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Lexicon :: Strong's H5608 - sāp̄ar

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Part of Speech
masculine noun, verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1540,1540c

Strong’s Definitions

סָפַר çâphar, saw-far'; a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate:—commune, (ac-) count; declare, number, penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 161x

The KJV translates Strong's H5608 in the following manner: scribe (50x), tell (40x), declare (24x), number (23x), count (6x), shew forth (5x), writer (4x), speak (2x), accounted (1x), commune (1x), told out (1x), reckon (1x), penknife (with H8593) (1x), shewing (1x), talk (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 161x
The KJV translates Strong's H5608 in the following manner: scribe (50x), tell (40x), declare (24x), number (23x), count (6x), shew forth (5x), writer (4x), speak (2x), accounted (1x), commune (1x), told out (1x), reckon (1x), penknife (with H8593) (1x), shewing (1x), talk (1x).
  1. to count, recount, relate

    1. (Qal)

      1. to count (things)

      2. to number, take account of, reckon

    2. (Niphal) to be counted, be numbered

    3. (Piel) to recount, rehearse, declare

      1. to recount (something), rehearse

      2. to talk

      3. to count exactly or accurately

    4. (Pual) to be recounted, be rehearsed, be related

      masculine noun
  2. enumerator, muster-officer, secretary, scribe

    1. enumerator, muster-officer, secretary

    2. learned man, scribe

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָפַר çâphar, saw-far'; a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate:—commune, (ac-) count; declare, number, penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.
STRONGS H5608: Abbreviations
סָפַר 107 verb count, Pi. recount, relate (probably ancient denominative from סֵפֶר; Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; Ethiopic bdb070705 measure Di404); —
Qal27 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ס׳ 2 Samuel 24:10, 2nd person masculine singular סָפַרְתָּה Psalm 56:9, וְסָפַרְתָּ֫ Leviticus 25:8, etc.; Imperfect יִסְפֹּר Psalm 87:6 + Job 38:37 where read probably יִסְפֹּר (Bu) for MT יְסַפֵּר, יִסְפּוֹר Job 31:4, וַיִּסְפֹּר 2 Chronicles 2:1; 2 Chronicles 2:16, suffix וַיִּסְפְּרֵם Ezra 1:8; 2nd person masculine singular תִּסְפֹּר Job 39:2, תִּסְפּוֹר Job 14:16, תִּסְפָּר־ Deuteronomy 16:9, etc.; Imperative masculine singular סְפֹר Genesis 15:5; masculine plural סִפְרוּ 1 Chronicles 21:2; Psalm 48:13; Infinitive construct לִסְפֹּר Genesis 15:5 + 2 times; Participle סֹפֵר Isaiah 33:18 (twice in verse) (see also סֹפֵר n. below); —
1. count things, to learn their number, with accusative, Genesis 15:5 (twice in verse) (J) 2 Samuel 24:10 + 10 times (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb 2 Chronicles 2:16); accusative omitted Genesis 41:49 (E); + ל (dativus commodi [dative of benefit] or ethicus [of interest]), Leviticus 15:13, 28; Leviticus 23:15; Leviticus 25:8 (all PH), Deuteronomy 16:9; Ezekiel 44:26; Ezra 1:8; Psalm 87:6; Isaiah 33:8 (absolute), Isaiah 33:18 (but text suspicious, conjectures in Du CheHpt).
2. number = take account of, carefully observe and consider, reckon: תִּסְפּוֹר צְעָדַי Job 14:16 of my steps thou takest account, so Job 31:4; see also Job 38:37 (compare above); נֹדִי סָפַרַתַּה Psalm 56:9 my wandering hast thou reckoned, taken into account (Che reads סִפַּרְתִּי after Greek Version of the LXX).
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִסָּפֵר Hosea 2:1 + 4 times; 3rd person masculine plural יִסָּֽפְרוּ 1 Kings 8:5; 2 Chronicles 5:6, וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ 1 Chronicles 23:3; — be counted, numbered usually with negative, to indicate multitude, מֵרֹב לֹא יִסּ׳ Genesis 16:10 (J) it is not to be counted, for multitude, so Genesis 32:13 (J), 1 Kings 3:8 (|| יִמָּנֶה לֹא), 1 Kings 8:5 (+ id.), 2 Chronicles 5:6 (+ id.); compare Hosea 2:1 (+ יִמַּד לֹאֿ), Jeremiah 33:22 (|| לֹא יִמַּד); positively, only וַיִּסָּֽפְרוּ הַלְּוִיִּם 1 Chronicles 23:3.
Pi.67 Perfect 1st person singular סִפַּ֫רְתִּי Psalm 119:26, סִפַּ֑רְתִּי Psalm 119:13; 3rd person plural סִפְּרוּ Judges 6:13 + 3 times; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְסַפֵּר Job 38:37 +, 1st person singular אֲסַפֵּר Psalm 22:18 +; cohortative אֲסַפֵּ֑רָה Job 15:7; 1st person plural וַנּסַפֶּר־ Exodus 10:2, etc.; Imperative סַפֵּר Isaiah 43:26, etc.; Infinitive construct (לְ)סַפֵּר Psalm 50:16 + 5 times; Participle מְסַפֵּר Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 8:5; plural מְסַפְּרִים Psalm 19:2; Psalm 78:4; — recount, rehearse, declare:
1. recount something (accusative) to (לְ person) Judges 6:13; Judges 7:13; Genesis 24:66 (J), 1 Samuel 11:5 + 18 times (of rehearsing glorious deeds of י׳ Psalm 44:2; Psalm 73:28; Psalm 78:3; Psalm 78:4; Psalm 79:13); with accusative + בְּ local Ezekiel 12:16, elsewhere of rehearsing name or praise of י׳ Exodus 9:16 (J) Psalm 9:15; Psalm 96:3 = 1 Chronicles 16:24; Psalm 102:22; Jeremiah 51:10; with accusative alone Psalm 9:2; Psalm 19:2; Psalm 119:13 (+ בְּ instrumental), Psalm 145:6 + 8 times Psalms + Isaiah 43:21, all of rehearsing praise of י׳; compare מִסַּפֵּֽר עָֽצְמוּ Psalm 40:6 [Psalm 40:5] they are too great to rehearse with accusative also Jeremiah 23:28, 32; Job 15:17; Job 28:27; Psalm 119:26; accusative omitted Isaiah 43:26, with לְ person Genesis 40:8 (E) + 6 times, with אֶלֿ person Genesis 37:10 (E), with בְּאָזְנֵי Exodus 10:2; with כְּמוֺ (which see) Psalm 73:15; with אֶלֿ concerning Psalm 2:7, compare Psalm 69:27 (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Ew Ol Gr Bi Che Bae add; in that case read יֹסִ֑פוּ); with עַלֿ concerning + לְ person Joel 1:3.
2. apparently, in weakened sense, talk Psalm 59:13; Psalm 64:6 (with ל concerning), Psalm 73:15 (with כְּמוֺ).
3. count exactly, accurately כָּלעַֿצְמוֺתָ֑י אֲסַפֵּר Psalm 22:18 I can count exactly all my bones (in wasted body). — Psalm 40:6 see below 1, Job 38:37 read יִסְפֹּר.
Pu. be recounted, related, rehearsed: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular לְ סֻפַּר Isaiah 52:15; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular לְ יְסֻפַּר Job 37:20 (clause as subject), + לְ concerning Psalm 22:31; with בְּ local Psalm 88:12; absolute יְסֻפָּ֑ר Habakkuk 1:5.

סֹפֵר, סוֺפֵר noun masculinePsalm 45:2 enumerator, muster-officer, secretary, scribe (properly participle of סָפַר; Aramaic סַפְרָא, bdb070801 id. compare bdb070802 doctus, literatus; O Aramaic ספרא id., Lzb330 Cook85; Phoenician ספר Lzb330); — absolute סֹפֵר Judges 5:14 +, סוֺפֵר 2 Samuel 8:17 +; construct סֹפֵר 2 Kings 12:11 + 2 times, + Jeremiah 52:25 (Gie GFM read הַסּ׳ as || 2 Kings 25:19); plural סֹפְרִים 1 Kings 4:3; Jeremiah 8:8, סוֺ׳ 1 Chronicles 2:55; 2 Chronicles 34:13; construct סֹפְרֵי Esther 3:12; Esther 8:9; —
a. enumerator, muster-officer in description of leaders of Israel משְׁכִים בְּשֵׁבֶט ס׳ Judges 5:14.
b. king's official = secretary 2 Samuel 8:17 = 2 Samuel 20:25 = 1 Chronicles 18:16; 2 Kings 18:18, 37 = Isaiah 36:3, 22; Solomon had two 1 Kings 4:3 (in all these distinguished from מַזְכִּיר); also 2 Kings 19:2 = Isaiah 37:2; Jeremiah 36:10, 12, compare לִשְׁכַּת הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 36:12; Jeremiah 36:20; Jeremiah 36:21, בֵּית הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 37:15, 20; acting as treasurer and paymaster 2 Kings 12:11 2 Chronicles 24:11, — compare Zadok Nehemiah 13:13; — 2 Kings 22:3, 8, 9, 10, 12 2 Chronicles 34:15; 34:18; 34:20; 1 Chronicles 24:6 (Levite); שַׂר הַצָּבָא הַסּ׳ 2 Kings 25:19 = Jeremiah 52:25 (si vera lectio in Kings) implies military authority (but שַׂר הַצּ׳ perhaps gloss GFMJudges 5:14); Ew Sta and others read (as Jeremiah) scribe of general.
c. in Persia, secretaries who wrote out (king's) decrees, according to Esther 3:12; Esther 8:9.
d. 2 Chronicles 26:11 uses ס׳ for muster-officer; 1 Chronicles 2:55 mentions families of סוֺפְרִים; 2 Chronicles 34:13 knows ס׳ as Levites; ס׳ 1 Chronicles 27:32 = man of learning.
2. professional class of learned men, 'scribes' able to read and write Jeremiah 36:26, 32; with writing implements, מָהִיר עֵט ס׳ Psalm 45:2, קֶסֶת הַסּ׳ Ezekiel 9:2, 3, תַּעַר הַסּ׳ Jeremiah 36:23; especially learned in the law, and assuming to issue its precepts, עֵט שֶׁקֶר סֹפְרִים Jeremiah 8:8.
3. specifically of Ezra, at once priest (כֹּהֵן) and learned in the law (סֹפֵר), Ezra 7:11, בְרֵי מִצְוֺת י׳ Di ס׳ Ezra 7:11 [compare Aramaic Ezra 7:12; Ezra 7:21], מָהִיר בְּתוֺרֵת משֶׁה ס׳ Ezra 7:6; Nehemiah 8:1, 4, 9, 13; Nehemiah 12:26, 36.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H5613.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5608 matches the Hebrew סָפַר (sāp̄ar),
which occurs 161 times in 154 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:5 - And He brought him outside and said, “Now look toward the heavens, and number H5608 the stars, if you are able to number H5608 them.” And He said to him, “So shall your seed be.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:10 - Moreover, the angel of Yahweh said to her, “I will greatly multiply your seed so that [fn]they will be too many to be counted H5608.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:66 - And the servant recounted H5608 to Isaac all the things that he had done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:13 -

So it happened that when Laban heard the report of Jacob his sister’s son, he ran to meet him, and he embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Then he recounted H5608 to Laban all these things.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:12 - “For You said, ‘I will surely [fn]prosper you and make your seed as the sand of the sea, which is too great to be numbered H5608.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:9 -

Then he [fn]had still another dream and recounted H5608 it to his brothers and said, “Behold, I have [fn]had still another dream; and behold, the sun and the moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:10 - And he recounted H5608 it to his father and to his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have [fn]had? Shall I and your mother and your brothers really come to bow ourselves down before you to the ground?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:8 - Then they said to him, “We have [fn]had a dream, and there is no one to interpret it.” Then Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Recount H5608 it to me, please.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:9 -

So the chief cupbearer recounted H5608 his dream to Joseph and said to him, “In my dream, [fn]behold, there was a vine in front of me;

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:8 - Now it happened that in the morning his spirit was troubled, so he sent and called for all the [fn]magicians of Egypt and all its wise men. And Pharaoh recounted H5608 to them his dream, but there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:12 - “Now there was with us a Hebrew youth, a slave of the captain of the bodyguard, and we recounted H5608 them to him, and he interpreted our dreams for us. To each one he interpreted according to his own dream.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:49 - Thus Joseph stored up grain [fn]in great abundance like the sand of the sea, until he stopped [fn]measuring H5608 it, for it was [fn]beyond measure.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:16 - “But, indeed, for this reason I have caused you to stand, in order to show you My power and in order to recount H5608 My name through all the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:2 - and that you may recount H5608 in the [fn]hearing of your son and of your grandson, how I dealt severely with the Egyptians, and how I [fn]put My signs among them, that you may know that I am Yahweh.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:8 - And Moses recounted H5608 to his father-in-law all that Yahweh had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, all the hardship that had befallen them on the journey, and how Yahweh had delivered them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:3 -

Then Moses came and recounted H5608 to the people all the words of Yahweh and all the judgments; and all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words which Yahweh has spoken we will do!”

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:13 -

‘Now when the man with the discharge becomes cleansed from his discharge, then he shall count H5608 off for himself seven days for his cleansing; he shall then wash his clothes and bathe his body in [fn]running water and will become clean.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:28 - ‘Now if she becomes clean from her discharge, she shall count H5608 off for herself seven days; and afterward she will be clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:15 -

‘You shall also count H5608 for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:16 - ‘You shall count H5608 fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall bring a new grain offering near to Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:8 -

‘You are also to count H5608 off seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years, so that you have the time of the seven sabbaths of years, namely, forty-nine years.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:27 - Thus they recounted H5608 to him and said, “We went in to the land where you sent us; and it certainly does flow with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:9 -

“You shall count H5608 seven weeks for yourself; you shall begin to count H5608 seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:23 - Then the two men returned and came down from the hill country and crossed over and came to Joshua the son of Nun, and they recounted H5608 to him all that had happened to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:14 -

“From Ephraim those whose root is in Amalek came down,

Following you, Benjamin, with your peoples;

From Machir commanders came down,

And from Zebulun those who wield the staff of a scribe H5608.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:13 - Then Gideon said to him, “O my lord, if Yahweh is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His wondrous deeds which our fathers recounted H5608 to us, saying, ‘Did not Yahweh bring us up from Egypt?’ But now Yahweh has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Midian.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:13 - Then Gideon came, and behold, a man was recounting H5608 a dream to his friend. And he said, “Behold, I [fn]had a dream; [fn]a loaf of barley bread was tumbling into the camp of Midian, and it came to the tent and struck it so that it fell and turned it [fn]upside down so that the tent lay flat.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:5 -

Now behold, Saul was coming from the field behind the oxen, and [fn]he said, “What is the matter with the people that they weep?” So they recounted H5608 to him the words of the men of Jabesh.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 8:17 - and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Seraiah was scribe H5608;
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:25 - and Sheva was scribe H5608, and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 24:10 -

Then David’s heart struck him after he had counted H5608 the people. So David said to Yahweh, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. But now, O Yahweh, please [fn]take away the iniquity of Your slave, for I have acted very foolishly.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 3:8 - “And Your slave is in the midst of Your people which You have chosen, a numerous people who are too many to be numbered or counted H5608.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 4:3 -

Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha were scribes H5608;

Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:5 - And King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel, who congregated to him being with him before the ark, were sacrificing [fn]so many sheep and oxen that they could not be counted H5608 or numbered.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:11 -

Now an old prophet was living in Bethel; and his [fn]sons came and recounted H5608 to him all the work which the man of God had done that day in Bethel; the words which he had spoken to the king, these also they recounted H5608 to their father.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:4 - Now the king was speaking with Gehazi, the young man of the man of God, saying, “Please recount H5608 to me all the great things that Elisha has done.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:5 - Now it happened as he was recounting H5608 to the king how he had restored to life the one who was dead, that behold, the woman whose son he had restored to life was crying out to the king for her house and for her field. And Gehazi said, “My lord, O king, this is the woman, and this is her son, whom Elisha restored to life.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:6 - Then the king asked the woman, and she recounted H5608 it to him. So the king appointed for her a certain officer, saying, “Restore all that was hers and all the produce of the field from the day that she left the land even until now.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 12:10 - Now it happened that when they saw that there was much money in the chest, the king’s scribe H5608 and the high priest came up and tied it in bags and counted the money which was found in the house of Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:18 - Then they called to the king, and Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebnah the scribe H5608 and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, came out to them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:37 - Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe H5608 and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:2 - Then he sent Eliakim who was over the household with Shebna the scribe H5608 and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:3 -

Now it happened in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan, the son of Azaliah the son of Meshullam the scribe H5608, to the house of Yahweh saying,

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:8 -

Then Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the scribe H5608, “I have found the book of the law in the house of Yahweh.” And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan and he read it.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:9 - Then Shaphan the scribe H5608 came to the king and responded to the king with a word and said, “Your servants have poured out the money that was found in the house and have given it into the hand of those who do the work, who have the oversight of the house of Yahweh.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:10 - Moreover, Shaphan the scribe H5608 told the king saying, “Hilkiah the priest has given me a book.” And Shaphan read it in the presence of the king.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:12 - Then the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, Ahikam the son of Shaphan, [fn]Achbor the son of Micaiah, Shaphan the scribe H5608, and Asaiah the king’s servant, saying,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:19 - And from the city he took one official who was overseer of the men of war, and five [fn]of the king’s advisers who were found in the city; and the [fn]scribe H5608 of the commander of the army who mustered the people of the land; and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the city.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:55 -

The families of scribes H5608 who lived at Jabez were the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and the Sucathites. Those are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the house of Rechab.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:24 -

Recount H5608 His glory among the nations,

His wondrous deeds among all the peoples.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/4 (Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24) Gen 15:5–1Ch 16:24

2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Ch 18:16–Psa 50:16

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