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Lexicon :: Strong's H693 - 'āraḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 156

Strong’s Definitions

אָרַב ʼârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to lurk:—(lie in) ambush(-ment), lay (lie in) wait.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 42x

The KJV translates Strong's H693 in the following manner: lay in wait (26x), liers in wait (8x), ambush (8x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 42x
The KJV translates Strong's H693 in the following manner: lay in wait (26x), liers in wait (8x), ambush (8x).
  1. to lie in wait, ambush, lurk

    1. (Qal)

      1. to lie in wait

      2. ambush (participle as subst)

    2. (Piel) ambushers, liers-in-wait (pl. participle)

    3. (Hiphil) to lay an ambush

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָרַב ʼârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to lurk:—(lie in) ambush(-ment), lay (lie in) wait.
STRONGS H693: Abbreviations
אָרַב verb lie in wait (Arabic أَرُبَ be crafty) —
Qal Perfect וְאָרַב consecutive Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 21:20; אָרָֽבְתִּי׃ Job 31:9; אָֽרְבוּ Psalm 59:4; Lamentations 4:19; Imperfect יֶאֱרֹב Psalm 10:9 (twice in verse); יֶאֱרֹ֑בוּ Proverbs 1:18; Micah 7:2; וָיֶּֽֽֽ אֶרְבוּ Judges 9:34; Judges 16:2; נֶָֽאֶרְבָה Proverbs 1:11; Imperative אֱרֹב Judges 9:32; Infinitive אֱרָב־ Proverbs 12:6; Participle אֹרֵב Joshua 8:2 + 11 times; אוֺרֵב Joshua 8:12 + 4 times; אֹרְבִים Joshua 8:4 + 2 times; — lie in wait (with hostile purpose), absolute Judges 9:32, 43 + Judges 21:20; Job 31:9; Psalm 10:9; Proverbs 7:12; Proverbs 23:28; 1 Samuel 22:8, 13; Lamentations 3:10 (of bear, compare Psalm 10:9); with infinitive of purpose Psalm 10:9; with accusative דָּם א׳ Proverbs 12:6; with עַל, and person against whom Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 9:34; usually with ל Micah 7:2; Judges 16:2; Psalm 59:4; Proverbs 1:11, 18; Proverbs 24:15; Lamentations 4:19 compare Joshua 8:2, 4, 14; Participle as substantive = liers-in-wait (plural) Judges 20:29; usually singular collective ambush Joshua 8:2, 12, 14, 19, 21; Judges 16:9, 12; Judges 20:33, 36, 37 (twice in verse); Judges 20:38; Ezra 8:31; plural of this singular = ambuscades Jeremiah 51:12; singular = place of lying-in-wait, ambush (local sense) Joshua 8:7.
Pi. Participle plural liers-in-wait id quod
Qal Participle מְאָֽרְבִים Judges 9:25 (with ל), 2 Chronicles 20:22 (with עַל).
?Hiph. Imperfect זַיָּרֶב בנחל (for וַיַּאֲרֶב) 1 Samuel 15:5 (compare Dr Köi. 390; Ges-Kau§ 68. 2 queries) but text dubious; compare Ol§ 237 b, & Klo, who proposes ויעבר בנחל.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:11; 19:11


8:2; 8:2; 8:2; 8:4; 8:4; 8:7; 8:12; 8:12; 8:14; 8:14; 8:19; 8:21


9:25; 9:32; 9:32; 9:34; 9:34; 9:43; 16:2; 16:2; 16:9; 16:12; 20:29; 20:33; 20:36; 20:37; 20:38; 21:20; 21:20

1 Samuel

15:5; 22:8; 22:13

2 Chronicles





31:9; 31:9


10:9; 10:9; 10:9; 10:9; 59:4; 59:4


1:11; 1:11; 1:18; 1:18; 7:12; 12:6; 12:6; 23:28; 24:15




3:10; 4:19; 4:19


7:2; 7:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H693 matches the Hebrew אָרַב ('āraḇ),
which occurs 41 times in 39 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:11 -

“But if there is a person who hates his neighbor, and waits H693 in H693 ambush H693 for him and rises up against him and strikes [fn]him so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:2 - “You shall do to Ai and its king just as you did to Jericho and its king; you shall take only its spoils and its cattle as plunder for yourselves. [fn]Set an ambush H693 for the city behind it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:4 - He commanded them, saying, “See, you are going to ambush H693 the city from behind [fn]it. Do not go very far from the city, but all of you be ready.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:7 - “Then you shall rise from your ambush H693 and take possession of the city, for the LORD your God will hand it over to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:12 - Then he took about five thousand men and set them in H693 ambush H693 between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of the [fn]city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:14 - And it came about, when the king of Ai saw them, that the men of the city hurried and got up early, and went out to meet Israel in battle, he and all his people at the appointed place before the desert plain. But he did not know that there was an ambush H693 against him behind the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:19 - Then the men in ambush H693 rose quickly from their place, and when he had reached out with his hand, they ran and entered the city and captured it, and they quickly set the city on fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:21 - When Joshua and all Israel saw that the men in ambush H693 had captured the city and that the smoke of the city ascended, they turned back and [fn]killed the men of Ai.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:25 - The [fn]leaders of Shechem set up men H693 in H693 ambush H693 against him on the tops of the mountains, and they robbed everyone who would pass by them on the road; and it was reported to Abimelech.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:32 - “So now, arise by night, you and the people who are with you, and lie H693 in H693 wait H693 in the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:34 -

So Abimelech and all the people who were with him got up at night, and lay H693 in H693 wait H693 against Shechem, in four [fn]units.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:43 - So he took [fn]his people and divided them into three [fn]units, and lay H693 in H693 wait H693 in the field; when he looked and [fn]saw the people coming out from the city, he [fn]attacked them and killed them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:2 - When it was reported to the Gazites, saying, “Samson has come here,” they surrounded the place and lay H693 in H693 wait H693 for him all night at the gate of the city. And they kept silent all night, saying, “Let’s wait until the morning light, then we will kill him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:9 - Now she had men prepared H693 for H693 an H693 ambush H693 in an inner room. And she said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” But he tore the tendons to pieces just like a thread of flax is torn apart when it [fn]comes too close to fire. So his strength was not discovered.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:12 - So Delilah took new ropes and bound him with them and said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” For the men in the ambush H693 were waiting in the inner room. But he tore [fn]the ropes from his arms like thread.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:29 -

So Israel set men in H693 ambush H693 around Gibeah.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:33 - Then all the men of Israel rose from their place and lined up at Baal-tamar; and the men of Israel in H693 ambush H693 charged from their place, from Maareh-geba.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:36 -

So the sons of Benjamin saw that they were [fn]defeated. When the men of Israel gave [fn]ground to Benjamin because they relied on the men in H693 ambush H693 whom they had set against Gibeah,

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:37 - the men in H693 ambush H693 hurried and rushed against Gibeah; the men in H693 ambush H693 also deployed and struck all the city with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:38 - Now the agreed sign between the men of Israel and the men in H693 ambush H693 was that they would make a great cloud of smoke rise from the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:20 - And they commanded the sons of Benjamin, saying, “Go and lie H693 in H693 wait H693 in the vineyards,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:8 - “For all of you have conspired against me so that there is no one who [fn]informs me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you who cares about me or [fn]informs me that my son has stirred up my servant against me to lie H693 in H693 ambush H693, as it is this day.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:13 - Saul then said to him, “Why have you and the son of Jesse conspired against me, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have inquired of God for him, so that he would rise up against me by lying H693 in H693 ambush H693 as it is this day?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:22 - When they began singing and praising, the LORD set ambushes H693 against the sons of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; so they were struck down.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:31 -

Then we journeyed from the river Ahava on the twelfth of the first month to go to Jerusalem; and the hand of our God was upon us, and He rescued us from the hand of the enemy and the ambushes H693 by the road.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:9 -

“If my heart has been enticed by a woman,

Or I have lurked H693 at my neighbor’s doorway,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:9 -

He lurks H693 in secret like a lion in his [fn]lair;

He lurks H693 to catch the needy;

He catches the needy when he pulls him into his net.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 59:3 -

For behold, they have [fn]set H693 an ambush H693 for my [fn]life;

[fn]Fierce men attack me,

Not for my wrongdoing nor for my sin, LORD,

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:11 -

If they say, “Come with us,

Let’s lie H693 in H693 wait H693 for blood,

Let’s ambush the innocent without cause;

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:18 -

But they lie H693 in H693 wait H693 for their own blood;

They ambush their own lives.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 7:12 -

She is now in the streets, now in the public squares,

And lurks H693 by every corner.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 12:6 -

The words of the wicked wait H693 in H693 ambush H693 for blood,

But the mouth of the upright will rescue them.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:28 -

Certainly she lurks H693 as a robber,

And increases the treacherous among mankind.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:15 -

Do not lie H693 in H693 ambush H693, you wicked person, against the home of the righteous;

Do not destroy his resting place;

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:12 -

Lift up a signal flag against the walls of Babylon;

Post a strong guard,

Station [fn]sentries,

Set up an ambush H693!

For the LORD has both planned and performed

What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.

Unchecked Copy BoxLam 3:10 -

He is to me like a bear lying H693 in H693 wait H693,

Like a lion in secret places.

Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:19 -

Our pursuers were swifter

Than the eagles of the sky;

They chased us on the mountains,

They waited H693 in H693 ambush H693 for us in the wilderness.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 7:6 -

For their hearts are like an oven

As they approach their [fn]plotting;

Their [fn]anger [fn]smolders all night,

In the morning it burns like flaming fire.

Unchecked Copy BoxMic 7:2 -

The [fn]godly person has perished from the land,

And there is no upright person among mankind.

All of them lie H693 in H693 wait H693 for bloodshed;

Each of them hunts the other with a net.

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