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Lexicon :: Strong's H56 - 'āḇal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 6

Strong’s Definitions

אָבַל ʼâbal, aw-bal'; a primitive root; to bewail:—lament, mourn.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's H56 in the following manner: mourn (36x), lament (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's H56 in the following manner: mourn (36x), lament (3x).
  1. to mourn, lament

    1. (Qal) to mourn, lament

      1. of humans

      2. of inanimate objects (fig.)

        1. of gates

        2. of land

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to mourn, cause to mourn (fig.)

    3. (Hithpael)

      1. to mourn

      2. play the mourner

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָבַל ʼâbal, aw-bal'; a primitive root; to bewail:—lament, mourn.
STRONGS H56: Abbreviations
† I. אָבַל 39 verb mourn (Assyrian [abâlu] see Dlw) —
Qal Perfect אָבַל Isaiah 24:7 + 2 times etc. Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֶּאֱבַל Hosea 4:3 + 3 timesmourn, lament (poetic & higher style); absolute, human subject Joel 1:9; Amos 8:8; Amos 9:5; Isaiah 19:8 (|| אנה) compare Job 14:22 (subject נַפְשׁוֺ); followed by על Hosea 10:5; more often figurative, inanimate subject, gates 1 Samuel 3:26; land 1 Samuel 24:4; 1Sam 33:9; Hosea 4:3; Joel 1:10; Jeremiah 4:28 (followed by על) Jeremiah 12:4; Jeremiah 23:10; compare Jeremiah 12:11 (followed by על), יְהוּדָה Jeremiah 14:2; pastures Amos 1:2.
Hithp.Perfect הִתְאַבֵּל 1 Samuel 15:35; Imperfect יִתְאַבָּ֑ל Ezekiel 7:12, 27; וַיִּתְאַבֵּל Genesis 37:34 + 3 times etc.; Imperative feminine singular הִתְאַבְּלִי 2 Samuel 14:2; Participle מִתְאַבֵּל 1 Samuel 16:1 + 2 times etc.; — mourn (mostly prose) especially for dead, followed by על Genesis 37:34; 2 Samuel 13:37; 2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Samuel 19:2 || בכה 2 Chronicles 35:24, compare also Isaiah 66:10 (over Jerusalem); absolute 1 Chronicles 7:22; compare 2 Samuel 14:2 play the mourner (where indicated by dress); over un-worthy Saul followed by אֶל 1 Samuel 15:35; 1 Samuel 16:1; over sin followed by על Ezra 10:6 compare (absolute) Nehemiah 8:9; judgment of י׳ Exodus 33:4 absolute (indicated by dress), Numbers 14:39; Ezekiel 7:27 (strike out B Co); followed by כִּי 1 Samuel 6:19; calamity Nehemiah 1:4; Ezekiel 7:12 compare Daniel 10:2.
Hiph. Perfect הֶאֱבַלְתִּי Ezekiel 31:15; Imperfect וַיַּאֲבֶל־ Lamentations 2:8; — cause to mourn; Ezekiel 31:15 absolute MT, but A B Co object תהום followed by על, caused the deep to mourn over; Lamentations 2:8 object wall etc.; (both these figurative, compare Qal).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


37:34; 37:34





1 Samuel

6:19; 15:35; 15:35; 16:1; 16:1; 24:4

2 Samuel

13:37; 14:2; 14:2; 14:2; 19:2

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles





1:4; 8:9




19:8; 24:7; 66:10


4:28; 12:4; 12:11; 14:2; 23:10


2:8; 2:8


7:12; 7:12; 7:27; 7:27; 31:15; 31:15




4:3; 4:3; 10:5


1:9; 1:10


1:2; 8:8; 9:5

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H56 matches the Hebrew אָבַל ('āḇal),
which occurs 39 times in 38 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:34 - So Jacob tore his clothes and put sackcloth on his loins and mourned H56 for his son many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:4 -

Then the people heard this [fn]sad word and went H56 into H56 mourning H56; and none of them put on his ornaments.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:39 -

Then Moses spoke these words to all the sons of Israel, and the people mourned H56 greatly.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:19 -

Then He struck down some of the men of Beth-shemesh because they had looked into the ark of Yahweh. He struck down of all the people, 50,070 men, and the people mourned H56 because Yahweh had struck the people with a great slaughter.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:35 - So Samuel did not see Saul again until the day of his death; for Samuel grieved H56 over Saul. And Yahweh regretted that He had made Saul king over Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:1 -

Then Yahweh said to Samuel, “How long will you be grieving H56 over Saul? I have rejected him from being king over Israel. Fill your horn with oil and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I see among his sons a king for Me.”

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:37 -

Now Absalom had fled and went to Talmai the son of Ammihud, the king of Geshur. And David mourned H56 for his son every day.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:2 - So Joab sent to Tekoa and [fn]brought a wise woman from there and said to her, “Please pretend H56 to be a mourner H56, and put on mourning garments now, and do not anoint yourself with oil, but be like a woman who has been mourning H56 for the dead many days;
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:1 -

Then it was told to Joab, “Behold, the king is weeping and mourns H56 for Absalom.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 7:22 - And their father Ephraim mourned H56 many days, and his relatives came to comfort him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 35:24 - So his servants took him out of the chariot and drove him in the second chariot which he had, and brought him to Jerusalem [fn]where he died, and he was buried in the tombs of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned H56 for Josiah.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:6 - Then Ezra arose from before the house of God and went into the chamber of Jehohanan the son of Eliashib. He went there, but he did not eat bread nor drink water, for he was mourning H56 over the unfaithfulness of the exiles.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 1:4 -

Now it happened that when I heard these words, I sat down and wept and mourned H56 for days; and I was fasting and praying before the God of heaven.

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:9 -

Then Nehemiah, who was the [fn]governor, and Ezra the priest and scribe, and the Levites, who provided the people with understanding, said to all the people, “This day is holy to Yahweh your God; do not mourn H56 or weep.” For all the people were weeping when they heard the words of the law.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:22 -

“But his flesh pains him,

And he mourns H56 only for himself.”

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:26 -

And her [fn]gates will lament and mourn H56,

And deserted she will sit on the ground.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:8 -

And the fishermen will lament,

And all those who cast a [fn]line into the Nile will mourn H56,

And those who spread nets on the waters will [fn]languish.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:4 - The earth mourns H56 and withers; the world languishes and withers; the exalted of the people of the earth languish.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:7 -

The new wine mourns H56;

The vine languishes;

All the glad of heart sigh.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:9 -

The land mourns H56 and languishes,

Lebanon is humiliated and withers;

Sharon is like a desert plain,

And Bashan and Carmel [fn]lose their foliage.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 66:10 -

“Be glad with Jerusalem and rejoice for her, all you who love her;

Be exceedingly joyful with her, all you who mourn H56 over her,

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:28 -

“For this the earth shall mourn H56

And the heavens above be dark

Because I have spoken; I have purposed,

And I will not [fn]relent, nor will I turn from it.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:4 -

How long is the land to mourn H56

And the plants of every field to dry up?

Because of the evil of those who inhabit it,

Animals and birds have been swept away,

Because men have said, “He will not see our latter ending.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:11 -

[fn]It has been made a desolation;

Desolate, it mourns H56 [fn]before Me;

The whole land has been made desolate

Because no man sets it upon his heart.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 14:2 -

“Judah mourns H56,

And her gates languish;

They sit on the ground in mourning,

And the outcry of Jerusalem has gone up.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:10 -

For the land is full of adulterers;

For the land mourns H56 because of the curse.

The pastures of the wilderness have dried up.

Their course also is evil,

And their might is not right.

Unchecked Copy BoxLam 2:8 -


Yahweh [fn]determined to bring to ruin

The wall of the daughter of Zion.

He has stretched out a line;

He has not turned His hand back from swallowing up,

And He has caused rampart and wall to mourn H56;

They have languished together.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:12 - ‘The time has come; the day has arrived. Let not the buyer be glad nor the seller mourn H56; for wrath is against all their multitude.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:27 - ‘The king will mourn H56, the prince will be clothed with desolation, and the hands of the people of the land will be dismayed. According to their way I will deal with them, and by their judgments I will judge them. And they will know that I am Yahweh.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:15 -

‘Thus says Lord Yahweh, “On the day when it went down to Sheol I caused H56 mourning H56; I covered it with the [fn]deep over it and held back its rivers. And its many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon [fn]mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 10:2 -

In those days, I, Daniel, had been mourning H56 for three entire [fn]weeks.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:3 -

Therefore the land mourns H56,

And everyone who inhabits it languishes

Along with the beasts of the field and the birds of the sky,

And also the fish of the sea [fn]disappear.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 10:5 -

The dweller of Samaria will fear

For the [fn]calf of Beth-aven.

Indeed, its people will mourn H56 for it,

And its idolatrous priests [fn]will cry out over it,

Over its glory, since it has gone into exile from them.

Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:9 -

The grain offering and the drink offering are cut off

From the house of Yahweh.

The priests mourn H56,

The ministers of Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:10 -

The field is destroyed;

The land mourns H56,

For the grain is destroyed,

The new wine dries up,

Fresh oil [fn]fails.

Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 1:2 - And he said,

[fn]Yahweh roars from Zion

And from Jerusalem He gives forth His voice;

And the shepherds’ pasture grounds mourn H56,

And the [fn]top of Carmel dries up.”

Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:8 -

“Because of this will not the land tremble

And everyone who inhabits it mourn H56?

Indeed, all of it will rise up like the Nile,

And it will be tossed about

And subside like the Nile of Egypt.

Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 9:5 -

Now Lord Yahweh of hosts,

The One who touches the land so that it melts,

And all those who inhabit it mourn H56,

And all of it rises up like the Nile

And subsides like the Nile of Egypt;

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