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Lexicon :: Strong's H6370 - pîleḡeš

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Of uncertain derivation
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1770

Variant Spellings

Variant spellings for this word: פילגש (Strongs and Gesenius) פלגש (Strongs)

Strong’s Definitions

פִּילֶגֶשׁ pîylegesh, pee-leh'-ghesh; or פִּלֶגֶשׁ pilegesh; of uncertain derivation; a concubine; also (masculine) a paramour:—concubine, paramour.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x

The KJV translates Strong's H6370 in the following manner: concubine (35x), concubine (with H802) (1x), paramours (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x
The KJV translates Strong's H6370 in the following manner: concubine (35x), concubine (with H802) (1x), paramours (1x).
  1. concubine, paramour

    1. concubine

    2. paramour

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
פִּילֶגֶשׁ pîylegesh, pee-leh'-ghesh; or פִּלֶגֶשׁ pilegesh; of uncertain derivation; a concubine; also (masculine) a paramour:—concubine, paramour.
STRONGS H6370: Abbreviations
פִּלֶ֫גֶשׁ, פִּילֶ֫גֶשׁ 37 noun feminine concubine (Late Hebrew id.; TargumJ פִּילַּקְתָּא (פַּלְקְתָא), perhaps influenced by Greek παλλακή, παλλακίς (properly young girl), Latin pellex; originally Greek word according to StaG. i. 380, compare also LewyFremdw. 66f; on possibly Hittite origin see JenZMG xiviii (1894), 468 ff.); — פִּ׳ absolute 2 Samuel 3:7, construct 2 Samuel 21:11, פִּי׳ absolute Genesis 36:12; Judges 19:1, construct Genesis 35:22 + 4 times; suffix פִּילַגְשׁוֹ Genesis 22:24 +, שֵׁהוּ- Judges 19:24; שִׁי- Judges 20:4 + 2 times; plural פִּלַגְשִׁים 2 Samuel 5:13 + 2 times, פִּי׳ Genesis 25:6 + 5 times; construct פִּלַגְשֵׁי 2 Samuel 16:21, 22; suffix פִּילַגְשָׁיו 2 Chronicles 11:21, פִּלַגְשֶׁיךָ 2 Samuel 19:6, פִּלַגְשֵׁיהֶם Ezekiel 23:20; —
1. concubine Genesis 22:24; Genesis 25:6; Genesis 35:22; Genesis 36:12; Judges 8:31; Judges 19:1 + 10 times Judges 19:20; 2 Samuel 3:7 (twice in verse) + 7 times 2 Samuel; 1 Kings 11:3; 1 Chronicles 1:32 + 6 times Chronicles; Esther 2:14; Songs 6:8, 9.
2. either = paramour (perhaps contempt.; ὁ πάλλαξ = youth), or < concubinage Ezekiel 23:20 (figurative of Jerusalem doting on Babylon).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


22:24; 22:24; 25:6; 25:6; 35:22; 35:22; 36:12; 36:12


8:31; 19:1; 19:1; 19:20; 19:24; 20:4

2 Samuel

3:7; 3:7; 5:13; 16:21; 16:22; 19:6; 21:11

1 Kings


1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles




Song of Songs

6:8; 6:9


23:20; 23:20

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6370 matches the Hebrew פִּילֶגֶשׁ (pîleḡeš),
which occurs 37 times in 35 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:24 - His concubine H6370, whose name was Reumah, [fn]also gave birth to Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:6 - but to the sons of [fn]his concubines H6370, Abraham gave gifts while he was still living, and sent them away from his son Isaac eastward, to the land of the east.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:22 -

And it came about, while Israel was living in that land, that Reuben went and slept with his father’s concubine H6370 Bilhah, and Israel heard about it.

Now there were twelve sons of Jacob

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:12 - Timna was a concubine H6370 of Esau’s son Eliphaz, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These are the sons of Esau’s wife Adah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:31 - And his concubine H6370 who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and he [fn]named him Abimelech.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:1 -

Now it came about in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite [fn]staying in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine H6370 for himself from Bethlehem in Judah.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:2 - But his concubine H6370 [fn]found him repugnant, and she left him and went to her father’s house in Bethlehem in Judah, and remained there for a period of four months.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:9 - When the man got up to go, along with his concubine H6370 and servant, his father-in-law, the girl’s father, said to him, “Behold now, the day has drawn [fn]to a close; please spend the night. Behold, the day is [fn]coming to an end; spend the night here so that your heart may be cheerful. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey and go [fn]home.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:10 -

But the man was unwilling to spend the night, so he got up and left, and came to a place opposite Jebus (that is, Jerusalem). And with him was a pair of saddled donkeys; his concubine H6370 also was with him.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:24 - “Here is my virgin daughter and [fn]the man’s concubine H6370. Please let me bring them out, then rape them and do to them [fn]whatever you wish. But do not commit this act of vile sin against this man.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:25 - But the men would not listen to him. So the man seized his concubine H6370 and brought her outside to them; and they [fn]raped her and abused her all night until morning, then let her go at the approach of dawn.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:27 -

When her master got up in the morning and opened the doors of the house and went out to go on his way, then behold, his concubine H6370 was lying at the doorway of the house with her hands on the threshold.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:29 - When he entered his house, he took a knife and seized his concubine H6370, and cut her in twelve pieces, limb by limb. Then he sent her throughout the territory of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:4 - So the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered and said, “I came with my concubine H6370 to spend the night at Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:5 - “But the [fn]citizens of Gibeah rose up against me and surrounded the house at night, [fn]threatening me. They intended to kill me; instead, they raped my concubine H6370 so that she died.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:6 - “And I took hold of my concubine H6370 and cut her in pieces, and sent her throughout the land of Israel’s inheritance; for they have committed an outrageous sin and vile act in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:7 - And Saul had a concubine H6370 whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah; and [fn]Ish-bosheth said to Abner, “Why have you gone in to my father’s concubine H6370?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:13 -

Meanwhile David took more concubines H6370 and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron; and more sons and daughters were born to David.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:16 - So the king left, and all his household [fn]with him; but the king left ten concubines H6370 behind to take care of the house.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:21 - Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Have relations with your father’s concubines H6370, whom he has left behind to take care of the house; then all Israel will hear that you have made yourself repulsive to your father. The hands of all who are with you will also be strengthened.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 16:22 - So they pitched a tent for Absalom on the roof, and Absalom had relations with his father’s concubines H6370 in the sight of all Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:5 - Then Joab came into the house to the king and said, “Today you have shamed [fn]all your servants, who have saved your life today and the lives of your sons and daughters, the lives of your wives, and the lives of your concubines H6370,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:3 -

Then David came to his house in Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, the concubines H6370 whom he had left behind to take care of the house, and put them in custody and provided them with food, but did not [fn]have relations with them. So they were locked up until the day of their death, living as widows.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:11 - When it was reported to David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine H6370 of Saul, had done,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:3 - He had seven hundred wives, who were [fn]princesses, and three hundred concubines H6370; and his wives turned his heart away.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 1:32 - The sons of Keturah, Abraham’s concubine H6370, to whom she gave birth, were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan were Sheba and Dedan.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:46 - Ephah, Caleb’s concubine H6370, gave birth to Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran fathered Gazez.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:48 - Maacah, Caleb’s concubine H6370, gave birth to Sheber and Tirhanah.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 3:9 - All of these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines H6370; and Tamar was their sister.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 7:14 -

The sons of Manasseh were Asriel, to whom his Aramean concubine H6370 gave birth; she also gave birth to Machir, the father of Gilead.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 11:21 - Rehoboam loved Maacah the daughter of Absalom more than all his other wives and concubines H6370. For he had taken eighteen wives and sixty concubines H6370, and fathered twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 2:14 - In the evening she would enter and in the morning she would return to the second harem, to the [fn]custody of Shaashgaz, the king’s eunuch who was in charge of the concubines H6370. She would not go in to the king again, unless the king delighted in her and she was summoned by name.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 6:8 -

“There are sixty queens and eighty concubines H6370,

And [fn]young women without number;

Unchecked Copy BoxSng 6:9 -

But my dove, my perfect one, is [fn]unique:

She is her mother’s [fn]only daughter;

She is the pure child of the one who gave birth to her.

The [fn]young women saw her and called her [fn]blessed,

The queens and the concubines H6370 also, and they praised her, saying,

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:20 - “She lusted after their lovers H6370, whose flesh is like the flesh of donkeys and whose discharge is like the discharge of horses.
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