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Lexicon :: Strong's H5564 - sāmaḵ

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סָמַךְ
Transliteration
sāmaḵ
Pronunciation
saw-mak'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1514

Strong’s Definitions

סָמַךְ çâmak, saw-mak'; a primitive root; to prop (literally or figuratively); reflexively, to lean upon or take hold of (in a favorable or unfavorable sense):—bear up, establish, (up-) hold, lay, lean, lie hard, put, rest self, set self, stand fast, stay (self), sustain.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 48x

The KJV translates Strong's H5564 in the following manner: lay (18x), uphold (9x), put (5x), lean (3x), stay (3x), sustained (3x), holden up (1x), borne up (1x), established (1x), stand fast (1x), lieth hard (1x), rested (1x), set (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 48x
The KJV translates Strong's H5564 in the following manner: lay (18x), uphold (9x), put (5x), lean (3x), stay (3x), sustained (3x), holden up (1x), borne up (1x), established (1x), stand fast (1x), lieth hard (1x), rested (1x), set (1x).
  1. to lean, lay, rest, support, put, uphold, lean upon

    1. (Qal)

      1. to lean or lay upon, rest upon, lean against

      2. to support, uphold, sustain

    2. (Niphal) to support or brace oneself

    3. (Piel) to sustain, refresh, revive

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָמַךְ çâmak, saw-mak'; a primitive root; to prop (literally or figuratively); reflexively, to lean upon or take hold of (in a favorable or unfavorable sense):—bear up, establish, (up-) hold, lay, lean, lie hard, put, rest self, set self, stand fast, stay (self), sustain.
STRONGS H5564:
סָמַךְ 48 verb lean, lay, rest, support (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician in proper name Lzb317, 329; Aramaic סְמַח, bdb070107; also Ethiopic (bdb070108) bdb070109 cause to lean upon, etc. Di335; Arabic bdb070110 is be high, ascend, raise, uplift, bdb070111 roof; —
Qal41 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ס׳ Deuteronomy 34:9; Ezekiel 24:2, וְסָמַךְ consecutive Amos 5:19 +; 3rd person feminine singular סָֽמְכָה Psalm 88:8, suffix סְמָכָ֑תְהוֺ Isaiah 59:16, סְמָכָ֑תְנִי Isaiah 63:5, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּסְמֹךְ Leviticus 8:14; Numbers 27:23, suffix יִסְמְכֵ֫נִי Psalm 3:6, etc.; Imperative masculine singular suffix סָמְכֵנִי Psalm 119:116; Participle active סוֺמֵךְ Isaiah 63:5 + 3 times; plural construct סֹמְכֵי Ezekiel 30:6; Psalm 54:6; passive סָמוּךְ Isaiah 26:3; Psalm 112:8; plural סְמוּכִים Psalm 111:8; —
1.
a. lean or lay hand upon (עַלֿ): Amos 5:19; elsewhere in sacred rite: on head of sacrifice victim, as those who share in sacrifice, Exodus 29:10, 15, 19; Leviticus 1:4 + 12 times Leviticus; Numbers 8:12 (all P), 2 Chronicles 29:23; so of Levites, presented to י׳ Numbers 8:10 (P); on head of blasphemer Leviticus 24:14 (P; as witnesses of his guilt); on head of Joshua in consecration (Moses subject) Numbers 27:18, 23; Deuteronomy 34:9 (all P).
b. intransitive Psalm 88:8 thy wrath hath rested upon me (עָלַי); also סָמַךְ מֶלֶךְבָּֿבֶל אֶלֿ Ezekiel 24:2 hath leaned against, rested his weight upon, Jerusalem, i.e. invested (Toy), begun the siege of it.
† 2. support, uphold, sustain, only figurative: with 2 accusative Genesis 27:37 (J) with corn and must have I sustained him, provided sustenance for him, compare (of י׳) Psalm 51:14; uphold Egypt Ezekiel 30:6; absolute Isaiah 63:5; especially of י׳ upholding, sustaining Isaiah 59:16; Isaiah 63:5; Psalm 3:6; Psalm 37:17; Psalm 37:24; Psalm 54:6 (on בְּ essentiae see Ges§ 119 i, בְּ above 7a), Psalm 119:116; Psalm 145:14; so passive participle Psalm 111:8 they are sustained, i.e. maintained (י׳'s commands), סָמוּךְ לִבּוֺ) Psalm 112:8 his heart is sustained, firm, and so יֵצֶר ס׳ Isaiah 26:3.
Niph. Perfect 1st person singular נִסְמַ֫כְתִּי Psalm 71:6; 3rd person plural נִסְמָ֑כוּ Isaiah 48:2; Imperfect יִסָּמֵךְ 2 Kings 18:21; Isaiah 36:6, וַיִּסָּמֵךְ Judges 16:29; 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּסָּֽמְכוּ 2 Chronicles 32:8; — reflexive support, or brace oneself, also with עַלֿ Judges 16:29 and he braced himself against (upon) them (the pillars); 2 Kings 18:21 (if) a man support himself on it (Egypt as a cracked reed) = Isaiah 36:6; on cheering words 2 Chronicles 32:8; on God Isaiah 48:2; Psalm 71:6.
Pi. Imperative masculine plural suffix + בְּ instr,: סַמְּכוּנִי Songs 2:5 sustain (refresh, revive) me with raisin-cakes.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

27:37

Exodus

29:10; 29:15; 29:19

Leviticus

1:4; 8:14; 24:14

Numbers

8:10; 8:12; 27:18; 27:23; 27:23

Deuteronomy

34:9; 34:9

Judges

16:29; 16:29

2 Kings

18:21; 18:21

2 Chronicles

29:23; 32:8; 32:8

Psalms

3:6; 3:6; 37:17; 37:24; 51:14; 54:6; 54:6; 71:6; 71:6; 88:8; 88:8; 111:8; 111:8; 112:8; 112:8; 119:116; 119:116; 145:14

Song of Songs

2:5

Isaiah

26:3; 26:3; 36:6; 36:6; 48:2; 48:2; 59:16; 59:16; 63:5; 63:5; 63:5; 63:5

Ezekiel

24:2; 24:2; 30:6; 30:6

Amos

5:19; 5:19

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5564 matches the Hebrew סָמַךְ (sāmaḵ),
which occurs 48 times in 47 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:37 - But Isaac replied to Esau, “Behold, I have made him your master, and I have given to him all his relatives [fn]as servants; and with grain and new wine I have sustained H5564 him. What then can I do for you, my son?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:10 - “Then you shall bring the bull in front of the tent of meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall lay H5564 their hands on the head of the bull.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:15 - “You shall also take the one ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay H5564 their hands on the head of the ram;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:19 - “Then you shall take the [fn]other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay H5564 their hands on the head of the ram.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 1:4 - ‘And he shall lay H5564 his hand on the head of the burnt offering, so that it may be accepted for him to make atonement on his behalf.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:2 - ‘And he shall lay H5564 his hand on the head of his offering and slaughter it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, and Aaron’s sons the priests shall sprinkle the blood around on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:8 - and he shall lay H5564 his hand on the head of his offering and slaughter it in front of the tent of meeting, and Aaron’s sons shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:13 - and he shall lay H5564 his hand on its head and slaughter it in front of the tent of meeting, and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:4 - ‘He shall bring the bull to the doorway of the tent of meeting before the LORD, and he shall lay H5564 his hand on the head of the bull and slaughter the bull before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:15 - ‘Then the elders of the congregation shall lay H5564 their hands on the head of the bull before the LORD, and the bull shall be slaughtered before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:24 - ‘And he shall lay H5564 his hand on the head of the male goat and slaughter it in the place where they slaughter the burnt offering before the LORD; it is a sin offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:29 - ‘And he shall lay H5564 his hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter the sin offering at the place of the burnt offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:33 - ‘And he shall lay H5564 his hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter it as a sin offering in the place where they slaughter the burnt offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:14 - Then he brought the bull of the sin offering, and Aaron and his sons laid H5564 their hands on the head of the bull of the sin offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:18 - Then he presented the ram of the burnt offering, and Aaron and his sons laid H5564 their hands on the head of the ram.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:22 - Then he presented the second ram, the ram of [fn]ordination, and Aaron and his sons laid H5564 their hands on the head of the ram.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:21 - “Then Aaron shall lay H5564 both of his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the wrongdoings of the sons of Israel and all their unlawful acts regarding all their sins; and he shall place them on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man who stands ready.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 24:14 - “Bring the one who has cursed outside the camp, and have all who heard him lay H5564 their hands on his head; then have all the congregation stone him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 8:10 - and present the Levites before the LORD; and the sons of Israel shall lay H5564 their hands on the Levites.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 8:12 - “Now the Levites shall lay H5564 their hands on the heads of the bulls; then you are to offer the one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering to the LORD, to make atonement for the Levites.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:18 - So the LORD said to Moses, “[fn]Take Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the Spirit, and lay H5564 your hand on him;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:23 - Then he laid H5564 his hands on him and commissioned him, just as the LORD had spoken [fn]through Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 34:9 - Now Joshua the son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom, because Moses had laid H5564 his hands on him; and the sons of Israel listened to him and did as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:29 - Then Samson grasped the two middle pillars on which the house rested, and braced H5564 himself against them, the one with his right hand and the other with his left.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:21 - “Now behold, you have [fn]relied on the [fn]support of this broken reed, on Egypt; on which if a man leans H5564, it will go into his [fn]hand and pierce it. That is how Pharaoh king of Egypt is to all who rely on him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 29:23 - Then they brought the male goats of the sin offering before the king and the assembly, and they laid H5564 their hands on them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:8 - “With him is only an arm of flesh, but with us is the LORD our God to help us and to fight our battles.” And the people relied H5564 on the words of Hezekiah king of Judah.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 3:5 - [fn]I lay down and slept;
I awoke, for the LORD sustains H5564 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:17 - For the arms of the wicked will be broken,
But the LORD sustains H5564 the righteous.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:24 - When he falls, he will not be hurled down,
Because the LORD is the One [fn]who holds H5564 his hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 51:12 - Restore to me the joy of Your salvation,
And sustain H5564 me with a willing spirit.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 54:4 - Behold, God is my helper;
The Lord is [fn]the sustainer H5564 of my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 71:6 - I have leaned H5564 on you since my birth;
You are He who took me from my mother’s womb;
My praise is continually [fn]of You.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:7 - Your wrath has rested H5564 upon me,
And You have afflicted me with all Your waves. Selah
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 111:8 - They are upheld H5564 forever and ever;
They are performed in [fn]truth and uprightness.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 112:8 - His heart is firm H5564, he will not fear,
[fn]But will look with satisfaction on his enemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:116 - Sustain H5564 me according to Your [fn]word, that I may live;
And do not let me be [fn]ashamed of my hope.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 145:14 - The LORD supports H5564 all who fall,
And raises up all who are bowed down.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 2:5 - “Refresh H5564 me with raisin cakes,
Sustain me with apples,
Because I am lovesick.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 26:3 - “The steadfast H5564 of mind You will keep in perfect peace,
Because he trusts in You.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 36:6 - “Behold, you have relied on the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt, on which if a man leans H5564, it will go into his [fn]hand and pierce it. So is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who rely on him.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 48:2 - “For they name themselves after the holy city,
And lean H5564 on the God of Israel;
The LORD of armies is His name.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:16 - And He saw that there was no one,
And was amazed that there was not one to intercede;
Then His own arm brought salvation to Him,
And His righteousness upheld H5564 Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:5 - “I looked, but there was no one to help,
And I was astonished and there was no one to uphold H5564;
So My own arm brought salvation to Me,
And My wrath upheld H5564 Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:2 - “Son of man, write the name of the day, this very day. The king of Babylon [fn]has laid H5564 siege H5564 to Jerusalem this very day.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 30:6 - ‘This is what the LORD says:
“Indeed, those who support H5564 Egypt will fall
And the pride of her power will come down;
From Migdol to Syene
They will fall within her by the sword,”
Declares the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 5:19 - As when a man flees from a lion
And a bear confronts him,
[fn]Or he goes home, leans H5564 with his hand against the wall,
And a snake bites him.

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