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Lexicon :: Strong's H6231 - ʿāšaq

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root (comp. עָשַׂק (H6229))
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1713

Strong’s Definitions

עָשַׁק ʻâshaq, aw-shak'; a primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, i.e. oppress, defraud, violate, overflow:—get deceitfully, deceive, defraud, drink up, (use) oppress(-ion), (-or), do violence (wrong).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x

The KJV translates Strong's H6231 in the following manner: oppress (23x), oppressor (4x), defraud (3x), wrong (2x), deceived (1x), deceitfully gotten (1x), oppression (1x), drink up (1x), violence (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x
The KJV translates Strong's H6231 in the following manner: oppress (23x), oppressor (4x), defraud (3x), wrong (2x), deceived (1x), deceitfully gotten (1x), oppression (1x), drink up (1x), violence (1x).
  1. to press upon, oppress, violate, defraud, do violence, get deceitfully, wrong, extort

    1. (Qal)

      1. to oppress, wrong, extort

      2. to oppress

    2. (Pual) to be exploited, be crushed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָשַׁק ʻâshaq, aw-shak'; a primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, i.e. oppress, defraud, violate, overflow:—get deceitfully, deceive, defraud, drink up, (use) oppress(-ion), (-or), do violence (wrong).
עָשַׁק verb oppress, wrong, extort (Targum עֲשַׁק = Biblical Hebrew, so Old Aramaic עשק; Syriac bdb079807 accuse, slander; Assyrian adjective ešḳu, strong; Arabic bdb079808 roughness, injustice); —
Qal Perfect ע׳ Leviticus 5:21; Ezekiel 18:18; 2nd person masculine singular suffix עֲשַׁקְתָּ֫נוּ 1 Samuel 12:4, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix יַעַשׁקֻנִי Psalm 119:122; 2nd person masculine singular תַּעֲשֹׁק Leviticus 19:13 +, etc.; Infinitive construct עֲשֹׁק Hosea 12:8, suffix עָשְׁקָם 1 Chronicles 16:21; Psalm 105:14; Participle active עשֵׁק Proverbs 14:31 +, feminine plural הָעשְׁקוֺת Amos 4:1, etc.; passive עָשׁוּק Deuteronomy 28:29 +, etc.; —
1. oppress, wrong (often by extortion, || גָּזַל), with accusative of person 1 Samuel 12:3, 4; Micah 2:2; Leviticus 5:21; Leviticus 19:13; especially the poor and helpless Amos 4:1; Deuteronomy 24:14; Jeremiah 7:6; Ezekiel 22:29; Zechariah 7:10; Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 22:16; Proverbs 28:3; Ecclesiastes 4:1; also with accusative of congnate meaning with verb עשֶׁק (וְ)גָזַל גָּזֵל ע׳ Ezekiel 18:18 practise extortion, Ezekiel 22:29, take by extortion Leviticus 5:23 and (with accusative of thing) Malachi 3:5; absolute Hosea 12:8 practise extortion; Job 10:3 deal tyrannically (of God); participle oppressor, extortioner Jeremiah 21:12; Psalm 72:4; Ecclesiastes 4:1; passive participle as substantive the oppressed Psalm 103:6; Psalm 146:7.
2. oppress a nation Isaiah 52:4, compare Psalm 105:14 = 1 Chronicles 16:21; Psalm 119:122, participle act. oppressor Psalm 119:121, passive participle oppressed Jeremiah 50:33, in predict. וְגָזוּל ע׳ Deuteronomy 28:29, וְרָצּוּץ ע׳ Deuteronomy 28:23; Hosea 5:11.
3. dubious are: יַעְשֹׁק נָהָר Job 40:23 a river oppresses him, i.e. rushes violently upon him (that is, the hippopotamus; Du יָשֹׁק, from שׁוּק; > Gunk Bu יִשְׁקַע falls, sinks); עָשֻׁק בְּדַם נֶפֶשׁ Proverbs 28:17 oppressed (? burdened) with the blood of a person.
Pu. Participle feminine הַמְּעֻשָּׁקָה Isaiah 23:12 crushed (of conquered Sidon under figure of woman).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:13; 19:13


24:14; 28:23; 28:29; 28:29

1 Samuel

12:3; 12:4; 12:4

1 Chronicles

16:21; 16:21


10:3; 40:23


72:4; 103:6; 105:14; 105:14; 119:121; 119:122; 119:122; 146:7


14:31; 14:31; 22:16; 28:3; 28:17


4:1; 4:1


23:12; 52:4


7:6; 21:12; 50:33


18:18; 18:18; 22:29; 22:29


5:11; 12:8; 12:8


4:1; 4:1







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6231 matches the Hebrew עָשַׁק (ʿāšaq),
which occurs 36 times in 35 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:2 - “When a person sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD, and deceives his companion in regard to a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or through robbery, or if he has extorted H6231 from his companion,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:4 - then it shall be, when he sins and becomes guilty, that he shall restore what he took by robbery or what he got H6231 by extortion, or the deposit which was [fn]entrusted to him or the lost thing which he found,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:13 - ‘You shall not oppress H6231 your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired man are not to remain with you all night until morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:14 - “You shall not oppress H6231 a hired servant who is poor and needy, whether he is one of your [fn]countrymen or one of your aliens who is in your land in your [fn]towns.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:29 - and you will [fn]grope at noon, as the blind man gropes in darkness, and you will not prosper in your ways; but you shall only be oppressed H6231 and robbed continually, with none to save you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:33 - “A people whom you do not know shall eat up the produce of your ground and all your labors, and you will never be anything but oppressed H6231 and crushed continually.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:3 - “Here I am; bear witness against me before the LORD and His anointed. Whose ox have I taken, or whose donkey have I taken, or whom have I defrauded? H6231 Whom have I oppressed, or from whose hand have I taken a bribe to blind my eyes with it? I will restore it to you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:4 - They said, “You have not defrauded H6231 us or oppressed us or taken anything from any man’s hand.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:21 - He permitted no man to oppress H6231 them,
And He reproved kings for their sakes, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:3 - ‘Is it [fn]right for You indeed to oppress, H6231
To reject the labor of Your hands,
And [fn]to look favorably on the schemes of the wicked?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:23 - “If a river [fn]rages, H6231 he is not alarmed;
He is confident, though the Jordan rushes to his mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 72:4 - [fn]May he vindicate the [fn]afflicted of the people,
Save the children of the needy
And crush the oppressor. H6231
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 103:6 - The LORD performs [fn]righteous deeds
And judgments for all who are oppressed. H6231
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:14 - He permitted no man to oppress H6231 them,
And He reproved kings for their sakes:
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:121 - Ayin.
I have done justice and righteousness;
Do not leave me to my oppressors. H6231
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:122 - Be surety for Your servant for good;
Do not let the arrogant oppress H6231 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 146:7 - Who executes justice for the oppressed; H6231
Who gives food to the hungry.
The LORD sets the prisoners free.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:31 - He who oppresses H6231 the poor taunts his Maker,
But he who is gracious to the needy honors Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:16 - He who oppresses H6231 the poor to make [fn]more for himself
Or who gives to the rich, will only come to poverty.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:3 - A poor man who oppresses H6231 the lowly
Is like a driving rain [fn]which leaves no food.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:17 - A man who is laden H6231 with the guilt of human blood
Will [fn]be a fugitive until death; let no one support him.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 4:1 - Then I looked again at all the acts of oppression which were being done under the sun. And behold I saw the tears of the oppressed H6231 and that they had no one to comfort them; and on the side of their oppressors H6231 was power, but they had no one to comfort them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:12 - He has said, “You shall exult no more, O crushed H6231 virgin daughter of Sidon.
Arise, pass over to [fn]Cyprus; even there you will find no rest.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:4 - For thus says the Lord [fn]GOD, “My people went down at the first into Egypt to reside there; then the Assyrian oppressed H6231 them without cause.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:6 - if you do not oppress H6231 the alien, the [fn]orphan, or the widow, and do not shed innocent blood in this place, nor walk after other gods to your own ruin,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 21:12 - O house of David, thus says the LORD:
“Administer justice [fn]every morning;
And deliver the person who has been robbed from the [fn]power of his oppressor, H6231
That My wrath may not go forth like fire
And burn with none to extinguish it,
Because of the evil of their deeds.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:33 - Thus says the LORD of hosts,
“The sons of Israel are oppressed, H6231
And the sons of Judah as well;
And all who took them captive have held them fast,
They have refused to let them go.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:18 - “As for his father, because he practiced H6231 extortion, robbed his brother and did what was not good among his people, behold, he will die for his iniquity.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:29 - “The people of the land have practiced H6231 oppression and committed robbery, and they have wronged the poor and needy and have oppressed H6231 the sojourner without justice.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 5:11 - Ephraim is oppressed, H6231 crushed in judgment,
Because he was determined to [fn]follow man’s command.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:7 - A [fn]merchant, in whose hands are false balances,
He loves to oppress. H6231
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 4:1 - Hear this word, you cows of Bashan who are on the mountain of Samaria,
Who oppress H6231 the poor, who crush the needy,
Who say to [fn]your husbands, “Bring now, that we may drink!”
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 2:2 - They covet fields and then seize them,
And houses, and take them away.
They [fn]rob H6231 a man and his house,
A man and his inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:10 - and do not oppress H6231 the widow or the [fn]orphan, the [fn]stranger or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:5 - “Then I will draw near to you for judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers and against the adulterers and against those who swear falsely, and against those who oppress H6231 the wage earner in his wages, the widow and the [fn]orphan, and those who turn aside the [fn]alien and do not [fn]fear Me,” says the LORD of hosts.

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