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Lexicon :: Strong's H6083 - ʿāp̄ār

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1664a

Strong’s Definitions

עָפָר ʻâphâr, aw-fawr'; from H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence, clay, earth, mud:—ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 110x

The KJV translates Strong's H6083 in the following manner: dust (93x), earth (7x), powder (3x), rubbish (2x), ashes (2x), morter (2x), ground (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 110x
The KJV translates Strong's H6083 in the following manner: dust (93x), earth (7x), powder (3x), rubbish (2x), ashes (2x), morter (2x), ground (1x).
  1. dry earth, dust, powder, ashes, earth, ground, mortar, rubbish

    1. dry or loose earth

    2. debris

    3. mortar

    4. ore

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָפָר ʻâphâr, aw-fawr'; from H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence, clay, earth, mud:—ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.
STRONGS H6083: Abbreviations
עָפָר noun masculineLeviticus 14:42 dry earth, dust; — absolute ע׳ Genesis 2:7 +, construct עֲפַר Genesis 13:16 +; suffix עֲפָרֵךְ Ezekiel 26:12, עֲפָרוֺ Deuteronomy 9:21, etc.; plural construct עַפְרֹת Job 28:6; Proverbs 8:26; —
1. literally:
a. dry, loose earth, thrown (in malice) 2 Samuel 16:13 (|| אֲבָנִים); עַלרֿאֹשׁ וַיַעֲלוּ ע׳ Joshua 7:6 (J E; sign of grief), so Ezekiel 27:30; Lamentations 2:10, and (with זָרַק) Job 2:12; loose earth (on surface of ground) 1 Kings 18:38; Amos 2:7; Micah 1:10; Isaiah 34:7, 9; Leviticus 17:13 (H) Ezekiel 24:7 (in figurative), Numbers 5:17; Job 14:19; Job 38:38; Job 39:14; Genesis 26:15 (R), made into siege works Habakkuk 1:10; of sand-storm Deuteronomy 28:24 (+ אָבָק); as serpent's food, token of punishment and humiliation, Genesis 3:14 (J) Isaiah 65:25 (compare Micah 7:17 2e below); זֹחֲלֵי ע׳ Deuteronomy 32:24 (poem; compare 2e).
b. specifically as material of human body Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19 (J), Ecclesiastes 3:20, compare Job 4:19; Job 8:19; Psalm 103:14, to which it returns (שׁוּב אֶלֿ) Genesis 3:19; Job 10:9; Psalm 104:29; Ecclesiastes 3:20; so (with עַל) Job 34:15; Ecclesiastes 12:7.
c. = surface of ground Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (twice in verse); (P; הָאָרַץ ע׳), Job 19:25; Isaiah 25:12; Isaiah 26:5 (both || אֶרֶץ), surface of (whole) earth Job 41:25, מְחִלוֺת ע׳ Isaiah 2:19 (for hiding), so ע׳ alone Isaiah 2:10, compare חֹרֵי ע׳ Job 30:6; = soil, Job 5:6; Job 14:8.
d. powder of anything pulverized Deuteronomy 9:21 (twice in verse) (compare דָּ֑ק || Exodus 32:20), 2 Kings 23:6 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 23:12, 15, so in simile 2 Samuel 22:43 = Psalm 18:43, hence = ashes Psalm 18:4; Numbers 19:17.
e. debris, of ruined city 1 Kings 20:10; Ezekiel 26:4, 12; Nehemiah 3:34; Nehemiah 4:4; Psalm 102:15. The following are late:
f. earth of the grave: אֶשְׁכַּב לֶע׳ Job 7:21, so (with עַל) Job 20:11; Job 21:26, compare Job 17:16; יוֺרְדֵי ע׳ Psalm 22:30, שֹׁכְנֵי ע׳ Isaiah 26:19, יְשֵׁנֵי אַדְמַתעֿ׳ Daniel 12:2; עֲפַרמָֿוֶת Psalm 22:16; ע׳ in figure Psalm 30:10.
g. mortar (i.e. dried mud) for plastering houses Leviticus 14:41, 42, 45 (P).
h. (iron-) ore Job 28:2; עַפְרֹת זָהָב Job 28:6 gold-dust (but see סַמִּיר).
i. material of earth Isaiah 40:12, compare ראֹשׁ עַפְרֹת תֵּבֵל Proverbs 8:26 the first of the earth particles of the world.
2. figurative:
a. of abundance Genesis 13:16 (twice in verse); Genesis 28:14 (all J) 2 Chronicles 1:9; Job 27:16; Psalm 78:27 (|| חוֺל יַמִּים), compare עֲפַר יַעֲקֹב Numbers 23:10 (JE); with added idea of commonness, worthlessness Zephaniah 1:7; Zechariah 9:3.
b. of worthlessness (alone) Job 22:24.
c. simile of the scattered, dispersed 2 Kings 13:7; כֶּע׳ Isaiah 41:2 (so van d. H. Ginsb; Baer כֵּע׳; on meaning see Du Che, reading תְּשִׂימֵם for יִתֵּן).
d. of self-abasement Genesis 18:27 (+ אֵפַר), וְנִחַמְתִּי עַלעֿ׳ וָאֵפֶר Job 42:6, מִּיהוּ יִתֵּן בֶּע׳ Lamentations 3:29.
e. of humiliation (sitting or lying in dust) Isaiah 47:1; compare Isaiah 29:4 (twice in verse), Job 16:15; Job 40:13; Psalm 7:6; Psalm 44:26; Psalm 119:25, simile Job 30:19; licking dust Psalm 72:9; Isaiah 49:23; Micah 7:17, compare Tel Amarna tikalu ipra (of enemies, see WklAltor. Forsch. iii. 291; also of serpent 1a above); of י׳ raising from the dust 1 Samuel 2:8 = Psalm 113:7, 1 Kings 16:2; of lifting oneself Isaiah 52:2.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:7; 2:7; 3:14; 3:19; 3:19; 13:16; 13:16; 18:27; 26:15; 28:14


8:12; 8:13; 32:20


14:41; 14:42; 14:42; 14:45; 17:13


5:17; 19:17; 23:10


9:21; 9:21; 28:24; 32:24



1 Samuel


2 Samuel

16:13; 22:43

1 Kings

16:2; 18:38; 20:10

2 Kings

13:7; 23:6; 23:12; 23:15

2 Chronicles





2:12; 4:19; 5:6; 7:21; 8:19; 10:9; 14:8; 14:19; 16:15; 17:16; 19:25; 20:11; 21:26; 22:24; 27:16; 28:2; 28:6; 28:6; 30:6; 30:19; 34:15; 38:38; 39:14; 40:13; 41:25; 42:6


7:6; 18:4; 18:43; 22:16; 22:30; 30:10; 44:26; 72:9; 78:27; 102:15; 103:14; 104:29; 113:7; 119:25


8:26; 8:26


3:20; 3:20; 12:7


2:10; 2:19; 25:12; 26:5; 26:19; 29:4; 34:7; 34:9; 40:12; 41:2; 47:1; 49:23; 52:2; 65:25


2:10; 3:29


24:7; 26:4; 26:12; 26:12; 27:30






1:10; 7:17; 7:17







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6083 matches the Hebrew עָפָר (ʿāp̄ār),
which occurs 110 times in 103 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 2:7–Job 27:16)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:7 - Then Yahweh God formed man of dust H6083 from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and so the man became a living [fn]being.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:14 - And Yahweh God said to the serpent,

“Because you have done this,

Cursed are you more than any of the cattle,

And more than every beast of the field;

On your belly you will go,

And dust H6083 you will eat

All the days of your life;

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:19 -

By the sweat of your [fn]face

You will eat bread,

Till you return to the ground,

Because from it you were taken;

For you are dust H6083,

And to dust H6083 you shall return.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:16 - “And I will make your seed as the dust H6083 of the earth, so that if anyone can number the dust H6083 of the earth, then your seed can also be numbered.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:27 - And Abraham answered and said, “Now behold, I have [fn]ventured to speak to the Lord, although I am but dust H6083 and ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:15 - Now all the wells which his father’s servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines stopped up [fn]by filling them with earth H6083.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:14 - “And your seed will also be like the dust H6083 of the earth, and you will [fn]spread out to the west and to the east and to the north and to the south; and in you and in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:16 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your staff and strike the dust H6083 of the earth, that it may become [fn]gnats through all the land of Egypt.’”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:17 - And they did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his staff and struck the dust H6083 of the earth, and there were [fn]gnats on man and beast. All the dust H6083 of the earth became [fn]gnats through all the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:41 - “And he shall have the house scraped all around [fn]inside, and they shall pour out the plaster H6083 that they scrape off at an unclean place outside the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:42 - “Then they shall take other stones and replace those stones, and he shall take other plaster H6083 and replaster the house.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:45 - “He shall therefore tear down the house, its stones and its timbers and all the plaster H6083 of the house, and he shall take them outside the city to an unclean place.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:13 - “So any man from the sons of Israel, or from the sojourners who sojourn among them, who in hunting catches a beast or a bird which may be eaten, shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth H6083.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:17 - and the priest shall take holy water in an earthenware vessel; and the priest shall take some of the dust H6083 that is on the floor of the tabernacle and put it into the water.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:17 - ‘Then for the unclean person they shall take some of the [fn]ashes H6083 of the [fn]burnt [fn]purification from sin and [fn]flowing water shall be [fn]added to them in a vessel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:10 -

“Who can number the dust H6083 of Jacob,

Or count the fourth part of Israel?

Let [fn]me die the death of the upright,

And let my end be like his!”

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:21 - “Now I took your [fn]sinful thing, the calf which you had made, and burned it with fire and crushed it, grinding it very small until it was as fine as dust H6083; and I threw its dust H6083 into the brook that came down from the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:24 - “Yahweh will make the rain of your land powder and dust H6083; from heaven it shall come down on you until you are destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:24 -

They will be wasted by famine, and consumed by [fn]plague

And bitter destruction;

And the teeth of beasts I will send upon them,

With the venom of crawling things of the dust H6083.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:6 -

Then Joshua tore his clothes and fell to the earth on his face before the ark of Yahweh until the evening, both he and the elders of Israel; and they put dust H6083 on their heads.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:8 -

“He raises the poor from the dust H6083;

He exalts the needy from the ash heap H6083

To make them sit with nobles,

And inherit a seat of glory;

For the pillars of the earth are Yahweh’s,

And He set the world on them.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:13 - So David and his men went on the way; and Shimei went along on the hillside parallel with him and as he went he cursed and cast stones and threw dust H6083 at him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:43 -

“Then I beat them fine as the dust H6083 of the earth;

I pulverized and stamped them as the mire of the streets.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:2 - “Inasmuch as I exalted you from the dust H6083 and made you ruler over My people Israel, and you have walked in the way of Jeroboam and have made My people Israel sin, provoking Me to anger with their sins,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:38 - Then the fire of Yahweh fell and consumed the burnt offering and the wood and the stones and the dust H6083, and licked up the water that was in the trench.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:10 - Then Ben-hadad sent to him and said, “May the gods do so to me and more also, if the dust H6083 of Samaria will be sufficient for [fn]a handful for all the people who [fn]follow me.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 13:7 - For he did not leave to Jehoahaz any people for the army except 50 horsemen and 10 chariots and 10,000 foot soldiers, for the king of Aram had caused them to perish and made them like the dust H6083 at threshing.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:4 -

Then the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest and the priests of the second order and the [fn]doorkeepers, to bring out of the temple of Yahweh all the vessels that were made for Baal, for [fn]Asherah, and for all the host of heaven; and he burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron, and carried their ashes H6083 to Bethel.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:6 - And he brought out the Asherah from the house of Yahweh outside Jerusalem to the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and ground it to dust H6083, and threw its dust H6083 on the graves of the [fn]common people.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:12 - Also, the altars which were on the roof, the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of Yahweh, the king tore down; and he [fn]crushed them there and threw their dust H6083 into the brook Kidron.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:15 -

Furthermore, the altar that was at Bethel and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin, had made, even that altar and the high place he tore down. Then he [fn]demolished its stones, ground them to dust H6083, and burned the Asherah.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 1:9 - “Now, O Yahweh God, let Your [fn]promise to my father David [fn]endure, for You have made me king over a people as numerous as the dust H6083 of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:2 - He spoke in the presence of his brothers and the [fn]wealthy men of Samaria and said, “What are these feeble Jews doing? Are they going to restore it for themselves? Can they offer sacrifices? Can they complete it in a day? Can they bring the stones to life from the [fn]dusty H6083 rubble, though they are burned?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:10 -

Then Judah said,

“The [fn]strength of the burden bearers is failing,

Yet there is much [fn]rubbish H6083;

And we ourselves are unable

To rebuild the wall.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 2:12 - Then they lifted up their eyes at a distance and did not recognize him, and they lifted up their voices and wept. And each of them tore his robe, and they threw dust H6083 over their heads toward the sky.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:19 -

‘How much more those who dwell in houses of clay,

Whose foundation is in the dust H6083,

Who are crushed before the moth!

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 5:6 -

“For wickedness does not come out from the dust H6083,

Nor does trouble sprout from the ground,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:5 -

“My flesh is clothed with worms and a crust of dirt H6083;

My skin scabs over and flows out again.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:21 -

“Why then do You not forgive my transgression

And take away my iniquity?

For now I will lie down in the dust H6083;

And You will seek me earnestly, but I will not be.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:19 -

“Behold, this is the joy of [fn]His way;

And out of the dust H6083 others will spring.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:9 -

‘Remember now, that You have made me as clay;

And would You turn me into dust H6083 again?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:8 -

“Though its roots grow old in the ground

And its stump dies in the dry H6083 soil H6083,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:19 -

Water wears away stones;

Its torrents wash away the dust H6083 of the earth;

So You make man’s hope perish.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:15 -

“I have sewed sackcloth over my skin

And thrust my horn in the dust H6083.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:16 -

[fn]Will it go down with me to Sheol?

Shall we together go down into the dust H6083?”

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:25 -

“As for me, I know that my [fn]Redeemer lives,

And [fn]at the last He will rise up over the dust H6083 of this world.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 20:11 -

“His bones are full of his youthful vigor,

But it lies down with him [fn]in the dust H6083.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:26 -

“Together they lie down in the dust H6083,

And worms cover them.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:24 -

And put your [fn]gold in the dust H6083,

And the gold of Ophir among the stones of the brooks,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:16 -

“Though he piles up silver like dust H6083

And prepares garments as plentiful as the clay,

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 2:7–Job 27:16) Gen 2:7–Job 27:16

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 28:2–Mic 7:17

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