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Lexicon :: Strong's H56 - 'āḇal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 6

Strong’s Definitions

אָבַל ʼâbal, aw-bal'; a primitive root; to bewail:—lament, mourn.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's H56 in the following manner: mourn (36x), lament (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's H56 in the following manner: mourn (36x), lament (3x).
  1. to mourn, lament

    1. (Qal) to mourn, lament

      1. of humans

      2. of inanimate objects (fig.)

        1. of gates

        2. of land

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to mourn, cause to mourn (fig.)

    3. (Hithpael)

      1. to mourn

      2. play the mourner

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָבַל ʼâbal, aw-bal'; a primitive root; to bewail:—lament, mourn.
STRONGS H56: Abbreviations
† I. אָבַל 39 verb mourn (Assyrian [abâlu] see Dlw) —
Qal Perfect אָבַל Isaiah 24:7 + 2 times etc. Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֶּאֱבַל Hosea 4:3 + 3 timesmourn, lament (poetic & higher style); absolute, human subject Joel 1:9; Amos 8:8; Amos 9:5; Isaiah 19:8 (|| אנה) compare Job 14:22 (subject נַפְשׁוֺ); followed by על Hosea 10:5; more often figurative, inanimate subject, gates 1 Samuel 3:26; land 1 Samuel 24:4; 1Sam 33:9; Hosea 4:3; Joel 1:10; Jeremiah 4:28 (followed by על) Jeremiah 12:4; Jeremiah 23:10; compare Jeremiah 12:11 (followed by על), יְהוּדָה Jeremiah 14:2; pastures Amos 1:2.
Hithp.Perfect הִתְאַבֵּל 1 Samuel 15:35; Imperfect יִתְאַבָּ֑ל Ezekiel 7:12, 27; וַיִּתְאַבֵּל Genesis 37:34 + 3 times etc.; Imperative feminine singular הִתְאַבְּלִי 2 Samuel 14:2; Participle מִתְאַבֵּל 1 Samuel 16:1 + 2 times etc.; — mourn (mostly prose) especially for dead, followed by על Genesis 37:34; 2 Samuel 13:37; 2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Samuel 19:2 || בכה 2 Chronicles 35:24, compare also Isaiah 66:10 (over Jerusalem); absolute 1 Chronicles 7:22; compare 2 Samuel 14:2 play the mourner (where indicated by dress); over un-worthy Saul followed by אֶל 1 Samuel 15:35; 1 Samuel 16:1; over sin followed by על Ezra 10:6 compare (absolute) Nehemiah 8:9; judgment of י׳ Exodus 33:4 absolute (indicated by dress), Numbers 14:39; Ezekiel 7:27 (strike out B Co); followed by כִּי 1 Samuel 6:19; calamity Nehemiah 1:4; Ezekiel 7:12 compare Daniel 10:2.
Hiph. Perfect הֶאֱבַלְתִּי Ezekiel 31:15; Imperfect וַיַּאֲבֶל־ Lamentations 2:8; — cause to mourn; Ezekiel 31:15 absolute MT, but A B Co object תהום followed by על, caused the deep to mourn over; Lamentations 2:8 object wall etc.; (both these figurative, compare Qal).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


37:34; 37:34





1 Samuel

6:19; 15:35; 15:35; 16:1; 16:1; 24:4

2 Samuel

13:37; 14:2; 14:2; 14:2; 19:2

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles





1:4; 8:9




19:8; 24:7; 66:10


4:28; 12:4; 12:11; 14:2; 23:10


2:8; 2:8


7:12; 7:12; 7:27; 7:27; 31:15; 31:15




4:3; 4:3; 10:5


1:9; 1:10


1:2; 8:8; 9:5

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H56 matches the Hebrew אָבַל ('āḇal),
which occurs 39 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:34 - And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned H56 for his son many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:4 - And when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: H56 and no man did put on him his ornaments.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:39 - And Moses told these sayings unto all the children of Israel: and the people mourned H56 greatly.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:19 - And he smote the men of Bethshemesh, because they had looked into the ark of the LORD, even he smote of the people fifty thousand and threescore and ten men: and the people lamented, H56 because the LORD had smitten many of the people with a great slaughter.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:35 - And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death: nevertheless Samuel mourned H56 for Saul: and the LORD repented that he had made Saul king over Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:1 - And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn H56 for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:37 - But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned H56 for his son every day.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:2 - And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, H56 and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned H56 for the dead:
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:1 - And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and mourneth H56 for Absalom.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 7:22 - And Ephraim their father mourned H56 many days, and his brethren came to comfort him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 35:24 - His servants therefore took him out of that chariot, and put him in the second chariot that he had; and they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died, and was buried in one of the sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned H56 for Josiah.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:6 - Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God, and went into the chamber of Johanan the son of Eliashib: and when he came thither, he did eat no bread, nor drink water: for he mourned H56 because of the transgression of them that had been carried away.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 1:4 - And it came to pass, when I heard these words, that I sat down and wept, and mourned H56 certain days, and fasted, and prayed before the God of heaven,
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:9 - And Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day is holy unto the LORD your God; mourn H56 not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:22 - But his flesh upon him shall have pain, and his soul within him shall mourn. H56
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:26 - And her gates shall lament and mourn; H56 and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:8 - The fishers also shall mourn, and all they that cast angle into the brooks shall lament, H56 and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:4 - The earth mourneth H56 and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:7 - The new wine mourneth, H56 the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:9 - The earth mourneth H56 and languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed and hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off their fruits.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 66:10 - Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all ye that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all ye that mourn H56 for her:
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:28 - For this shall the earth mourn, H56 and the heavens above be black: because I have spoken it, I have purposed it, and will not repent, neither will I turn back from it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:4 - How long shall the land mourn, H56 and the herbs of every field wither, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein? the beasts are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our last end.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:11 - They have made it desolate, and being desolate it mourneth H56 unto me; the whole land is made desolate, because no man layeth it to heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 14:2 - Judah mourneth, H56 and the gates thereof languish; they are black unto the ground; and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:10 - For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourneth; H56 the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up, and their course is evil, and their force is not right.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 2:8 - The LORD hath purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter of Zion: he hath stretched out a line, he hath not withdrawn his hand from destroying: therefore he made the rampart and the wall to lament; H56 they languished together.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:12 - The time is come, the day draweth near: let not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller mourn: H56 for wrath is upon all the multitude thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:27 - The king shall mourn, H56 and the prince shall be clothed with desolation, and the hands of the people of the land shall be troubled: I will do unto them after their way, and according to their deserts will I judge them; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:15 - Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: H56 I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 10:2 - In those days I Daniel was mourning H56 three full weeks.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:3 - Therefore shall the land mourn, H56 and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 10:5 - The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn H56 over it, and the priests thereof that rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:9 - The meat offering and the drink offering is cut off from the house of the LORD; the priests, the LORD'S ministers, mourn. H56
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:10 - The field is wasted, the land mourneth; H56 for the corn is wasted: the new wine is dried up, the oil languisheth.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 1:2 - And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, H56 and the top of Carmel shall wither.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:8 - Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn H56 that dwelleth therein? and it shall rise up wholly as a flood; and it shall be cast out and drowned, as by the flood of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 9:5 - And the Lord GOD of hosts is he that toucheth the land, and it shall melt, and all that dwell therein shall mourn: H56 and it shall rise up wholly like a flood; and shall be drowned, as by the flood of Egypt.
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