoever goes into the house during the time that he has [fn]quarantined H5462 it, becomes unclean until evening.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 12:14 - But the LORD said to Moses, “If her father had but spit in her face, would she not bear her shame for seven days? Let her be shut H5462 up for seven days outside the camp, and afterward she may be received again.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 12:15 - So Miriam was shut H5462 up outside the camp for seven days, and the people did not move on until Miriam was received again.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:15 - “You shall not hand H5462 over H5462 to his master a slave who has [fn]escaped from his master to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:30 - “How could one chase a thousand,
And two put ten thousand to flight,
Unless their Rock had sold them,
And the LORD had given H5462 them up?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:5 - “It came about when it was time to shut H5462 the gate at dark, that the men went out; I do not know where the men went. Pursue them quickly, for you will overtake them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:7 - So the men pursued them on the road to the Jordan to the fords; and as soon as those who were pursuing them had gone out, they shut H5462 the gate.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:1 - Now Jericho was tightly H5462 shut H5462 because of the sons of Israel; no one went out and no one came in.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - ‘Now if the avenger of blood pursues him, then they shall not deliver H5462 the manslayer into his hand, because he struck his neighbor without premeditation and did not hate him beforehand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:22 - The handle also went in after the blade, and the fat closed H5462 over the blade, for he did not draw the sword out of his belly; and the refuse came out.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:23 - Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut H5462 the doors of the roof chamber behind him, and locked them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:51 - But there was a strong tower in the center of the city, and all the men and women with all the leaders of the city fled there and shut H5462 themselves in; and they went up on the roof of the tower.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:5 - but to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had closed H5462 her womb.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:6 - Her rival, however, would provoke her bitterly to irritate her, because the LORD had closed H5462 her womb.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:46 - “This day the LORD will deliver H5462 you up into my hands, and I will strike you down and remove your head from you. And I will give the dead bodies of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the sky and the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:7 - When it was told Saul that David had come to Keilah, Saul said, “God has [fn]delivered him into my hand, for he shut H5462 himself in by entering a city with double gates and bars.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:11 - “Will the men of Keilah surrender H5462 me into his hand? Will Saul come down just as Your servant has heard? O LORD God of Israel, I pray, tell Your servant.” And the LORD said, “He will come down.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:12 - Then David said, “Will the men of Keilah surrender H5462 me and my men into the hand of Saul?” And the LORD said, “They will surrender H5462 you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:20 - “Now then, O king, come down according to all the desire of your soul to [fn]do so; and our part shall be to surrender H5462 him into the king’s hand.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:18 - “You have declared today that you have done good to me, that the LORD delivered H5462 me into your hand and yet you did not kill me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:8 - Then Abishai said to David, “Today God has delivered H5462 your enemy into your hand; now therefore, please let me strike him with the spear [fn]to the ground with one stroke, and I will not [fn]strike him the second time.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:15 - Then David said to him, “Will you bring me down to this band?” And he said, “Swear to me by God that you will not kill me or deliver H5462 me into the hands of my master, and I will bring you down to this band.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:28 - Ahimaaz called and said to the king,[fn]All is well.” And he prostrated himself before the king with his face to the ground. And he said, “Blessed is the LORD your God, who has delivered H5462 up the men who lifted their hands against my lord the king.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 6:20 - [fn]The inner sanctuary was twenty cubits in length, twenty cubits in width, and twenty cubits in height, and he overlaid it with pure H5462 gold. He also overlaid the altar with cedar.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 6:21 - So Solomon overlaid the inside of the house with pure H5462 gold. And he drew chains of gold across the front of the inner sanctuary, and he overlaid it with gold.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 7:49 - and the lampstands, five on the right side and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary, of pure H5462 gold; and the flowers and the lamps and the tongs, of gold;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 7:50 - and the cups and the snuffers and the bowls and the spoons and the firepans, of pure H5462 gold; and the hinges both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy place, and for the doors of the house, that is, of the nave, of gold.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 10:21 - All King Solomon’s drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure H5462 gold. None was of silver; it was not considered [fn]valuable in the days of Solomon.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:27 - Now this was the reason why he [fn]rebelled against the king: Solomon built the [fn]Millo, and closed H5462 up the breach of the city of his father David.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:4 - “And you shall go in and shut H5462 the door behind you and your sons, and pour out into all these vessels, and you shall set aside what is full.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:5 - So she went from him and shut H5462 the door behind her and her sons; they were bringing the vessels to her and she poured.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:21 - She went up and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut H5462 the door behind him and went out.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:33 - So he entered and shut H5462 the door behind them both and prayed to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:32 - Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him. And the king sent a man from his presence; but before the messenger came to him, he said to the elders, “Do you see how this son of a murderer has sent to take away my head? Look, when the messenger comes, shut H5462 the door and [fn]hold the door shut against him. Is not the sound of his master’s feet behind him?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 4:20 - the lampstands with their lamps of pure H5462 gold, to burn in front of the inner sanctuary in the way prescribed;

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