Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


Copy Options
Red Letter
The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H693 - 'āraḇ

Choose a new font size and typeface
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 156

Strong’s Definitions

אָרַב ʼârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to lurk:—(lie in) ambush(-ment), lay (lie in) wait.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 42x

The KJV translates Strong's H693 in the following manner: lay in wait (26x), liers in wait (8x), ambush (8x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 42x
The KJV translates Strong's H693 in the following manner: lay in wait (26x), liers in wait (8x), ambush (8x).
  1. to lie in wait, ambush, lurk

    1. (Qal)

      1. to lie in wait

      2. ambush (participle as subst)

    2. (Piel) ambushers, liers-in-wait (pl. participle)

    3. (Hiphil) to lay an ambush

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָרַב ʼârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to lurk:—(lie in) ambush(-ment), lay (lie in) wait.
STRONGS H693: Abbreviations
אָרַב verb lie in wait (Arabic أَرُبَ be crafty) —
Qal Perfect וְאָרַב consecutive Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 21:20; אָרָֽבְתִּי׃ Job 31:9; אָֽרְבוּ Psalm 59:4; Lamentations 4:19; Imperfect יֶאֱרֹב Psalm 10:9 (twice in verse); יֶאֱרֹ֑בוּ Proverbs 1:18; Micah 7:2; וָיֶּֽֽֽ אֶרְבוּ Judges 9:34; Judges 16:2; נֶָֽאֶרְבָה Proverbs 1:11; Imperative אֱרֹב Judges 9:32; Infinitive אֱרָב־ Proverbs 12:6; Participle אֹרֵב Joshua 8:2 + 11 times; אוֺרֵב Joshua 8:12 + 4 times; אֹרְבִים Joshua 8:4 + 2 times; — lie in wait (with hostile purpose), absolute Judges 9:32, 43 + Judges 21:20; Job 31:9; Psalm 10:9; Proverbs 7:12; Proverbs 23:28; 1 Samuel 22:8, 13; Lamentations 3:10 (of bear, compare Psalm 10:9); with infinitive of purpose Psalm 10:9; with accusative דָּם א׳ Proverbs 12:6; with עַל, and person against whom Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 9:34; usually with ל Micah 7:2; Judges 16:2; Psalm 59:4; Proverbs 1:11, 18; Proverbs 24:15; Lamentations 4:19 compare Joshua 8:2, 4, 14; Participle as substantive = liers-in-wait (plural) Judges 20:29; usually singular collective ambush Joshua 8:2, 12, 14, 19, 21; Judges 16:9, 12; Judges 20:33, 36, 37 (twice in verse); Judges 20:38; Ezra 8:31; plural of this singular = ambuscades Jeremiah 51:12; singular = place of lying-in-wait, ambush (local sense) Joshua 8:7.
Pi. Participle plural liers-in-wait id quod
Qal Participle מְאָֽרְבִים Judges 9:25 (with ל), 2 Chronicles 20:22 (with עַל).
?Hiph. Imperfect זַיָּרֶב בנחל (for וַיַּאֲרֶב) 1 Samuel 15:5 (compare Dr Köi. 390; Ges-Kau§ 68. 2 queries) but text dubious; compare Ol§ 237 b, & Klo, who proposes ויעבר בנחל.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:11; 19:11


8:2; 8:2; 8:2; 8:4; 8:4; 8:7; 8:12; 8:12; 8:14; 8:14; 8:19; 8:21


9:25; 9:32; 9:32; 9:34; 9:34; 9:43; 16:2; 16:2; 16:9; 16:12; 20:29; 20:33; 20:36; 20:37; 20:38; 21:20; 21:20

1 Samuel

15:5; 22:8; 22:13

2 Chronicles





31:9; 31:9


10:9; 10:9; 10:9; 10:9; 59:4; 59:4


1:11; 1:11; 1:18; 1:18; 7:12; 12:6; 12:6; 23:28; 24:15




3:10; 4:19; 4:19


7:2; 7:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H693 matches the Hebrew אָרַב ('āraḇ),
which occurs 41 times in 39 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:11 - But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait H693 for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:2 - And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho and her king: only the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall ye take for a prey unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush H693 for the city behind it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:4 - And he commanded them, saying, Behold, ye shall lie in wait H693 against the city, even behind the city: go not very far from the city, but be ye all ready:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:7 - Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, H693 and seize upon the city: for the LORD your God will deliver it into your hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:12 - And he took about five thousand men, and set them to lie in ambush H693 between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:14 - And it came to pass, when the king of Ai saw it, that they hasted and rose up early, and the men of the city went out against Israel to battle, he and all his people, at a time appointed, before the plain; but he wist not that there were liers in ambush H693 against him behind the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:19 - And the ambush H693 arose quickly out of their place, and they ran as soon as he had stretched out his hand: and they entered into the city, and took it, and hasted and set the city on fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:21 - And when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush H693 had taken the city, and that the smoke of the city ascended, then they turned again, and slew the men of Ai.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:25 - And the men of Shechem set liers in wait H693 for him in the top of the mountains, and they robbed all that came along that way by them: and it was told Abimelech.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:32 - Now therefore up by night, thou and the people that is with thee, and lie in wait H693 in the field:
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:34 - And Abimelech rose up, and all the people that were with him, by night, and they laid wait H693 against Shechem in four companies.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:43 - And he took the people, and divided them into three companies, and laid wait H693 in the field, and looked, and, behold, the people were come forth out of the city; and he rose up against them, and smote them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:2 - And it was told the Gazites, saying, Samson is come hither. And they compassed him in, and laid wait H693 for him all night in the gate of the city, and were quiet all the night, saying, In the morning, when it is day, we shall kill him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:9 - Now there were men lying in wait, H693 abiding with her in the chamber. And she said unto him, The Philistines be upon thee, Samson. And he brake the withs, as a thread of tow is broken when it toucheth the fire. So his strength was not known.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:12 - Delilah therefore took new ropes, and bound him therewith, and said unto him, The Philistines be upon thee, Samson. And there were liers in wait H693 abiding in the chamber. And he brake them from off his arms like a thread.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:29 - And Israel set liers in wait H693 round about Gibeah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:33 - And all the men of Israel rose up out of their place, and put themselves in array at Baaltamar: and the liers in wait H693 of Israel came forth out of their places, even out of the meadows of Gibeah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:36 - So the children of Benjamin saw that they were smitten: for the men of Israel gave place to the Benjamites, because they trusted unto the liers in wait H693 which they had set beside Gibeah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:37 - And the liers in wait H693 hasted, and rushed upon Gibeah; and the liers in wait H693 drew themselves along, and smote all the city with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:38 - Now there was an appointed sign between the men of Israel and the liers in wait, H693 that they should make a great flame with smoke rise up out of the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:20 - Therefore they commanded the children of Benjamin, saying, Go and lie in wait H693 in the vineyards;
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:8 - That all of you have conspired against me, and there is none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, H693 as at this day?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:13 - And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, and hast enquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, H693 as at this day?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:22 - And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments H693 against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:31 - Then we departed from the river of Ahava on the twelfth day of the first month, to go unto Jerusalem: and the hand of our God was upon us, and he delivered us from the hand of the enemy, and of such as lay in wait H693 by the way.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:9 - If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or if I have laid wait H693 at my neighbour's door;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:9 - He lieth in wait H693 secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait H693 to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 59:3 - For, lo, they lie in wait H693 for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:11 - If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait H693 for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause:
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:18 - And they lay wait H693 for their own blood; they lurk privily for their own lives.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 7:12 - Now is she without, now in the streets, and lieth in wait H693 at every corner.)
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 12:6 - The words of the wicked are to lie in wait H693 for blood: but the mouth of the upright shall deliver them.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:28 - She also lieth in wait H693 as for a prey, and increaseth the transgressors among men.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:15 - Lay not wait, H693 O wicked man, against the dwelling of the righteous; spoil not his resting place:
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:12 - Set up the standard upon the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes: H693 for the LORD hath both devised and done that which he spake against the inhabitants of Babylon.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 3:10 - He was unto me as a bear lying in wait, H693 and as a lion in secret places.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:19 - Our persecutors are swifter than the eagles of the heaven: they pursued us upon the mountains, they laid wait H693 for us in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 7:6 - For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: H693 their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a flaming fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 7:2 - The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright among men: they all lie in wait H693 for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net.
BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Let's Connect
Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan