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Lexicon :: Strong's H646 - 'ēp̄ôḏ

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אֵפוֹד
Transliteration
'ēp̄ôḏ
Pronunciation
ay-fode'
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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Probably of foreign derivation
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 142.1a

Variant Spellings

Variant spellings for this word: אפוד (Strongs and Gesenius) אפד (Strongs)

Strong’s Definitions

אֵפוֹד ʼêphôwd, ay-fode'; rarely אֵפֹד ʼêphôd; probably of foreign derivation a girdle; specifically the ephod or highpriest's shoulder-piece; also generally, an image:—ephod.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 49x

The KJV translates Strong's H646 in the following manner: ephod (49x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 49x
The KJV translates Strong's H646 in the following manner: ephod (49x).
  1. ephod

    1. priestly garment, shoulder-cape or mantle, outer garment

      1. worn by an ordinary priest and made of white stuff

      2. worn by the high priest - more costly, woven of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and linen threads provided with shoulder-pieces and a breast piece of like material, ornamented with gems and gold

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אֵפוֹד ʼêphôwd, ay-fode'; rarely אֵפֹד ʼêphôd; probably of foreign derivation a girdle; specifically the ephod or highpriest's shoulder-piece; also generally, an image:—ephod.
STRONGS H646:
אֵפוֺד (28 times) & אֵפֹד (20 times) noun masculineExodus 28:7 ephod (Ethiopic አፋድ፡ compare Aramaic aXTdep   id. (on meaning see Lagl.c.), perhaps also Assyrian pid, pittu ZimBP 39; on form see Ges§ 84 a 12. R. but Lagl.c. compares وفاد, & thinks אֵפוֺד shortened from חֵשֶׁב הָא׳ 'robe of approach to God) — א׳ absolute Exodus 25:7 +; construct 1 Samuel 2:18 +; —
1. ephod, priestly garment, shoulder-cape or mantle;
a. as worn by ordinary priest made of white stuff (בַּד) 1 Samuel 22:18; נֹשֵׂא א׳ compare 2; so Samuel as a temple-servant 1 Samuel 2:8; חָגוּר א׳ girt with an ephod; so David when dancing before ark 2 Samuel 6:14 (id.) 1 Chronicles 15:27 וְעַל דוד א׳;
b. as prescribed in P for high priest, more costly, woven of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, & linen (? שֵׁשׁ)threads, provided with shoulder-pieces & breast-piece of like material, ornamented with gems and gold, Exodus 25:7; Exodus 28:4, 6, 12, 15; Exodus 29:5; Exodus 35:9, 27 + 17 times Exodus 28, 39, also Leviticus 8:7; compare probably 1 Samuel 2:28 (נֹשֵׂא א׳) 1 Samuel 14:3; 1 Samuel 21:10 (see below 2); חֵשֶׁב הָא׳ Exodus 28:27, 28; Exodus 29:5; Exodus 39:20, 21; Leviticus 8:7; מְעִיל הָא׳ Exodus 29:5; Exodus 39:22 (compare Leviticus 8:7); with verb עַל־ נָתַן אֶת־הָא׳ put the ephod on Aaron Leviticus 8:7.
2. ephod used in consulting י׳ 1 Samuel 23:6 א׳ borne in hand (read בְּיָדוֺ יָרַד וְהָא׳ Greek Version of the LXX We Dr) 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7 (twice in verse) (all with חִגִּישׁ) + 1 Samuel 14:18 (הגישׁ) & 1 Samuel 14:18, in both read הָא׳ for ארון & 1 Samuel 14:18 also נֹשֵׂא Greek Version of the LXX Klo Dr;
a. according to Thes MV Di Exodus 28:6 and elsewhere properly below 1b; consultation of י׳ in that case by Urim & Thummim in the breast-piece attached to the ephod (compare Exodus 28:28-30 & see אוּרִים); if so, in view of נשׂא 1 Samuel 2:28; 1 Samuel 14:3, 18 (compare above), not used elsewhere = wear except 1 Samuel 22:18, & of 1 Samuel 23:6, the word might be used by metonymy for the breast-piece itself;
b. others, e.g. StaGeschichte i. 466, 471 BuRS 115 and others, think of an image representing י׳; compare following.
3.
a. ephod of gold made by Gideon Judges 8:27 for a local sanctuary, by which Israel was ensnared; = 2b according to Syriac Version Thes ('sine controversia') Stu and others + Sta Bu l.c.; originally = gold sheathing of an image (compare etymology above & Isaiah 30:22 below אֲפֻדָּה); MV Be KöHauptprobleme 59 think of garment, as below 1 see above.
b. made (material not given) for a private, local sanctuary Judges 17:5; Judges 18:14, 17, 18, 20 (|| פֶּסֶל, מַסֵּכָה, תְּרָפִים in all, for Greek Version of the LXX gives מַסֵּכָה Judges 18:20, omitted by HCT); compare Hosea 3:4 Israel shall abide without king, prince, sacrifice, pillar, ephod or teraphim; according to Thes and others + Sta Bu l.c. = 2b; Stu Be Ry and others regard as below 1; in view of distinction from פסל, מסכה & תרפים it seems more likely that this is not an image, but some means of consulting deity, perhaps in imitation of Urim & Thummim.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Exodus

25:7; 25:7; 28; 28:4; 28:6; 28:6; 28:7; 28:12; 28:15; 28:27; 28:28; 28:28; 28:29; 28:30; 28:39; 29:5; 29:5; 29:5; 35:9; 35:27; 39:20; 39:21; 39:22

Leviticus

8:7; 8:7; 8:7; 8:7

Judges

8:27; 17:5; 18:14; 18:17; 18:18; 18:20; 18:20

1 Samuel

2:8; 2:18; 2:28; 2:28; 14:3; 14:3; 14:18; 14:18; 14:18; 14:18; 21:10; 22:18; 22:18; 23:6; 23:6; 23:9; 30:7

2 Samuel

6:14

1 Chronicles

15:27

Isaiah

30:22

Hosea

3:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H646 matches the Hebrew אֵפוֹד ('ēp̄ôḏ),
which occurs 49 times in 39 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 25:7 - onyx stones and setting stones for the ephod H646 and for the [fn]breastpiece.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:4 - “And these are the garments which they shall make: a [fn]breastpiece, an ephod H646, a robe, a tunic of checkered work, a turban, and a sash. They shall make holy garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so that he may serve as priest to Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:6 - “They shall also make the ephod H646 of gold, of violet, purple, and scarlet material, and fine twisted linen, the work of the skilled embroiderer.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:12 - “And you shall put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod H646, as stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall carry their names before the LORD on his two shoulders as a memorial.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:15 - “You shall make a [fn]breastpiece of judgment, the work of a skilled embroiderer; like the work of the ephod H646 you shall make it: of gold, of violet, purple, and scarlet material, and fine twisted linen you shall make it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:25 - “You shall put the other two ends of the two cords on the two filigree settings, and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod H646, at the front of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:26 - “And you shall make two rings of gold and place them on the two ends of the breastpiece, on the edge of it, which is toward the inner side of the ephod H646.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:27 - “And you shall make two rings of gold and put them on the bottom of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod H646, on the front of it close to the place where it is joined, above the skillfully woven band of the ephod H646.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:28 - “And they shall bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod H646 with a violet cord, so that it will be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod H646, and that the breastpiece will not come loose from the ephod H646.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:31 - “You shall make the robe of the ephod H646 all of violet.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:5 - “And you shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the tunic and the robe of the ephod H646, and the ephod H646 and the [fn]breastpiece, and wrap his waist with the skillfully woven band of the ephod H646;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:9 - and onyx stones and setting stones for the ephod H646 and for the [fn]breastpiece.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:27 - The rulers, moreover, brought the onyx stones and the stones for setting for the ephod H646 and for the [fn]breastpiece;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:2 - He made the ephod H646 of gold and of violet, purple, and scarlet material, and fine twisted linen.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:7 - And he placed them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod H646 as memorial stones for the sons of Israel, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:8 - And he made the breastpiece, the work of a skilled embroiderer, like the workmanship of the ephod H646: of gold and of violet, purple, and scarlet material and fine twisted linen.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:18 - And they put the other two ends of the two cords on the two filigree settings, and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod H646 at the front of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:19 - They made two gold rings and placed them on the two ends of the breastpiece, on its inner edge which was next to the ephod H646.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:20 - Furthermore, they made two gold rings and placed them on the bottom of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod H646, on the front of it, close to the place where it joined, above the woven band of the ephod H646.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:21 - And they bound the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod H646 with a violet cord, so that it would be on the woven band of the ephod H646, and that the breastpiece would not come loose from the ephod H646, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:22 - Then he made the robe of the ephod H646 of woven work, all of violet;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:7 - Then he put the tunic on [fn]Aaron and wrapped his waist with the sash, and clothed him with the robe and put the ephod H646 on him; and he wrapped his waist with the artistic band of the ephod H646, [fn]with which he fitted it to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:27 - Gideon made it into an ephod H646, and placed it in his city, Ophrah; but all Israel [fn]committed infidelity with it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 17:5 - And the man Micah had a [fn]shrine and he made an ephod H646 and [fn]household idols, and [fn]consecrated one of his sons, so that he might become his priest.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:14 - Then the five men who went to spy out the country of Laish [fn]said to their kinsmen, “Do you know that there are in these houses an ephod H646 and [fn]household idols, and a carved image and a cast metal image? Now then, consider what you should do.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:17 - Now the five men who went to spy out the land went up and entered there; they took the carved image, the ephod H646, the [fn]household idols, and the cast metal image, while the priest was standing at the entrance of the gate with the six hundred men armed with weapons of war.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:18 - When these men entered Micah’s house and took the carved image, the ephod H646, [fn]household idols, and the cast metal image, the priest said to them, “What are you doing?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:20 - The priest’s heart was glad, and he took the ephod H646, the [fn]household idols, and the carved image, and went among the people.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:18 - Now Samuel was ministering before the LORD, as a boy wearing a linen ephod H646.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:28 - ‘Did I not choose them from all the tribes of Israel to be My priests, to go up to My altar, to burn incense, to carry an ephod H646 before Me? And did I not give to the house of your father all the fire offerings of the sons of Israel?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:3 - and Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of the LORD at Shiloh, was [fn]wearing an ephod H646. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:9 - Then the priest said, “The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you [fn]killed in the Valley of Elah, behold, it is wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod H646; if you would take it for yourself, take it. For there is no other except it here.” And David said, “There is none like it; give it to me.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:18 - Then the king said to Doeg, “You, turn around and [fn]attack the priests!” And Doeg the Edomite turned around and [fn]attacked the priests, and he killed on that day eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod H646.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:6 - Now it came about, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, that he came down with an ephod H646 in his hand.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:9 - But David knew that Saul was plotting evil against him; so he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod H646 here.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:7 - Then David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, “Please bring me the ephod H646.” So Abiathar brought the ephod H646 to David.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 6:14 - And David was dancing before the LORD with all his strength, and David was wearing a linen ephod H646.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:27 - Now David was clothed with a robe of fine linen with all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the leader of the singing with the singers. David also wore an ephod H646 of linen.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 3:4 - For the sons of Israel will live for many days without a king or leader, without sacrifice or memorial stone, and without ephod H646 or [fn]household idols.

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