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Lexicon :: Strong's H637 - 'ap̄

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Part of Speech
adverb, conjunction
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive particle
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 142

Strong’s Definitions

אַף ʼaph, af; a primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjunction); also or yea; adversatively though:—also, + although, and (furthermore, yet), but, even, + how much less (more, rather than), moreover, with, yea.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x

The KJV translates Strong's H637 in the following manner: also, even, yet, moreover, yea, with, low, therefore, much.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x
The KJV translates Strong's H637 in the following manner: also, even, yet, moreover, yea, with, low, therefore, much.
conjunction (denoting addition, especially of something greater)
  1. also, yea, though, so much the more

  2. furthermore, indeed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אַף ʼaph, af; a primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjunction); also or yea; adversatively though:—also, + although, and (furthermore, yet), but, even, + how much less (more, rather than), moreover, with, yea.
STRONGS H637: Abbreviations
II. אַף conjunction denoting addition, especially of something greater, also, yea (so Phoenician, Aramaic PAx  , אַף, אוֺף; compare فَ).
1. very rare in plain prose (in which גַּם is more usual): Genesis 40:16* (*with pronoun, as rather often) Ialso in my dream, Numbers 16:14; Deuteronomy 2:11*; Deuteronomy 2:20* 2 Samuel 20:14 (see Dr) 2 Kings 2:14 * Esther 5:12; more frequently in poetry, especially as introducing emphatically a new thought Deuteronomy 33:3, 20, 28; 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 16:6; Psalm 16:7; Psalm 16:9; Psalm 18:49; Psalm 65:14 they shout for joy, yea, they sing! Psalm 68:9; Psalm 68:17; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 89:28Psalm 1; Proverbs 22:19* Proverbs 23:28* +; or in more elevated prose style, Leviticus 26:16*; Leviticus 26:24*; Leviticus 26:28*; Leviticus 26:41*; and + 25 times in the impassioned rhetoric of Isa2 (Isaiah 40:24-48:15), e.g. Isaiah 40:24; Isaiah 41:10, 26; Isaiah 42:13; Isaiah 43:7, 19; Isaiah 46:11 yea, I have spoken, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed, I will also do it! Isaiah 48:12, 15. Implying something surprising or unexpected, even, indeed Job 14:3; Job 15:4*. וְאַף and also Leviticus 26:39, 40, 42, 44; Deuteronomy 15:17; Habakkuk 2:15; Psalm 68:19; 1 Chronicles 8:32* = 1 Chronicles 9:38* 2 Chronicles 12:5* Nehemiah 2:18; Nehemiah 13:15; and even Job 19:4 וְאַף־אָמְנָם שָׁגִיתִי and even indeed (if) I have erred... With הֲ, הַאַף indeed...? really...? † Genesis 18:13, 23 wilt thou indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked? Genesis 18:24; Amos 2:11; Job 34:17; Job 40:8. In contrast to a preceding thought (expressed or implied) but, nay (imo) Psalm 44:10; Psalm 58:3; compare Judges 5:29*.
2. (Equally in prose and poetry) with reference to a preceding sentence, yea, à fortiori, the more so (= how much more! after an affirm. clause; = how much less! after a negative one): 2 Samuel 4:10f. when one told me, Saul is dead... I took hold of him and slew him... אַף כִּי־אֲנָשִׁים רְשָׁעִים הָרְגוּ וג׳ à fortiori, how much more (should I do so when wicked men have slain a righteous person, etc.! Ezekiel 14:21 (Ew Hi) Ezekiel 15:5; Proverbs 21:27 (in all these passages כִּי = when) Job 4:19. So וְאַף1 Samuel 23:3; 2 Kings 5:13... וְאַף כִּי־אָמַר אֵלֶיךָ and the more (= and how much rather), when he hath said to thee, etc. More commonly in this sense strengthened by כִּי (q. v.), see below
אַף כִּי
1. furthermoreEzekiel 23:40; Habakkuk 2:5 (Ges quin imo, quin etiam).
2. in a question, indeed (is it) that...? † Genesis 3:1 אַף כִּי־אָמַר אֱלֹהִים indeed, that God has said...? i.e. has God really said...? (compare הַאַף above).
3. with reference to a preceding sentence (which is often introduced by הֵן or הִנֵּה), yea, that...! i.e. how much more (or less) ! † Proverbs 11:31 lo, the righteous is recompensed in the earth וְחוֺטֵא רָשָׁע כִּי אַֹף 'tis indeed that (= how much more) the wicked and the sinner! Proverbs 15:11; Proverbs 17:7; Proverbs 19:7, 10; Job 9:14; Job 15:16; Job 25:6; 1 Samuel 14:30; 1 Kings 8:27 (= 2 Chronicles 6:18) lo, the heavens... cannot contain thee אַ֕ף כִּי הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה 'tis indeed that this house (cannot do so), i.e. how much less this house! 2 Chronicles 32:15. So וְאַף כִּיDeuteronomy 31:27; 1 Samuel 21:6 (perhaps; but see RSSemitic i. 436 DrSm 293) 2 Samuel 16:11. (In Job 35:14 (Hi De) Nehemiah 9:18 אַף כִּי is simply = yea, when...)

See related Aramaic BDB entry H638.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:1; 18:13; 18:23; 18:24; 40:16


26:16; 26:24; 26:28; 26:39; 26:40; 26:41; 26:42; 26:44




2:11; 2:20; 15:17; 31:27; 33:3; 33:20; 33:28



1 Samuel

2:7; 14:30; 21:6; 23:3

2 Samuel

4:10; 16:11; 20:14

1 Kings


2 Kings

2:14; 5:13

1 Chronicles

8:32; 9:38

2 Chronicles

6:18; 12:5; 32:15


2:18; 9:18; 13:15




4:19; 9:14; 14:3; 15:4; 15:16; 19:4; 25:6; 34:17; 35:14; 40:8


1; 16:6; 16:7; 16:9; 18:49; 44:10; 58:3; 68:9; 68:17; 68:19; 74:16; 89:28


11:31; 15:11; 17:7; 19:7; 19:10; 21:27; 22:19; 23:28


40:24; 40:24; 40:25; 40:26; 40:27; 40:28; 40:29; 40:30; 40:31; 41:1; 41:2; 41:3; 41:4; 41:5; 41:6; 41:7; 41:8; 41:9; 41:10; 41:10; 41:11; 41:12; 41:13; 41:14; 41:15; 41:16; 41:17; 41:18; 41:19; 41:20; 41:21; 41:22; 41:23; 41:24; 41:25; 41:26; 41:26; 41:27; 41:28; 41:29; 42:1; 42:2; 42:3; 42:4; 42:5; 42:6; 42:7; 42:8; 42:9; 42:10; 42:11; 42:12; 42:13; 42:13; 42:14; 42:15; 42:16; 42:17; 42:18; 42:19; 42:20; 42:21; 42:22; 42:23; 42:24; 42:25; 43:1; 43:2; 43:3; 43:4; 43:5; 43:6; 43:7; 43:7; 43:8; 43:9; 43:10; 43:11; 43:12; 43:13; 43:14; 43:15; 43:16; 43:17; 43:18; 43:19; 43:19; 43:20; 43:21; 43:22; 43:23; 43:24; 43:25; 43:26; 43:27; 43:28; 44:1; 44:2; 44:3; 44:4; 44:5; 44:6; 44:7; 44:8; 44:9; 44:10; 44:11; 44:12; 44:13; 44:14; 44:15; 44:16; 44:17; 44:18; 44:19; 44:20; 44:21; 44:22; 44:23; 44:24; 44:25; 44:26; 44:27; 44:28; 45:1; 45:2; 45:3; 45:4; 45:5; 45:6; 45:7; 45:8; 45:9; 45:10; 45:11; 45:12; 45:13; 45:14; 45:15; 45:16; 45:17; 45:18; 45:19; 45:20; 45:21; 45:22; 45:23; 45:24; 45:25; 46:1; 46:2; 46:3; 46:4; 46:5; 46:6; 46:7; 46:8; 46:9; 46:10; 46:11; 46:11; 46:12; 46:13; 47:1; 47:2; 47:3; 47:4; 47:5; 47:6; 47:7; 47:8; 47:9; 47:10; 47:11; 47:12; 47:13; 47:14; 47:15; 48:1; 48:2; 48:3; 48:4; 48:5; 48:6; 48:7; 48:8; 48:9; 48:10; 48:11; 48:12; 48:12; 48:13; 48:14; 48:15; 48:15


14:21; 15:5; 23:40




2:5; 2:15

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H637 matches the Hebrew אַף ('ap̄),
which occurs 134 times in 123 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 3:1–Job 25:6)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:1 -

Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which Yahweh God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed H637, has God said, ‘[fn]You shall not eat from [fn]any tree of the garden’?”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:13 - And Yahweh said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Shall I indeed H637 [fn]bear a son, when I am so old?’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:23 - Then Abraham came near and said, “Will You indeed H637 sweep away the righteous with the wicked?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:24 - “Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city; will You indeed H637 sweep it away and not [fn]spare the place for the sake of the fifty righteous who are in it?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:16 -

And the chief baker saw that he had interpreted favorably, so he said to Joseph, “I also H637 saw in my dream, and behold, there were three baskets of white bread on my head;

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:16 - I, in H637 turn H637, will do this to you: I will appoint over you a sudden terror, consumption and fever that will waste away the eyes and cause the soul to pine away; also, you will sow your seed uselessly, for your enemies will eat it up.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:24 - then I will walk in hostility against you; and I, even I, will strike you seven times for your sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:28 - then I will walk in wrathful hostility against you, and I, even H637 I, will discipline you seven times for your sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:39 - ‘So those of you who may remain will rot away in their iniquity in the lands of your enemies; and also H637 in the iniquities of their fathers they will rot away with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:40 -

‘If they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers, in their unfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also H637 how they walked in hostility against Me—

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:41 - I also H637 was walking in hostility against them, to bring them into the land of their enemies—or if their uncircumcised heart becomes humbled so that they then make up for their iniquity,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:42 - then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and I will remember also H637 My covenant with Isaac and My covenant with Abraham as well H637, and I will remember the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:44 - ‘Yet in spite H637 of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, nor will I so loathe them as to bring an end to them, breaking My covenant with them; for I am Yahweh their God.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:14 - “Indeed H637, you have not brought us into a land flowing with milk and honey, nor have you given us an inheritance of fields and vineyards. Would you [fn]put out the eyes of [fn]these men? We will not come up!”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:11 - Like the Anakim, they are also H637 regarded as Rephaim, but the Moabites call them Emim.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:20 - (It is also H637 regarded as the land of the Rephaim, for Rephaim formerly lived in it, but the Ammonites call them Zamzummin,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 15:17 - then you shall take an awl and pierce it through his ear into the door, and he shall be your servant forever. Also H637 you shall do likewise to your maidservant.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:27 - “For I know your rebellion and your [fn]stiff-neck; behold, while I am still alive with you today, you have been rebellious against Yahweh; how H637 much H637 more H637, then, after my death?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:3 -

“Indeed H637, He loves [fn]the people;

All [fn]Your holy ones are in Your hand,

And they [fn]followed in Your steps;

Everyone is bearing up Your words.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:20 -

Of Gad he said,

“Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad;

He lies down as a [fn]lion,

And tears the arm, also H637 the top of the head.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:28 -

“So Israel dwells in security,

The fountain of Jacob secluded,

In a land of grain and new wine;

His heavens also H637 drop down dew.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:29 -

“Her wise princesses would answer her,

Indeed H637 she repeats her words to herself,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:7 -

“Yahweh makes poor and rich;

He brings low; He also H637 exalts.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:30 - “How H637 much H637 more H637, if only the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! For now the slaughter among the Philistines has not been great.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:5 - And David answered the priest and said to him, “Surely women have been kept from us as previously when I set out and the vessels of the young men were holy, though it was an ordinary journey; how H637 much H637 more H637 then today will [fn]their vessels be holy?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:3 - But David’s men said to him, “Behold, we are afraid here in Judah. How H637 much H637 more H637 then if we go to Keilah against the battle lines of the Philistines?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 4:11 - “How H637 much H637 more H637, when wicked men have killed a righteous man in his own house on his bed, shall I not now require his blood from your hand and purge you from the earth?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:11 - Then David said to Abishai and to all his servants, “Behold, my son who came forth from my body seeks my life; how H637 much H637 more H637 now this Benjamite? Let him alone and let him curse, for Yahweh has told him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:14 -

Now he went through all the tribes of Israel to Abel, even Beth-maacah, and all the Berites; and they were assembled and also H637 came after him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:27 -

“But will God truly dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the [fn]highest heaven cannot [fn]contain You; how H637 much H637 less H637 this house which I have built!

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:14 - And he took the mantle of Elijah that fell from him and struck the waters and said, “Where is Yahweh, the God of Elijah?” Indeed H637, he himself also struck the waters, and they were divided here and there! And Elisha crossed over.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:13 - Then his servants approached and spoke to him and said, “My father, had the prophet spoken with you to do some great thing, would you not have done it? How H637 much H637 more H637 then, when he says to you, ‘Wash, and be clean’?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 8:32 -

Mikloth became the father of [fn]Shimeah. And they also H637 lived with their [fn]relatives in Jerusalem opposite their other [fn]relatives.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 9:38 -

Mikloth became the father of Shimeam. And they also H637 lived with their relatives in Jerusalem opposite their other relatives.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:30 -

Tremble before Him, all the earth;

Indeed H637, the world is established, it will not be shaken.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:18 -

“But will God truly dwell with mankind on the earth? Behold, heaven and the [fn]highest heaven cannot contain You; how H637 much H637 less H637 this house which I have built.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 12:5 - Now Shemaiah the prophet came to Rehoboam and the princes of Judah who had gathered at Jerusalem because of Shishak, and he said to them, “Thus says Yahweh, ‘You have forsaken Me, so I also H637 have forsaken you [fn]to Shishak.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:15 - ‘So now, do not let Hezekiah deceive you or incite you like this, and do not believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his people from my hand or from the hand of my fathers. How H637 much H637 less H637 will your God deliver you from my hand?’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 2:18 - And I told them how the hand of my God had been good to me and also H637 about the king’s words which he had said to me. Then they said, “Let us arise and build.” So they strengthened their hands for the good work.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:18 -

“Even H637 when they made for themselves

A molten calf

And said, ‘This is your God

Who brought you up from Egypt,’

And [fn]committed great [fn]blasphemies,

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:15 -

In those days I saw in Judah some who were treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sacks of grain and loading them on donkeys, as well H637 as wine, grapes, figs and all kinds of loads, and they brought them into Jerusalem on the sabbath day. So I testified against them on the day they sold food.

Unchecked Copy BoxEst 5:12 - Haman also H637 said, “Even H637 Esther the queen let no one but me come with the king to the feast which she had prepared; and tomorrow also I am called to come to her with the king.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:19 -

‘How H637 much H637 more H637 those who dwell in houses of clay,

Whose foundation is in the dust,

Who are crushed before the moth!

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 6:27 -

“You would even H637 cast lots for the orphans

And bargain over your friend.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:14 -

“How H637 then H637 can I [fn]answer Him,

And choose my words [fn]before Him?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:3 -

“You also H637 open Your eyes on him

And bring [fn]me into judgment with Yourself.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:4 -

“Indeed H637, you annul reverent fear

And cut off musing before God.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:16 -

How H637 much H637 less H637 one who is abominable and corrupt,

Man, who drinks [fn]unrighteousness like water!

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:4 -

[fn]Even H637 if I have truly erred,

My error lodges with me.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 25:6 -

How H637 much H637 less H637 mortal man, that maggot,

And the son of man, that worm!”

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 3:1–Job 25:6) Gen 3:1–Job 25:6

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 32:10–Isa 35:2

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