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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6087 - ʿāṣaḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1666,1667

Strong’s Definitions

עָצַב ʻâtsab, aw-tsab'; a primitive root; properly, to carve, i.e. fabricate or fashion; hence (in a bad sense) to worry, pain or anger:—displease, grieve, hurt, make, be sorry, vex, worship, wrest.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x

The KJV translates Strong's H6087 in the following manner: grieve (10x), displeased (1x), hurt (1x), made (1x), sorry (1x), vexed (1x), worship (1x), wrest (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x
The KJV translates Strong's H6087 in the following manner: grieve (10x), displeased (1x), hurt (1x), made (1x), sorry (1x), vexed (1x), worship (1x), wrest (1x).
  1. to hurt, pain, grieve, displease, vex, wrest

    1. (Qal) to hurt, pain

    2. (Niphal) to be in pain, be pained, be grieved

    3. (Piel) to vex, torture

    4. (Hiphil) to cause pain

    5. (Hithpael) to feel grieved, be vexed

  2. to shape, fashion, make, form, stretch into shape, (TWOT) worship

    1. (Piel) to shape, form

    2. (Hiphil) to form, copy, fashion

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָצַב ʻâtsab, aw-tsab'; a primitive root; properly, to carve, i.e. fabricate or fashion; hence (in a bad sense) to worry, pain or anger:—displease, grieve, hurt, make, be sorry, vex, worship, wrest.
STRONGS H6087: Abbreviations
† I. [עָצַב] verb hurt, pain, grieve (Late Hebrew Nithp. and in derivatives; Targum עֲצַב be in pain (rare); Ethiopic bdb078004 be hard, difficult, LagBN 50, compare 201 compare Arabic bdb078005 be angry, but dubious); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix עֲצָבוֺ 1 Kings 1:6 his father had not pained him (Greek Version of the LXX Klo Gr עֲצָרוֺ, but see Benz); insert עָצַב (with other words) 2 Samuel 13:21 Greek Version of the LXX Ew Th We Kit Bu HPS; Infinitive construct suffix לְבִלְתִּי עָצְבִּי 1 Chronicles 4:10 that it (רָעָה) may not pain me; Passive participle construct עֲצוּבַת רוּחַ Isaiah 54:6 hurt in spirit (of Zion under figure of deserted wife).
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נֶעְצַב 1 Samuel 20:24 be pained for (אֶל person; strike out Greek Version of the LXX HPS); נֶעֱצַב 2 Samuel 19:3 the king is in pain (is grieving) for (עַל person); Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יֵעָצֵב 1 Samuel 20:3 lest he be pained; + בָּהֶם instrumental Ecclesiastes 10:9 shall be hurt by them (i.e. אֲבָנִים; only here of physical pain); 2nd person masculine plural תֵּעָֽצְבוּ Genesis 45:5 be not grieved (+ יִחַר; followed byכִּי that ye sold me), compare Nehemiah 8:10, 11 (absolute) do not grieve.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person plural עִצְּבוּ with accusative Isaiah 63:10 they vexed his holy spirit (+ מָרוּ); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural בְּבָרַי יְעַצֵּ֑בוּ Psalm 56:6 my affairs they vex (Thes and others), but improbable, < Che בְּדָבָר יְע׳ with speech they vex (me).
Hiph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural suffix יַעֲצִיבוּהוּ Psalm 78:40 they used to cause him [י׳] pain.
Hithp. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּתְעַצֵּב אֶללִֿבּוֺ Genesis 6:6 and he was vexed to his heart (of י׳; || וַיִּנָּחֶם); 3rd person masculine plural וִיִּתְעַצְּבוּ Genesis 34:7 (+ וַיִּחַר, followed by clause with כִּי).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H6088.

II. [עָצַב] verb Pi. shape, fashion (Late Hebrew Pi. stretch child into shape; BuhlLex compare bdb078101 out, cut off [whence idea of carving, fashioning]); —
Pi. Perfect יָדֶיךָ עִצְּבוּנִי וַעיַּעֲשׂוּנִי Job 10:8 thy hands shaped me, etc.
Hiph. Infinitive construct לְהַעֲצִבָה Jeremiah 44:19, but read ־בָהּ, to fashion her, i.e. make images of her (possibly denominative from עָצָב).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


6:6; 34:7; 45:5

1 Samuel

20:3; 20:24

2 Samuel

13:21; 19:3

1 Kings


1 Chronicles



8:10; 8:11




56:6; 78:40




54:6; 63:10



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6087 matches the Hebrew עָצַב (ʿāṣaḇ),
which occurs 17 times in 17 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:6 - The LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved H6087 [fn]in His heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:7 - Now the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved, H6087 and they were very angry because he had done a [fn]disgraceful thing in Israel [fn]by lying with Jacob’s daughter, for such a thing ought not to be done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:5 - “Now do not be grieved H6087 or angry [fn]with yourselves, because you sold me here, for God sent me before you to preserve life.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:3 - Yet David vowed again, [fn]saying, “Your father knows well that I have found favor in your sight, and he has said, ‘Do not let Jonathan know this, or he will be grieved.’ H6087 But truly as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is [fn]hardly a step between me and death.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:34 - Then Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did not eat food on the second day of the new moon, for he was grieved H6087 over David because his father had dishonored him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:2 - The [fn]victory that day was turned to mourning for all the people, for the people heard it said that day, “The king is grieved H6087 for his son.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:6 - His father had never [fn]crossed H6087 him at any time by asking, “Why have you done so?” And he was also a very handsome man, and [fn]he was born after Absalom.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 4:10 - Now Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, “Oh that You would bless me indeed and enlarge my border, and that Your hand might be with me, and that You would keep me from harm that it may not pain H6087 me!” And God granted him what he requested.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:10 - Then he said to them, “Go, eat of the fat, drink of the sweet, and send portions to him who has nothing prepared; for this day is holy to our Lord. Do not be grieved, H6087 for the joy of the LORD is your strength.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:11 - So the Levites calmed all the people, saying, “Be still, for the day is holy; do not be grieved.” H6087
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:8 - ‘Your hands fashioned H6087 and made me [fn]altogether,
And would You destroy me?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 56:5 - All day long they [fn]distort H6087 my words;
All their [fn]thoughts are against me for evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:40 - How often they rebelled against Him in the wilderness
And grieved H6087 Him in the desert!
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 10:9 - He who quarries stones may be hurt H6087 by them, and he who splits logs may be endangered by them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:6 - “For the LORD has called you,
Like a wife forsaken and grieved H6087 in spirit,
Even like a wife of one’s youth when she is rejected,”
Says your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:10 - But they rebelled
And grieved H6087 His Holy Spirit;
Therefore He turned Himself to become their enemy,
He fought against them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 44:19 - “And,” said the women, “when we were burning [fn]sacrifices to the queen of heaven and [fn]were pouring out drink offerings to her, was it without our husbands that we made for her sacrificial cakes [fn]in her image H6087 and poured out drink offerings to her?”
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