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Lexicon :: Strong's H6148 - ʿāraḇ

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עָרַב
Transliteration
ʿāraḇ
Pronunciation
aw-rab'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1686

Strong’s Definitions

עָרַב ʻârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to braid, i.e. intermix; technically, to traffic (as if by barter); also or give to be security (as a kind of exchange):—engage, (inter-) meddle (with), mingle (self), mortgage, occupy, give pledges, be(-come, put in) surety, undertake.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x

The KJV translates Strong's H6148 in the following manner: surety (9x), meddle (2x), mingled (2x), pledges (2x), becometh (1x), engaged (1x), intermeddle (1x), mortgaged (1x), occupiers (1x), occupy (1x), undertake (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x
The KJV translates Strong's H6148 in the following manner: surety (9x), meddle (2x), mingled (2x), pledges (2x), becometh (1x), engaged (1x), intermeddle (1x), mortgaged (1x), occupiers (1x), occupy (1x), undertake (1x).
  1. to pledge, exchange, mortgage, engage, occupy, undertake for, give pledges, be or become surety, take on pledge, give in pledge

    1. (Qal)

      1. to take on pledge, go surety for

      2. to give in pledge

      3. to exchange

      4. to pledge

    2. (Hithpael)

      1. to exchange pledges

      2. to have fellowship with, share

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָרַב ʻârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to braid, i.e. intermix; technically, to traffic (as if by barter); also or give to be security (as a kind of exchange):—engage, (inter-) meddle (with), mingle (self), mortgage, occupy, give pledges, be(-come, put in) surety, undertake.
STRONGS H6148:
II. עָרַב verb take on pledge, give in pledge, exchange (Late Hebrew go surety for (rare); Phoenician ערב surety; Old Aramaic ערבא pledge; Targum עֲרַב, Syriac bdb078604, go surety for; usually identified with I. ערבmix, exchange, pledge — but quite uncertain; compare BuhlLex LagBN 203); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ע׳ Genesis 44:32 + 4 times; 2nd person masculine singular עָרַבְתָּ Proverbs 6:1; Imperfect 1st person singular suffix אֶעֶרְבֶנּוּ Genesis 43:9; Imperative עֲרֹב Psalm 119:122, suffix עָרְבֵנִי Isaiah 38:14, so Job 17:3 (but see below); Infinitive construct לַעֲרֹב Ezekiel 27:9; Participle עֹרֵב Proverbs 17:18, etc.; —
1. with accusative of person taken on pledge, i.e. go surety for the safety of, Genesis 43:9 (J), Genesis 44:32 (J; + מֵעִם person); for the debts of Proverbs 11:15; Proverbs 20:16; Proverbs 27:13; of God Isaiah 38:14 go surety for me, Psalm 119:122, so Job 17:3 (si vera lectio, see עֵרָבוֺן); accusative of person omitted, לְ ע׳ Proverbs 6:1 go surety to one (in behalf of another, || כַּפֶּ֑יךָ לַזָּר תָּקַע); with accusative of thing Proverbs 22:26 (|| תֹּקְעֵיכָֿ֑ף).
2. give in pledge, with accusative of thing Nehemiah 5:3 (i.e. mortgage), figurative אֶתלִֿבּוֺ ע׳ Jeremiah 30:21 so עֲרֻבָּה לִפְנֵי רֵעֵהוּ ע׳ Proverbs 17:18 (|| תֹּקֵעַ כָּ֑ף).
3. exchange (in trade), with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מָעֲרָבֵךְ Ezekiel 27:9, 27.
Hithp.
1. reciprocal: Imperative הִתְעָ֫רֶב נָא אֶתאֲֿדֹנִי 2 Kings 18:23 exchange pledges (make a bargain) with my lord = Isaiah 36:8.
2.
a. have fellowship with, בְּ person, Perfect 3rd person plural הִתְעָֽרְבוּ Ezra 9:2; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּתְעָֽרְבוּ Psalm 106:35; 2nd person masculine singular תִּתְעָרָ֑ב with לְ person Proverbs 20:19, with עִם person Proverbs 24:21.
b. share in, בְּ of thing, 3rd person masculine singular יִתְעָרַב Proverbs 14:10 in his joy no other shares..
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

43:9; 43:9; 44:32; 44:32

2 Kings

18:23

Ezra

9:2

Nehemiah

5:3

Job

17:3; 17:3

Psalms

106:35; 119:122; 119:122

Proverbs

6:1; 6:1; 11:15; 14:10; 17:18; 17:18; 20:16; 20:19; 22:26; 24:21; 27:13

Isaiah

36:8; 38:14; 38:14

Jeremiah

30:21

Ezekiel

27:9; 27:9; 27:27

H6148

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6148 matches the Hebrew עָרַב (ʿāraḇ),
which occurs 23 times in 23 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:9 - I will be surety H6148 for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:32 - For thy servant became surety H6148 for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:23 - Now therefore, I pray thee, give pledges H6148 to my lord the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:2 - For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled H6148 themselves with the people of those lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 5:3 - Some also there were that said, We have mortgaged H6148 our lands, vineyards, and houses, that we might buy corn, because of the dearth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:3 - Lay down now, put me in a surety H6148 with thee; who is he that will strike hands with me?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:35 - But were mingled H6148 among the heathen, and learned their works.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:122 - Be surety H6148 for thy servant for good: let not the proud oppress me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:1 - My son, if thou be surety H6148 for thy friend, if thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 11:15 - He that is surety H6148 for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:10 - The heart knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle H6148 with his joy.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:18 - A man void of understanding striketh hands, and becometh H6148 surety in the presence of his friend.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:16 - Take his garment that is surety H6148 for a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:19 - He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle H6148 not with him that flattereth with his lips.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:26 - Be not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties H6148 for debts.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:21 - My son, fear thou the LORD and the king: and meddle H6148 not with them that are given to change:
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 27:13 - Take his garment that is surety H6148 for a stranger, and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 36:8 - Now therefore give pledges, H6148 I pray thee, to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:14 - Like a crane or a swallow, so did I chatter: I did mourn as a dove: mine eyes fail with looking upward: O LORD, I am oppressed; undertake H6148 for me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 30:21 - And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that engaged H6148 his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:9 - The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy H6148 thy merchandise.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:27 - Thy riches, and thy fairs, thy merchandise, thy mariners, and thy pilots, thy calkers, and the occupiers H6148 of thy merchandise, and all thy men of war, that are in thee, and in all thy company which is in the midst of thee, shall fall into the midst of the seas in the day of thy ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:4 - They shall not offer wine offerings to the LORD, neither shall they be pleasing unto him: their sacrifices shall be unto them as the bread of mourners; all that eat thereof shall be polluted: for their bread for their soul shall not come into the house of the LORD.

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