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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6031 - ʿānâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [possibly rather ident. with עָנָה (H6030) through the idea of looking down or browbeating]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1651,1652

Strong’s Definitions

עָנָה ʻânâh, aw-naw'; a primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):—abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for H6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for H6030), speak (by mistake for H6030), submit self, weaken, × in any wise.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 84x

The KJV translates Strong's H6031 in the following manner: afflict (50x), humble (11x), force (5x), exercised (2x), sing (2x), Leannoth (1x), troubled (1x), weakened (1x), miscellaneous (11x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 84x
The KJV translates Strong's H6031 in the following manner: afflict (50x), humble (11x), force (5x), exercised (2x), sing (2x), Leannoth (1x), troubled (1x), weakened (1x), miscellaneous (11x).
  1. (Qal) to be occupied, be busied with

  2. to afflict, oppress, humble, be afflicted, be bowed down

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be put down, become low

      2. to be depressed, be downcast

      3. to be afflicted

      4. to stoop

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to humble oneself, bow down

      2. to be afflicted, be humbled

    3. (Piel)

      1. to humble, mishandle, afflict

      2. to humble, be humiliated

      3. to afflict

      4. to humble, weaken oneself

    4. (Pual)

      1. to be afflicted

      2. to be humbled

    5. (Hiphil) to afflict

    6. (Hithpael)

      1. to humble oneself

      2. to be afflicted

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָנָה ʻânâh, aw-naw'; a primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):—abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for H6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for H6030), speak (by mistake for H6030), submit self, weaken, × in any wise.
STRONGS H6031: Abbreviations
† II. [עָנָה] verb be occupied, busied with (ב), only Ecclesiastes (perhaps Aramaic loan-word; Syriac bdb077502 be occupied with, bdb077503 occupation, affair; compare Arabic bdb077504, bdb077505 concern one, also be occupied by; Ecclus 42:8 margin); —
Qal Infinitive עֲנוֺתִ Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 3:10.

III. [עָנָה] verb be bowed down, afflicted (Late Hebrew id.; MI Pi. ויענו Psalm 1:5, אענו Psalm 1:6; Assyrian enû thwart, frustrate, do violence to; Arabic bdb077601, bdb077602 be lowly subsmissive, see Rahlfsעָנִי und עָנָי in d. Psalmen (1892), 67 ff.; Targum עַנִּי Pa. oppress; Syriac Ethpe. humble oneself, and derivatives); —
Qal Perfect 1st person singular עָנִיתִי Psalm 116:10; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַעֲנֶה Isaiah 25:5; Isaiah 31:4, etc.; —
1. be put down or become low, of song of triumph Isaiah 25:5 (others as Hiph. he putteth down, || תַּכְנִיעַ).
2. be depressed, downcast Isaiah 31:4 (of lion; || יֵחָ֑ת).
Niph. Perfect 1st person singular נַעֲניתִי Psalm 119:107; Infinitive construct לֵעָנֹת (perhaps read as Qal Ges§ 51 l) Exodus 10:3; Participle נַעֲנֶה Isaiah 53:7; feminine singular נַעֲנָה Isaiah 58:10; —
1. humble oneself מִפְּנֵי Exodus 10:3.
Piel Perfect 3rd person masculine singular עִנָּה Deuteronomy 22:24 + 5 times; 2nd person masculine singular עִנִּיתָ Psalm 88:8; 1st person singular עִנֵּיתִי Psalm 35:13, suffix וְעִנִּתִךְ consecutive Nahum 1:12, etc.; Imperfect יְעַנֶּה Job 37:23, etc.; Imperative עַנּוּ Judges 19:24; Infinitive absolute עַנֵּה Exodus 22:22; construct עַנּוֺת Isaiah 58:5 +, etc.; Participle plural suffix מְעַנַּיִךְ Isaiah 60:14; Zephaniah 3:19; —
1. humble, mishandle, afflict: individual Genesis 16:6; Genesis 31:50 (J) Exodus 22:21; Exodus 22:22 (twice in verse) (E) Job 30:11; by imprisonment and bonds Judges 16:5, 6, 19; Psalm 105:18; a nation by war or in bondage Genesis 15:13 (J) Exodus 1:11, 12; Numbers 24:24 (twice in verse) (E) Deuteronomy 26:6; 1 Samuel 12:8 (inserting וַיְעַנּוּם מִצְרַיִם, so Greek Version of the LXX Dr Bu Kit HPS [compare Th We]), 2 Samuel 7:10; 2 Kings 17:20; Psalm 94:5; Isaiah 60:14; Zephaniah 3:19; dynasty of David Psalm 89:23.
3. afflict as a discipline (God agent) Deuteronomy 8:2, 3, 16; 1 Kings 11:39; Psalm 88:8; Psalm 90:15; Psalm 119:75; Isaiah 64:11; Nahum 1:12 (twice in verse); Lamentations 3:33.
4. humble, weaken, object כֹּחַ Psalm 102:24; משׁפט Job 37:23 (compare Talmud עִנָּה דִּין); נֶפֶשׁ oneself, by fasting Leviticus 16:29, 31; Leviticus 23:27, 32; Numbers 29:7 (P) Psalm 35:13; Isaiah 58:3, 5; by an oath Numbers 30:14 (P).
Pu. Perfect 1st person singular עֻנֵּיתִי Psalm 119:71; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תְּעֻנֶּה Leviticus 23:29; Infinitive construct suffix עֻנּוֺתוֺ Psalm 132:1; Participle מְעֻנֶּה Isaiah 53:4; —
1. be afflicted, in discipline by God Psalm 119:71; Psalm 132:1; Isaiah 53:4.
2. be humbled by fasting Leviticus 23:29 (P).
Hiph. Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular suffix תַּעֲנֵם 1 Kings 8:35 2 Chronicles 6:26 afflict, in discipline.
Hithp. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִתְעַנָּה 1 Kings 2:26; 2nd person masculine singular תִתְעַנִּיתָ 1 Kings 2:26; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יִתְעַנּוּ Psalm 107:17; Imperative הִתְעַנִּי Genesis 16:9; Infinitive construct הִתְעַנּוֺת Ezekiel 8:21; Daniel 10:12; —
1. humble oneself (with תַּחַת יָדֶיהָ) Genesis 16:9 (J).
2. be afflicted, by men 1 Kings 2:26 (twice in verse); by God in discipline Psalm 107:17.
3. humble oneself in fasting Ezra 8:21; Daniel 10:12.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


15:13; 16:6; 16:9; 16:9; 31:50; 34:2


1:11; 1:12; 10:3; 10:3; 22:21; 22:22; 22:22


16:29; 16:31; 23:27; 23:29; 23:29; 23:32


24:24; 29:7; 30:14


8:2; 8:3; 8:16; 21:14; 22:24; 22:24; 22:29; 26:6


16:5; 16:6; 16:19; 19:24; 19:24; 20:5

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

7:10; 13:12; 13:14; 13:22; 13:32

1 Kings

2:26; 2:26; 2:26; 8:35; 11:39

2 Kings


2 Chronicles





30:11; 37:23; 37:23


1:5; 1:6; 35:13; 35:13; 88:8; 88:8; 89:23; 90:15; 94:5; 102:24; 105:18; 107:17; 107:17; 116:10; 116:10; 119:67; 119:71; 119:71; 119:75; 119:107; 119:107; 132:1; 132:1


1:13; 3:10


25:5; 25:5; 31:4; 31:4; 53:4; 53:4; 53:7; 53:7; 58:3; 58:5; 58:5; 58:10; 58:10; 60:14; 60:14; 64:11


3:33; 5:11


22:10; 22:11


10:12; 10:12


1:12; 1:12


3:19; 3:19




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6031 matches the Hebrew עָנָה (ʿānâ),
which occurs 83 times in 79 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 15:13–Psa 90:15)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:13 - And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict H6031 them four hundred years;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:6 - But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with H6031 her, she fled from her face.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:9 - And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit H6031 thyself under her hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:50 - If thou shalt afflict H6031 my daughters, or if thou shalt take other wives beside my daughters, no man is with us; see, God is witness betwixt me and thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:2 - And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her. H6031
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:11 - Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict H6031 them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:12 - But the more they afflicted H6031 them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:3 - And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to humble H6031 thyself before me? let my people go, that they may serve me.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:22 - Ye shall not afflict H6031 any widow, or fatherless child.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:23 - If thou afflict H6031 them in any wise, H6031 and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:29 - And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict H6031 your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:31 - It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict H6031 your souls, by a statute for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:27 - Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict H6031 your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:29 - For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted H6031 in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:32 - It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict H6031 your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:24 - And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict H6031 Asshur, and shall afflict H6031 Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 29:7 - And ye shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy convocation; and ye shall afflict H6031 your souls: ye shall not do any work therein:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:13 - Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict H6031 the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:2 - And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble H6031 thee, and to prove thee, to know what was in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:3 - And he humbled H6031 thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:16 - Who fed thee in the wilderness with manna, which thy fathers knew not, that he might humble H6031 thee, and that he might prove thee, to do thee good at thy latter end;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:14 - And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled H6031 her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:24 - Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, being in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled H6031 his neighbour's wife: so thou shalt put away evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:29 - Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled H6031 her, he may not put her away all his days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:6 - And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted H6031 us, and laid upon us hard bondage:
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:5 - And the lords of the Philistines came up unto her, and said unto her, Entice him, and see wherein his great strength lieth, and by what means we may prevail against him, that we may bind him to afflict H6031 him: and we will give thee every one of us eleven hundred pieces of silver.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:6 - And Delilah said to Samson, Tell me, I pray thee, wherein thy great strength lieth, and wherewith thou mightest be bound to afflict H6031 thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:19 - And she made him sleep upon her knees; and she called for a man, and she caused him to shave off the seven locks of his head; and she began to afflict H6031 him, and his strength went from him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:24 - Behold, here is my daughter a maiden, and his concubine; them I will bring out now, and humble H6031 ye them, and do with them what seemeth good unto you: but unto this man do not so vile a thing.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:5 - And the men of Gibeah rose against me, and beset the house round about upon me by night, and thought to have slain me: and my concubine have they forced, H6031 that she is dead.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 7:10 - Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict H6031 them any more, as beforetime,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:12 - And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force H6031 me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:14 - Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced H6031 her, and lay with her.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:22 - And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced H6031 his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:32 - And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced H6031 his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:36 - Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness H6031 hath made me great.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:26 - And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted H6031 in all wherein my father was afflicted. H6031
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:35 - When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest H6031 them:
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:39 - And I will for this afflict H6031 the seed of David, but not for ever.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:20 - And the LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted H6031 them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:26 - When the heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; yet if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict H6031 them;
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:21 - Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict H6031 ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our substance.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:11 - Because he hath loosed my cord, and afflicted H6031 me, they have also let loose the bridle before me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:23 - Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict. H6031
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:13 - But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled H6031 my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 55:19 - God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:1 - [[A Song or Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, H6031 Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite.]] O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day and night before thee:
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:7 - Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted H6031 me with all thy waves. Selah.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:22 - The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict H6031 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 90:15 - Make us glad according to the days wherein thou hast afflicted H6031 us, and the years wherein we have seen evil.

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