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Lexicon :: Strong's H6083 - ʿāp̄ār

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1664a

Strong’s Definitions

עָפָר ʻâphâr, aw-fawr'; from H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence, clay, earth, mud:—ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 110x

The KJV translates Strong's H6083 in the following manner: dust (93x), earth (7x), powder (3x), rubbish (2x), ashes (2x), morter (2x), ground (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 110x
The KJV translates Strong's H6083 in the following manner: dust (93x), earth (7x), powder (3x), rubbish (2x), ashes (2x), morter (2x), ground (1x).
  1. dry earth, dust, powder, ashes, earth, ground, mortar, rubbish

    1. dry or loose earth

    2. debris

    3. mortar

    4. ore

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָפָר ʻâphâr, aw-fawr'; from H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence, clay, earth, mud:—ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.
STRONGS H6083: Abbreviations
עָפָר noun masculineLeviticus 14:42 dry earth, dust; — absolute ע׳ Genesis 2:7 +, construct עֲפַר Genesis 13:16 +; suffix עֲפָרֵךְ Ezekiel 26:12, עֲפָרוֺ Deuteronomy 9:21, etc.; plural construct עַפְרֹת Job 28:6; Proverbs 8:26; —
1. literally:
a. dry, loose earth, thrown (in malice) 2 Samuel 16:13 (|| אֲבָנִים); עַלרֿאֹשׁ וַיַעֲלוּ ע׳ Joshua 7:6 (J E; sign of grief), so Ezekiel 27:30; Lamentations 2:10, and (with זָרַק) Job 2:12; loose earth (on surface of ground) 1 Kings 18:38; Amos 2:7; Micah 1:10; Isaiah 34:7, 9; Leviticus 17:13 (H) Ezekiel 24:7 (in figurative), Numbers 5:17; Job 14:19; Job 38:38; Job 39:14; Genesis 26:15 (R), made into siege works Habakkuk 1:10; of sand-storm Deuteronomy 28:24 (+ אָבָק); as serpent's food, token of punishment and humiliation, Genesis 3:14 (J) Isaiah 65:25 (compare Micah 7:17 2e below); זֹחֲלֵי ע׳ Deuteronomy 32:24 (poem; compare 2e).
b. specifically as material of human body Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19 (J), Ecclesiastes 3:20, compare Job 4:19; Job 8:19; Psalm 103:14, to which it returns (שׁוּב אֶלֿ) Genesis 3:19; Job 10:9; Psalm 104:29; Ecclesiastes 3:20; so (with עַל) Job 34:15; Ecclesiastes 12:7.
c. = surface of ground Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (twice in verse); (P; הָאָרַץ ע׳), Job 19:25; Isaiah 25:12; Isaiah 26:5 (both || אֶרֶץ), surface of (whole) earth Job 41:25, מְחִלוֺת ע׳ Isaiah 2:19 (for hiding), so ע׳ alone Isaiah 2:10, compare חֹרֵי ע׳ Job 30:6; = soil, Job 5:6; Job 14:8.
d. powder of anything pulverized Deuteronomy 9:21 (twice in verse) (compare דָּ֑ק || Exodus 32:20), 2 Kings 23:6 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 23:12, 15, so in simile 2 Samuel 22:43 = Psalm 18:43, hence = ashes Psalm 18:4; Numbers 19:17.
e. debris, of ruined city 1 Kings 20:10; Ezekiel 26:4, 12; Nehemiah 3:34; Nehemiah 4:4; Psalm 102:15. The following are late:
f. earth of the grave: אֶשְׁכַּב לֶע׳ Job 7:21, so (with עַל) Job 20:11; Job 21:26, compare Job 17:16; יוֺרְדֵי ע׳ Psalm 22:30, שֹׁכְנֵי ע׳ Isaiah 26:19, יְשֵׁנֵי אַדְמַתעֿ׳ Daniel 12:2; עֲפַרמָֿוֶת Psalm 22:16; ע׳ in figure Psalm 30:10.
g. mortar (i.e. dried mud) for plastering houses Leviticus 14:41, 42, 45 (P).
h. (iron-) ore Job 28:2; עַפְרֹת זָהָב Job 28:6 gold-dust (but see סַמִּיר).
i. material of earth Isaiah 40:12, compare ראֹשׁ עַפְרֹת תֵּבֵל Proverbs 8:26 the first of the earth particles of the world.
2. figurative:
a. of abundance Genesis 13:16 (twice in verse); Genesis 28:14 (all J) 2 Chronicles 1:9; Job 27:16; Psalm 78:27 (|| חוֺל יַמִּים), compare עֲפַר יַעֲקֹב Numbers 23:10 (JE); with added idea of commonness, worthlessness Zephaniah 1:7; Zechariah 9:3.
b. of worthlessness (alone) Job 22:24.
c. simile of the scattered, dispersed 2 Kings 13:7; כֶּע׳ Isaiah 41:2 (so van d. H. Ginsb; Baer כֵּע׳; on meaning see Du Che, reading תְּשִׂימֵם for יִתֵּן).
d. of self-abasement Genesis 18:27 (+ אֵפַר), וְנִחַמְתִּי עַלעֿ׳ וָאֵפֶר Job 42:6, מִּיהוּ יִתֵּן בֶּע׳ Lamentations 3:29.
e. of humiliation (sitting or lying in dust) Isaiah 47:1; compare Isaiah 29:4 (twice in verse), Job 16:15; Job 40:13; Psalm 7:6; Psalm 44:26; Psalm 119:25, simile Job 30:19; licking dust Psalm 72:9; Isaiah 49:23; Micah 7:17, compare Tel Amarna tikalu ipra (of enemies, see WklAltor. Forsch. iii. 291; also of serpent 1a above); of י׳ raising from the dust 1 Samuel 2:8 = Psalm 113:7, 1 Kings 16:2; of lifting oneself Isaiah 52:2.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:7; 2:7; 3:14; 3:19; 3:19; 13:16; 13:16; 18:27; 26:15; 28:14


8:12; 8:13; 32:20


14:41; 14:42; 14:42; 14:45; 17:13


5:17; 19:17; 23:10


9:21; 9:21; 28:24; 32:24



1 Samuel


2 Samuel

16:13; 22:43

1 Kings

16:2; 18:38; 20:10

2 Kings

13:7; 23:6; 23:12; 23:15

2 Chronicles





2:12; 4:19; 5:6; 7:21; 8:19; 10:9; 14:8; 14:19; 16:15; 17:16; 19:25; 20:11; 21:26; 22:24; 27:16; 28:2; 28:6; 28:6; 30:6; 30:19; 34:15; 38:38; 39:14; 40:13; 41:25; 42:6


7:6; 18:4; 18:43; 22:16; 22:30; 30:10; 44:26; 72:9; 78:27; 102:15; 103:14; 104:29; 113:7; 119:25


8:26; 8:26


3:20; 3:20; 12:7


2:10; 2:19; 25:12; 26:5; 26:19; 29:4; 34:7; 34:9; 40:12; 41:2; 47:1; 49:23; 52:2; 65:25


2:10; 3:29


24:7; 26:4; 26:12; 26:12; 27:30






1:10; 7:17; 7:17







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6083 matches the Hebrew עָפָר (ʿāp̄ār),
which occurs 110 times in 103 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 2:7–Job 27:16)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:7 - And the LORD God formed man of the dust H6083 of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:14 - And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust H6083 shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:19 - In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust H6083 thou art, and unto dust H6083 shalt thou return.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:16 - And I will make thy seed as the dust H6083 of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust H6083 of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:27 - And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust H6083 and ashes:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:15 - For all the wells which his father's servants had digged in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines had stopped them, and filled them with earth. H6083
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:14 - And thy seed shall be as the dust H6083 of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:16 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust H6083 of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:17 - And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust H6083 of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust H6083 of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:41 - And he shall cause the house to be scraped within round about, and they shall pour out the dust H6083 that they scrape off without the city into an unclean place:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:42 - And they shall take other stones, and put them in the place of those stones; and he shall take other morter, H6083 and shall plaister the house.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:45 - And he shall break down the house, the stones of it, and the timber thereof, and all the morter H6083 of the house; and he shall carry them forth out of the city into an unclean place.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:13 - And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust. H6083
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:17 - And the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel; and of the dust H6083 that is in the floor of the tabernacle the priest shall take, and put it into the water:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:17 - And for an unclean person they shall take of the ashes H6083 of the burnt heifer of purification for sin, and running water shall be put thereto in a vessel:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:10 - Who can count the dust H6083 of Jacob, and the number of the fourth part of Israel? Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like his!
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:21 - And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small, even until it was as small as dust: H6083 and I cast the dust H6083 thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:24 - The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: H6083 from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:24 - They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust. H6083
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:6 - And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face before the ark of the LORD until the eventide, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust H6083 upon their heads.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:8 - He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, H6083 and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORD'S, and he hath set the world upon them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:13 - And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust. H6083
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:43 - Then did I beat them as small as the dust H6083 of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:2 - Forasmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust, H6083 and made thee prince over my people Israel; and thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and hast made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to anger with their sins;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:38 - Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, H6083 and licked up the water that was in the trench.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:10 - And Benhadad sent unto him, and said, The gods do so unto me, and more also, if the dust H6083 of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that follow me.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 13:7 - Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust H6083 by threshing.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:4 - And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth out of the temple of the LORD all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven: and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried the ashes H6083 of them unto Bethel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:6 - And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, H6083 and cast the powder H6083 thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:12 - And the altars that were on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, did the king beat down, and brake them down from thence, and cast the dust H6083 of them into the brook Kidron.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:15 - Moreover the altar that was at Bethel, and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, both that altar and the high place he brake down, and burned the high place, and stamped it small to powder, H6083 and burned the grove.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 1:9 - Now, O LORD God, let thy promise unto David my father be established: for thou hast made me king over a people like the dust H6083 of the earth in multitude.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:2 - And he spake before his brethren and the army of Samaria, and said, What do these feeble Jews? will they fortify themselves? will they sacrifice? will they make an end in a day? will they revive the stones out of the heaps of the rubbish H6083 which are burned?
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:10 - And Judah said, The strength of the bearers of burdens is decayed, and there is much rubbish; H6083 so that we are not able to build the wall.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 2:12 - And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust H6083 upon their heads toward heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:19 - How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, H6083 which are crushed before the moth?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 5:6 - Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, H6083 neither doth trouble spring out of the ground;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:5 - My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; H6083 my skin is broken, and become loathsome.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:21 - And why dost thou not pardon my transgression, and take away mine iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust; H6083 and thou shalt seek me in the morning, but I shall not be.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:19 - Behold, this is the joy of his way, and out of the earth H6083 shall others grow.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:9 - Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay; and wilt thou bring me into dust H6083 again?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:8 - Though the root thereof wax old in the earth, and the stock thereof die in the ground; H6083
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:19 - The waters wear the stones: thou washest away the things which grow out of the dust H6083 of the earth; and thou destroyest the hope of man.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:15 - I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust. H6083
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:16 - They shall go down to the bars of the pit, when our rest together is in the dust. H6083
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:25 - For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth: H6083
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 20:11 - His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust. H6083
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:26 - They shall lie down alike in the dust, H6083 and the worms shall cover them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:24 - Then shalt thou lay up gold as dust, H6083 and the gold of Ophir as the stones of the brooks.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:16 - Though he heap up silver as the dust, H6083 and prepare raiment as the clay;

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1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 2:7–Job 27:16) Gen 2:7–Job 27:16

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 28:2–Mic 7:17

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