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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5857 - ʿay

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Part of Speech
proper locative noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Strong’s Definitions

עַי ʻAy, ah'ee; or (feminine) עַיָּא ʻAyâʼ; (Nehemiah 11:31), or עַיָּת ʻAyâth; (Isaiah 10:28), for H5856; Ai, Aja or Ajath, a place in Palestine:—Ai, Aija, Aijath, Hai.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 41x

The KJV translates Strong's H5857 in the following manner: Ai (36x), Hai (2x), Aiath (1x), city (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 41x
The KJV translates Strong's H5857 in the following manner: Ai (36x), Hai (2x), Aiath (1x), city (1x).
  1. Ai or Aija or Aiath or Hai = "heap of ruins"

    1. a city lying east of Bethel and beside Bethaven near Jericho and the second city taken on the invasion of Canaan

    2. a city of the Ammonites on the east of the Jordan and apparently attached to Heshbon

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עַי ʻAy, ah'ee; or (feminine) עַיָּא ʻAyâʼ; (Nehemiah 11:31), or עַיָּת ʻAyâth; (Isaiah 10:28), for H5856; Ai, Aja or Ajath, a place in Palestine:—Ai, Aija, Aijath, Hai.
STRONGS H5857: Abbreviations
עַי, עַיָּ֑ת, עַיָּה 40 proper name, of a location Αγγαι (Genesis), Γαι:
1. old Canaanite city, עַי always with article הָעַי (הָעָ֑י Genesis 13:3 +), near Bethel to the southeast (exact site unknown, compare DiJoshua 7:2 BuhlGeogr. 177), Genesis 12:8 (J), Genesis 13:3 (J), Joshua 7:2 (twice in verse); Joshua 7:3, 4, 5; Joshua 8:1 (twice in verse); Joshua 8:2, 3 + 18 times Joshua 8 (+ Qr Joshua 8:12; Joshua 8:16, but improbable, Kt עיר, compare Di), Joshua 9:3; Joshua 10:1 (twice in verse); Joshua 10:2 (all J E), Joshua 12:9 (D), Ezra 2:28 = Nehemiah 7:32; = עַיָּת Isaiah 10:28; עַיָּה (so Baer Ginsb, > עַיָּא van d. H.) Nehemiah 11:31, so read also (for עַזָּה whhich see near the end) 1 Chronicles 7:28.
2. east Jordan city Jeremiah 49:3 (+ חֶשְׁבוֺן), but read עָר city (?) Gf RothstKau Co (הָעִיר ?).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


12:8; 13:3; 13:3


7:2; 7:2; 7:3; 7:4; 7:5; 8; 8:1; 8:2; 8:3; 8:12; 8:16; 9:3; 10:1; 10:2; 12:9

1 Chronicles





7:32; 11:31






Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5857 matches the Hebrew עַי (ʿay),
which occurs 40 times in 34 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:8 -

From there he moved on to the hill country east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. He built an altar to the LORD there, and he called on the name of the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:3 -

He went by stages from the Negev to Bethel, to the place between Bethel and Ai where his tent had formerly been,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:2 -

Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth-aven, east of Bethel, and told them, “Go up and scout the land.” So the men went up and scouted Ai.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:3 -

After returning to Joshua they reported to him, “Don’t send all the people, but send about two thousand or three thousand[fn] men to attack Ai. Since the people of Ai are so few, don’t wear out all our people there.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:4 -

So about three thousand men[fn] went up there, but they fled from the men of Ai.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:5 -

The men of Ai struck down about thirty-six of them and chased them from outside the city gate to the quarries,[fn] striking them down on the descent. As a result, the people lost heart.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:1 -

The LORD said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid or discouraged. Take all the troops with you and go attack Ai. Look, I have handed over to you the king of Ai, his people, city, and land.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:2 -

“Treat Ai and its king as you did Jericho and its king, except that you may plunder its spoil and livestock for yourselves. Set an ambush behind the city.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:3 -

So Joshua and all the troops set out to attack Ai. Joshua selected thirty thousand of his best soldiers and sent them out at night.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:9 -

So Joshua sent them out, and they went to the ambush site and waited between Bethel and Ai, to the west of Ai. But he spent that night with the troops.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:10 -

Joshua started early the next morning and mobilized them. Then he and the elders of Israel led the people up to Ai.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:11 -

All the troops who were with him went up and approached the city, arriving opposite Ai, and camped to the north of it, with a valley between them and the city.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:12 -

Now Joshua had taken about five thousand men and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai, to the west of the city.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:14 -

When the king of Ai saw the Israelites, the men of the city hurried and went out early in the morning so that he and all his people could engage Israel in battle at a suitable place facing the Arabah. But he did not know there was an ambush waiting for him behind the city.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:16 -

Then all the troops of Ai were summoned to pursue them, and they pursued Joshua and were drawn away from the city.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:17 -

Not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel, leaving the city exposed while they pursued Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:18 -

Then the LORD said to Joshua, “Hold out the javelin in your hand toward Ai, for I will hand the city over to you.” So Joshua held out his javelin toward it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:20 -

The men of Ai turned and looked back, and smoke from the city was rising to the sky! They could not escape in any direction, and the troops who had fled to the wilderness now became the pursuers.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:21 -

When Joshua and all Israel saw that the men in ambush had captured the city and that smoke was rising from it, they turned back and struck down the men of Ai.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:23 -

but they captured the king of Ai alive and brought him to Joshua.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:24 -

When Israel had finished killing everyone living in Ai who had pursued them into the open country, and when every last one of them had fallen by the sword, all Israel returned to Ai and struck it down with the sword.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:25 -

The total of those who fell that day, both men and women, was twelve thousand ​— ​all the people of Ai.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:26 -

Joshua did not draw back his hand that was holding the javelin until all the inhabitants of Ai were completely destroyed.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:28 -

Joshua burned Ai and left it a permanent ruin, still desolate today.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:29 -

He hung[fn] the body of the king of Ai on a tree[fn] until evening, and at sunset Joshua commanded that they take his body down from the tree. They threw it down at the entrance of the city gate and put a large pile of rocks over it, which still remains today.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:3 -

When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:1 -

Now King Adoni-zedek of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had captured Ai and completely destroyed it, treating Ai and its king as he had Jericho and its king, and that the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were living among them.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:2 -

So Adoni-zedek and his people were[fn] greatly alarmed because Gibeon was a large city like one of the royal cities; it was larger than Ai, and all its men were warriors.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:9 -
the king of Jericho one
the king of Ai, which is next to Bethel one
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 2:28 -
Bethel’s and Ai’s men 223
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 7:32 -
Bethel’s and Ai’s men 123
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 11:31 -

Benjamin’s descendants:

from Geba,[fn] Michmash, Aija,

and Bethel and its surrounding villages,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:28 -

Assyria has come to Aiath

and has gone through Migron,

storing their equipment at Michmash.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:3 -

Wail, Heshbon, for Ai is devastated;

cry out, daughters of Rabbah!

Clothe yourselves with sackcloth, and lament;

run back and forth within your walls,[fn]

because Milcom will go into exile

together with his priests and officials.

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