Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


Copy Options
Red Letter
The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5800 - ʿāzaḇ

Choose a new font size and typeface
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1594,1595

Strong’s Definitions

עָזַב ʻâzab, aw-zab'; a primitive root; to loosen, i.e. relinquish, permit, etc.:—commit self, fail, forsake, fortify, help, leave (destitute, off), refuse, × surely.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 215x

The KJV translates Strong's H5800 in the following manner: forsake (129x), leave (72x), leave off (4x), faileth (2x), fortify (2x), help (2x), committeth (1x), destitute (1x), refuseth (1x), surely (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 215x
The KJV translates Strong's H5800 in the following manner: forsake (129x), leave (72x), leave off (4x), faileth (2x), fortify (2x), help (2x), committeth (1x), destitute (1x), refuseth (1x), surely (1x).
  1. to leave, loose, forsake

    1. (Qal) to leave

      1. to depart from, leave behind, leave, let alone

      2. to leave, abandon, forsake, neglect, apostatise

      3. to let loose, set free, let go, free

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be left to

      2. to be forsaken

    3. (Pual) to be deserted

  2. to restore, repair

    1. (Qal) to repair

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָזַב ʻâzab, aw-zab'; a primitive root; to loosen, i.e. relinquish, permit, etc.:—commit self, fail, forsake, fortify, help, leave (destitute, off), refuse, × surely.
STRONGS H5800: Abbreviations
I. עָזַב 213 verb leave, forsake, loose (Late Hebrew id. (rare); Arabic bdb073609 be remote, absent, depart, Assyrian ezêbu, leave, Shaph. ušezib, rescue, compare Biblical Aramaic H7804 שֵׁיזֵב; — Ethiopic bdb073610 widowed Di973); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ע׳ Genesis 24:27 +, suffix עֲזָבַנִי Isaiah 49:14; Psalm 38:11; 3rd person feminine singular עָזָ֑בָה Ezekiel 23:8; 1st person singular suffix עֲזַבְתִּיךְ Isaiah 54:7; 2nd person feminine plural עֲזַבְתֶּן Exodus 2:20, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַעֲזֹב Isaiah 55:7 +, יַעֲזָבֿ Genesis 2:24, suffix 1st person singular וַיַּעַזְבֵנִי 1 Samuel 30:13, etc.; Imperative עֲזֹב Psalm 37:8, עָזְבָה Jeremiah 49:11, עִזְבוּ Jeremiah 48:28; Proverbs 9:6, etc.; Infinitive absolute עָזוֺב Jeremiah 14:5, עָזֹב Exodus 23:5; construct עֲזֹב Genesis 44:22 +, suffix עָזְבֵךְ Jeremiah 2:17 +, etc.; Participle active עֹזֵב Proverbs 10:17 +, construct עֹזְבִי (Ges§ 90 l); feminine construct עֹזֶבֶת Proverbs 2:17 etc.; passive עָזוּב Deuteronomy 32:26 +, etc.; —
1. leave, with accusative (on order of meanings compare NöZMG. xl (1886). 726):
a. = depart from, accusative of person Genesis 44:22 (twice in verse) (J), 2 Kings 2:2, 4, 6; 2 Kings 4:30; Numbers 10:31 (P), Ruth 1:16; Jeremiah 9:1 (|| הָלַךְ מֵאֵת); accusative of location 1 Kings 8:6; Jeremiah 25:28 (י׳ as lion leaving lair); with מִן local intransitive (strangely) Jeremiah 18:14 (of snow).
b. leave behind, accusative of person Exodus 2:20 (J), 2 Samuel 15:16 (+ infinitive), Ezekiel 24:21; accusative of thing + בְּיַד Genesis 39:12, 13, + אֶצְלִי Genesis 39:15; Genesis 39:18 (all J); + ב location Genesis 50:8 (J); accusative of person and thing Exodus 9:21 (J).
c. leave in the presence of (לִפְנֵי) 1 Chronicles 16:37 (ל of accusative, compare ל 3b above), 2 Chronicles 28:14.
d. leave in safety, וְאָ֫נָה חַעַזְבוּ כְּבוֺדְכֶם Isaiah 10:3.
e. leave in a given condition, situation, אֹתוֺ בְמַחֲלֻיִים ע׳ 2 Chronicles 24:25 they left him in great suffering; with adverb accusative Ezekiel 23:29; a city פְּתוּחָה Joshua 8:17.
f. leave undisturbed, let alone Ruth 2:16.
g. leave unexercised, Genesis 24:27 pregnantly he hath not left his kindness and his faithfulness from (being) with (מֵעִם) my master; so חַסְדּוֺ אֶתֿ ע׳ Ruth 2:20 (both of י׳); חֵמָה ע׳ Psalm 37:8 (|| הֶרֶף מֵאַף).
h. leave in the hand of, entrust to, accusative of thing + בְּיַד Genesis 39:6 (J), + אֶלֿ Job 39:11 (|| בָּטַח בְּ), + עַלֿ Psalm 10:14 (accusative omitted, his cause). — So also possibly (with לְ) Nehemiah 3:34 (reading לֵאלֹהִים for MT לָהֶם), but text probably otherwise corrupt.
i. leave to (ל) one (unaided), וְחָדַלְתָּ֫ מֵעֲזֹב לוֺ Exodus 23:5a (E) thou shalt refrain from leaving it (that is, the affair) to him; compare תַּעֲזֹב לָאָרֶץ בֵּיצֶיהָ Job 39:14 (of ostrich).
j. leave over, remaining, accusative of person Joshua 2:21 (JE); accusative of thing + לְ person Leviticus 19:10; Leviticus 23:22 (H), Malachi 3:19 [Malachi 4:1].
k. leave = have nothing to do with Proverbs 9:6.
2. leave, abandon, forsake:
†a. abandon, accusative of thing:
(1) land, house, city, tent, etc., 1 Samuel 31:7 = 1 Chronicles 10:7; 2 Kings 7:7; Jeremiah 9:18; Jeremiah 48:28; Jeremiah 51:9; 2 Chronicles 11:14; Isaiah 17:9 (+ מִפְּנֵי of enemy); passive participle of cities Isaiah 17:2; Jeremiah 4:29; Zephaniah 2:4, compare עֲזוּבָה Isaiah 17:9 participle = substantive = deserted region.
(2) oxen 1 Kings 19:20, idol-images (+ שָׁם) 2 Samuel 5:21 = 1 Chronicles 14:12, flock Zechariah 11:17; passive participle of eggs Isaiah 10:14.
†b. forsake,
(1) human subject and object: Genesis 2:24 (J; a man his parents), 1 Samuel 30:13; Joshua 22:3 (D), Jeremiah 49:11; Psalm 27:10 (parent a child), Proverbs 2:17 (wife her husband, אַלוּף), compare עֲזוּבָה אִשָּׁה Isaiah 54:6, and ע׳ of personified Zion Isaiah 60:15; Isaiah 62:4.
(2) an animal its young Jeremiah 14:5 (object om).
†c. = neglect, Levite Deuteronomy 12:19; Deuteronomy 14:27, poor Job 20:19.
d. especially
(1) figurative of forsaking God (י׳), apostatizing, Judges 10:10; Deuteronomy 28:20; Deuteronomy 31:16; Jeremiah 1:16 + 38 times (often Jeremiah and later); + Jonah 2:9 (object חַסְדָּם, i.e. God, see חֶסֶד II); with ל + infinitive only עָֽזְבוּ לִשְׁמֹר אֶתיֿ׳ Hosea 4:10 (Oort We Now doubt לִשְׁמֹר).
(2) object י׳'s law, commands, covenant, etc., Deuteronomy 29:24; 1 Kings 19:10, 14 + 14 times; house of י׳ 2 Chronicles 24:18; Nehemiah 10:40.
† (3) forsake, fail to follow, obey advice, instruction, wisdom, reproof: 1 Kings 12:8, 13 2 Chronicles 10:8, 13; Proverbs 2:13; Proverbs 4:2, 6; Proverbs 10:17; Proverbs 15:10; Proverbs 27:10.
† (4) but also of forsaking idols Ezekiel 20:8, sins of various kinds Ezekiel 23:8; Isaiah 55:7; Proverbs 28:13 (object omitted; + מוֺדֶה confess); הַמַּשָּׁא usury Nehemiah 5:10.
e. of God's forsaking, abandoning men: Deuteronomy 31:17; Isaiah 42:16; Isaiah 49:14; Isaiah 54:7; 2 Chronicles 12:5; Ezra 9:9; Psalm 9:11; Psalm 22:2 + 8 times Psalms; + בְּיַד Nehemiah 9:28; Psalm 37:33; Psalm 16:10 thou wilt not abandon my soul לִשְׁאוֺל; of temporary abandonment 2 Chronicles 32:31 (+ infinitive of purpose); etc. (34 times in all); + Jeremiah 12:7 (י׳ abandoning his house).
†f. of God's leaving, i.e. ceasing to regard, the earth, thus giving impunity to crime, Ezekiel 8:12; Ezekiel 9:9.
†g. of strength (כֹּחַ) forsaking one Psalm 38:11, courage (לֵב) Psalm 40:13, kindness and faithfulness (חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת) Proverbs 3:3.
†3. let loose, set free, let go עִמּוֺ עָזֹב תַּעֲזֹב Exodus 23:5b (E) thou shalt by all means free it (that is, the beast) with him, (aid him to set it free; on sense, compare Deuteronomy 22:4; DHM below II. עזב); עָצוּר וְעָזוּב shut up and freed, proverb. phrase, = all classes of people Deuteronomy 32:36; 1 Kings 14:10; 1 Kings 21:21; 2 Kings 9:8; 2 Kings 14:26 (exact meaning dubious; probably either = bond and free, or [see RSSem i. 437, 2nd ed. 456] under taboo and free from it); let go Job 20:13 (with accusative of wickedness as morsel in mouth); let loose my complaint Job 10:1 (עָלַי apud me, compare עַל II 1 d); אֶעֶזְבָה פָנַי Job 9:27 I will loosen, relax, my face, (compare Thes De Me Stu Di BuhlLex Bu; > abandon my [gloomy] countenance AV RV SS BaeKau Du).
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נֶעֱזַב Nehemiah 13:11; 3rd person feminine singular נֶעֱזָבָ֫ה Isaiah 62:12; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֵּעָזֵב Isaiah 7:16; Leviticus 26:43, תֵּעָ֣זַב Job 18:4; 3rd person masculine plural יֵעָֽזְבוּ Isaiah 18:6; Participle נֶעֱזָב Isaiah 27:10; Psalm 37:25; feminine plural נֶעֱזָבוֺת Ezekiel 36:4; —
1. be left to (לְ), i.e. to the possession of, Isaiah 18:6.
2. be forsaken, of house of God Nehemiah 13:11, a city Ezekiel 36:4; Isaiah 27:10 (|| מְשֻׁלָּח), Isaiah 62:12; the earth Job 18:4, land Isaiah 7:16; Leviticus 26:43 (+ מִן of exiles); of man Psalm 37:25.
Pu. (or Qal passive, see Ges§ 52 e) be deserted, of city: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הֲמוֺן עִיר עֻזָּב֫ Isaiah 32:14 (|| נֻטָּ֔שׁ); 3rd person feminine singular עֻזְּבָה Jeremiah 49:25.

† II. [עָזַב] verb restore, repair (?) (compare perhaps Sabean עדֿב restore, SabDenkm90 DHMÖster. Monatsschr. f. d. Orient 1885, 226; also Late Hebrew מַעֲזִיבָה restoration, erection LevyNHWB iii. 186, Arabic bdb073801, building-stone KremerBeitr. ii. 18); —
Qal Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural וַיַּעַזְבוּ Nehemiah 3:8 and they repaired (?) Jerusalem as far as the broad wall; > paved GuZPV viii (1885), 282 f., or from √ I. עזב (see views in Be Ryle).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:24; 2:24; 24:27; 24:27; 39:6; 39:12; 39:13; 39:15; 39:18; 44:22; 44:22; 50:8


2:20; 2:20; 9:21; 23:5; 23:5; 23:5


19:10; 23:22; 26:43; 26:43




12:19; 14:27; 22:4; 28:20; 29:24; 31:16; 31:17; 32:26; 32:36


2:21; 8:17; 22:3




1:16; 2:16; 2:20

1 Samuel

30:13; 30:13; 31:7

2 Samuel

5:21; 15:16

1 Kings

8:6; 12:8; 12:13; 14:10; 19:10; 19:14; 19:20; 21:21

2 Kings

2:2; 2:4; 2:6; 4:30; 7:7; 9:8; 14:26

1 Chronicles

10:7; 14:12; 16:37

2 Chronicles

10:8; 10:13; 11:14; 12:5; 24:18; 24:25; 28:14; 32:31




3:8; 5:10; 9:28; 13:11; 13:11


9:27; 10:1; 18:4; 18:4; 20:13; 20:19; 39:11; 39:14


9:11; 10:14; 16:10; 22:2; 27:10; 37:8; 37:8; 37:25; 37:25; 37:33; 38:11; 38:11; 40:13


2:13; 2:17; 2:17; 3:3; 4:2; 4:6; 9:6; 9:6; 10:17; 10:17; 15:10; 27:10; 28:13


7:16; 7:16; 10:3; 10:14; 17:2; 17:9; 17:9; 18:6; 18:6; 27:10; 27:10; 32:14; 42:16; 49:14; 49:14; 54:6; 54:7; 54:7; 55:7; 55:7; 60:15; 62:4; 62:12; 62:12


1:16; 2:17; 4:29; 9:1; 9:18; 12:7; 14:5; 14:5; 18:14; 25:28; 48:28; 48:28; 49:11; 49:11; 49:25; 51:9


8:12; 9:9; 20:8; 23:8; 23:8; 23:29; 24:21; 36:4; 36:4











Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5800 matches the Hebrew עָזַב (ʿāzaḇ),
which occurs 215 times in 206 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 5 (Gen 2:24–1Ki 9:9)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:24 - Therefore shall a man leave H5800 his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:27 - And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of my master Abraham, who hath not left destitute H5800 my master of his mercy and his truth: I being in the way, the LORD led me to the house of my master's brethren.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:15 - And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave H5800 thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:6 - And he left H5800 all that he had in Joseph's hand; and he knew not ought he had, save the bread which he did eat. And Joseph was a goodly person, and well favoured.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:12 - And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me: and he left H5800 his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:13 - And it came to pass, when she saw that he had left H5800 his garment in her hand, and was fled forth,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:15 - And it came to pass, when he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left H5800 his garment with me, and fled, and got him out.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:18 - And it came to pass, as I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left H5800 his garment with me, and fled out.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:22 - And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave H5800 his father: for if he should leave H5800 his father, his father would die.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:8 - And all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father's house: only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left H5800 in the land of Goshen.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:20 - And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left H5800 the man? call him, that he may eat bread.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:21 - And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left H5800 his servants and his cattle in the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:5 - If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help H5800 him, thou shalt surely H5800 help H5800 with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:10 - And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave H5800 them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:22 - And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave H5800 them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:43 - The land also shall be left H5800 of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:31 - And he said, Leave H5800 us not, I pray thee; forasmuch as thou knowest how we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou mayest be to us instead of eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:19 - Take heed to thyself that thou forsake H5800 not the Levite as long as thou livest upon the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:27 - And the Levite that is within thy gates; thou shalt not forsake H5800 him; for he hath no part nor inheritance with thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:20 - The LORD shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do, until thou be destroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken H5800 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:25 - Then men shall say, Because they have forsaken H5800 the covenant of the LORD God of their fathers, which he made with them when he brought them forth out of the land of Egypt:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:6 - Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake H5800 thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:8 - And the LORD, he it is that doth go before thee; he will be with thee, he will not fail thee, neither forsake H5800 thee: fear not, neither be dismayed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:16 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go to be among them, and will forsake H5800 me, and break my covenant which I have made with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:17 - Then my anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake H5800 them, and I will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall befall them; so that they will say in that day, Are not these evils come upon us, because our God is not among us?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:36 - For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he seeth that their power is gone, and there is none shut up, or left. H5800
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:5 - There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the days of thy life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee: I will not fail thee, nor forsake H5800 thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:17 - And there was not a man left in Ai or Bethel, that went not out after Israel: and they left H5800 the city open, and pursued after Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:3 - Ye have not left H5800 your brethren these many days unto this day, but have kept the charge of the commandment of the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:16 - And the people answered and said, God forbid that we should forsake H5800 the LORD, to serve other gods;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:20 - If ye forsake H5800 the LORD, and serve strange gods, then he will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that he hath done you good.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:12 - And they forsook H5800 the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:13 - And they forsook H5800 the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:21 - I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left H5800 when he died:
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:6 - And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook H5800 the LORD, and served not him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:10 - And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken H5800 our God, and also served Baalim.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:13 - Yet ye have forsaken H5800 me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:16 - And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave H5800 thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God:
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:11 - And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left H5800 thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:16 - And let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave H5800 them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:20 - And Naomi said unto her daughter in law, Blessed be he of the LORD, who hath not left off H5800 his kindness to the living and to the dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:8 - According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken H5800 me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:10 - And they cried unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned, because we have forsaken H5800 the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve thee.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:13 - And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left H5800 me, because three days agone I fell sick.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 31:7 - And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook H5800 the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:21 - And there they left H5800 their images, and David and his men burned them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:16 - And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left H5800 ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 6:13 - And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake H5800 my people Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:57 - The LORD our God be with us, as he was with our fathers: let him not leave H5800 us, nor forsake us:
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:9 - And they shall answer, Because they forsook H5800 the LORD their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath the LORD brought upon them all this evil.

Search Results Continued...
BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan