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Lexicon :: Strong's H6231 - ʿāšaq

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root (comp. עָשַׂק (H6229))
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1713

Strong’s Definitions

עָשַׁק ʻâshaq, aw-shak'; a primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, i.e. oppress, defraud, violate, overflow:—get deceitfully, deceive, defraud, drink up, (use) oppress(-ion), (-or), do violence (wrong).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x

The KJV translates Strong's H6231 in the following manner: oppress (23x), oppressor (4x), defraud (3x), wrong (2x), deceived (1x), deceitfully gotten (1x), oppression (1x), drink up (1x), violence (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x
The KJV translates Strong's H6231 in the following manner: oppress (23x), oppressor (4x), defraud (3x), wrong (2x), deceived (1x), deceitfully gotten (1x), oppression (1x), drink up (1x), violence (1x).
  1. to press upon, oppress, violate, defraud, do violence, get deceitfully, wrong, extort

    1. (Qal)

      1. to oppress, wrong, extort

      2. to oppress

    2. (Pual) to be exploited, be crushed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָשַׁק ʻâshaq, aw-shak'; a primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, i.e. oppress, defraud, violate, overflow:—get deceitfully, deceive, defraud, drink up, (use) oppress(-ion), (-or), do violence (wrong).
STRONGS H6231: Abbreviations
עָשַׁק verb oppress, wrong, extort (Targum עֲשַׁק = Biblical Hebrew, so Old Aramaic עשק; Syriac bdb079807 accuse, slander; Assyrian adjective ešḳu, strong; Arabic bdb079808 roughness, injustice); —
Qal Perfect ע׳ Leviticus 5:21; Ezekiel 18:18; 2nd person masculine singular suffix עֲשַׁקְתָּ֫נוּ 1 Samuel 12:4, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix יַעַשׁקֻנִי Psalm 119:122; 2nd person masculine singular תַּעֲשֹׁק Leviticus 19:13 +, etc.; Infinitive construct עֲשֹׁק Hosea 12:8, suffix עָשְׁקָם 1 Chronicles 16:21; Psalm 105:14; Participle active עשֵׁק Proverbs 14:31 +, feminine plural הָעשְׁקוֺת Amos 4:1, etc.; passive עָשׁוּק Deuteronomy 28:29 +, etc.; —
1. oppress, wrong (often by extortion, || גָּזַל), with accusative of person 1 Samuel 12:3, 4; Micah 2:2; Leviticus 5:21; Leviticus 19:13; especially the poor and helpless Amos 4:1; Deuteronomy 24:14; Jeremiah 7:6; Ezekiel 22:29; Zechariah 7:10; Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 22:16; Proverbs 28:3; Ecclesiastes 4:1; also with accusative of congnate meaning with verb עשֶׁק (וְ)גָזַל גָּזֵל ע׳ Ezekiel 18:18 practise extortion, Ezekiel 22:29, take by extortion Leviticus 5:23 and (with accusative of thing) Malachi 3:5; absolute Hosea 12:8 practise extortion; Job 10:3 deal tyrannically (of God); participle oppressor, extortioner Jeremiah 21:12; Psalm 72:4; Ecclesiastes 4:1; passive participle as substantive the oppressed Psalm 103:6; Psalm 146:7.
2. oppress a nation Isaiah 52:4, compare Psalm 105:14 = 1 Chronicles 16:21; Psalm 119:122, participle act. oppressor Psalm 119:121, passive participle oppressed Jeremiah 50:33, in predict. וְגָזוּל ע׳ Deuteronomy 28:29, וְרָצּוּץ ע׳ Deuteronomy 28:23; Hosea 5:11.
3. dubious are: יַעְשֹׁק נָהָר Job 40:23 a river oppresses him, i.e. rushes violently upon him (that is, the hippopotamus; Du יָשֹׁק, from שׁוּק; > Gunk Bu יִשְׁקַע falls, sinks); עָשֻׁק בְּדַם נֶפֶשׁ Proverbs 28:17 oppressed (? burdened) with the blood of a person.
Pu. Participle feminine הַמְּעֻשָּׁקָה Isaiah 23:12 crushed (of conquered Sidon under figure of woman).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:13; 19:13


24:14; 28:23; 28:29; 28:29

1 Samuel

12:3; 12:4; 12:4

1 Chronicles

16:21; 16:21


10:3; 40:23


72:4; 103:6; 105:14; 105:14; 119:121; 119:122; 119:122; 146:7


14:31; 14:31; 22:16; 28:3; 28:17


4:1; 4:1


23:12; 52:4


7:6; 21:12; 50:33


18:18; 18:18; 22:29; 22:29


5:11; 12:8; 12:8


4:1; 4:1







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6231 matches the Hebrew עָשַׁק (ʿāšaq),
which occurs 36 times in 35 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:2 - If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived H6231 his neighbour;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:4 - Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, H6231 or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:13 - Thou shalt not defraud H6231 thy neighbour, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:14 - Thou shalt not oppress H6231 an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:29 - And thou shalt grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not prosper in thy ways: and thou shalt be only oppressed H6231 and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:33 - The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed H6231 and crushed alway:
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:3 - Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? H6231 whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:4 - And they said, Thou hast not defrauded H6231 us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:21 - He suffered no man to do them wrong: H6231 yea, he reproved kings for their sakes,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:3 - Is it good unto thee that thou shouldest oppress, H6231 that thou shouldest despise the work of thine hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:23 - Behold, he drinketh up H6231 a river, and hasteth not: he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 72:4 - He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor. H6231
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 103:6 - The LORD executeth righteousness and judgment for all that are oppressed. H6231
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:14 - He suffered no man to do them wrong: H6231 yea, he reproved kings for their sakes;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:121 - AIN. I have done judgment and justice: leave me not to mine oppressors. H6231
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:122 - Be surety for thy servant for good: let not the proud oppress H6231 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 146:7 - Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: H6231 which giveth food to the hungry. The LORD looseth the prisoners:
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:31 - He that oppresseth H6231 the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:16 - He that oppresseth H6231 the poor to increase his riches, and he that giveth to the rich, shall surely come to want.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:3 - A poor man that oppresseth H6231 the poor is like a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:17 - A man that doeth violence H6231 to the blood of any person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 4:1 - So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, H6231 and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors H6231 there was power; but they had no comforter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:12 - And he said, Thou shalt no more rejoice, O thou oppressed H6231 virgin, daughter of Zidon: arise, pass over to Chittim; there also shalt thou have no rest.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:4 - For thus saith the Lord GOD, My people went down aforetime into Egypt to sojourn there; and the Assyrian oppressed H6231 them without cause.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:6 - If ye oppress H6231 not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt:
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 21:12 - O house of David, thus saith the LORD; Execute judgment in the morning, and deliver him that is spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor, H6231 lest my fury go out like fire, and burn that none can quench it, because of the evil of your doings.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:33 - Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The children of Israel and the children of Judah were oppressed H6231 together: and all that took them captives held them fast; they refused to let them go.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:18 - As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, H6231 spoiled his brother by violence, and did that which is not good among his people, lo, even he shall die in his iniquity.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:29 - The people of the land have used oppression, H6231 and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed H6231 the stranger wrongfully.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 5:11 - Ephraim is oppressed H6231 and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:7 - He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress. H6231
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 4:1 - Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress H6231 the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 2:2 - And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress H6231 a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:10 - And oppress H6231 not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:5 - And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress H6231 the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
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