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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5774 - ʿûp̄

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Part of Speech
feminine noun, verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1582,1583,158

Strong’s Definitions

עוּף ʻûwph, oof; a primitive root; to cover (with wings or obscurity); hence (as denominative from H5775) to fly; also (by implication of dimness) to faint (from the darkness of swooning):—brandish, be (wax) faint, flee away, fly (away), × set, shine forth, weary.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 32x

The KJV translates Strong's H5774 in the following manner: fly (17x), (fly, flee...) away (6x), faint (3x), brandish (1x), shine forth (1x), set (1x), weary (1x), variant (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 32x
The KJV translates Strong's H5774 in the following manner: fly (17x), (fly, flee...) away (6x), faint (3x), brandish (1x), shine forth (1x), set (1x), weary (1x), variant (2x).
  1. to fly, fly about, fly away

    1. (Qal)

      1. to fly, hover

      2. to fly away

    2. (Hiphil) to cause to fly, light upon

    3. (Polel)

      1. to fly about or to and fro

      2. to cause to fly to and fro, brandish

    4. (Hithpolel) to fly away

  2. (Qal) to cover, be dark

    feminine noun
  3. gloom

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עוּף ʻûwph, oof; a primitive root; to cover (with wings or obscurity); hence (as denominative from H5775) to fly; also (by implication of dimness) to faint (from the darkness of swooning):—brandish, be (wax) faint, flee away, fly (away), × set, shine forth, weary.
STRONGS H5774: Abbreviations
† I. עוּף verb fly (Late Hebrew id., (rare) flicker, flutter, עוֺף fowl; Aramaic עוֺפָא, bdb073301 id.; Ethiopic bdb073302 id.; Arabic bdb073303 augury, from birds (compare WeHeid. 2, 202), fortune, bdb073304, bdb073305 practice augury, bdb073306 augur; also bdb073307, bdb073308 fly about, of birds); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine plural וְעָפוּ consecutive Isaiah 11:14; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יָעוּף Job 20:8; Psalm 91:5 + Proverbs 23:5b Qr (> Kt ועוף [van d. H.], or ועיף [Ginsb]); וַיָּעֹ֑ף 2 Samuel 22:11 = Psalm 18:11 [Psalm 18:10]; Nahum 3:16, וַיָּ֫עָף Isaiah 6:6; 3rd person feminine singular (הֲ)תָעוּף Proverbs 23:5a Kt (see below); 3rd person feminine plural תְּעוּפֶינָה Isaiah 60:8, etc.; Infinitive construct עוּף Job 5:7; Proverbs 26:2; Participle feminine singular עָפָה Zechariah 5:1, Zechariah 5:2; plural עָפוֺת Isaiah 31:5; —
a. fly, of birds Deuteronomy 4:17, specifically of swallow (in simile) Proverbs 26:2 (|| נוּד); of seraph Isaiah 6:6 (compare Pō`l.); י׳ riding (רכב) on cherub 2 Samuel 22:11 = Psalm 18:11 [Psalm 18:10]; roll (in vision) Zechariah 5:1, Zechariah 5:2; arrow Psalm 91:5; of swift army Isaiah 11:14 (under figure of bird, followed by בְּכָתֵף) Habakkuk 1:8 (simile of vulture); figurative of ships (like cloud, or doves) Isaiah 60:8; בְּנֵירֶֿשֶׁף יַגְבִּיהוּ עוּף Job 5:7 make high to fly, i.e. make their flight high, soar aloft (simile of irresistible tendency).
b. hover (protectingly) Isaiah 31:5 (birds, simile of י׳; on sense compare Deuteronomy 32:11).
2. fly away, to a distance, Psalm 55:7 [Psalm 55:6] (figurative; || אַרְחִיק נְדֹד Psalm 55:8 [Psalm 55:7]); = vanish, of locusts Nahum 1:16 (figurative); כְּנֶשֶׁר יָעוּף הַשָּׁמַיִם Proverbs 23:5b (Qr) simile of riches (see Toy); of wicked Job 20:8 (כַּחֲלוֺם); end of life, in general, וַנָּעֻ֑פָה Psalm 90:10. — הֲתָעוּף Proverbs 23:5a Kt, do thine eyes fly (light) upon it? (הֲתָעִיף Hiph. Qr dost thou cause thine eyes to fly, etc. ?) is difficult, and line perhaps not original (see Toy).
1. fly about, to and fro; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְעוֺפֵף of birds Genesis 1:20 (P); seraphim Isaiah 6:2; Participle שָׂרָף מְעוֺפֵף flying fiery serpent Isaiah 14:29; Isaiah 30:6.
2. cause to fly to and fro, brandish, Infinitive construct suffix בְּעוֺפְפִי חַרְבִּי Ezekiel 32:10 when I brandish my sword before them.
Hithpō'l Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular כָּעוֺף יִתְעוֺפֵף כְּבוֺדָם Hosea 9:11 like a bird their glory shall fly away.
Hiph. Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular Qr, see Qal near the end

See related Aramaic BDB entry H5776.

† II. [עוּף], I. [עִיף] verb be dark; — only
Qal Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular תָּעֻ֫פָה Job 11:17 (though) it be dark, but read probably תְּעֻפָה, substantive, see below

II. [עִיף] verb be faint (compare Syriac bdb074601 3, PS2835; || form of יעף which see; occurrences dubious); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular עָֽיְפָה נַפְשִׁי לְ [H5888 Jeremiah 4:31] (? read עֲיֵפָה); Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיָּ֫עַף Judges 4:21 (< וְיָעֵף GFM Bu), 1 Samuel 14:28 (strike out We Bu Kit Löhr, emendation HPS), 1 Samuel 14:31 (read וַיִּעַף [√ יעף] Buhl HPS), 2 Samuel 21:15 (corrupt, HPS; for Philistine name We Dr Bu Kit).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




4:17; 32:11



1 Samuel

14:28; 14:31

2 Samuel

21:15; 22:11; 22:11


5:7; 5:7; 11:17; 20:8; 20:8


18:10; 18:10; 55:6; 55:7; 90:10; 91:5; 91:5


23:5; 23:5; 23:5; 23:5; 26:2; 26:2


6:2; 6:6; 6:6; 11:14; 11:14; 14:29; 30:6; 31:5; 31:5; 60:8; 60:8










5:1; 5:1; 5:2; 5:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5774 matches the Hebrew עוּף (ʿûp̄),
which occurs 32 times in 29 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:20 - And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds[fn] fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:17 - the likeness of any animal that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged bird that flies in the air,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:21 - But Jael the wife of Heber took a tent peg, and took a hammer in her hand. Then she went softly to him and drove the peg into his temple until it went down into the ground while he was lying fast asleep from weariness. So he died.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:28 - Then one of the people said, “Your father strictly charged the people with an oath, saying, ‘Cursed be the man who eats food this day.’” And the people were faint.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:31 - They struck down the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. And the people were very faint.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:15 - There was war again between the Philistines and Israel, and David went down together with his servants, and they fought against the Philistines. And David grew weary.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:11 - He rode on a cherub and flew;
he was seen on the wings of the wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 5:7 - but man is born to trouble
as the sparks fly upward.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 11:17 - And your life will be brighter than the noonday;
its darkness will be like the morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 20:8 - He will fly away like a dream and not be found;
he will be chased away like a vision of the night.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:10 - He rode on a cherub and flew;
he came swiftly on the wings of the wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 55:6 - And I say, “Oh, that I had wings like a dove!
I would fly away and be at rest;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 90:10 - The years of our life are seventy,
or even by reason of strength eighty;
yet their span[fn] is but toil and trouble;
they are soon gone, and we fly away.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 91:5 - You will not fear the terror of the night,
nor the arrow that flies by day,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:5 - When your eyes light on it, it is gone,
for suddenly it sprouts wings,
flying like an eagle toward heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 26:2 - Like a sparrow in its flitting, like a swallow in its flying,
a curse that is causeless does not alight.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 6:2 - Above him stood the seraphim. Each had six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 6:6 - Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a burning coal that he had taken with tongs from the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 11:14 - But they shall swoop down on the shoulder of the Philistines in the west,
and together they shall plunder the people of the east.
They shall put out their hand against Edom and Moab,
and the Ammonites shall obey them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:29 - Rejoice not, O Philistia, all of you,
that the rod that struck you is broken,
for from the serpent’s root will come forth an adder,
and its fruit will be a flying fiery serpent.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:6 - An oracle on the beasts of the Negeb.
Through a land of trouble and anguish,
from where come the lioness and the lion,
the adder and the flying fiery serpent,
they carry their riches on the backs of donkeys,
and their treasures on the humps of camels,
to a people that cannot profit them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:5 - Like birds hovering, so the LORD of hosts
will protect Jerusalem;
he will protect and deliver it;
he will spare and rescue it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 60:8 - Who are these that fly like a cloud,
and like doves to their windows?
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 32:10 - I will make many peoples appalled at you, and the hair of their kings shall bristle with horror because of you, when I brandish my sword before them. They shall tremble every moment, every one for his own life, on the day of your downfall.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:11 - Ephraim’s glory shall fly away like a bird—
no birth, no pregnancy, no conception!
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 3:16 - You increased your merchants
more than the stars of the heavens.
The locust spreads its wings and flies away.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 1:8 - Their horses are swifter than leopards,
more fierce than the evening wolves;
their horsemen press proudly on.
Their horsemen come from afar;
they fly like an eagle swift to devour.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 5:1 - Again I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, a flying scroll!
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 5:2 - And he said to me, “What do you see?” I answered, “I see a flying scroll. Its length is twenty cubits, and its width ten cubits.”[fn]
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