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Lexicon :: Strong's H6887 - ṣārar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1973,1974

Strong’s Definitions

צָרַר tsârar, tsaw-rar'; a primitive root; to cramp, literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive:—adversary, (be in) afflict(-ion), beseige, bind (up), (be in, bring) distress, enemy, narrower, oppress, pangs, shut up, be in a strait (trouble), vex.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 58x

The KJV translates Strong's H6887 in the following manner: enemy (14x), distress (7x), bind up (6x), vex (6x), afflict (4x), besiege (4x), adversary (3x), strait (3x), trouble (2x), bound (2x), pangs (2x), miscellaneous (5x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 58x
The KJV translates Strong's H6887 in the following manner: enemy (14x), distress (7x), bind up (6x), vex (6x), afflict (4x), besiege (4x), adversary (3x), strait (3x), trouble (2x), bound (2x), pangs (2x), miscellaneous (5x).
  1. to bind, be narrow, be in distress, make narrow, cause distress, besiege, be straitened, be bound

    1. (Qal)

      1. to bind, tie up, shut up

      2. to be scant, be cramped, be in straits

    2. (Pual) to be bound, be tied up

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to make narrow for, cause distress to, press hard upon

      2. to suffer distress

  2. to show hostility toward, vex

    1. (Qal)

      1. to show hostility toward, treat with enmity, vex, harass

      2. vexer, harasser (participle)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
צָרַר tsârar, tsaw-rar'; a primitive root; to cramp, literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive:—adversary, (be in) afflict(-ion), beseige, bind (up), (be in, bring) distress, enemy, narrower, oppress, pangs, shut up, be in a strait (trouble), vex.
STRONGS H6887: Abbreviations
† [צָרַר] verb denominative
Hiph. suffer distress (specifically of travail, compare Jeremiah 4:31; Jeremiah 49:24); — Participle לֵב אִשָּׁה מְצֵרָה (in simile) Jeremiah 48:41; Jeremiah 49:22.

† II. צָרַר verb shew hostility toward, vex (Late Hebrew צַר foe; Arabic bdb086501 harm, damage, Sabean צֿר war, foe MordtmHim. Inschr. 60. 71 SabDenkm24 CISiv. 174, 1. 6 HomChrest. 125; Ethiopic bdb086502 be hostile, in derived species and derivatives; Assyrian ṣarâru, be hostile, ṣarru, foe; Arabic bdb086503, Assyrian ṣirritu, Syriac bdb086504, all = rival-wife, so (? Hebrew influence) Targum צָרָא 1 Samuel 1:6; see especially LagDeceased Wife's Sister, GGN. 1882, No. 13; = Mi. 125 ff. Dr1 Samuel 1:6); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person plural וְצָֽרֲרוּ Numbers 33:55 consecutive, suffix צְרָרוּנִי Psalm 129:1; Psalm 129:2; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יָצֹר Isaiah 11:13; Infinitive absolute צָרוֺר Numbers 25:17; Participle active צֹרֵר Numbers 10:9, plural suffix צֹרֲרי Psalm 31:12 +, etc.; — shew hostility toward, treat with enmity, vex, harass, with accusative of person Isaiah 11:13; Numbers 10:9; Numbers 25:17; once with ל person Numbers 25:18; also participle as substantive (construct or with suffix) vexer, harasser, Amos 5:12; Isaiah 11:13; Exodus 23:22 (E), Psalm 6:8; Psalm 7:5; Psalm 7:7; Psalm 8:3; Psalm 10:5; Psalm 23:5; Psalm 31:12; Psalm 42:11; Psalm 69:20; Psalm 74:4; Psalm 74:23; Psalm 143:12; Esther 3:10; Esther 8:1; Esther 9:10, 24. — Leviticus 18:18 see [צָרַר] below.

[צָרַר] verb denominative make a rival-wife; —
Qal Infinitive construct לִצְרֹר Leviticus 18:18 to make [her] a rival-wife (LagGGN, 1882, 406 Dr-WhLv Baenl. v).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




18:18; 18:18


10:9; 10:9; 25:17; 25:17; 25:18; 33:55

1 Samuel

1:6; 1:6


3:10; 8:1; 9:10; 9:24


6:8; 7:5; 7:7; 8:3; 10:5; 23:5; 31:12; 31:12; 42:11; 69:20; 74:4; 74:23; 129:1; 129:2; 143:12


11:13; 11:13; 11:13


4:31; 48:41; 49:22; 49:24



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6887 matches the Hebrew צָרַר (ṣārar),
which occurs 53 times in 52 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Exo 12:34–Hos 13:12)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:34 - So the people took their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls bound H6887 up in the clothes on their shoulders.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:22 - “But if you truly obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries. H6887
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 18:18 - ‘You shall not [fn]marry a woman in addition to [fn]her sister [fn]as a rival H6887 while she is alive, to uncover her nakedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:9 - “When you go to war in your land against the adversary who attacks H6887 you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the LORD your God, and be saved from your enemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:17 - “Be hostile H6887 to the Midianites and strike them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:18 - for they have been H6887 hostile H6887 to you with their tricks, with which they have deceived you in the affair of Peor and in the affair of Cozbi, the daughter of the leader of Midian, their sister who was slain on the day of the plague because of Peor.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:55 - ‘But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then it shall come about that those whom you let remain of them will become as pricks in your eyes and as thorns in your sides, and they will trouble H6887 you in the land in which you live.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:25 - then you shall [fn]exchange it for money, and bind the money in your hand and go to the place which the LORD your God chooses.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:52 - “It shall besiege H6887 you in all your [fn]towns until your high and fortified walls in which you trusted come down throughout your land, and it shall besiege H6887 you in all your [fn]towns throughout your land which the LORD your God has given you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:4 - they also acted craftily and [fn]set out as envoys, and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys, and wineskins worn-out and torn and [fn]mended, H6887
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:29 - “Should anyone rise up to pursue you and to seek your [fn]life, then the [fn]life of my lord shall be bound H6887 in the bundle of the living with the LORD your God; but the [fn]lives of your enemies He will sling out [fn]as from the hollow of a sling.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:15 - Then Samuel said to Saul, “Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?” And Saul answered, “I am greatly distressed; H6887 for the Philistines are waging war against me, and God has departed from me and no longer answers me, either through prophets or by dreams; therefore I have called you, that you may make known to me what I should do.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:26 - “I am distressed H6887 for you, my brother Jonathan;
You have been very pleasant to me.
Your love to me was more wonderful
Than the love of women.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:3 - Then David came to his house at Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, the concubines whom he had left to keep the house, and placed them under guard and provided them with sustenance, but did not go in to them. So they were shut H6887 up until the day of their death, living as widows.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:37 - “If there is famine in the land, if there is pestilence, if there is blight or mildew, locust or grasshopper, if their enemy besieges H6887 them in the land of their [fn]cities, whatever plague, whatever sickness there is,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:23 - Naaman said, “Be pleased to take two talents.” And he urged him, and bound two talents of silver in two bags with two changes of clothes and gave them to two of his servants; and they carried them before him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:22 - Now in the time of his distress H6887 this same King Ahaz became yet more unfaithful to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 33:12 - When he was in distress, H6887 he entreated the LORD his God and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 3:10 - Then the king took his signet ring from his hand and gave it to Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy H6887 of the Jews.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:1 - On that day King Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman, the enemy H6887 of the Jews, to Queen Esther; and Mordecai came before the king, for Esther had disclosed what he was to her.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:10 - the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews’ enemy; H6887 but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:24 - For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary H6887 of all the Jews, had schemed against the Jews to destroy them and had cast Pur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 26:8 - “He wraps H6887 up the waters in His clouds,
And the cloud does not burst under them.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 6:7 - My eye has wasted away with grief;
It has become old because of all my adversaries. H6887
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 7:4 - If I have rewarded evil to [fn]my friend,
Or have plundered [fn]him who without cause was my adversary, H6887
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 7:6 - Arise, O LORD, in Your anger;
Lift up Yourself against the rage of my adversaries, H6887
And arouse Yourself [fn]for me; You have appointed judgment.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 8:2 - From the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have established [fn]strength
Because of Your adversaries, H6887
To make the enemy and the revengeful cease.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:5 - His ways [fn]prosper at all times;
Your judgments are on high, out of his sight;
As for all his adversaries, H6887 he snorts at them.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 23:5 - You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; H6887
You [fn]have anointed my head with oil;
My cup overflows.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 31:9 - Be gracious to me, O LORD, for I am in distress; H6887
My eye is wasted away from grief, my soul and my body also.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 31:11 - Because of all my adversaries, H6887 I have become a reproach,
Especially to my neighbors,
And an object of dread to my acquaintances;
Those who see me in the street flee from me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 42:10 - As a shattering of my bones, my adversaries H6887 revile me,
While they say to me all day long, “Where is your God?”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:17 - And do not hide Your face from Your servant,
For I am in distress; H6887 answer me quickly.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:19 - You know my reproach and my shame and my dishonor;
All my adversaries H6887 are [fn]before You.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:4 - Your adversaries H6887 have roared in the midst of Your meeting place;
They have set up their own [fn]standards for signs.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:23 - Do not forget the voice of Your adversaries, H6887
The uproar of those who rise against You which ascends continually.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 129:1 - A Song of Ascents.
[fn]Many times they have [fn]persecuted H6887 me from my youth up,”
Let Israel now say,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 129:2 - [fn]Many times they have [fn]persecuted H6887 me from my youth up;
Yet they have not prevailed against me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 143:12 - And in Your lovingkindness, [fn]cut off my enemies
And destroy all those who afflict H6887 my soul,
For I am Your servant.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 26:8 - Like [fn]one who binds H6887 a stone in a sling,
So is he who gives honor to a fool.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:4 - Who has ascended into heaven and descended?
Who has gathered the wind in His fists?
Who has wrapped H6887 the waters in [fn]His garment?
Who has established all the ends of the earth?
What is His name or His son’s name?
Surely you know!
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:16 - Bind H6887 up the testimony, seal the [fn]law among my disciples.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 11:13 - Then the jealousy of Ephraim will depart,
And those who harass H6887 Judah will be cut off;
Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah,
And Judah will not harass H6887 Ephraim.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:20 - The bed is too short on which to stretch out,
And the blanket is too [fn]small H6887 to wrap oneself in.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:18 - For thus says the LORD,
“Behold, I am slinging out the inhabitants of the land
At this time,
And will cause H6887 them distress, H6887
That they may [fn]be found.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:41 - “Kerioth has been captured
And the strongholds have been seized,
So the hearts of the mighty men of Moab in that day
Will be like the heart of a woman in labor. H6887
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:22 - Behold, [fn]He will mount up and swoop like an eagle and spread out His wings [fn]against Bozrah; and the hearts of the mighty men of Edom in that day will be like the heart of a woman in labor. H6887
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:20 - “See, O LORD, for I am in distress; H6887
My [fn]spirit is greatly troubled;
My heart is overturned within me,
For I have been very rebellious.
In the street the sword [fn]slays;
In the house it is like death.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:19 - The wind wraps H6887 them in its wings,
And they will be ashamed because of their sacrifices.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 13:12 - The iniquity of Ephraim is bound H6887 up;
His sin is stored up.

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