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Lexicon :: Strong's H6031 - ʿānâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [possibly rather ident. with עָנָה (H6030) through the idea of looking down or browbeating]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1651,1652

Strong’s Definitions

עָנָה ʻânâh, aw-naw'; a primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):—abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for H6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for H6030), speak (by mistake for H6030), submit self, weaken, × in any wise.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 84x

The KJV translates Strong's H6031 in the following manner: afflict (50x), humble (11x), force (5x), exercised (2x), sing (2x), Leannoth (1x), troubled (1x), weakened (1x), miscellaneous (11x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 84x
The KJV translates Strong's H6031 in the following manner: afflict (50x), humble (11x), force (5x), exercised (2x), sing (2x), Leannoth (1x), troubled (1x), weakened (1x), miscellaneous (11x).
  1. (Qal) to be occupied, be busied with

  2. to afflict, oppress, humble, be afflicted, be bowed down

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be put down, become low

      2. to be depressed, be downcast

      3. to be afflicted

      4. to stoop

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to humble oneself, bow down

      2. to be afflicted, be humbled

    3. (Piel)

      1. to humble, mishandle, afflict

      2. to humble, be humiliated

      3. to afflict

      4. to humble, weaken oneself

    4. (Pual)

      1. to be afflicted

      2. to be humbled

    5. (Hiphil) to afflict

    6. (Hithpael)

      1. to humble oneself

      2. to be afflicted

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָנָה ʻânâh, aw-naw'; a primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):—abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for H6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for H6030), speak (by mistake for H6030), submit self, weaken, × in any wise.
STRONGS H6031: Abbreviations
† II. [עָנָה] verb be occupied, busied with (ב), only Ecclesiastes (perhaps Aramaic loan-word; Syriac bdb077502 be occupied with, bdb077503 occupation, affair; compare Arabic bdb077504, bdb077505 concern one, also be occupied by; Ecclus 42:8 margin); —
Qal Infinitive עֲנוֺתִ Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 3:10.

III. [עָנָה] verb be bowed down, afflicted (Late Hebrew id.; MI Pi. ויענו Psalm 1:5, אענו Psalm 1:6; Assyrian enû thwart, frustrate, do violence to; Arabic bdb077601, bdb077602 be lowly subsmissive, see Rahlfsעָנִי und עָנָי in d. Psalmen (1892), 67 ff.; Targum עַנִּי Pa. oppress; Syriac Ethpe. humble oneself, and derivatives); —
Qal Perfect 1st person singular עָנִיתִי Psalm 116:10; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַעֲנֶה Isaiah 25:5; Isaiah 31:4, etc.; —
1. be put down or become low, of song of triumph Isaiah 25:5 (others as Hiph. he putteth down, || תַּכְנִיעַ).
2. be depressed, downcast Isaiah 31:4 (of lion; || יֵחָ֑ת).
Niph. Perfect 1st person singular נַעֲניתִי Psalm 119:107; Infinitive construct לֵעָנֹת (perhaps read as Qal Ges§ 51 l) Exodus 10:3; Participle נַעֲנֶה Isaiah 53:7; feminine singular נַעֲנָה Isaiah 58:10; —
1. humble oneself מִפְּנֵי Exodus 10:3.
Piel Perfect 3rd person masculine singular עִנָּה Deuteronomy 22:24 + 5 times; 2nd person masculine singular עִנִּיתָ Psalm 88:8; 1st person singular עִנֵּיתִי Psalm 35:13, suffix וְעִנִּתִךְ consecutive Nahum 1:12, etc.; Imperfect יְעַנֶּה Job 37:23, etc.; Imperative עַנּוּ Judges 19:24; Infinitive absolute עַנֵּה Exodus 22:22; construct עַנּוֺת Isaiah 58:5 +, etc.; Participle plural suffix מְעַנַּיִךְ Isaiah 60:14; Zephaniah 3:19; —
1. humble, mishandle, afflict: individual Genesis 16:6; Genesis 31:50 (J) Exodus 22:21; Exodus 22:22 (twice in verse) (E) Job 30:11; by imprisonment and bonds Judges 16:5, 6, 19; Psalm 105:18; a nation by war or in bondage Genesis 15:13 (J) Exodus 1:11, 12; Numbers 24:24 (twice in verse) (E) Deuteronomy 26:6; 1 Samuel 12:8 (inserting וַיְעַנּוּם מִצְרַיִם, so Greek Version of the LXX Dr Bu Kit HPS [compare Th We]), 2 Samuel 7:10; 2 Kings 17:20; Psalm 94:5; Isaiah 60:14; Zephaniah 3:19; dynasty of David Psalm 89:23.
3. afflict as a discipline (God agent) Deuteronomy 8:2, 3, 16; 1 Kings 11:39; Psalm 88:8; Psalm 90:15; Psalm 119:75; Isaiah 64:11; Nahum 1:12 (twice in verse); Lamentations 3:33.
4. humble, weaken, object כֹּחַ Psalm 102:24; משׁפט Job 37:23 (compare Talmud עִנָּה דִּין); נֶפֶשׁ oneself, by fasting Leviticus 16:29, 31; Leviticus 23:27, 32; Numbers 29:7 (P) Psalm 35:13; Isaiah 58:3, 5; by an oath Numbers 30:14 (P).
Pu. Perfect 1st person singular עֻנֵּיתִי Psalm 119:71; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תְּעֻנֶּה Leviticus 23:29; Infinitive construct suffix עֻנּוֺתוֺ Psalm 132:1; Participle מְעֻנֶּה Isaiah 53:4; —
1. be afflicted, in discipline by God Psalm 119:71; Psalm 132:1; Isaiah 53:4.
2. be humbled by fasting Leviticus 23:29 (P).
Hiph. Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular suffix תַּעֲנֵם 1 Kings 8:35 2 Chronicles 6:26 afflict, in discipline.
Hithp. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִתְעַנָּה 1 Kings 2:26; 2nd person masculine singular תִתְעַנִּיתָ 1 Kings 2:26; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יִתְעַנּוּ Psalm 107:17; Imperative הִתְעַנִּי Genesis 16:9; Infinitive construct הִתְעַנּוֺת Ezekiel 8:21; Daniel 10:12; —
1. humble oneself (with תַּחַת יָדֶיהָ) Genesis 16:9 (J).
2. be afflicted, by men 1 Kings 2:26 (twice in verse); by God in discipline Psalm 107:17.
3. humble oneself in fasting Ezra 8:21; Daniel 10:12.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


15:13; 16:6; 16:9; 16:9; 31:50; 34:2


1:11; 1:12; 10:3; 10:3; 22:21; 22:22; 22:22


16:29; 16:31; 23:27; 23:29; 23:29; 23:32


24:24; 29:7; 30:14


8:2; 8:3; 8:16; 21:14; 22:24; 22:24; 22:29; 26:6


16:5; 16:6; 16:19; 19:24; 19:24; 20:5

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

7:10; 13:12; 13:14; 13:22; 13:32

1 Kings

2:26; 2:26; 2:26; 8:35; 11:39

2 Kings


2 Chronicles





30:11; 37:23; 37:23


1:5; 1:6; 35:13; 35:13; 88:8; 88:8; 89:23; 90:15; 94:5; 102:24; 105:18; 107:17; 107:17; 116:10; 116:10; 119:67; 119:71; 119:71; 119:75; 119:107; 119:107; 132:1; 132:1


1:13; 3:10


25:5; 25:5; 31:4; 31:4; 53:4; 53:4; 53:7; 53:7; 58:3; 58:5; 58:5; 58:10; 58:10; 60:14; 60:14; 64:11


3:33; 5:11


22:10; 22:11


10:12; 10:12


1:12; 1:12


3:19; 3:19




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6031 matches the Hebrew עָנָה (ʿānâ),
which occurs 83 times in 79 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 15:13–Psa 90:15)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:13 - Then God said to Abram, “Know for certain that your seed will be sojourners in a land that is not theirs, [fn]and they will be enslaved and mistreated H6031 four hundred years.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:6 - But Abram said to Sarai, “Behold, your servant-woman is in your [fn]hand; do to her what is good in your [fn]sight.” So Sarai afflicted H6031 her, and she fled from her presence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:9 - Then the angel of Yahweh said to her, “Return to your mistress and [fn]humble H6031 yourself under her hands.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:50 - “If you afflict H6031 my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no man is with us, see, God is witness between [fn]you and me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:2 - Then Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her and took her and lay with her and violated H6031 her.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:11 - So they appointed taskmasters over them to afflict H6031 them with [fn]hard labors. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:12 - But the more they afflicted H6031 them, the more they multiplied and the more they [fn]spread out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:3 -

Then Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, ‘How long will you refuse to humble H6031 yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:22 - “You shall not afflict H6031 any widow or orphan.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:23 - “And if you indeed H6031 afflict H6031 him, and if he earnestly cries out to Me, I will surely hear his cry;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:29 -

“And this shall be a perpetual statute for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble H6031 your souls and not do any work, whether the native or the sojourner who sojourns among you;

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:31 - “It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble H6031 your souls; it is a perpetual statute.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:27 - “On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble H6031 your souls and bring an offering by fire near to Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:29 - “If there is any [fn]person who will not humble H6031 himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:32 - “It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble H6031 your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:24 -

“But ships shall come from the coast of Kittim,

And they shall afflict H6031 Asshur and will afflict H6031 Eber;

So they also will come to destruction.”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 29:7 -

‘Then on the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall humble H6031 yourselves; you shall not do any work.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:13 -

“Every vow and every binding oath to humble H6031 herself, her husband may cause it to stand, or her husband may annul it.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:2 - “And you shall remember all the way which Yahweh your God has led you in the wilderness these forty years, that He might humble H6031 you, testing you, to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:3 - “And He humbled H6031 you and let you be hungry and fed you with manna which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that He might make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but by everything that proceeds out of the mouth of Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:16 - “In the wilderness He fed you manna which your fathers did not know, that He might humble H6031 you and that He might test you, to do good for you [fn]in the end,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:14 - “And it will be that, if you do not desire her, then you shall let her go [fn]wherever she wishes; but you shall certainly not sell her for money; you shall not [fn]mistreat her because you have humbled H6031 her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:24 - then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you shall stone them, and they will die; the girl, because she did not cry out in the city, and the man, because he has violated H6031 his neighbor’s wife. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:29 - then the man who lay with her shall give to the girl’s father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall become his wife because he has violated H6031 her; he cannot divorce her all his days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:6 - ‘And the Egyptians treated us harshly and afflicted H6031 us and imposed hard slave labor on us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:5 - And the lords of the Philistines came up to her and said to her, “Entice him, and see where his great strength lies and [fn]how we may overpower him that we may bind him to afflict H6031 him. Then we will each give you 1,100 pieces of silver.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:6 - So Delilah said to Samson, “Please tell me where your great strength is and [fn]how you may be bound to afflict H6031 you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:19 - Then she made him sleep on her knees and called for a man and had him shave off the seven locks of his head. Then she began to afflict H6031 him, and his strength left him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:24 - “Behold, my daughter who is a virgin, and his concubine—please let me bring them out that you may violate H6031 them and do to them whatever is good in your eyes. But do not commit such a disgraceful act against this man.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:5 - “Then the men of Gibeah rose up against me and surrounded the house at night because of me. They intended to kill me; instead, they violated H6031 my concubine, and she died.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 7:10 - “And I will appoint a place for My people Israel and will plant them, that they may dwell in their own place and not be disturbed again; and the [fn]unrighteous will not afflict H6031 them any more as formerly,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:12 - But she said to him, “No, my brother, do not violate H6031 me, for such a thing is not done in Israel; do not do this disgraceful thing!
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:14 - But he was not willing to listen to her voice. Now he was stronger than she, so he violated H6031 her and lay with her.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:22 - But Absalom did not speak to Amnon either good or bad; for Absalom hated Amnon because he had violated H6031 his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:32 - But Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David’s brother, answered and said, “Do not let my lord [fn]suppose they have put to death all the young men, the king’s sons, for Amnon alone has died; because by the [fn]intent of Absalom this has been set since the day that he violated H6031 his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:36 -

“You have also given me the shield of Your salvation,

And Your answer to me makes me great.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:26 -

Then to Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go to Anathoth to your own field, for you [fn]deserve to die; but I will not put you to death at this time, because you carried the ark of Lord Yahweh before my father David, and because you were afflicted H6031 in everything with which my father was afflicted H6031.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:35 -

“When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain, because they have sinned against You, and they pray toward this place and confess Your name and turn from their sin when You afflict H6031 them,

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:39 - ‘Thus I will afflict H6031 the seed of David for this, but not always.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:20 - So Yahweh rejected all the seed of Israel and afflicted H6031 them and gave them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them [fn]from His presence.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:26 -

“When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because they have sinned against You, and they pray toward this place and confess Your name, and turn from their sin when You afflict H6031 them;

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:21 -

Then I called for a fast there at the river of Ahava, that we might humble H6031 ourselves before our God to seek from Him a [fn]direct journey for us, our little ones, and all our possessions.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:11 -

“Because [fn]He has loosed [fn]His [fn]bowstring and afflicted H6031 me,

They have thrust aside their bridle before me.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:23 -

“The Almighty—we cannot find Him;

He is exalted in power

And He will not afflict H6031 justice and abundant righteousness.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:13 -

But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth;

I humbled H6031 my soul with fasting,

And my prayer kept returning to my bosom.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 55:19 -

God will hear and [fn]answer them—

Even the one who [fn]sits enthroned from of old— Selah.

Because they [fn]do not change,

And do not fear God.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:1 -

A Song. A Psalm of the sons of Korah. For the choir director. According to Mahalath Leannoth. A [fn]Maskil of Heman [fn]the Ezrahite.

O Yahweh, the God of my salvation,

I have cried out by day and throughout the night before You.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:7 -

Your wrath lies upon me,

And You afflict H6031 me with all Your breaking waves. [fn]Selah.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:22 -

“The enemy will not [fn]deceive him,

Nor the [fn]son of unrighteousness afflict H6031 him.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 90:15 -

Make us glad [fn]according to the days You have afflicted H6031 us,

And the years we have seen [fn]evil.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 15:13–Psa 90:15) Gen 15:13–Psa 90:15

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