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Lexicon :: Strong's H5749 - ʿûḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1576,1576d

Strong’s Definitions

עוּד ʻûwd, ood; a primitive root; to duplicate or repeat; by implication, to protest, testify (as by reiteration); intensively, to encompass, restore (as a sort of reduplication):—admonish, charge, earnestly, lift up, protest, call (take) to record, relieve, rob, solemnly, stand upright, testify, give warning, (bear, call to, give, take to) witness.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 45x

The KJV translates Strong's H5749 in the following manner: testify (15x), protest (6x), witness (6x), record (3x), charge (2x), solemnly (2x), take (3x), admonished (1x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 45x
The KJV translates Strong's H5749 in the following manner: testify (15x), protest (6x), witness (6x), record (3x), charge (2x), solemnly (2x), take (3x), admonished (1x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to return, repeat, go about, do again

    1. (Piel) to surround, go round and round

    2. (Pilel) to restore, relieve

    3. (Hithpalel) to be restored

  2. to bear witness

    1. (Qal) to bear witness, say again and again

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to testify, bear witness

      2. to cause to testify, take or call as witness, invoke

      3. to protest, affirm solemnly, warn, exhort or enjoin solemnly, admonish, charge

    3. (Hophal) to protest, give warning

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עוּד ʻûwd, ood; a primitive root; to duplicate or repeat; by implication, to protest, testify (as by reiteration); intensively, to encompass, restore (as a sort of reduplication):—admonish, charge, earnestly, lift up, protest, call (take) to record, relieve, rob, solemnly, stand upright, testify, give warning, (bear, call to, give, take to) witness.
STRONGS H5749: Abbreviations
† [עוּד] verb probably return, go about, repeat, do again (Arabic bdb072803, bdb072804 return, do again IV. restore, also say again, iterate, bdb072805 habit; Ethiopic bdb072806 turn about, surround, bdb072807 circuit, circle; Syriac Pa. bdb072808 accustom, Ethpe. Aph. be accustomed, bdb072809 usage, ceremong, bdb072810 festival (Brock), whence Arabic bdb072811 id., as loan-word, Frä276; Palmyrene עידא usage Lzb337 Cook90; Late Hebrew עֵד, and especially עֵדוּת = Biblical Hebrew, also עִיד festival, Targum עִידָא; compare probably Assyrian Shaph. uš-id, he he solemnly affirmed DlHWB 32); — only intensive :
Pi. surround (compare Ethiopic), Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix עִוְּדֻנִי Psalm 119:61 (compare סְבָבוּנִי Psalm 18:6).
Pōl`ēl, restore, relieve (compare Arabic IV.), Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְעוֺדֵד, with accusative of person Psalm 146:9 (|| שָׁמַר, opposed to עִוֵּת), Psalm 147:6 (opposed to הִשְׁפִּיל).
Hithpōl. be restored, Imperfect1plural וַנִּתְעוֺדָּ֑ד Psalm 20:9 ( + קוּם, opposed to נָפַל; Greek Version of the LXX ἀνωρθώθημεν.

† [עוּד] verb denominative (Gerber42f.) bear witness; —
Qal Imperfect 1st person singular suffix אֲעוּדֵךְ Lamentations 2:13 Kt; < Hiph. Qr Bu.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הֵעִיד 2 Kings 17:15; Malachi 2:14; הֵעִד Genesis 43:3; 2rd person masculine singular ַֽֽֽהעִי֫דֹתָ Nehemiah 9:34; ַֽֽֽהעֵדֹ֫תָה Exodus 19:23; 1st person singular ַֽֽֽהעִידֹ֫תִי Deuteronomy 4:26; Jeremiah 42:19; 3rd person masculine plural הֵעִ֫ידוּ Nehemiah 9:26, etc.; Imperfect וַיָּ֫עַד 2 Kings 17:13; Zechariah 3:6; 3rd person feminine singular suffix וַתְּעִידֵ֫נִי Job 29:11 15 times Imperfect; Infinitive absolute הָעֵד Genesis 43:3 4 times; Imperative הָעֵד Exodus 19:21 2 times Imperative Participle מֵעִיד Deuteronomy 32:46. —
1. testify, bear witness, with suffix against one 1 Kings 21:10,13; in favour of Job 29:11; Lamentations 2:13 (Qr); with בֵּין Malachi 2:14.
2. cause to testify, take as witness, with accusative of person Isaiah 8:2; Jeremiah 32:10,25,44; call as witness, invoke, with accusative את השׁמים ואת הארץ + בְּ against Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 30:19; Deuteronomy 31:28.
3. protest, affirm solemnly, warn: subject men, absolute Jeremiah 6:10; Nehemiah 13:15; with בְּ person Genesis 43:3 (twice in verse) (J) Exodus 19:21 (E) 1 Samuel 8:9 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 2:42; 2 Chronicles 24:19; Nehemiah 9:26; Nehemiah 13:21; Jeremiah 42:19; Amos 3:13; exhort solemnly, admonish, charge, י׳ subject, with בְּ person, Exodus 19:23 (J) Deuteronomy 8:19; 2 Kings 17:13; Nehemiah 9:29,30; Jeremiah 11:7 (3 times in verse); Zechariah 3:6; Psalm 50:7; Psalm 81:9; enjoin solemnly, with בְּ person + accusative of thing עֵדְוֺת 2 Kings 17:15; Nehemiah 9:34, דברים Deuteronomy 32:46.
Hoph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular וְהוּעַד consecutive Exodus 21:29 (E) impersonal and protest be entered, with בְּ person
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


43:3; 43:3; 43:3


19:21; 19:21; 19:23; 19:23; 21:29


4:26; 4:26; 8:19; 30:19; 31:28; 32:46; 32:46

1 Samuel


1 Kings

2:42; 21:10; 21:13

2 Kings

17:13; 17:13; 17:15; 17:15

2 Chronicles



9:26; 9:26; 9:29; 9:30; 9:34; 9:34; 13:15; 13:21


29:11; 29:11


18:6; 20:9; 50:7; 81:9; 119:61; 146:9; 147:6




6:10; 11:7; 32:10; 32:25; 32:44; 42:19; 42:19


2:13; 2:13




3:6; 3:6


2:14; 2:14

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5749 matches the Hebrew עוּד (ʿûḏ),
which occurs 44 times in 40 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:3 - Judah spoke to him, however, saying, “The man solemnly H5749 warned H5749 [fn]us, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 19:21 - Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Go down, [fn]warn H5749 the people, so that they do not break through to the LORD to gaze, and many of them [fn]perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 19:23 - Moses said to the LORD, “The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai, for You [fn]warned H5749 us, saying, ‘Set bounds about the mountain and consecrate it.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:29 - “If, however, an ox was previously in the habit of goring and its owner has been warned, H5749 yet he does not confine it and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:26 - I call H5749 heaven and earth to witness H5749 against you today, that you will surely perish quickly from the land where you are going over the Jordan to possess it. You shall not [fn]live long on it, but will be utterly destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:19 - “It shall come about if you ever forget the LORD your God and go after other gods and serve them and worship them, I testify H5749 against you today that you will surely perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:19 - “I call H5749 heaven and earth to witness H5749 against you today, that I have set before you life and death, the blessing and the curse. So choose life in order that you may live, you and your [fn]descendants,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:28 - “Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officers, that I may speak these words in their hearing and call H5749 the heavens and the earth to witness H5749 against them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:46 - he said to them, “Take to your heart all the words with which I am warning H5749 you today, which you shall command your sons to observe [fn]carefully, even all the words of this law.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:9 - “Now then, listen to their voice; however, you shall solemnly H5749 [fn]warn H5749 them and tell them of the [fn]procedure of the king who will reign over them.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:42 - So the king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Did I not make you swear by the LORD and solemnly H5749 warn H5749 you, saying, ‘You will know for certain that on the day you depart and go anywhere, you shall surely die’? And you said to me, ‘The word which I have heard is good.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:10 - and seat two worthless men before him, and let them testify H5749 against him, saying, ‘You cursed God and the king.’ Then take him out and stone him [fn]to death.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:13 - Then the two worthless men came in and sat before him; and the worthless men testified H5749 against him, even against Naboth, before the people, saying, “Naboth cursed God and the king.” So they took him outside the city and stoned him [fn]to death with stones.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:13 - Yet the LORD warned H5749 Israel and Judah through all His prophets and every seer, saying, “Turn from your evil ways and keep My commandments, My statutes according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you through My servants the prophets.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:15 - They rejected His statutes and His covenant which He made with their fathers and His warnings with which He warned H5749 them. And they followed vanity and became vain, and went after the nations which surrounded them, concerning which the LORD had commanded them not to do like them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 24:19 - Yet He sent prophets to them to bring them back to the LORD; though they testified H5749 against them, they would not listen.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:26 - “But they became disobedient and rebelled against You,
And cast Your law behind their backs
And killed Your prophets who had admonished H5749 them
So that they might return to You,
And they committed great [fn]blasphemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:29 - And admonished H5749 them in order to turn them back to Your law.
Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances,
By which if a man observes them he shall live.
And they [fn]turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck, and would not listen.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:30 - “However, You bore with them for many years,
And admonished H5749 them by Your Spirit through Your prophets,
Yet they would not give ear.
Therefore You gave them into the hand of the peoples of the lands.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:34 - “For our kings, our leaders, our priests and our fathers have not kept Your law
Or paid attention to Your commandments and Your [fn]admonitions with which You have [fn]admonished H5749 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:15 - In those days I saw in Judah some who were treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sacks of grain and loading them on donkeys, as well as wine, grapes, figs and all kinds of loads, and they brought them into Jerusalem on the sabbath day. So I admonished H5749 them on the day they sold food.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:21 - Then I [fn]warned H5749 them and said to them, “Why do you spend the night in front of the wall? If you do so again, I will [fn]use force against you.” From that time on they did not come on the sabbath.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:11 - “For when the ear heard, it called me blessed,
And when the eye saw, it gave H5749 witness H5749 of me,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 20:8 - They have bowed down and fallen,
But we have risen and stood H5749 upright. H5749
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 50:7 - “Hear, O My people, and I will speak;
O Israel, I will testify H5749 [fn]against you;
I am God, your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 81:8 - “Hear, O My people, and I will [fn]admonish H5749 you;
O Israel, if you would listen to Me!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:61 - The cords of the wicked have encircled H5749 me,
But I have not forgotten Your law.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 146:9 - The LORD [fn]protects the [fn]strangers;
He [fn]supports H5749 the fatherless and the widow,
But He [fn]thwarts the way of the wicked.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 147:6 - The LORD [fn]supports H5749 the afflicted;
He brings down the wicked to the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:2 - “And [fn]I will take H5749 to Myself faithful witnesses for testimony, H5749 Uriah the priest and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:10 - To whom shall I speak and give H5749 warning H5749
That they may hear?
Behold, their ears are [fn]closed
And they cannot listen.
Behold, the word of the LORD has become a reproach to them;
They have no delight in it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 11:7 - ‘For I solemnly H5749 warned H5749 your fathers in the day that I brought them up from the land of Egypt, even to this day, [fn]warning H5749 persistently, saying, “Listen to My voice.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:10 - “I [fn]signed and sealed the deed, and called H5749 in witnesses, and weighed out the silver on the scales.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:25 - ‘You have said to me, O Lord [fn]GOD, “Buy for yourself the field with money and call H5749 in witnesses”—although the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:44 - ‘Men will buy fields for money, [fn]sign and seal deeds, and call H5749 in witnesses in the land of Benjamin, in the environs of Jerusalem, in the cities of Judah, in the cities of the hill country, in the cities of the lowland and in the cities of the [fn]Negev; for I will restore their [fn]fortunes,’ declares the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 42:19 - The LORD has spoken to you, O remnant of Judah, “Do not go into Egypt!” You should clearly understand that today I have testified H5749 against you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 2:13 - How shall I admonish H5749 you?
To what shall I compare you,
O daughter of Jerusalem?
To what shall I liken you as I comfort you,
O virgin daughter of Zion?
For your [fn]ruin is as vast as the sea;
Who can heal you?
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 3:13 - “Hear and testify H5749 against the house of Jacob,”
Declares the Lord GOD, the God of hosts.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 3:6 - And the angel of the LORD admonished H5749 Joshua, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:14 - “Yet you say, ‘For what reason?’ Because the LORD has been a witness H5749 between you and the wife of your youth, against whom you have dealt treacherously, though she is your companion and your wife by covenant.
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