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Lexicon :: Strong's H693 - 'āraḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 156

Strong’s Definitions

אָרַב ʼârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to lurk:—(lie in) ambush(-ment), lay (lie in) wait.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 42x

The KJV translates Strong's H693 in the following manner: lay in wait (26x), liers in wait (8x), ambush (8x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 42x
The KJV translates Strong's H693 in the following manner: lay in wait (26x), liers in wait (8x), ambush (8x).
  1. to lie in wait, ambush, lurk

    1. (Qal)

      1. to lie in wait

      2. ambush (participle as subst)

    2. (Piel) ambushers, liers-in-wait (pl. participle)

    3. (Hiphil) to lay an ambush

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָרַב ʼârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to lurk:—(lie in) ambush(-ment), lay (lie in) wait.
אָרַב verb lie in wait (Arabic أَرُبَ be crafty) —
Qal Perfect וְאָרַב consecutive Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 21:20; אָרָֽבְתִּי׃ Job 31:9; אָֽרְבוּ Psalm 59:4; Lamentations 4:19; Imperfect יֶאֱרֹב Psalm 10:9 (twice in verse); יֶאֱרֹ֑בוּ Proverbs 1:18; Micah 7:2; וָיֶּֽֽֽ אֶרְבוּ Judges 9:34; Judges 16:2; נֶָֽאֶרְבָה Proverbs 1:11; Imperative אֱרֹב Judges 9:32; Infinitive אֱרָב־ Proverbs 12:6; Participle אֹרֵב Joshua 8:2 + 11 times; אוֺרֵב Joshua 8:12 + 4 times; אֹרְבִים Joshua 8:4 + 2 times; — lie in wait (with hostile purpose), absolute Judges 9:32, 43 + Judges 21:20; Job 31:9; Psalm 10:9; Proverbs 7:12; Proverbs 23:28; 1 Samuel 22:8, 13; Lamentations 3:10 (of bear, compare Psalm 10:9); with infinitive of purpose Psalm 10:9; with accusative דָּם א׳ Proverbs 12:6; with עַל, and person against whom Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 9:34; usually with ל Micah 7:2; Judges 16:2; Psalm 59:4; Proverbs 1:11, 18; Proverbs 24:15; Lamentations 4:19 compare Joshua 8:2, 4, 14; Participle as substantive = liers-in-wait (plural) Judges 20:29; usually singular collective ambush Joshua 8:2, 12, 14, 19, 21; Judges 16:9, 12; Judges 20:33, 36, 37 (twice in verse); Judges 20:38; Ezra 8:31; plural of this singular = ambuscades Jeremiah 51:12; singular = place of lying-in-wait, ambush (local sense) Joshua 8:7.
Pi. Participle plural liers-in-wait id quod
Qal Participle מְאָֽרְבִים Judges 9:25 (with ל), 2 Chronicles 20:22 (with עַל).
?Hiph. Imperfect זַיָּרֶב בנחל (for וַיַּאֲרֶב) 1 Samuel 15:5 (compare Dr Köi. 390; Ges-Kau§ 68. 2 queries) but text dubious; compare Ol§ 237 b, & Klo, who proposes ויעבר בנחל.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:11; 19:11


8:2; 8:2; 8:2; 8:4; 8:4; 8:7; 8:12; 8:12; 8:14; 8:14; 8:19; 8:21


9:25; 9:32; 9:32; 9:34; 9:34; 9:43; 16:2; 16:2; 16:9; 16:12; 20:29; 20:33; 20:36; 20:37; 20:38; 21:20; 21:20

1 Samuel

15:5; 22:8; 22:13

2 Chronicles





31:9; 31:9


10:9; 10:9; 10:9; 10:9; 59:4; 59:4


1:11; 1:11; 1:18; 1:18; 7:12; 12:6; 12:6; 23:28; 24:15




3:10; 4:19; 4:19


7:2; 7:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H693 matches the Hebrew אָרַב ('āraḇ),
which occurs 41 times in 39 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:11 - “But if there is a man who hates his neighbor and lies H693 in wait H693 for him and rises up against him and strikes [fn]him so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:2 - “You shall do to Ai and its king just as you did to Jericho and its king; you shall take only its spoil and its cattle as plunder for yourselves. [fn]Set an ambush H693 for the city behind it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:4 - He commanded them, saying, “See, you are going to ambush H693 the city from behind [fn]it. Do not go very far from the city, but all of you be ready.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:7 - “And you shall rise from your ambush H693 and take possession of the city, for the LORD your God will deliver it into your hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:12 - And he took about 5,000 men and set them in ambush H693 between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of the [fn]city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:14 - It came about when the king of Ai saw it, that the men of the city hurried and rose up early and went out to meet Israel in battle, he and all his people at the appointed place before the desert plain. But he did not know that there was an ambush H693 against him behind the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:19 - The men in ambush H693 rose quickly from their place, and when he had stretched out his hand, they ran and entered the city and captured it, and they quickly set the city on fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:21 - When Joshua and all Israel saw that the men in ambush H693 had captured the city and that the smoke of the city ascended, they turned back and [fn]slew the men of Ai.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:25 - The men of Shechem set [fn]men in ambush H693 against him on the tops of the mountains, and they robbed all who might pass by them along the road; and it was told to Abimelech.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:32 - “Now therefore, arise by night, you and the people who are with you, and lie H693 in wait H693 in the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:34 - So Abimelech and all the people who were with him arose by night and lay H693 in wait H693 against Shechem in four [fn]companies.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:43 - So he took [fn]his people and divided them into three [fn]companies, and lay H693 in wait H693 in the field; when he looked and [fn]saw the people coming out from the city, he arose against them and [fn]slew them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:2 - When it was told to the Gazites, saying, “Samson has come here,” they surrounded the place and lay H693 in wait H693 for him all night at the gate of the city. And they kept silent all night, saying,Let us wait until the morning light, then we will kill him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:9 - Now she had men lying H693 in wait H693 in an inner room. And she said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” But he snapped the cords as a string of tow snaps when it [fn]touches fire. So his strength was not discovered.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:12 - So Delilah took new ropes and bound him with them and said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” For the men were lying H693 in wait H693 in the inner room. But he snapped [fn]the ropes from his arms like a thread.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:29 - So Israel set men in ambush H693 around Gibeah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:33 - Then all the men of Israel arose from their place and arrayed themselves at Baal-tamar; and the men of Israel in ambush H693 broke out of their place, even out of Maareh-geba.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:36 - So the sons of Benjamin saw that they were [fn]defeated. When the men of Israel gave [fn]ground to Benjamin because they relied on the men in ambush H693 whom they had set against Gibeah,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:37 - the men in ambush H693 hurried and rushed against Gibeah; the men in ambush H693 also deployed and struck all the city with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:38 - Now the appointed sign between the men of Israel and the men in ambush H693 was that they would make a great cloud of smoke rise from the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:20 - And they commanded the sons of Benjamin, saying, “Go and lie H693 in wait H693 in the vineyards,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:8 - “For all of you have conspired against me so that there is no one who [fn]discloses to me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you who is sorry for me or [fn]discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me to lie H693 in ambush, H693 as it is this day.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:13 - Saul then said to him, “Why have you and the son of Jesse conspired against me, in that you have given him bread and a sword and have inquired of God for him, so that he would rise up against me by lying H693 in ambush H693 as it is this day?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:22 - When they began singing and praising, the LORD set ambushes H693 against the sons of Ammon, Moab and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; so they were [fn]routed.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:31 - Then we journeyed from the river Ahava on the twelfth of the first month to go to Jerusalem; and the hand of our God was over us, and He delivered us from the hand of the enemy and the ambushes H693 by the way.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:9 - “If my heart has been enticed by a woman,
Or I have lurked H693 at my neighbor’s doorway,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:9 - He lurks H693 in a hiding place as a lion in his [fn]lair;
He lurks H693 to catch the afflicted;
He catches the afflicted when he draws him into his net.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 59:3 - For behold, they have [fn]set H693 an ambush H693 for my [fn]life;
[fn]Fierce men [fn]launch an attack against me,
Not for my transgression nor for my sin, O LORD,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:11 - If they say, “Come with us,
Let us lie H693 in wait H693 for blood,
Let us ambush the innocent without cause;
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:18 - But they lie H693 in wait H693 for their own blood;
They ambush their own lives.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 7:12 - She is now in the streets, now in the squares,
And lurks H693 by every corner.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 12:6 - The words of the wicked lie H693 in wait H693 for blood,
But the mouth of the upright will deliver them.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:28 - Surely she lurks H693 as a robber,
And increases the [fn]faithless among men.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:15 - Do not lie H693 in wait, H693 O wicked man, against the dwelling of the righteous;
Do not destroy his resting place;
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:12 - Lift up a [fn]signal against the walls of Babylon;
Post a strong guard,
Station [fn]sentries,
Place men in ambush! H693
For the LORD has both purposed and performed
What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 3:10 - He is to me like a bear lying H693 in wait, H693
Like a lion in secret places.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:19 - Our pursuers were swifter
Than the eagles of the sky;
They chased us on the mountains,
They waited H693 in ambush H693 for us in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 7:6 - For their hearts are like an oven
As they approach their [fn]plotting;
Their [fn]anger [fn]smolders all night,
In the morning it burns like a flaming fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 7:2 - The [fn]godly person has perished from the land,
And there is no upright person among men.
All of them lie H693 in wait H693 for bloodshed;
Each of them hunts the other with a net.

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