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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5608 - sāp̄ar

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Part of Speech
masculine noun, verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1540,1540c

Strong’s Definitions

סָפַר çâphar, saw-far'; a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate:—commune, (ac-) count; declare, number, penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 161x

The KJV translates Strong's H5608 in the following manner: scribe (50x), tell (40x), declare (24x), number (23x), count (6x), shew forth (5x), writer (4x), speak (2x), accounted (1x), commune (1x), told out (1x), reckon (1x), penknife (with H8593) (1x), shewing (1x), talk (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 161x
The KJV translates Strong's H5608 in the following manner: scribe (50x), tell (40x), declare (24x), number (23x), count (6x), shew forth (5x), writer (4x), speak (2x), accounted (1x), commune (1x), told out (1x), reckon (1x), penknife (with H8593) (1x), shewing (1x), talk (1x).
  1. to count, recount, relate

    1. (Qal)

      1. to count (things)

      2. to number, take account of, reckon

    2. (Niphal) to be counted, be numbered

    3. (Piel) to recount, rehearse, declare

      1. to recount (something), rehearse

      2. to talk

      3. to count exactly or accurately

    4. (Pual) to be recounted, be rehearsed, be related

      masculine noun
  2. enumerator, muster-officer, secretary, scribe

    1. enumerator, muster-officer, secretary

    2. learned man, scribe

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָפַר çâphar, saw-far'; a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate:—commune, (ac-) count; declare, number, penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.
STRONGS H5608: Abbreviations
סָפַר 107 verb count, Pi. recount, relate (probably ancient denominative from סֵפֶר; Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; Ethiopic bdb070705 measure Di404); —
Qal27 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ס׳ 2 Samuel 24:10, 2nd person masculine singular סָפַרְתָּה Psalm 56:9, וְסָפַרְתָּ֫ Leviticus 25:8, etc.; Imperfect יִסְפֹּר Psalm 87:6 + Job 38:37 where read probably יִסְפֹּר (Bu) for MT יְסַפֵּר, יִסְפּוֹר Job 31:4, וַיִּסְפֹּר 2 Chronicles 2:1; 2 Chronicles 2:16, suffix וַיִּסְפְּרֵם Ezra 1:8; 2nd person masculine singular תִּסְפֹּר Job 39:2, תִּסְפּוֹר Job 14:16, תִּסְפָּר־ Deuteronomy 16:9, etc.; Imperative masculine singular סְפֹר Genesis 15:5; masculine plural סִפְרוּ 1 Chronicles 21:2; Psalm 48:13; Infinitive construct לִסְפֹּר Genesis 15:5 + 2 times; Participle סֹפֵר Isaiah 33:18 (twice in verse) (see also סֹפֵר n. below); —
1. count things, to learn their number, with accusative, Genesis 15:5 (twice in verse) (J) 2 Samuel 24:10 + 10 times (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb 2 Chronicles 2:16); accusative omitted Genesis 41:49 (E); + ל (dativus commodi [dative of benefit] or ethicus [of interest]), Leviticus 15:13, 28; Leviticus 23:15; Leviticus 25:8 (all PH), Deuteronomy 16:9; Ezekiel 44:26; Ezra 1:8; Psalm 87:6; Isaiah 33:8 (absolute), Isaiah 33:18 (but text suspicious, conjectures in Du CheHpt).
2. number = take account of, carefully observe and consider, reckon: תִּסְפּוֹר צְעָדַי Job 14:16 of my steps thou takest account, so Job 31:4; see also Job 38:37 (compare above); נֹדִי סָפַרַתַּה Psalm 56:9 my wandering hast thou reckoned, taken into account (Che reads סִפַּרְתִּי after Greek Version of the LXX).
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִסָּפֵר Hosea 2:1 + 4 times; 3rd person masculine plural יִסָּֽפְרוּ 1 Kings 8:5; 2 Chronicles 5:6, וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ 1 Chronicles 23:3; — be counted, numbered usually with negative, to indicate multitude, מֵרֹב לֹא יִסּ׳ Genesis 16:10 (J) it is not to be counted, for multitude, so Genesis 32:13 (J), 1 Kings 3:8 (|| יִמָּנֶה לֹא), 1 Kings 8:5 (+ id.), 2 Chronicles 5:6 (+ id.); compare Hosea 2:1 (+ יִמַּד לֹאֿ), Jeremiah 33:22 (|| לֹא יִמַּד); positively, only וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ הַלְּוִיִּם 1 Chronicles 23:3.
Pi.67 Perfect 1st person singular סִפַּ֫רְתִּי Psalm 119:26, סִפַּ֑רְתִּי Psalm 119:13; 3rd person plural סִפְּרוּ Judges 6:13 + 3 times; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְסַפֵּר Job 38:37 +, 1st person singular אֲסַפֵּר Psalm 22:18 +; cohortative אֲסַפֵּ֑רָה Job 15:7; 1st person plural וַנּסַפֶּר־ Exodus 10:2, etc.; Imperative סַפֵּר Isaiah 43:26, etc.; Infinitive construct (לְ)סַפֵּר Psalm 50:16 + 5 times; Participle מְסַפֵּר Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 8:5; plural מְסַפְּרִים Psalm 19:2; Psalm 78:4; — recount, rehearse, declare:
1. recount something (accusative) to (לְ person) Judges 6:13; Judges 7:13; Genesis 24:66 (J), 1 Samuel 11:5 + 18 times (of rehearsing glorious deeds of י׳ Psalm 44:2; Psalm 73:28; Psalm 78:3; Psalm 78:4; Psalm 79:13); with accusative + בְּ local Ezekiel 12:16, elsewhere of rehearsing name or praise of י׳ Exodus 9:16 (J) Psalm 9:15; Psalm 96:3 = 1 Chronicles 16:24; Psalm 102:22; Jeremiah 51:10; with accusative alone Psalm 9:2; Psalm 19:2; Psalm 119:13 (+ בְּ instrumental), Psalm 145:6 + 8 times Psalms + Isaiah 43:21, all of rehearsing praise of י׳; compare מִסַּפֵּֽר עָֽצְמוּ Psalm 40:6 [Psalm 40:5] they are too great to rehearse with accusative also Jeremiah 23:28, 32; Job 15:17; Job 28:27; Psalm 119:26; accusative omitted Isaiah 43:26, with לְ person Genesis 40:8 (E) + 6 times, with אֶלֿ person Genesis 37:10 (E), with בְּאָזְנֵי Exodus 10:2; with כְּמוֺ (which see) Psalm 73:15; with אֶלֿ concerning Psalm 2:7, compare Psalm 69:27 (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Ew Ol Gr Bi Che Bae add; in that case read יֹסִ֑פוּ); with עַלֿ concerning + לְ person Joel 1:3.
2. apparently, in weakened sense, talk Psalm 59:13; Psalm 64:6 (with ל concerning), Psalm 73:15 (with כְּמוֺ).
3. count exactly, accurately כָּלעַֿצְמוֺתָ֑י אֲסַפֵּר Psalm 22:18 I can count exactly all my bones (in wasted body). — Psalm 40:6 see below 1, Job 38:37 read יִסְפֹּר.
Pu. be recounted, related, rehearsed: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular לְ סֻפַּר Isaiah 52:15; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular לְ יְסֻפַּר Job 37:20 (clause as subject), + לְ concerning Psalm 22:31; with בְּ local Psalm 88:12; absolute יְסֻפָּ֑ר Habakkuk 1:5.

סֹפֵר, סוֺפֵר noun masculinePsalm 45:2 enumerator, muster-officer, secretary, scribe (properly participle of סָפַר; Aramaic סַפְרָא, bdb070801 id. compare bdb070802 doctus, literatus; O Aramaic ספרא id., Lzb330 Cook85; Phoenician ספר Lzb330); — absolute סֹפֵר Judges 5:14 +, סוֺפֵר 2 Samuel 8:17 +; construct סֹפֵר 2 Kings 12:11 + 2 times, + Jeremiah 52:25 (Gie GFM read הַסּ׳ as || 2 Kings 25:19); plural סֹפְרִים 1 Kings 4:3; Jeremiah 8:8, סוֺ׳ 1 Chronicles 2:55; 2 Chronicles 34:13; construct סֹפְרֵי Esther 3:12; Esther 8:9; —
a. enumerator, muster-officer in description of leaders of Israel משְׁכִים בְּשֵׁבֶט ס׳ Judges 5:14.
b. king's official = secretary 2 Samuel 8:17 = 2 Samuel 20:25 = 1 Chronicles 18:16; 2 Kings 18:18, 37 = Isaiah 36:3, 22; Solomon had two 1 Kings 4:3 (in all these distinguished from מַזְכִּיר); also 2 Kings 19:2 = Isaiah 37:2; Jeremiah 36:10, 12, compare לִשְׁכַּת הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 36:12; Jeremiah 36:20; Jeremiah 36:21, בֵּית הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 37:15, 20; acting as treasurer and paymaster 2 Kings 12:11 2 Chronicles 24:11, — compare Zadok Nehemiah 13:13; — 2 Kings 22:3, 8, 9, 10, 12 2 Chronicles 34:15; 34:18; 34:20; 1 Chronicles 24:6 (Levite); שַׂר הַצָּבָא הַסּ׳ 2 Kings 25:19 = Jeremiah 52:25 (si vera lectio in Kings) implies military authority (but שַׂר הַצּ׳ perhaps gloss GFMJudges 5:14); Ew Sta and others read (as Jeremiah) scribe of general.
c. in Persia, secretaries who wrote out (king's) decrees, according to Esther 3:12; Esther 8:9.
d. 2 Chronicles 26:11 uses ס׳ for muster-officer; 1 Chronicles 2:55 mentions families of סוֺפְרִים; 2 Chronicles 34:13 knows ס׳ as Levites; ס׳ 1 Chronicles 27:32 = man of learning.
2. professional class of learned men, 'scribes' able to read and write Jeremiah 36:26, 32; with writing implements, מָהִיר עֵט ס׳ Psalm 45:2, קֶסֶת הַסּ׳ Ezekiel 9:2, 3, תַּעַר הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 36:23; especially learned in the law, and assuming to issue its precepts, עֵט שֶׁקֶר סֹפְרִים Jeremiah 8:8.
3. specifically of Ezra, at once priest (כֹּהֵן) and learned in the law (סֹפֵר), Ezra 7:11, בְרֵי מִצְוֺת י׳ Di ס׳ Ezra 7:11 [compare Aramaic Ezra 7:12; Ezra 7:21], מָהִיר בְּתוֺרֵת משֶׁה ס׳ Ezra 7:6; Nehemiah 8:1, 4, 9, 13; Nehemiah 12:26, 36.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H5613.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5608 matches the Hebrew סָפַר (sāp̄ar),
which occurs 161 times in 154 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:5 - And he brought him outside and said, “Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:10 - The angel of the LORD also said to her, “I will surely multiply your offspring so that they cannot be numbered for multitude.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:66 - And the servant told Isaac all the things that he had done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:13 - As soon as Laban heard the news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he ran to meet him and embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob told Laban all these things,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:12 - But you said, ‘I will surely do you good, and make your offspring as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:9 - Then he dreamed another dream and told it to his brothers and said, “Behold, I have dreamed another dream. Behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:10 - But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and your mother and your brothers indeed come to bow ourselves to the ground before you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:8 - They said to him, “We have had dreams, and there is no one to interpret them.” And Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Please tell them to me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:9 - So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph and said to him, “In my dream there was a vine before me,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:8 - So in the morning his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was none who could interpret them to Pharaoh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:12 - A young Hebrew was there with us, a servant of the captain of the guard. When we told him, he interpreted our dreams to us, giving an interpretation to each man according to his dream.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:49 - And Joseph stored up grain in great abundance, like the sand of the sea, until he ceased to measure it, for it could not be measured.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:16 - But for this purpose I have raised you up, to show you my power, so that my name may be proclaimed in all the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:2 - and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and of your grandson how I have dealt harshly with the Egyptians and what signs I have done among them, that you may know that I am the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:8 - Then Moses told his father-in-law all that the LORD had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, all the hardship that had come upon them in the way, and how the LORD had delivered them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:3 - Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD and all the rules.[fn] And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the LORD has spoken we will do.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:13 - “And when the one with a discharge is cleansed of his discharge, then he shall count for himself seven days for his cleansing, and wash his clothes. And he shall bathe his body in fresh water and shall be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:28 - But if she is cleansed of her discharge, she shall count for herself seven days, and after that she shall be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:15 - “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:16 - You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:8 - “You shall count seven weeks[fn] of years, seven times seven years, so that the time of the seven weeks of years shall give you forty-nine years.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:27 - And they told him, “We came to the land to which you sent us. It flows with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:9 - “You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:23 - Then the two men returned. They came down from the hills and passed over and came to Joshua the son of Nun, and they told him all that had happened to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:14 - From Ephraim their root they marched down into the valley,[fn]
following you, Benjamin, with your kinsmen;
from Machir marched down the commanders,
and from Zebulun those who bear the lieutenant’s[fn] staff;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:13 - And Gideon said to him, “Please, my lord, if the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all his wonderful deeds that our fathers recounted to us, saying, ‘Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the LORD has forsaken us and given us into the hand of Midian.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:13 - When Gideon came, behold, a man was telling a dream to his comrade. And he said, “Behold, I dreamed a dream, and behold, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the camp of Midian and came to the tent and struck it so that it fell and turned it upside down, so that the tent lay flat.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:5 - Now, behold, Saul was coming from the field behind the oxen. And Saul said, “What is wrong with the people, that they are weeping?” So they told him the news of the men of Jabesh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 8:17 - and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Seraiah was secretary,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:25 - and Sheva was secretary; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 24:10 - But David’s heart struck him after he had numbered the people. And David said to the LORD, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. But now, O LORD, please take away the iniquity of your servant, for I have done very foolishly.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 3:8 - And your servant is in the midst of your people whom you have chosen, a great people, too many to be numbered or counted for multitude.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 4:3 - Elihoreph and Ahijah the sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:5 - And King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel, who had assembled before him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing so many sheep and oxen that they could not be counted or numbered.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:11 - Now an old prophet lived in Bethel. And his sons[fn] came and told him all that the man of God had done that day in Bethel. They also told to their father the words that he had spoken to the king.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:4 - Now the king was talking with Gehazi the servant of the man of God, saying, “Tell me all the great things that Elisha has done.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:5 - And while he was telling the king how Elisha had restored the dead to life, behold, the woman whose son he had restored to life appealed to the king for her house and her land. And Gehazi said, “My lord, O king, here is the woman, and here is her son whom Elisha restored to life.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:6 - And when the king asked the woman, she told him. So the king appointed an official for her, saying, “Restore all that was hers, together with all the produce of the fields from the day that she left the land until now.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 12:10 - And whenever they saw that there was much money in the chest, the king’s secretary and the high priest came up and they bagged and counted the money that was found in the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:18 - And when they called for the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebnah the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:37 - Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn and told him the words of the Rabshakeh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:2 - And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the secretary, and the senior priests, covered with sackcloth, to the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:3 - In the eighteenth year of King Josiah, the king sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, son of Meshullam, the secretary, to the house of the LORD, saying,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:8 - And Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the secretary, “I have found the Book of the Law in the house of the LORD.” And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:9 - And Shaphan the secretary came to the king, and reported to the king, “Your servants have emptied out the money that was found in the house and have delivered it into the hand of the workmen who have the oversight of the house of the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:10 - Then Shaphan the secretary told the king, “Hilkiah the priest has given me a book.” And Shaphan read it before the king.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:12 - And the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Micaiah, and Shaphan the secretary, and Asaiah the king’s servant, saying,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:19 - and from the city he took an officer who had been in command of the men of war, and five men of the king’s council who were found in the city; and the secretary of the commander of the army, who mustered the people of the land; and sixty men of the people of the land, who were found in the city.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:55 - The clans also of the scribes who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, the Shimeathites and the Sucathites. These are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the house of Rechab.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:24 - Declare his glory among the nations,
his marvelous works among all the peoples!

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/4 (Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24) Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24

2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Ch 18:16–Psa 50:16

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