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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5608 - sāp̄ar

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Part of Speech
masculine noun, verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1540,1540c

Strong’s Definitions

סָפַר çâphar, saw-far'; a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate:—commune, (ac-) count; declare, number, penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 161x

The KJV translates Strong's H5608 in the following manner: scribe (50x), tell (40x), declare (24x), number (23x), count (6x), shew forth (5x), writer (4x), speak (2x), accounted (1x), commune (1x), told out (1x), reckon (1x), penknife (with H8593) (1x), shewing (1x), talk (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 161x
The KJV translates Strong's H5608 in the following manner: scribe (50x), tell (40x), declare (24x), number (23x), count (6x), shew forth (5x), writer (4x), speak (2x), accounted (1x), commune (1x), told out (1x), reckon (1x), penknife (with H8593) (1x), shewing (1x), talk (1x).
  1. to count, recount, relate

    1. (Qal)

      1. to count (things)

      2. to number, take account of, reckon

    2. (Niphal) to be counted, be numbered

    3. (Piel) to recount, rehearse, declare

      1. to recount (something), rehearse

      2. to talk

      3. to count exactly or accurately

    4. (Pual) to be recounted, be rehearsed, be related

      masculine noun
  2. enumerator, muster-officer, secretary, scribe

    1. enumerator, muster-officer, secretary

    2. learned man, scribe

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָפַר çâphar, saw-far'; a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate:—commune, (ac-) count; declare, number, penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.
STRONGS H5608: Abbreviations
סָפַר 107 verb count, Pi. recount, relate (probably ancient denominative from סֵפֶר; Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; Ethiopic bdb070705 measure Di404); —
Qal27 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ס׳ 2 Samuel 24:10, 2nd person masculine singular סָפַרְתָּה Psalm 56:9, וְסָפַרְתָּ֫ Leviticus 25:8, etc.; Imperfect יִסְפֹּר Psalm 87:6 + Job 38:37 where read probably יִסְפֹּר (Bu) for MT יְסַפֵּר, יִסְפּוֹר Job 31:4, וַיִּסְפֹּר 2 Chronicles 2:1; 2 Chronicles 2:16, suffix וַיִּסְפְּרֵם Ezra 1:8; 2nd person masculine singular תִּסְפֹּר Job 39:2, תִּסְפּוֹר Job 14:16, תִּסְפָּר־ Deuteronomy 16:9, etc.; Imperative masculine singular סְפֹר Genesis 15:5; masculine plural סִפְרוּ 1 Chronicles 21:2; Psalm 48:13; Infinitive construct לִסְפֹּר Genesis 15:5 + 2 times; Participle סֹפֵר Isaiah 33:18 (twice in verse) (see also סֹפֵר n. below); —
1. count things, to learn their number, with accusative, Genesis 15:5 (twice in verse) (J) 2 Samuel 24:10 + 10 times (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb 2 Chronicles 2:16); accusative omitted Genesis 41:49 (E); + ל (dativus commodi [dative of benefit] or ethicus [of interest]), Leviticus 15:13, 28; Leviticus 23:15; Leviticus 25:8 (all PH), Deuteronomy 16:9; Ezekiel 44:26; Ezra 1:8; Psalm 87:6; Isaiah 33:8 (absolute), Isaiah 33:18 (but text suspicious, conjectures in Du CheHpt).
2. number = take account of, carefully observe and consider, reckon: תִּסְפּוֹר צְעָדַי Job 14:16 of my steps thou takest account, so Job 31:4; see also Job 38:37 (compare above); נֹדִי סָפַרַתַּה Psalm 56:9 my wandering hast thou reckoned, taken into account (Che reads סִפַּרְתִּי after Greek Version of the LXX).
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִסָּפֵר Hosea 2:1 + 4 times; 3rd person masculine plural יִסָּֽפְרוּ 1 Kings 8:5; 2 Chronicles 5:6, וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ 1 Chronicles 23:3; — be counted, numbered usually with negative, to indicate multitude, מֵרֹב לֹא יִסּ׳ Genesis 16:10 (J) it is not to be counted, for multitude, so Genesis 32:13 (J), 1 Kings 3:8 (|| יִמָּנֶה לֹא), 1 Kings 8:5 (+ id.), 2 Chronicles 5:6 (+ id.); compare Hosea 2:1 (+ יִמַּד לֹאֿ), Jeremiah 33:22 (|| לֹא יִמַּד); positively, only וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ הַלְּוִיִּם 1 Chronicles 23:3.
Pi.67 Perfect 1st person singular סִפַּ֫רְתִּי Psalm 119:26, סִפַּ֑רְתִּי Psalm 119:13; 3rd person plural סִפְּרוּ Judges 6:13 + 3 times; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְסַפֵּר Job 38:37 +, 1st person singular אֲסַפֵּר Psalm 22:18 +; cohortative אֲסַפֵּ֑רָה Job 15:7; 1st person plural וַנּסַפֶּר־ Exodus 10:2, etc.; Imperative סַפֵּר Isaiah 43:26, etc.; Infinitive construct (לְ)סַפֵּר Psalm 50:16 + 5 times; Participle מְסַפֵּר Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 8:5; plural מְסַפְּרִים Psalm 19:2; Psalm 78:4; — recount, rehearse, declare:
1. recount something (accusative) to (לְ person) Judges 6:13; Judges 7:13; Genesis 24:66 (J), 1 Samuel 11:5 + 18 times (of rehearsing glorious deeds of י׳ Psalm 44:2; Psalm 73:28; Psalm 78:3; Psalm 78:4; Psalm 79:13); with accusative + בְּ local Ezekiel 12:16, elsewhere of rehearsing name or praise of י׳ Exodus 9:16 (J) Psalm 9:15; Psalm 96:3 = 1 Chronicles 16:24; Psalm 102:22; Jeremiah 51:10; with accusative alone Psalm 9:2; Psalm 19:2; Psalm 119:13 (+ בְּ instrumental), Psalm 145:6 + 8 times Psalms + Isaiah 43:21, all of rehearsing praise of י׳; compare מִסַּפֵּֽר עָֽצְמוּ Psalm 40:6 [Psalm 40:5] they are too great to rehearse with accusative also Jeremiah 23:28, 32; Job 15:17; Job 28:27; Psalm 119:26; accusative omitted Isaiah 43:26, with לְ person Genesis 40:8 (E) + 6 times, with אֶלֿ person Genesis 37:10 (E), with בְּאָזְנֵי Exodus 10:2; with כְּמוֺ (which see) Psalm 73:15; with אֶלֿ concerning Psalm 2:7, compare Psalm 69:27 (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Ew Ol Gr Bi Che Bae add; in that case read יֹסִ֑פוּ); with עַלֿ concerning + לְ person Joel 1:3.
2. apparently, in weakened sense, talk Psalm 59:13; Psalm 64:6 (with ל concerning), Psalm 73:15 (with כְּמוֺ).
3. count exactly, accurately כָּלעַֿצְמוֺתָ֑י אֲסַפֵּר Psalm 22:18 I can count exactly all my bones (in wasted body). — Psalm 40:6 see below 1, Job 38:37 read יִסְפֹּר.
Pu. be recounted, related, rehearsed: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular לְ סֻפַּר Isaiah 52:15; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular לְ יְסֻפַּר Job 37:20 (clause as subject), + לְ concerning Psalm 22:31; with בְּ local Psalm 88:12; absolute יְסֻפָּ֑ר Habakkuk 1:5.

סֹפֵר, סוֺפֵר noun masculinePsalm 45:2 enumerator, muster-officer, secretary, scribe (properly participle of סָפַר; Aramaic סַפְרָא, bdb070801 id. compare bdb070802 doctus, literatus; O Aramaic ספרא id., Lzb330 Cook85; Phoenician ספר Lzb330); — absolute סֹפֵר Judges 5:14 +, סוֺפֵר 2 Samuel 8:17 +; construct סֹפֵר 2 Kings 12:11 + 2 times, + Jeremiah 52:25 (Gie GFM read הַסּ׳ as || 2 Kings 25:19); plural סֹפְרִים 1 Kings 4:3; Jeremiah 8:8, סוֺ׳ 1 Chronicles 2:55; 2 Chronicles 34:13; construct סֹפְרֵי Esther 3:12; Esther 8:9; —
a. enumerator, muster-officer in description of leaders of Israel משְׁכִים בְּשֵׁבֶט ס׳ Judges 5:14.
b. king's official = secretary 2 Samuel 8:17 = 2 Samuel 20:25 = 1 Chronicles 18:16; 2 Kings 18:18, 37 = Isaiah 36:3, 22; Solomon had two 1 Kings 4:3 (in all these distinguished from מַזְכִּיר); also 2 Kings 19:2 = Isaiah 37:2; Jeremiah 36:10, 12, compare לִשְׁכַּת הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 36:12; Jeremiah 36:20; Jeremiah 36:21, בֵּית הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 37:15, 20; acting as treasurer and paymaster 2 Kings 12:11 2 Chronicles 24:11, — compare Zadok Nehemiah 13:13; — 2 Kings 22:3, 8, 9, 10, 12 2 Chronicles 34:15; 34:18; 34:20; 1 Chronicles 24:6 (Levite); שַׂר הַצָּבָא הַסּ׳ 2 Kings 25:19 = Jeremiah 52:25 (si vera lectio in Kings) implies military authority (but שַׂר הַצּ׳ perhaps gloss GFMJudges 5:14); Ew Sta and others read (as Jeremiah) scribe of general.
c. in Persia, secretaries who wrote out (king's) decrees, according to Esther 3:12; Esther 8:9.
d. 2 Chronicles 26:11 uses ס׳ for muster-officer; 1 Chronicles 2:55 mentions families of סוֺפְרִים; 2 Chronicles 34:13 knows ס׳ as Levites; ס׳ 1 Chronicles 27:32 = man of learning.
2. professional class of learned men, 'scribes' able to read and write Jeremiah 36:26, 32; with writing implements, מָהִיר עֵט ס׳ Psalm 45:2, קֶסֶת הַסּ׳ Ezekiel 9:2, 3, תַּעַר הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 36:23; especially learned in the law, and assuming to issue its precepts, עֵט שֶׁקֶר סֹפְרִים Jeremiah 8:8.
3. specifically of Ezra, at once priest (כֹּהֵן) and learned in the law (סֹפֵר), Ezra 7:11, בְרֵי מִצְוֺת י׳ Di ס׳ Ezra 7:11 [compare Aramaic Ezra 7:12; Ezra 7:21], מָהִיר בְּתוֺרֵת משֶׁה ס׳ Ezra 7:6; Nehemiah 8:1, 4, 9, 13; Nehemiah 12:26, 36.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H5613.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5608 matches the Hebrew סָפַר (sāp̄ar),
which occurs 161 times in 154 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:5 - And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell H5608 the stars, if thou be able to number H5608 them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:10 - And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered H5608 for multitude.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:66 - And the servant told H5608 Isaac all things that he had done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:13 - And it came to pass, when Laban heard the tidings of Jacob his sister's son, that he ran to meet him, and embraced him, and kissed him, and brought him to his house. And he told H5608 Laban all these things.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:12 - And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered H5608 for multitude.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:9 - And he dreamed yet another dream, and told H5608 it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:10 - And he told H5608 it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:8 - And they said unto him, We have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter of it. And Joseph said unto them, Do not interpretations belong to God? tell me H5608 them, I pray you.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:9 - And the chief butler told H5608 his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:8 - And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told H5608 them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:12 - And there was there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told H5608 him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:49 - And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; H5608 for it was without number.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:16 - And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared H5608 throughout all the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:2 - And that thou mayest tell H5608 in the ears of thy son, and of thy son's son, what things I have wrought in Egypt, and my signs which I have done among them; that ye may know how that I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:8 - And Moses told H5608 his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the LORD delivered them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:3 - And Moses came and told H5608 the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:13 - And when he that hath an issue is cleansed of his issue; then he shall number H5608 to himself seven days for his cleansing, and wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in running water, and shall be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:28 - But if she be cleansed of her issue, then she shall number H5608 to herself seven days, and after that she shall be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:15 - And ye shall count H5608 unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:16 - Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number H5608 fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:8 - And thou shalt number H5608 seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:27 - And they told H5608 him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is the fruit of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:9 - Seven weeks shalt thou number H5608 unto thee: begin to number H5608 the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:23 - So the two men returned, and descended from the mountain, and passed over, and came to Joshua the son of Nun, and told H5608 him all things that befell them:
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:14 - Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer. H5608
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:13 - And Gideon said unto him, Oh my Lord, if the LORD be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where be all his miracles which our fathers told H5608 us of, saying, Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt? but now the LORD hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:13 - And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told H5608 a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay along.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:5 - And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field; and Saul said, What aileth the people that they weep? And they told H5608 him the tidings of the men of Jabesh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 8:17 - And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe; H5608
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:25 - And Sheva was scribe: H5608 and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 24:10 - And David's heart smote him after that he had numbered H5608 the people. And David said unto the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done: and now, I beseech thee, O LORD, take away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 3:8 - And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted H5608 for multitude.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 4:3 - Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; H5608 Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:5 - And king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel, that were assembled unto him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen, that could not be told H5608 nor numbered for multitude.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:11 - Now there dwelt an old prophet in Bethel; and his sons came and told H5608 him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Bethel: the words which he had spoken unto the king, them they told H5608 also to their father.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:4 - And the king talked with Gehazi the servant of the man of God, saying, Tell H5608 me, I pray thee, all the great things that Elisha hath done.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:5 - And it came to pass, as he was telling H5608 the king how he had restored a dead body to life, that, behold, the woman, whose son he had restored to life, cried to the king for her house and for her land. And Gehazi said, My lord, O king, this is the woman, and this is her son, whom Elisha restored to life.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:6 - And when the king asked the woman, she told H5608 him. So the king appointed unto her a certain officer, saying, Restore all that was hers, and all the fruits of the field since the day that she left the land, even until now.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 12:10 - And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king's scribe H5608 and the high priest came up, and they put up in bags, and told the money that was found in the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:18 - And when they had called to the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, H5608 and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:37 - Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, H5608 and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:2 - And he sent Eliakim, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, H5608 and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:3 - And it came to pass in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, the scribe, H5608 to the house of the LORD, saying,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:8 - And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, H5608 I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:9 - And Shaphan the scribe H5608 came to the king, and brought the king word again, and said, Thy servants have gathered the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of them that do the work, that have the oversight of the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:10 - And Shaphan the scribe H5608 shewed the king, saying, Hilkiah the priest hath delivered me a book. And Shaphan read it before the king.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:12 - And the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Michaiah, and Shaphan the scribe, H5608 and Asahiah a servant of the king's, saying,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:19 - And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe H5608 of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city:
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:55 - And the families of the scribes H5608 which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:24 - Declare H5608 his glory among the heathen; his marvellous works among all nations.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/4 (Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24) Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24

2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Ch 18:16–Psa 50:16

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