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Lexicon :: Strong's H6083 - ʿāp̄ār

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1664a

Strong’s Definitions

עָפָר ʻâphâr, aw-fawr'; from H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence, clay, earth, mud:—ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 110x

The KJV translates Strong's H6083 in the following manner: dust (93x), earth (7x), powder (3x), rubbish (2x), ashes (2x), morter (2x), ground (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 110x
The KJV translates Strong's H6083 in the following manner: dust (93x), earth (7x), powder (3x), rubbish (2x), ashes (2x), morter (2x), ground (1x).
  1. dry earth, dust, powder, ashes, earth, ground, mortar, rubbish

    1. dry or loose earth

    2. debris

    3. mortar

    4. ore

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָפָר ʻâphâr, aw-fawr'; from H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence, clay, earth, mud:—ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.
STRONGS H6083: Abbreviations
עָפָר noun masculineLeviticus 14:42 dry earth, dust; — absolute ע׳ Genesis 2:7 +, construct עֲפַר Genesis 13:16 +; suffix עֲפָרֵךְ Ezekiel 26:12, עֲפָרוֺ Deuteronomy 9:21, etc.; plural construct עַפְרֹת Job 28:6; Proverbs 8:26; —
1. literally:
a. dry, loose earth, thrown (in malice) 2 Samuel 16:13 (|| אֲבָנִים); עַלרֿאֹשׁ וַיַעֲלוּ ע׳ Joshua 7:6 (J E; sign of grief), so Ezekiel 27:30; Lamentations 2:10, and (with זָרַק) Job 2:12; loose earth (on surface of ground) 1 Kings 18:38; Amos 2:7; Micah 1:10; Isaiah 34:7, 9; Leviticus 17:13 (H) Ezekiel 24:7 (in figurative), Numbers 5:17; Job 14:19; Job 38:38; Job 39:14; Genesis 26:15 (R), made into siege works Habakkuk 1:10; of sand-storm Deuteronomy 28:24 (+ אָבָק); as serpent's food, token of punishment and humiliation, Genesis 3:14 (J) Isaiah 65:25 (compare Micah 7:17 2e below); זֹחֲלֵי ע׳ Deuteronomy 32:24 (poem; compare 2e).
b. specifically as material of human body Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19 (J), Ecclesiastes 3:20, compare Job 4:19; Job 8:19; Psalm 103:14, to which it returns (שׁוּב אֶלֿ) Genesis 3:19; Job 10:9; Psalm 104:29; Ecclesiastes 3:20; so (with עַל) Job 34:15; Ecclesiastes 12:7.
c. = surface of ground Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (twice in verse); (P; הָאָרַץ ע׳), Job 19:25; Isaiah 25:12; Isaiah 26:5 (both || אֶרֶץ), surface of (whole) earth Job 41:25, מְחִלוֺת ע׳ Isaiah 2:19 (for hiding), so ע׳ alone Isaiah 2:10, compare חֹרֵי ע׳ Job 30:6; = soil, Job 5:6; Job 14:8.
d. powder of anything pulverized Deuteronomy 9:21 (twice in verse) (compare דָּ֑ק || Exodus 32:20), 2 Kings 23:6 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 23:12, 15, so in simile 2 Samuel 22:43 = Psalm 18:43, hence = ashes Psalm 18:4; Numbers 19:17.
e. debris, of ruined city 1 Kings 20:10; Ezekiel 26:4, 12; Nehemiah 3:34; Nehemiah 4:4; Psalm 102:15. The following are late:
f. earth of the grave: אֶשְׁכַּב לֶע׳ Job 7:21, so (with עַל) Job 20:11; Job 21:26, compare Job 17:16; יוֺרְדֵי ע׳ Psalm 22:30, שֹׁכְנֵי ע׳ Isaiah 26:19, יְשֵׁנֵי אַדְמַתעֿ׳ Daniel 12:2; עֲפַרמָֿוֶת Psalm 22:16; ע׳ in figure Psalm 30:10.
g. mortar (i.e. dried mud) for plastering houses Leviticus 14:41, 42, 45 (P).
h. (iron-) ore Job 28:2; עַפְרֹת זָהָב Job 28:6 gold-dust (but see סַמִּיר).
i. material of earth Isaiah 40:12, compare ראֹשׁ עַפְרֹת תֵּבֵל Proverbs 8:26 the first of the earth particles of the world.
2. figurative:
a. of abundance Genesis 13:16 (twice in verse); Genesis 28:14 (all J) 2 Chronicles 1:9; Job 27:16; Psalm 78:27 (|| חוֺל יַמִּים), compare עֲפַר יַעֲקֹב Numbers 23:10 (JE); with added idea of commonness, worthlessness Zephaniah 1:7; Zechariah 9:3.
b. of worthlessness (alone) Job 22:24.
c. simile of the scattered, dispersed 2 Kings 13:7; כֶּע׳ Isaiah 41:2 (so van d. H. Ginsb; Baer כֵּע׳; on meaning see Du Che, reading תְּשִׂימֵם for יִתֵּן).
d. of self-abasement Genesis 18:27 (+ אֵפַר), וְנִחַמְתִּי עַלעֿ׳ וָאֵפֶר Job 42:6, מִּיהוּ יִתֵּן בֶּע׳ Lamentations 3:29.
e. of humiliation (sitting or lying in dust) Isaiah 47:1; compare Isaiah 29:4 (twice in verse), Job 16:15; Job 40:13; Psalm 7:6; Psalm 44:26; Psalm 119:25, simile Job 30:19; licking dust Psalm 72:9; Isaiah 49:23; Micah 7:17, compare Tel Amarna tikalu ipra (of enemies, see WklAltor. Forsch. iii. 291; also of serpent 1a above); of י׳ raising from the dust 1 Samuel 2:8 = Psalm 113:7, 1 Kings 16:2; of lifting oneself Isaiah 52:2.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:7; 2:7; 3:14; 3:19; 3:19; 13:16; 13:16; 18:27; 26:15; 28:14


8:12; 8:13; 32:20


14:41; 14:42; 14:42; 14:45; 17:13


5:17; 19:17; 23:10


9:21; 9:21; 28:24; 32:24



1 Samuel


2 Samuel

16:13; 22:43

1 Kings

16:2; 18:38; 20:10

2 Kings

13:7; 23:6; 23:12; 23:15

2 Chronicles





2:12; 4:19; 5:6; 7:21; 8:19; 10:9; 14:8; 14:19; 16:15; 17:16; 19:25; 20:11; 21:26; 22:24; 27:16; 28:2; 28:6; 28:6; 30:6; 30:19; 34:15; 38:38; 39:14; 40:13; 41:25; 42:6


7:6; 18:4; 18:43; 22:16; 22:30; 30:10; 44:26; 72:9; 78:27; 102:15; 103:14; 104:29; 113:7; 119:25


8:26; 8:26


3:20; 3:20; 12:7


2:10; 2:19; 25:12; 26:5; 26:19; 29:4; 34:7; 34:9; 40:12; 41:2; 47:1; 49:23; 52:2; 65:25


2:10; 3:29


24:7; 26:4; 26:12; 26:12; 27:30






1:10; 7:17; 7:17







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6083 matches the Hebrew עָפָר (ʿāp̄ār),
which occurs 110 times in 103 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 2:7–Job 27:16)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:7 - And Jehovah Elohim formed Man, dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and Man became a living soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:14 - And Jehovah Elohim said to the serpent, Because thou hast done this, be thou cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field. On thy belly shalt thou go, and eat dust all the days of thy life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:19 - In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, until thou return to the ground: for out of it wast thou taken. For dust thou art; and unto dust shalt thou return.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:16 - And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth, so that if any one can number the dust of the earth, thy seed also will be numbered.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:27 - And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have ventured to speak unto the Lord; I, who am dust and ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:15 - And all the wells that his father's servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines stopped them and filled them with earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:14 - And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south; and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:16 - And Jehovah said to Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy staff, and smite the dust of the earth, and it shall become gnats throughout the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:17 - And they did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his staff, and smote the dust of the earth, and there arose gnats on man and on beast: all the dust of the land became gnats throughout the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:41 - And he shall cause the house to be scraped within round about, and they shall pour out the mortar that they have scraped off, out of the city in an unclean place.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:42 - And they shall take other stones, and put them in the place of those stones; and they shall take other mortar, and shall plaster the house.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:45 - And they shall break down the house, the stones of it, and the timber thereof, and all the mortar of the house, and shall carry them forth out of the city to an unclean place.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:13 - And every one of the children of Israel, and of the strangers who sojourn among them, that catcheth in the hunt a beast or fowl that may be eaten, he shall pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with earth;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:17 - And the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel; and the priest shall take of the dust that is on the floor of the tabernacle, and put it into the water.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:17 - And they shall take for the unclean of the ashes of the purification-offering that hath been burned, and shall put running water thereon in a vessel;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:10 - Who can count the dust of Jacob, and the number of the fourth part of Israel? Let my soul die the death of the righteous, and let my end be like his!
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:21 - And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burned it with fire, and crushed it, and ground it very small, until it became fine dust; and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that flowed down from the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:24 - Jehovah will give as the rain of thy land powder and dust; from the heavens shall it come down upon thee until thou be destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:24 - They shall be consumed with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, And with poisonous pestilence; And the teeth of beasts will I send against them, With the poison of what crawleth in the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:6 - And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face before the ark of Jehovah until the evening, he and the elders of Israel, and threw dust upon their heads.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:8 - He raiseth up the poor out of the dust; from the dung-hill he lifteth up the needy, To set him among nobles; and he maketh them inherit a throne of glory; For the pillars of the earth are Jehovah's, and he hath set the world upon them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:13 - And David and his men went by the way; and Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:43 - And I did beat them small as the dust of the earth, I trod them as the mire of the streets; I stamped upon them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:2 - Forasmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust, and made thee prince over my people Israel, and thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and hast made my people Israel to sin, provoking me to anger with their sins;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:38 - And the fire of Jehovah fell, and consumed the burnt-offering, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:10 - And Ben-Hadad sent to him and said, The gods do so to me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that follow me!
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 13:7 - For he had left of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:4 - And the king commanded Hilkijah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the doorkeepers, to bring forth out of the temple of Jehovah all the vessels that had been made for Baal, and for the Asherah, and for all the host of the heavens; and he burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried the ashes of them to Bethel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:6 - And he brought out the Asherah from the house of Jehovah, outside Jerusalem, to the torrent of Kidron, and burned it at the torrent of Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder upon the graves of the children of the people.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:12 - And the king broke down the altars that were on the roof of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars that Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of Jehovah, and he shattered them, removing them from thence, and cast the powder of them into the torrent of Kidron.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:15 - Moreover the altar that was at Bethel, the high place that Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin, had made, both that altar and the high place he broke down; and burned the high place, stamped it small to powder, and burned the Asherah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 1:9 - Now, Jehovah Elohim, let thy word unto David my father be firm; for thou hast made me king over a people numerous as the dust of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:2 - And he spoke before his brethren and the army of Samaria, and said, What do these feeble Jews? shall they be permitted to go on? Will they offer sacrifices? Will they finish in a day? Will they revive the stones out of the heaps of rubbish, when they are burned?
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:10 - And Judah said, The strength of the bearers of burdens faileth, and there is much rubbish; so that we are not able to build at the wall.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 2:12 - And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice and wept. And they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward the heavens.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:19 - How much more them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed as the moth!
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 5:6 - For evil cometh not forth from the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:5 - My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and suppurates.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:21 - And why dost not thou forgive my transgression and take away mine iniquity? for now shall I lie down in the dust, and thou shalt seek me early, and I shall not be.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:19 - Behold, this is the joy of his way, and out of the dust shall others grow.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:9 - Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as clay, and wilt bring me into dust again.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:8 - Though its root grow old in the earth, and its stock die in the ground,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:19 - The waters wear the stones, the floods thereof wash away the dust of the earth; and thou destroyest the hope of man.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:15 - I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and rolled my horn in the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:16 - It shall go down to the bars of Sheol, when our rest shall be together in the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:25 - And as for me, I know that my Redeemer liveth, and the Last, he shall stand upon the earth;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 20:11 - His bones were full of his youthful strength; but it shall lie down with him in the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:26 - Together they lie down in the dust, and the worms cover them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:24 - And put the precious ore with the dust, and the gold of Ophir among the stones of the torrents,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:16 - Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare clothing as the clay;

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1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 2:7–Job 27:16) Gen 2:7–Job 27:16

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 28:2–Mic 7:17

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