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Lexicon :: Strong's H5800 - ʿāzaḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1594,1595

Strong’s Definitions

עָזַב ʻâzab, aw-zab'; a primitive root; to loosen, i.e. relinquish, permit, etc.:—commit self, fail, forsake, fortify, help, leave (destitute, off), refuse, × surely.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 215x

The KJV translates Strong's H5800 in the following manner: forsake (129x), leave (72x), leave off (4x), faileth (2x), fortify (2x), help (2x), committeth (1x), destitute (1x), refuseth (1x), surely (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 215x
The KJV translates Strong's H5800 in the following manner: forsake (129x), leave (72x), leave off (4x), faileth (2x), fortify (2x), help (2x), committeth (1x), destitute (1x), refuseth (1x), surely (1x).
  1. to leave, loose, forsake

    1. (Qal) to leave

      1. to depart from, leave behind, leave, let alone

      2. to leave, abandon, forsake, neglect, apostatise

      3. to let loose, set free, let go, free

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be left to

      2. to be forsaken

    3. (Pual) to be deserted

  2. to restore, repair

    1. (Qal) to repair

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָזַב ʻâzab, aw-zab'; a primitive root; to loosen, i.e. relinquish, permit, etc.:—commit self, fail, forsake, fortify, help, leave (destitute, off), refuse, × surely.
STRONGS H5800: Abbreviations
I. עָזַב 213 verb leave, forsake, loose (Late Hebrew id. (rare); Arabic bdb073609 be remote, absent, depart, Assyrian ezêbu, leave, Shaph. ušezib, rescue, compare Biblical Aramaic H7804 שֵׁיזֵב; — Ethiopic bdb073610 widowed Di973); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ע׳ Genesis 24:27 +, suffix עֲזָבַנִי Isaiah 49:14; Psalm 38:11; 3rd person feminine singular עָזָ֑בָה Ezekiel 23:8; 1st person singular suffix עֲזַבְתִּיךְ Isaiah 54:7; 2nd person feminine plural עֲזַבְתֶּן Exodus 2:20, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַעֲזֹב Isaiah 55:7 +, יַעֲזָבֿ Genesis 2:24, suffix 1st person singular וַיַּעַזְבֵנִי 1 Samuel 30:13, etc.; Imperative עֲזֹב Psalm 37:8, עָזְבָה Jeremiah 49:11, עִזְבוּ Jeremiah 48:28; Proverbs 9:6, etc.; Infinitive absolute עָזוֺב Jeremiah 14:5, עָזֹב Exodus 23:5; construct עֲזֹב Genesis 44:22 +, suffix עָזְבֵךְ Jeremiah 2:17 +, etc.; Participle active עֹזֵב Proverbs 10:17 +, construct עֹזְבִי (Ges§ 90 l); feminine construct עֹזֶבֶת Proverbs 2:17 etc.; passive עָזוּב Deuteronomy 32:26 +, etc.; —
1. leave, with accusative (on order of meanings compare NöZMG. xl (1886). 726):
a. = depart from, accusative of person Genesis 44:22 (twice in verse) (J), 2 Kings 2:2, 4, 6; 2 Kings 4:30; Numbers 10:31 (P), Ruth 1:16; Jeremiah 9:1 (|| הָלַךְ מֵאֵת); accusative of location 1 Kings 8:6; Jeremiah 25:28 (י׳ as lion leaving lair); with מִן local intransitive (strangely) Jeremiah 18:14 (of snow).
b. leave behind, accusative of person Exodus 2:20 (J), 2 Samuel 15:16 (+ infinitive), Ezekiel 24:21; accusative of thing + בְּיַד Genesis 39:12, 13, + אֶצְלִי Genesis 39:15; Genesis 39:18 (all J); + ב location Genesis 50:8 (J); accusative of person and thing Exodus 9:21 (J).
c. leave in the presence of (לִפְנֵי) 1 Chronicles 16:37 (ל of accusative, compare ל 3b above), 2 Chronicles 28:14.
d. leave in safety, וְאָ֫נָה חַעַזְבוּ כְּבוֺדְכֶם Isaiah 10:3.
e. leave in a given condition, situation, אֹתוֺ בְמַחֲלֻיִים ע׳ 2 Chronicles 24:25 they left him in great suffering; with adverb accusative Ezekiel 23:29; a city פְּתוּחָה Joshua 8:17.
f. leave undisturbed, let alone Ruth 2:16.
g. leave unexercised, Genesis 24:27 pregnantly he hath not left his kindness and his faithfulness from (being) with (מֵעִם) my master; so חַסְדּוֺ אֶתֿ ע׳ Ruth 2:20 (both of י׳); חֵמָה ע׳ Psalm 37:8 (|| הֶרֶף מֵאַף).
h. leave in the hand of, entrust to, accusative of thing + בְּיַד Genesis 39:6 (J), + אֶלֿ Job 39:11 (|| בָּטַח בְּ), + עַלֿ Psalm 10:14 (accusative omitted, his cause). — So also possibly (with לְ) Nehemiah 3:34 (reading לֵאלֹהִים for MT לָהֶם), but text probably otherwise corrupt.
i. leave to (ל) one (unaided), וְחָדַלְתָּ֫ מֵעֲזֹב לוֺ Exodus 23:5a (E) thou shalt refrain from leaving it (that is, the affair) to him; compare תַּעֲזֹב לָאָרֶץ בֵּיצֶיהָ Job 39:14 (of ostrich).
j. leave over, remaining, accusative of person Joshua 2:21 (JE); accusative of thing + לְ person Leviticus 19:10; Leviticus 23:22 (H), Malachi 3:19 [Malachi 4:1].
k. leave = have nothing to do with Proverbs 9:6.
2. leave, abandon, forsake:
†a. abandon, accusative of thing:
(1) land, house, city, tent, etc., 1 Samuel 31:7 = 1 Chronicles 10:7; 2 Kings 7:7; Jeremiah 9:18; Jeremiah 48:28; Jeremiah 51:9; 2 Chronicles 11:14; Isaiah 17:9 (+ מִפְּנֵי of enemy); passive participle of cities Isaiah 17:2; Jeremiah 4:29; Zephaniah 2:4, compare עֲזוּבָה Isaiah 17:9 participle = substantive = deserted region.
(2) oxen 1 Kings 19:20, idol-images (+ שָׁם) 2 Samuel 5:21 = 1 Chronicles 14:12, flock Zechariah 11:17; passive participle of eggs Isaiah 10:14.
†b. forsake,
(1) human subject and object: Genesis 2:24 (J; a man his parents), 1 Samuel 30:13; Joshua 22:3 (D), Jeremiah 49:11; Psalm 27:10 (parent a child), Proverbs 2:17 (wife her husband, אַלוּף), compare עֲזוּבָה אִשָּׁה Isaiah 54:6, and ע׳ of personified Zion Isaiah 60:15; Isaiah 62:4.
(2) an animal its young Jeremiah 14:5 (object om).
†c. = neglect, Levite Deuteronomy 12:19; Deuteronomy 14:27, poor Job 20:19.
d. especially
(1) figurative of forsaking God (י׳), apostatizing, Judges 10:10; Deuteronomy 28:20; Deuteronomy 31:16; Jeremiah 1:16 + 38 times (often Jeremiah and later); + Jonah 2:9 (object חַסְדָּם, i.e. God, see חֶסֶד II); with ל + infinitive only עָֽזְבוּ לִשְׁמֹר אֶתיֿ׳ Hosea 4:10 (Oort We Now doubt לִשְׁמֹר).
(2) object י׳'s law, commands, covenant, etc., Deuteronomy 29:24; 1 Kings 19:10, 14 + 14 times; house of י׳ 2 Chronicles 24:18; Nehemiah 10:40.
† (3) forsake, fail to follow, obey advice, instruction, wisdom, reproof: 1 Kings 12:8, 13 2 Chronicles 10:8, 13; Proverbs 2:13; Proverbs 4:2, 6; Proverbs 10:17; Proverbs 15:10; Proverbs 27:10.
† (4) but also of forsaking idols Ezekiel 20:8, sins of various kinds Ezekiel 23:8; Isaiah 55:7; Proverbs 28:13 (object omitted; + מוֺדֶה confess); הַמַּשָּׁא usury Nehemiah 5:10.
e. of God's forsaking, abandoning men: Deuteronomy 31:17; Isaiah 42:16; Isaiah 49:14; Isaiah 54:7; 2 Chronicles 12:5; Ezra 9:9; Psalm 9:11; Psalm 22:2 + 8 times Psalms; + בְּיַד Nehemiah 9:28; Psalm 37:33; Psalm 16:10 thou wilt not abandon my soul לִשְׁאוֺל; of temporary abandonment 2 Chronicles 32:31 (+ infinitive of purpose); etc. (34 times in all); + Jeremiah 12:7 (י׳ abandoning his house).
†f. of God's leaving, i.e. ceasing to regard, the earth, thus giving impunity to crime, Ezekiel 8:12; Ezekiel 9:9.
†g. of strength (כֹּחַ) forsaking one Psalm 38:11, courage (לֵב) Psalm 40:13, kindness and faithfulness (חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת) Proverbs 3:3.
†3. let loose, set free, let go עִמּוֺ עָזֹב תַּעֲזֹב Exodus 23:5b (E) thou shalt by all means free it (that is, the beast) with him, (aid him to set it free; on sense, compare Deuteronomy 22:4; DHM below II. עזב); עָצוּר וְעָזוּב shut up and freed, proverb. phrase, = all classes of people Deuteronomy 32:36; 1 Kings 14:10; 1 Kings 21:21; 2 Kings 9:8; 2 Kings 14:26 (exact meaning dubious; probably either = bond and free, or [see RSSem i. 437, 2nd ed. 456] under taboo and free from it); let go Job 20:13 (with accusative of wickedness as morsel in mouth); let loose my complaint Job 10:1 (עָלַי apud me, compare עַל II 1 d); אֶעֶזְבָה פָנַי Job 9:27 I will loosen, relax, my face, (compare Thes De Me Stu Di BuhlLex Bu; > abandon my [gloomy] countenance AV RV SS BaeKau Du).
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נֶעֱזַב Nehemiah 13:11; 3rd person feminine singular נֶעֱזָבָ֫ה Isaiah 62:12; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֵּעָזֵב Isaiah 7:16; Leviticus 26:43, תֵּעָ֣זַב Job 18:4; 3rd person masculine plural יֵעָֽזְבוּ Isaiah 18:6; Participle נֶעֱזָב Isaiah 27:10; Psalm 37:25; feminine plural נֶעֱזָבוֺת Ezekiel 36:4; —
1. be left to (לְ), i.e. to the possession of, Isaiah 18:6.
2. be forsaken, of house of God Nehemiah 13:11, a city Ezekiel 36:4; Isaiah 27:10 (|| מְשֻׁלָּח), Isaiah 62:12; the earth Job 18:4, land Isaiah 7:16; Leviticus 26:43 (+ מִן of exiles); of man Psalm 37:25.
Pu. (or Qal passive, see Ges§ 52 e) be deserted, of city: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הֲמוֺן עִיר עֻזָּב֫ Isaiah 32:14 (|| נֻטָּ֔שׁ); 3rd person feminine singular עֻזְּבָה Jeremiah 49:25.

† II. [עָזַב] verb restore, repair (?) (compare perhaps Sabean עדֿב restore, SabDenkm90 DHMÖster. Monatsschr. f. d. Orient 1885, 226; also Late Hebrew מַעֲזִיבָה restoration, erection LevyNHWB iii. 186, Arabic bdb073801, building-stone KremerBeitr. ii. 18); —
Qal Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural וַיַּעַזְבוּ Nehemiah 3:8 and they repaired (?) Jerusalem as far as the broad wall; > paved GuZPV viii (1885), 282 f., or from √ I. עזב (see views in Be Ryle).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:24; 2:24; 24:27; 24:27; 39:6; 39:12; 39:13; 39:15; 39:18; 44:22; 44:22; 50:8


2:20; 2:20; 9:21; 23:5; 23:5; 23:5


19:10; 23:22; 26:43; 26:43




12:19; 14:27; 22:4; 28:20; 29:24; 31:16; 31:17; 32:26; 32:36


2:21; 8:17; 22:3




1:16; 2:16; 2:20

1 Samuel

30:13; 30:13; 31:7

2 Samuel

5:21; 15:16

1 Kings

8:6; 12:8; 12:13; 14:10; 19:10; 19:14; 19:20; 21:21

2 Kings

2:2; 2:4; 2:6; 4:30; 7:7; 9:8; 14:26

1 Chronicles

10:7; 14:12; 16:37

2 Chronicles

10:8; 10:13; 11:14; 12:5; 24:18; 24:25; 28:14; 32:31




3:8; 5:10; 9:28; 13:11; 13:11


9:27; 10:1; 18:4; 18:4; 20:13; 20:19; 39:11; 39:14


9:11; 10:14; 16:10; 22:2; 27:10; 37:8; 37:8; 37:25; 37:25; 37:33; 38:11; 38:11; 40:13


2:13; 2:17; 2:17; 3:3; 4:2; 4:6; 9:6; 9:6; 10:17; 10:17; 15:10; 27:10; 28:13


7:16; 7:16; 10:3; 10:14; 17:2; 17:9; 17:9; 18:6; 18:6; 27:10; 27:10; 32:14; 42:16; 49:14; 49:14; 54:6; 54:7; 54:7; 55:7; 55:7; 60:15; 62:4; 62:12; 62:12


1:16; 2:17; 4:29; 9:1; 9:18; 12:7; 14:5; 14:5; 18:14; 25:28; 48:28; 48:28; 49:11; 49:11; 49:25; 51:9


8:12; 9:9; 20:8; 23:8; 23:8; 23:29; 24:21; 36:4; 36:4











Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5800 matches the Hebrew עָזַב (ʿāzaḇ),
which occurs 215 times in 206 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 5 (Gen 2:24–1Ki 9:9)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:24 -

Therefore a man shall leave H5800 his father and his mother, and cleave to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:27 - And he said, “Blessed be Yahweh, the God of my master Abraham, who has not forsaken H5800 His lovingkindness and His truth toward my master; as for me, Yahweh has guided me in the way to the house of my master’s brothers.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:15 - “Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever you go. And I will bring you back to this land; for I will not forsake H5800 you until I have done what I have [fn]promised you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:6 - So he left H5800 everything he owned in Joseph’s hand; and with him there he did not [fn]concern himself with anything except the [fn]food which he [fn]ate.

Now Joseph was beautiful in form and beautiful in appearance.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:12 - Then she seized him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me!” And he left H5800 his garment in her hand and fled and went outside.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:13 - Now it happened, when she saw that he had left H5800 his garment in her hand and had fled outside,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:15 - “Now it happened that when he heard that I raised my voice and [fn]screamed, he left H5800 his garment beside me and fled and went outside.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:18 - and as I raised my voice and [fn]screamed, he left H5800 his garment beside me and fled outside.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:22 - “And we said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave H5800 his father; if he should leave H5800 his father, [fn]his father would die.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:8 - and all the household of Joseph and his brothers and his father’s household; they left H5800 only their little ones and their flocks and their herds in the land of Goshen.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:20 - And he said to his daughters, “Where is he then? Why is it that you have left H5800 the man behind H5800? Call him so that he may eat bread.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:21 - but he who did not [fn]consider in his heart the word of Yahweh [fn]left H5800 his servants and his livestock in the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:5 - “If you see the donkey of one who hates you lying helpless under its load, you shall refrain from leaving H5800 it to him, you shall surely H5800 release H5800 it with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:10 - ‘Nor shall you glean your vineyard, nor shall you gather the fallen fruit of your vineyard; you shall leave H5800 them for the afflicted and for the sojourner. I am Yahweh your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:22 -

‘When you reap the harvest of your land, moreover, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field nor gather the gleaning of your harvest; you are to leave H5800 them for the afflicted and the sojourner. I am Yahweh your God.’”

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:43 - ‘For the land will be forsaken H5800 by them and will make up for its sabbaths while it is made desolate without them. They, meanwhile, will be making up for their iniquity [fn]because they rejected My judgments and their soul loathed My statutes.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:31 - Then he said, “Please do not leave H5800 us, inasmuch as you know where we should camp in the wilderness, and you will be as eyes for us.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:19 - “Beware lest you forsake H5800 the Levite all your days upon your land.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:27 - “Also you shall not forsake H5800 the Levite who is within your gates, for he has no portion or inheritance among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:20 -

“Yahweh will send upon you the curse, confusion, and rebuke, in all [fn]that you send forth your hand to do, until you are destroyed and until you perish quickly, on account of the evil of your deeds, because you have forsaken H5800 Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:25 - “Then men will say, ‘Because they forsook H5800 the covenant of Yahweh, the God of their fathers, which He cut with them when He brought them out of the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:6 - “Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or be in dread of them, for Yahweh your God is the one who goes with you. He will not fail you or forsake H5800 you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:8 - “And Yahweh is the one who goes ahead of you; He will be with you. He will not fail you or forsake H5800 you. Do not fear or be dismayed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:16 - And Yahweh said to Moses, “Behold, you are about to lie down with your fathers; and this people will arise and play the harlot with the foreign gods of the land, into the midst of which they are going, and they will forsake H5800 Me and break My covenant which I have cut with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:17 - “Then My anger will be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake H5800 them and hide My face from them, and they will be consumed, and many evils and troubles will find them, so that they will say in that day, ‘Is it not because our God is not among us that these evils have found us?’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:36 -

“For Yahweh will render justice to His people,

And will have compassion on His slaves,

When He sees that their [fn]strength is gone,

And there is none remaining, bond or free H5800.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:5 - “No man will be able to stand before you all the days of your life. Just as I have been with Moses, I will be with you; I will not fail you or forsake H5800 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:17 - So not a man remained in Ai or Bethel who had not gone out after Israel, and they forsook H5800 the city, leaving it open, and pursued Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:3 - “You have not forsaken H5800 your brothers these many days to this day, but have kept the responsibility of the commandment of Yahweh your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:16 -

And the people answered and said, “Far be it from us that we should forsake H5800 Yahweh to serve other gods;

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:20 - “If you forsake H5800 Yahweh and serve foreign gods, then He will turn and do you harm and consume you after He has done good to you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:12 - and they forsook H5800 Yahweh, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods from among the gods of the peoples who were around them and bowed themselves down to them; thus they provoked Yahweh to anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:13 - So they forsook H5800 Yahweh and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:21 - I also will no longer dispossess before them any of the nations which Joshua left H5800 when he died,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:6 -

Then the sons of Israel again did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh and served the Baals and the Ashtaroth, the gods of Aram, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the sons of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines; thus they forsook H5800 Yahweh and did not serve Him.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:10 -

And the sons of Israel cried out to Yahweh, saying, “We have sinned against You, for indeed, we have forsaken H5800 our God and served the Baals.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:13 - “Yet you have forsaken H5800 Me and served other gods; therefore I will no longer save you.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:16 - But Ruth said, “Do not press me to forsake H5800 you in turning back from following you; for where you go, I will go, and where you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:11 - Boaz replied to her, “All that you have done for your mother-in-law after the death of your husband has been fully told to me, and how you forsook H5800 your father and your mother and the land of your birth, and came to a people that you did not previously know.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:16 - “Also you shall purposely pull out for her some grain from the bundles and [fn]leave H5800 it that she may glean, and do not rebuke her.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:20 - Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, “May he be blessed of Yahweh who has not forsaken H5800 his lovingkindness to the living and to the dead.” Then Naomi said to her, “The man is [fn]our relative; he is one of our kinsman redeemers.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:8 - “Like all the deeds which they have done since the day that I brought them up from Egypt even to this day—in that they have forsaken H5800 Me and served other gods—so they are doing to you also.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:10 - “And they cried out to Yahweh and said, ‘We have sinned because we have forsaken H5800 Yahweh and have served the Baals and the Ashtaroth; but now deliver us from the hands of our enemies, and we will serve You.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:13 - And David said to him, “To whom do you belong? And where are you from?” And he said, “I am a young man of Egypt, a slave of an Amalekite; and my master forsook H5800 me when I fell sick three days ago.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 31:7 -

Then the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley, with those who were beyond the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead. So they forsook H5800 the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and lived in them.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:21 - And they forsook H5800 their idols there; so David and his men carried them away.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:16 - So the king went out and all his household [fn]with him. But the king left H5800 ten concubines to keep the house.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 6:13 - “And I will dwell among the sons of Israel, and will not forsake H5800 My people Israel.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:57 - “May Yahweh our God be with us, as He was with our fathers; may He not forsake H5800 us or abandon us,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:9 - “And they will say, ‘Because they forsook H5800 Yahweh their God, who brought their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and took hold of other gods and worshiped them and served them, therefore Yahweh has brought all this calamity on them.’”

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