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Lexicon :: Strong's H6684 - ṣûm

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1890

Strong’s Definitions

צוּם tsûwm, tsoom; a primitive root; to cover over (the mouth), i.e. to fast:—× at all, fast.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 21x

The KJV translates Strong's H6684 in the following manner: fast (20x), at all (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 21x
The KJV translates Strong's H6684 in the following manner: fast (20x), at all (1x).
  1. (Qal) to abstain from food, fast

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
צוּם tsûwm, tsoom; a primitive root; to cover over (the mouth), i.e. to fast:—× at all, fast.
† [צוּם] verb abstain from food, fast (Late Hebrew id.; Arabic (bdb084701) bdb084702, Ethiopic bdb084703 Aramaic צוּם, bdb084704); —
Qal Perfect 2nd person masculine singular צַמְתָּ 2 Samuel 12:21; 2nd person masculine plural צַמְתֶּם Zechariah 7:5, suffix צַמְתֻּנִי Zechariah 7:5; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיָּ֫צָם 2 Samuel 12:16, וַיָּצוֺ֑ם 1 Kings 21:27; 1st person singular אָצוּם Esther 4:16, etc.; Imperative masculine plural צוּמוּ Esther 4:16; Infinitive absolute צוֺם Zechariah 7:5; Participle צָם 2 Samuel 12:23; Nehemiah 1:4; — fast, in mourning the dead 1 Samuel 31:13 = 1 Chronicles 10:12; 2 Samuel 1:12; in worship (contrition, intercession, etc.) Jon 20:26; 1 Samuel 7:6; 2 Samuel 12:16 (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb צוֺם; || בִּקֵּשׁ), 2 Samuel 12:23 and (+בָּכָה), 2 Samuel 12:21; 2 Samuel 12:22 (q. v. for explanation), Jeremiah 14:12; Zechariah 7:5 (+סְפוֺד), הֲצוֺם צַמְתֻּנִי Zechariah 7:5 (Ges§ 117x) was it at all unto me [י׳] that ye fasted ? וָאֱהִי צָם Nehemiah 1:4 (periphrase conjectural; + מִתְפַּלֵּל), compare Ezra 8:23 (+ בִּקֵּשׁ), Esther 4:16 (with עַל person for whom), Esther 4:16, Isaiah 58:3 (|| עִנִּינוּ נַפְשֵׁנוּ), Isaiah 58:4 (with ל of thing), Isaiah 58:4; once in disappointment and vexation 1 Kings 21:27.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

1 Samuel

7:6; 31:13

2 Samuel

1:12; 12:16; 12:16; 12:21; 12:21; 12:22; 12:23; 12:23

1 Kings

21:27; 21:27

1 Chronicles





1:4; 1:4


4:16; 4:16; 4:16; 4:16


58:3; 58:4; 58:4




7:5; 7:5; 7:5; 7:5; 7:5


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6684 matches the Hebrew צוּם (ṣûm),
which occurs 21 times in 17 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:26 - Then all the sons of Israel and all the people went up and came to Bethel, and they wept and remained there before the LORD, and fasted H6684 that day until evening. And they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:6 - So they gathered to Mizpah, and drew water and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted H6684 on that day and said there, “We have sinned against the LORD.” And Samuel judged the sons of Israel at Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 31:13 - And they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree in Jabesh, and fasted H6684 for seven days.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:12 - And they mourned and wept and fasted H6684 until evening for Saul and his son Jonathan, and for the people of the LORD and the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:16 - David therefore pleaded with God for the child; and David fasted H6684 and went and lay all night on the ground.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:21 - Then his servants said to him, “What is this thing that you have done? You fasted H6684 and wept for the child while he was [fn]alive; but when the child died, you got up and ate food.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:22 - And he said, “While the child was still alive, I fasted H6684 and wept; for I said, ‘Who knows, the LORD may be gracious to me, and the child may live.’
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:23 - “But now he has died; why should I fast H6684? Can I bring him back again? I am going to him, but he will not return to me.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:27 - Yet it came about, when Ahab heard these words, that he tore his clothes and put [fn]on sackcloth and fasted H6684, and he lay in sackcloth and went about despondently.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 10:12 - all the valiant men got up and took away the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh; and they buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted H6684 for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:23 - So we fasted H6684 and sought our God concerning this matter, and He [fn]listened to our pleading.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 1:4 - Now when I heard these words, I sat down and wept and mourned for days; and I was fasting H6684 and praying before the God of heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:16 - “Go, gather all the Jews who are found in Susa, and fast H6684 for me; do not eat or drink for three days, night or day. I and my attendants also will fast H6684 in the same way. And then I will go in to the king, which is not in accordance with the law; and if I perish, I perish.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:3 - ‘Why have we fasted H6684 and You do not see?
Why have we humbled ourselves and You do not [fn]notice?’
Behold, on the day of your fast you find your desire,
And oppress all your workers.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:4 - “Behold, you fast H6684 for contention and strife, and to strike with a wicked fist.
You do not fast H6684 like you have done today to make your voice heard on high!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 14:12 - “When they fast H6684, I am not going to listen to their cry; and when they offer burnt offering and grain offering, I am not going to accept them. Rather, I am going to put an end to them by the sword, famine, and plague.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:5 - “Say to all the people of the land and to the priests, ‘When you fasted H6684 and mourned in the fifth and seventh months [fn]these seventy years, was it actually H6684 for Me that you fasted H6684?

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