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Lexicon :: Strong's H5594 - sāp̄aḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1530

Strong’s Definitions

סָפַד çâphad, saw-fad'; a primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail:—lament, mourn(-er), wail.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x

The KJV translates Strong's H5594 in the following manner: mourn (15x), lament (13x), mourners (1x), wail (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x
The KJV translates Strong's H5594 in the following manner: mourn (15x), lament (13x), mourners (1x), wail (1x).
  1. to wail, lament, mourn

    1. (Qal)

      1. to wail, lament

      2. wailers (participle)

    2. (Niphal) to be lamented, be bewailed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָפַד çâphad, saw-fad'; a primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail:—lament, mourn(-er), wail.
STRONGS H5594: Abbreviations
† [סָפַד] verb wail, lament (Late Hebrew id.; Targum סְפַד, ChrPalAramaic bdb070402 id., SchwIdioticon 64; Assyrian [sapâdu], sipdu, sipittu, mourning, DlHWB 507; compare Amharic bdb070403 dirge PräZMG xxxv (1881), 762); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְסָֽפְדָה consecutive Zechariah 12:12, 3rd person plural וְסָֽפְדוּ consecutive 1 Kings 14:13; Zechariah 12:10; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular וַתּסְפֹּד 2 Samuel 11:26, 2nd person masculine singular תִּסְפֹּד Ezekiel 24:16, 1st person singular cohortative אֶסְפְּדָה Micah 1:8, 3rd person masculine plural יִסְפְּדוּ Jeremiah 6:16 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural סִפְדוּ 2 Samuel 3:31 + 2 times; feminine plural סְפֹ֫דְנָה Jeremiah 49:3; Infinitive absolute סָפוֺד Zechariah 7:5; construct סְפוֺד Ecclesiastes 3:4, לִסְפֹּד Genesis 23:2; 1 Kings 13:29, לִסְפּוֹד Jeremiah 16:5; Participle active plural סֹפְדִים Isaiah 32:12, סוֺ׳ Ecclesiastes 12:5; — wail, lament (with loud cries, etc., see Micah 1:8, and compare DrAmos 5:16), especially for dead, with לְ, 1 Samuel 25:1; 1 Samuel 28:3; 1 Kings 14:13, 18; Genesis 23:2 (P) Jeremiah 16:6; Jeremiah 22:18 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 34:5, compare לָהֶ וְאַל־תָּנֹד לִסְפּוֹד זְאַל־תֵּלֵךְ Jeremiah 16:5; with עַלֿ over 2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 11:26; 1 Kings 13:30, compare Zechariah 12:10 (see Zechariah 12:12 below); with לִפְנֵי i.e. marching before (bier) 2 Samuel 3:31 (see Dr); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 50:10 (J); absolute 1 Kings 13:29; Ezekiel 24:16 compare Ezekiel 24:23; Ecclesiastes 3:4 (opposed to רקד; compare Psalm 30:12), and participle as substantive Ecclesiastes 12:5 wailers; also, with idea of guilt on part of those wailing, Zechariah 12:12 (compare Zechariah 12:10 above); over calamity, judgment, with עַלֿ Micah 1:8, absolute Jeremiah 4:8 (both + הֵילִיל), Jeremiah 49:3 and (with fasting) Zechariah 7:5; Joel 1:13. — עַלשָֿׁדַיִם סֹפְדִים עַלשְֿׂדֵיחֶֿמֶד וגו׳ Isaiah 32:12 is dubious; Thes Ew De Che and others upon the breasts smiting (?) for the fields, etc., but read probably שָׂדִים (וֺֿת, יִַ֯ם) GesComm. (which see.) BuhlLex 13 Skinner and others: over the fields wailing, over the delightful fields, etc.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural לֹא יִסָּֽפְדוּ Jeremiah 16:4 they shall not be bewailed, so Jeremiah 25:33.

שְׂפֹדְנָה Jeremiah 49:3 Masora, < modern editions ס׳.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


23:2; 23:2; 50:10

1 Samuel

25:1; 28:3

2 Samuel

1:12; 3:31; 3:31; 11:26; 11:26

1 Kings

13:29; 13:29; 13:30; 14:13; 14:13; 14:18




3:4; 3:4; 12:5; 12:5


32:12; 32:12


4:8; 6:16; 16:4; 16:5; 16:5; 16:6; 22:18; 25:33; 34:5; 49:3; 49:3; 49:3


24:16; 24:16; 24:23






1:8; 1:8; 1:8


7:5; 7:5; 12:10; 12:10; 12:10; 12:12; 12:12; 12:12

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5594 matches the Hebrew סָפַד (sāp̄aḏ),
which occurs 32 times in 30 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 23:2 - Sarah died in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan; and Abraham [fn]went in to mourn H5594 for Sarah and to weep for her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:10 - When they came to the [fn]threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, they lamented H5594 there with a very great and [fn]sorrowful lamentation; and he [fn]observed seven days mourning for his father.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:1 - Then Samuel died; and all Israel gathered together and mourned H5594 for him, and buried him at his house in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:3 - Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented H5594 him and buried him in Ramah, his own city. And Saul had removed from the land those who were mediums and spiritists.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:12 - They mourned H5594 and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and his son Jonathan and for the people of the LORD and the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:31 - Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes and gird on sackcloth and lament H5594 before Abner.” And King David walked behind the bier.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:26 - Now when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned H5594 for her husband.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:29 - So the prophet took up the body of the man of God and laid it on the donkey and brought it back, and he came to the city of the old prophet to mourn H5594 and to bury him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:30 - He laid his body in his own grave, and they mourned H5594 over him, saying, “Alas, my brother!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:13 - “All Israel shall mourn H5594 for him and bury him, for [fn]he alone of Jeroboam’s family will come to the grave, because in him something good was found toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:18 - All Israel buried him and mourned H5594 for him, according to the word of the LORD which He spoke through His servant Ahijah the prophet.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 3:4 - A time to weep and a time to laugh;
A time to mourn H5594 and a time to dance.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:5 - Furthermore, [fn]men are afraid of a high place and of terrors on the road; the almond tree blossoms, the grasshopper drags himself along, and the caperberry is ineffective. For man goes to his eternal home while mourners H5594 go about in the street.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:12 - Beat H5594 your breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:8 - “For this, put on sackcloth,
Lament H5594 and wail;
For the fierce anger of the LORD
Has not turned back from us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:4 - “They will die of deadly diseases, they will not be lamented H5594 or buried; they will be as dung on the surface of the ground and come to an end by sword and famine, and their carcasses will become food for the birds of the sky and for the beasts of the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:5 - For thus says the LORD, “Do not enter a house of [fn]mourning, or go to lament H5594 or to console them; for I have withdrawn My peace from this people,” declares the LORD,My lovingkindness and compassion.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:6 - “Both great men and small will die in this land; they will not be buried, they will not be lamented, H5594 nor will anyone gash himself or shave his head for them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:18 - Therefore thus says the LORD in regard to Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah,
“They will not lament H5594 for him:
‘Alas, my brother!’ or, ‘Alas, sister!’
They will not lament H5594 for him:
‘Alas for the master!’ or, ‘Alas for his splendor!’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:33 - “Those slain by the LORD on that day will be from one end of the earth to the [fn]other. They will not be lamented, H5594 gathered or buried; they will be like dung on the face of the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 34:5 - ‘You will die in peace; and as spices were burned for your fathers, the former kings who were before you, so they will burn spices for you; and they will lament H5594 for you, “Alas, lord!”’ For I have spoken the word,” declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:3 - “Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai has been destroyed!
Cry out, O daughters of Rabbah,
Gird yourselves with sackcloth and lament, H5594
And rush back and forth inside the walls;
For [fn]Malcam will go into exile
Together with his priests and his princes.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:16 - “Son of man, behold, I am about to take from you the desire of your eyes with a blow; but you shall not mourn H5594 and you shall not weep, and your tears shall not come.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:23 - ‘Your turbans will be on your heads and your shoes on your feet. You will not mourn H5594 and you will not weep, but you will rot away in your iniquities and you will groan [fn]to one another.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:13 - Gird yourselves with sackcloth
And lament, H5594 O priests;
Wail, O ministers of the altar!
Come, spend the night in sackcloth
O ministers of my God,
For the grain offering and the drink offering
Are withheld from the house of your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:8 - Because of this I must lament H5594 and wail,
I must go barefoot and naked;
I must make a lament like the jackals
And a mourning like the ostriches.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:11 - [fn]Go on your way, inhabitant of [fn]Shaphir, in shameful nakedness.
The inhabitant of [fn]Zaanan does not [fn]escape.
The lamentation of [fn]Beth-ezel: “He will take from you its [fn]support.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:5 - “Say to all the people of the land and to the priests, ‘When you fasted and mourned H5594 in the fifth and seventh months [fn]these seventy years, was it actually for Me that you fasted?
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:10 - “I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, [fn]the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn H5594 for Him, as one mourns H5594 for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:12 - “The land will mourn, H5594 every family by itself; the family of the house of David by itself and their wives by themselves; the family of the house of Nathan by itself and their wives by themselves;
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