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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6370 - pîleḡeš

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Of uncertain derivation
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1770

Variant Spellings

Variant spellings for this word: פילגש (Strongs and Gesenius) פלגש (Strongs)

Strong’s Definitions

פִּילֶגֶשׁ pîylegesh, pee-leh'-ghesh; or פִּלֶגֶשׁ pilegesh; of uncertain derivation; a concubine; also (masculine) a paramour:—concubine, paramour.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x

The KJV translates Strong's H6370 in the following manner: concubine (35x), concubine (with H802) (1x), paramours (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x
The KJV translates Strong's H6370 in the following manner: concubine (35x), concubine (with H802) (1x), paramours (1x).
  1. concubine, paramour

    1. concubine

    2. paramour

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
פִּילֶגֶשׁ pîylegesh, pee-leh'-ghesh; or פִּלֶגֶשׁ pilegesh; of uncertain derivation; a concubine; also (masculine) a paramour:—concubine, paramour.
STRONGS H6370: Abbreviations
פִּלֶ֫גֶשׁ, פִּילֶ֫גֶשׁ 37 noun feminine concubine (Late Hebrew id.; TargumJ פִּילַּקְתָּא (פַּלְקְתָא), perhaps influenced by Greek παλλακή, παλλακίς (properly young girl), Latin pellex; originally Greek word according to StaG. i. 380, compare also LewyFremdw. 66f; on possibly Hittite origin see JenZMG xiviii (1894), 468 ff.); — פִּ׳ absolute 2 Samuel 3:7, construct 2 Samuel 21:11, פִּי׳ absolute Genesis 36:12; Judges 19:1, construct Genesis 35:22 + 4 times; suffix פִּילַגְשׁוֹ Genesis 22:24 +, שֵׁהוּ- Judges 19:24; שִׁי- Judges 20:4 + 2 times; plural פִּלַגְשִׁים 2 Samuel 5:13 + 2 times, פִּי׳ Genesis 25:6 + 5 times; construct פִּלַגְשֵׁי 2 Samuel 16:21, 22; suffix פִּילַגְשָׁיו 2 Chronicles 11:21, פִּלַגְשֶׁיךָ 2 Samuel 19:6, פִּלַגְשֵׁיהֶם Ezekiel 23:20; —
1. concubine Genesis 22:24; Genesis 25:6; Genesis 35:22; Genesis 36:12; Judges 8:31; Judges 19:1 + 10 times Judges 19:20; 2 Samuel 3:7 (twice in verse) + 7 times 2 Samuel; 1 Kings 11:3; 1 Chronicles 1:32 + 6 times Chronicles; Esther 2:14; Songs 6:8, 9.
2. either = paramour (perhaps contempt.; ὁ πάλλαξ = youth), or < concubinage Ezekiel 23:20 (figurative of Jerusalem doting on Babylon).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


22:24; 22:24; 25:6; 25:6; 35:22; 35:22; 36:12; 36:12


8:31; 19:1; 19:1; 19:20; 19:24; 20:4

2 Samuel

3:7; 3:7; 5:13; 16:21; 16:22; 19:6; 21:11

1 Kings


1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles




Song of Songs

6:8; 6:9


23:20; 23:20

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6370 matches the Hebrew פִּילֶגֶשׁ (pîleḡeš),
which occurs 37 times in 35 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:24 - And his concubine H6370, whose name was Reumah, [fn]also bore Tebah and Gaham and Tahash and Maacah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:6 - but to the sons of the concubines H6370 which Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts while he was still living, and he sent them away from his son Isaac eastward, to the land of the east.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:22 -

Now it happened while Israel was dwelling in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father’s concubine H6370, and Israel heard of it.

And there were twelve sons of Jacob

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:12 - Timna was a concubine H6370 of Esau’s son Eliphaz, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These are the sons of Esau’s wife Adah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:31 - And his concubine H6370 who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and he [fn]named him Abimelech.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:1 -

Now it happened in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine H6370 for himself from Bethlehem in Judah.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:2 - But his concubine H6370 played the harlot against him, and she went away from him to her father’s house in Bethlehem in Judah and was there for a period of four months.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:9 - Then the man arose to go along with his concubine H6370 and young man, and his father-in-law, the girl’s father, said to him, “Behold now, the day has drawn [fn]to a close; please spend the night. Behold, the day is [fn]coming to an end; spend the night here that your heart may be merry. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey so that you may go to your tent.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:10 -

But the man was not willing to spend the night, so he arose and went and came to a place before Jebus (that is, Jerusalem). And there were with him a pair of saddled donkeys; his concubine H6370 also was with him.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:24 - “Behold, my daughter who is a virgin, and his concubine H6370—please let me bring them out that you may violate them and do to them whatever is good in your eyes. But do not commit such a disgraceful act against this man.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:25 - But the men were not willing to listen to him. So the man took hold of his concubine H6370 and brought her out to them; and they knew her and abused her all night until morning, and they let her go at the [fn]breaking of dawn.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:27 -

Then her master arose in the morning and opened the doors of the house and went out to go on his way, and behold, the woman, his concubine H6370, was lying at the doorway of the house with her hands on the threshold.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:29 - Then he entered his house and took a knife and took hold of his concubine H6370 and cut her in twelve pieces, limb by limb, and sent her throughout the territory of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:4 - So the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered and said, “I came with my concubine H6370 to spend the night at Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:5 - “Then the men of Gibeah rose up against me and surrounded the house at night because of me. They intended to kill me; instead, they violated my concubine H6370, and she died.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:6 - “And I seized my concubine H6370 and cut her in pieces and sent her throughout the land of Israel’s inheritance; for they have committed a lewd and disgraceful act in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:7 - Now Saul had a concubine H6370 whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah; and [fn]Ish-bosheth said to Abner, “Why have you gone in to my father’s concubine H6370?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:13 -

And David took more concubines H6370 and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron; and more sons and daughters were born to David.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:16 - So the king went out and all his household [fn]with him. But the king left ten concubines H6370 to keep the house.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:21 - And Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Go in to your father’s concubines H6370, whom he has left to keep the house; then all Israel will hear that you have made yourself odious to your father. The hands of all who are with you will also be strengthened.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:22 - So they pitched a tent for Absalom on the roof, and Absalom went in to his father’s concubines H6370 in the sight of all Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:5 - Then Joab came into the house to the king and said, “Today you have shamed the faces of all your servants, who today have provided escape for your life and the lives of your sons and daughters, the lives of your wives, and the lives of your concubines H6370,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:3 -

Then David came to his house at Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, the concubines H6370 whom he had left to keep the house, and placed them under guard and provided them with sustenance, but did not go in to them. So they were shut up until the day of their death, living as widows.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:11 - Then it was told to David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine H6370 of Saul, had done.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:3 - And he had 700 wives—princesses—and 300 concubines H6370, and his wives turned his heart away.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 1:32 -

The sons of Keturah, Abraham’s concubine H6370, whom she bore, were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.

And the sons of Jokshan were Sheba and Dedan.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:46 -

Ephah, Caleb’s concubine H6370, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez;

and Haran became the father of Gazez.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:48 -

Maacah, Caleb’s concubine H6370, bore Sheber and Tirhanah.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 3:9 -

All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines H6370; and Tamar was their sister.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 7:14 -

The sons of Manasseh were Asriel, whom his Aramean concubine H6370 bore; she bore Machir the father of Gilead.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 11:21 - And Rehoboam loved Maacah the daughter of Absalom more than all his other wives and concubines H6370. For he had taken eighteen wives and sixty concubines H6370 and became the father of twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 2:14 - In the evening she would go in, and in the morning she would return to the second harem, to the hand of Shaashgaz, the king’s eunuch who kept charge of the concubines H6370. She would not again go in to the king unless the king delighted in her and she was summoned by name.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 6:8 -

“There are sixty queens and eighty concubines H6370,

And [fn]maidens without number;

Unchecked Copy BoxSng 6:9 -

She is the only one—my dove, my perfect one;

She is the only one of her mother;

She is the pure one of her who bore her.

The daughters saw her and called her blessed,

The queens and the concubines H6370 also, and they praised her, saying,

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:20 - “She lusted after their paramours H6370, whose flesh is like the flesh of donkeys and whose issue is like the issue of horses.
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