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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6924 - qeḏem

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Part of Speech
adverb, masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1988a

Strong’s Definitions

קֶדֶם qedem, keh'-dem; or קֵדְמָה qêdᵉmâh; from H6923; the front, of place (absolutely, the fore part, relatively the East) or time (antiquity); often used adverbially (before, anciently, eastward):—aforetime, ancient (time), before, east (end, part, side, -ward), eternal, × ever(-lasting), forward, old, past. Compare H6926.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 87x

The KJV translates Strong's H6924 in the following manner: east (32x), old (17x), eastward (11x), ancient (6x), east side (5x), before (3x), east part (2x), ancient time (2x), aforetime (1x), eternal (1x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 87x
The KJV translates Strong's H6924 in the following manner: east (32x), old (17x), eastward (11x), ancient (6x), east side (5x), before (3x), east part (2x), ancient time (2x), aforetime (1x), eternal (1x), miscellaneous (7x).
masculine noun
  1. east, antiquity, front, that which is before, aforetime

    1. front, from the front or east, in front, mount of the East

    2. ancient time, aforetime, ancient, from of old, earliest time

    3. anciently, of old (adverb)

    4. beginning

    5. east

  2. eastward, to or toward the East

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
קֶדֶם qedem, keh'-dem; or קֵדְמָה qêdᵉmâh; from H6923; the front, of place (absolutely, the fore part, relatively the East) or time (antiquity); often used adverbially (before, anciently, eastward):—aforetime, ancient (time), before, east (end, part, side, -ward), eternal, × ever(-lasting), forward, old, past. Compare H6926.
STRONGS H6924: Abbreviations
קֶ֫דֶם noun [masculine] front, east, aforetime; — absoluteק׳ Deuteronomy 33:27 +, קֶ֑קֶם Judges 8:10 +; construct קֶדֶם Proverbs 8:22; once plural construct קַדְמֵי Proverbs 8:23; —
1. location.
a. front, מִקּ׳ Isaiah 9:11 from the front (i.e. East), in front (opposed to מֵאָחוֺר), אָחוֺר וָק׳ Psalm 139:5 behind and before; אֶהֳלֹךְ ק׳ Job 23:8 I go forward (opposed to אָחוֺר)
b. East: הַרהַֿקּ׳ Genesis 10:30 (J) mount of the East; בְּנֵיקֿ׳ = dwellers in the east, tribes east or northeast of Canaan Genesis 29:1 (E), Judges 6:3, 33; Judges 7:12; Judges 8:10; 1 Kings 5:10; Isaiah 11:14; Jeremiah 49:28; Ezekiel 25:4, 10; Job 1:3; הַרְרֵי ק׳ Numbers 23:7, see Di Sachau: Reise (1883), 159 ff.165 ff. Dr in Hast.PETHOS; אֶרֶץ ק׳ Genesis 25:6 (J); מָֽלְאוּ מִקֶּדֶם Isaiah 2:6 they are full from the east (insert probablyקֶסֶם, מִקְסָם, or < קֹסְמִים before מִקּ׳, compare Lo De Du CheHpt Di-Kit); elsewhere מִקּ׳ =eastward:
(1) in the east Genesis 2:8
(2) on the eastern (side) Genesis 12:8 (J) Zechariah 14:4; לְ מִקּ׳ on the east of Genesis 3:24 (J), Genesis 12:8 (J), Numbers 34: (P), Joshua 7:2 (JE), Judges 8:11; Ezekiel 11:23 = Jonah 4:5; -3eastward, with verb of motion Genesis 11:2; Genesis 13:11 (both J).
2. temporal, ancient time, aforetime:
a. הַרְרֵי ק׳ Deuteronomy 33:15 ancient mountains, compare אֱלֹהֵי ק׳ Deuteronomy 33:27, מַלְכֵיקֿ׳ Isaiah 19:11, בִּשְׁמֵי שְׁמֵיקֿ׳ Psalm 68:34.
b. כִּימֵי ק׳ Psalm 44:2 in ancient days; compare מִימֵי ק׳ from of old Isaiah 23:7; Micah 7:20; Lamentations 1:7; Lamentations 2:17; Isaiah 37:26 = לְמִימֵי ק׳) 2 Kings 19:25 (see מִן 9b (2)); כִּימֵי ק׳ Isaiah 51:9; Jeremiah 46:26; יַרְחֵי ק׳ Job 29:2 months of old.
c. מִקּ׳ from of old Micah 5:1; Isaiah 45:21; Isaiah 46:10; Habakkuk 1:12; Nehemiah 12:46; Psalm 77:12 מִנִּיק׳ 7; Psalm 8:2 springing out of, derived from, ancient times (compare Dr); יָמִים מִקּ׳ Psalm 77:6; Psalm 143:5 days from of old.
d. ק׳ alone, as adverb anciently, of old Psalm 74:2; Psalm 119:152; כְּק׳ Jeremiah 30:20; Lamentations 5:21; ישֵׁב ק׳ Psalm 55:20 he that sitteth (enthroned from) of old.
e. beginning, מִקַּדְמֵיאָֿ֑רֶץ Proverbs 8:23 from the beginnings of the earth; מִפְעָלָיו ק׳ Proverbs 8:22 the beginning of his works (|| רֵאשִׁית).

[קֵ֫דֶם], with ה locative I. קֵ֫דְמָה adverb eastward, to, toward, the east; — Genesis 25:6 (J), Leviticus 1:16; Leviticus 16:14; Numbers 34:3, 11, 15; Joshua 19:12, 13 (all P), 1 Kings 7:39 2 Chronicles 4:10; 1 Kings 17:3 = 2 Kings 13:17; Ezekiel 8:16 (twice in verse); + north, south, west, Genesis 13:14; Genesis 28:14 (both J), Numbers 2:3; Numbers 3:28; Numbers 10:5 (north, west, in Greek Version of the LXX), Numbers 34:10 (all P); also as noun after פְּאַת = eastern side, Exodus 27:13; Exodus 38:13 (both P), + W Ezekiel 45:7 (strike out Co; read קֶדֶם Berthol Toy Krae), + north, south, west, Numbers 35:5; Joshua 18:20 so גְּבוּל ק׳ Joshua 15:5 (all P).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H6925.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:8; 3:24; 10:30; 11:2; 12:8; 12:8; 13:11; 13:14; 25:6; 25:6; 28:14; 29:1


27:13; 38:13


1:16; 16:14


2:3; 3:28; 10:5; 23:7; 34; 34:3; 34:10; 34:11; 34:15; 35:5


33:15; 33:27; 33:27


7:2; 15:5; 18:20; 19:12; 19:13


6:3; 6:33; 7:12; 8:10; 8:10; 8:11

1 Kings

5:10; 7:39; 17:3

2 Kings

13:17; 19:25

2 Chronicles





1:3; 23:8; 29:2


8:2; 44:2; 55:20; 68:34; 74:2; 77:6; 77:12; 119:152; 139:5; 143:5


8:22; 8:22; 8:23; 8:23


2:6; 9:11; 11:14; 19:11; 23:7; 37:26; 45:21; 46:10; 51:9


30:20; 46:26; 49:28


1:7; 2:17; 5:21


8:16; 11:23; 25:4; 25:10; 45:7




5:1; 7:20





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6924 matches the Hebrew קֶדֶם (qeḏem),
which occurs 87 times in 83 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 2:8–Psa 74:12)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:8 - The LORD God planted a garden toward the east H6924, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:24 - So He drove the man out; and at the east H6924 of the Garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 10:30 - Now their [fn]settlement [fn]extended from Mesha [fn]going toward Sephar, the hill country of the east H6924.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:2 - And it came about, as they journeyed [fn]east H6924, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and [fn]settled there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:8 - Then he proceeded from there to the mountain on the east H6924 of Bethel, and pitched his tent with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east H6924; and there he built an altar to the LORD and called upon the name of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:11 - So Lot chose for himself all the [fn]vicinity of the Jordan, and Lot journeyed eastward H6924. So they separated from each other.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:14 - The LORD said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him, “Now raise your eyes and look from the place where you are, northward and southward, and eastward H6924 and westward;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:6 - but to the sons of [fn]his concubines, Abraham gave gifts while he was still living, and sent them away from his son Isaac eastward H6924, to the land of the east H6924.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:14 - “Your [fn]descendants will also be like the dust of the earth, and you will [fn]spread out to the west and to the east H6924, and to the north and to the south; and in you and in your [fn]descendants shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:1 - Then Jacob [fn]set out on his journey, and went to the land of the [fn]people of the east H6924.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 27:13 - “The width of the courtyard on the [fn]east H6924 side shall be fifty cubits.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 38:13 - For the [fn]east H6924 side, fifty cubits.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 1:16 - ‘He shall also remove its craw with its feathers and throw it beside the altar eastward H6924, to the place of the fatty ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:14 - “Moreover, he shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the atoning cover on the east H6924 side; also in front of the atoning cover he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 2:3 - “Now those who camp on the east H6924 side H6924 toward the sunrise shall be of the flag of the camp of Judah, by their armies; and the leader of the sons of Judah: Nahshon the son of Amminadab,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:38 - Now those who were to camp in front of the tabernacle eastward H6924, in front of the tent of meeting toward the sunrise, were Moses and Aaron and his sons, performing the duties of the sanctuary for the obligation of the sons of Israel; but the [fn]layman coming near was to be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:5 - “And when you blow an alarm, the camps that are pitched on the east H6924 side H6924 shall set out.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:7 - And he took up his discourse and said,
“From Aram Balak has brought me,
Moab’s king from the mountains of the East H6924, saying,
‘Come, declare Jacob cursed for me,
And come, curse Israel!’
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:3 - ‘Your southern region shall [fn]extend from the wilderness of Zin along the side of Edom, and your southern border shall [fn]extend from the end of the Salt Sea eastward H6924.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:10 - ‘For your eastern H6924 border you shall also draw a boundary from Hazar-enan to Shepham,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:11 - and the border shall go down from Shepham to Riblah on the east H6924 side of Ain; and the border shall go down and reach to the slope on the east H6924 side H6924 of the Sea of Chinnereth.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:15 - “The two and a half tribes have received their possession across the Jordan opposite Jericho, eastward H6924 toward the sunrise.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 35:5 - “You shall also measure outside the city on the east H6924 side two thousand cubits, on the south side two thousand cubits, on the west side two thousand cubits, and on the north side two thousand cubits, with the city in the center. This shall become theirs as pasture lands for the cities.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:15 - And with the [fn]best things of the ancient H6924 mountains,
With the choice things of the everlasting hills,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:27 - “The eternal H6924 God is a [fn]hiding place,
And underneath are the everlasting arms;
And He drove out the enemy from you,
And said, ‘Destroy!’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:2 - Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth-aven, east H6924 of Bethel, and said to them, “[fn]Go up and spy out the land.” So the men went up and spied out Ai.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:5 - The eastern H6924 border was the Salt Sea, as far as the [fn]mouth of the Jordan. And the border of the north side was from the bay of the sea at the [fn]mouth of the Jordan.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:20 - Moreover, the Jordan was its border on the east H6924 side. This was the inheritance of the sons of Benjamin according to their families, and according to its borders all around.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:12 - Then it turned from Sarid to the east H6924 toward the sunrise as far as the border of Chisloth-tabor, and it proceeded to Daberath and [fn]up to Japhia.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:13 - From there it continued eastward H6924 toward the sunrise to Gath-hepher, to Eth-kazin, and it proceeded to Rimmon [fn]which stretches to Neah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:3 - For whenever Israel had sown, the Midianites would come up with the Amalekites and the [fn]people of the east H6924 and [fn]march against them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:33 - Then all the Midianites, the Amalekites, and the [fn]people of the east H6924 assembled together; and they crossed over and camped in the Valley of Jezreel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:12 - Now the Midianites, the Amalekites, and all the [fn]people of the east H6924 were lying in the valley as numerous as locusts; and their camels were without number, as numerous as the sand on the seashore.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:10 - Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their [fn]armies with them, about fifteen thousand men, all who were left of the entire [fn]army of the [fn]people of the east H6924; for the fallen were 120,000 [fn]swordsmen.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:11 - Gideon went up by the way of those who lived in tents to the east H6924 of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he [fn]attacked the camp when the camp was unsuspecting.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 4:30 - Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the [fn]people of the east H6924 and all the wisdom of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 7:39 - Then he placed the stands, five on the right side of the house and five on the left side of the house; and he set the [fn]Sea of cast metal on the right side of the house eastward H6924 toward the south.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 17:3 - “Go away from here and turn eastward H6924, and hide yourself by the brook Cherith, which is [fn]east of the Jordan.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 13:17 - And he said, “Open the window toward the east H6924,” and he opened it. Then Elisha said, “Shoot!” So he shot. And he said, “The LORD’S arrow of victory, and the arrow of victory over Aram; for you will [fn]defeat the Arameans at Aphek until you have put an end to them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:25 - ‘Have you not heard?
Long ago I did it;
From ancient H6924 times H6924 I planned it.
Now I have brought it about,
That you would turn fortified cities into ruined heaps.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 4:10 - He put the Sea on the right side of the house toward the southeast.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 12:46 - For in the days of David and Asaph, in ancient H6924 times H6924, there were [fn]leaders of the singers, songs of praise and songs of thanksgiving to God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 1:3 - His possessions were seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, five hundred female donkeys, and very many servants; and that man was the greatest of all the [fn]men of the east H6924.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 23:8 - “Behold, I go forward H6924 but He is not there,
And backward, but I cannot perceive Him;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:2 - “Oh that I were as in months gone H6924 by H6924,
As in the days when God watched over me;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:1 - For the music director. A [fn]Maskil of the sons of Korah.
God, we have heard with our ears,
Our fathers have told us
The work that You did in their days,
In the days of old H6924.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 55:19 - God will hear and humiliate them—
Even the one who [fn]sits enthroned from ancient H6924 times H6924— Selah
With whom there [fn]is no change,
And who do not fear God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 68:33 - To Him who rides upon the [fn]highest heavens, which are from ancient H6924 times H6924;
Behold, He [fn]speaks with His voice, a mighty voice.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:2 - Remember Your congregation, which You purchased of old H6924,
Which You have redeemed to be the tribe of Your inheritance;
And this Mount Zion, where You have dwelt.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:12 - Yet God is my King from long H6924 ago H6924,
Who performs acts of salvation in the midst of the earth.

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1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 2:8–Psa 74:12) Gen 2:8–Psa 74:12

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