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Lexicon :: Strong's H6822 - ṣāp̄â

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1950

Strong’s Definitions

צָפָה tsâphâh, tsaw-faw'; a primitive root; properly, to lean forward, i.e. to peer into the distance; by implication, to observe, await:—behold, espy, look up (well), wait for, (keep the) watch(-man).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x

The KJV translates Strong's H6822 in the following manner: watchman (20x), watch (8x), behold (2x), look (2x), espy (1x), look up (1x), waited (1x), look well (1x), variant for Zophim (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x
The KJV translates Strong's H6822 in the following manner: watchman (20x), watch (8x), behold (2x), look (2x), espy (1x), look up (1x), waited (1x), look well (1x), variant for Zophim (1x).
  1. to look out or about, spy, keep watch, observe, watch

    1. (Qal) to keep watch, spy

    2. (Piel) to watch, watch closely

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
צָפָה tsâphâh, tsaw-faw'; a primitive root; properly, to lean forward, i.e. to peer into the distance; by implication, to observe, await:—behold, espy, look up (well), wait for, (keep the) watch(-man).
STRONGS H6822: Abbreviations
I. [צָפָה]37 verb look out or about, spy keep watch (Late Hebrew id., Pi. hope; Ethiopic bdb085902 III. hope); —
Qal28 Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular jussive יִצֶף בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶ֑ךָ Genesis 31:49 (J) may י׳ keep watch between me and thee (that the covenant be kept = עֵד וגו׳ א׳ Genesis 31:50); 3rd person feminine plural תִּצְפֶּי֑נָה בַּגּוֺיִם עֵינָיו Psalm 66:9 [Psalm 66:7] his eyes keep watch upon the nations; Participle active צוֺפֶה רָשָׁע֫ לַצַּדִּיק Psalm 37:32 a wicked man spieth upon the righteous; Song 7:5 [Song 7:4] the town which looketh toward (מְּנֵי) Damascus; feminine צוֺפִיָּה Proverbs 31:27 she keepeth watch of (with accusative); plural עֵינֵי י׳ צֹפוֺת רָעִים וְטוֺבִים Proverbs 15:3; elsewhere as substantive watchman, absoluteצֹפֶה 2 Samuel 13:34 +; plural צֹפִים 1 Samuel 14:16 +, suffix צֹפָיו Isaiah 56:10 Qr (Kt צפו), צֹפַיִךְ Isaiah 52:8; — 1 Samuel 14:16; 2 Samuel 13:34 8 times Samuel Kings, Ezekiel 33:2, Ezekiel 33:6 (twice in verse); Isaiah 52:8, so in שְׂדֵה צֹפִים [H6839 Numbers 23:14] (JE); figurative of prophets Hosea 9:8; Jeremiah 6:17; Ezekiel 3:17; Ezekiel 33:7; Isaiah 56:10; — צוֺפִים 1 Samuel 1:1 see צוּפִי; Passive participle צָפוּ (Manuscripts and Qr צָפוּי), Job 15:22 spied out (and brought) to (אֱלֵי) the sword (Em Bi PerlesAnal. 29 צָפוּן compare Di Bu).
Pi. Perfect 1st person plural צִפִּינוּ Lamentations 4:17; Imperfect 1st person singular אֲצַפֶּה Micah 7:7 +; Imperative masculine singular צַפֵּה Nahum 2:2, feminine singular צַפִּי Jeremiah 48:19; Participle מְצַפֶּה 1 Samuel 4:13; Isaiah 21:6; plural suffix מְצַפֶּיךָ Micah 7:4; — watch (closely), אֶלרֶּֿרֶךְ עִמְדִי וְצ׳ Jeremiah 48:19, דֶֿרֶךְ צ׳ Nahum 2:2 [Nahum 2:1]; + אֶל of person expected Lamentations 4:17; figurative אֲצַפֶּה בְּי׳ Micah 7:7; absolute literal 1 Samuel 4:13; figurative Habakkuk 2:1 I will look forth, to see (לִרְאוֺת) what he will say; Psalm 5:4 [Psalm 5:3] I will look out (expectantly); participle as noun = watchman Isaiah 21:6; Micah 7:4.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


31:49; 31:50

1 Samuel

1:1; 4:13; 4:13; 14:16; 14:16

2 Samuel

13:34; 13:34




5:3; 37:32; 66:7


15:3; 31:27

Song of Songs



21:6; 21:6; 52:8; 52:8; 56:10; 56:10


6:17; 48:19; 48:19


4:17; 4:17


3:17; 33:2; 33:6; 33:7




7:4; 7:4; 7:7; 7:7


2:1; 2:2



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6822 matches the Hebrew צָפָה (ṣāp̄â),
which occurs 37 times in 33 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:49 - and [fn]Mizpah, for he said, “May Yahweh watch H6822 between [fn]you and me when we are [fn]absent one from the other.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 4:13 - And he came, and behold, Eli was sitting on his seat [fn]by the road eagerly watching H6822 because his heart was trembling for the ark of God. Now the man came to tell it in the city, and all the city cried out.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:16 -

Then Saul’s watchmen H6822 in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and behold, the multitude melted away; and they went here and there.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:34 -

Then Absalom fled. And the young man who was the watchman H6822 raised his eyes and looked, and behold, many people were coming from the road behind him by the side of the mountain.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:24 -

Now David was sitting between the two gates; and the watchman H6822 went up to the roof of the gate by the wall, and raised his eyes and looked, and behold, a man running by himself.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:25 - And the watchman H6822 called and told the king. And the king said, “If he is by himself there is good news in his mouth.” And he came nearer and nearer.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:26 - Then the watchman H6822 saw another man running; and the watchman H6822 called to the gatekeeper and said, “Behold, another man running by himself.” And the king said, “This one also is bringing good news.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 18:27 - And the watchman H6822 said, “I see that the running of the first one is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok.” And the king said, “This is a good man and comes with good news.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:17 -

Now the watchman H6822 was standing on the tower in Jezreel and he saw the [fn]company of Jehu as he came, and said, “I see a [fn]company.” And Joram said, “Take a horseman and send him to meet them and let him say, ‘Is it peace?’”

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:18 - So a horseman went to meet him and said, “Thus says the king, ‘Is it peace?’” And Jehu said, “What have you to do with peace? Turn behind me.” And the watchman H6822 declared saying, “The messenger came to them, but he did not return.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:20 - And the watchman H6822 declared saying, “He came up to them, but he did not return; and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi, for he drives in madness.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:22 -

“He does not believe that he will return from darkness,

And he is destined H6822 for the sword.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 5:3 -

O Yahweh, in the morning, [fn]You will hear my voice;

In the morning I will order my [fn]prayer to You and eagerly watch H6822.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:32 -


The wicked spies H6822 upon the righteous

And seeks to put him to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 66:7 -

He rules by His might forever;

His eyes keep H6822 watch H6822 on the nations;

Let not the rebellious exalt themselves. Selah.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:3 -

The eyes of Yahweh are in every place,

Watching H6822 the evil and the good.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:27 -


She watches H6822 over H6822 the ways of her household,

And does not eat the bread of [fn]idleness.

Unchecked Copy BoxSng 7:4 -

“Your neck is like a tower of ivory,

Your eyes like the pools in Heshbon

By the gate of Bath-rabbim;

Your nose is like the tower of Lebanon,

Which faces toward Damascus.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:6 -

For thus the Lord says to me,

“Go, station the lookout H6822, let him declare what he sees.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:8 -

The voice of Your watchmen H6822! They lift up their voices;

They shout joyfully together;

For they will see [fn]with their own eyes

When Yahweh returns to Zion.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 56:10 -

His watchmen H6822 are blind;

All of them know nothing.

All of them are mute dogs unable to bark,

[fn]Dreamers lying down, who love to slumber;

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:17 -

“And I set watchmen H6822 over you, saying,

‘Give heed to the sound of the trumpet!’

But they said, ‘We will not give heed.’

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:19 -

“Stand by the road and keep H6822 watch H6822,

O inhabitant of Aroer;

Ask him who flees and her who escapes

And say, ‘What has happened?’

Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:17 -


Yet our eyes were spent,

Looking for [fn]help was vanity;

In our watching we have watched H6822

For a nation that could not save.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 3:17 - “Son of man, I have given you as a watchman H6822 to the house of Israel; so you will hear a word from My mouth, and you shall warn them from Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 33:2 - “Son of man, speak to the sons of your people and say to them, ‘If I bring a sword upon a land, and the people of the land take one man from among them and make him their watchman H6822,
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 33:6 - ‘But if the watchman H6822 sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet and the people are not warned, and a sword comes and takes a person from them, he is taken away [fn]in his iniquity; but his blood I will require from the watchman’s H6822 hand.’
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 33:7 -

“Now as for you, son of man, I have given you as a watchman H6822 for the house of Israel; so you will hear a word from My mouth and give them warning from Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:8 -

Ephraim was a watchman H6822 with my God, a prophet;

Yet the snare of a bird catcher is in all his ways,

And there is only hostility in the house of his God.

Unchecked Copy BoxMic 7:4 -

The best of them is like a briar,

The most upright like a thorn hedge.

The day when you post your watchmen H6822,

Your punishment will come.

[fn]At that time their panic will happen.

Unchecked Copy BoxMic 7:7 -

But as for me, I will watch H6822 expectantly H6822 for Yahweh;

I will wait for the God of my salvation.

My God will hear me.

Unchecked Copy BoxNah 2:1 -

[fn]The one who scatters has come up against [fn]you.

Guard the fortification, watch H6822 the road;

Strengthen your loins, [fn]instill your power with exceeding courage.

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:1 -

I will stand on my guard post

And station myself on the fortification;

And I will keep H6822 watch H6822 to see what He will speak to me

And how I may respond [fn]when I am reproved.

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