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Lexicon :: Strong's H7185 - qāšâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2085

Strong’s Definitions

קָשָׁה qâshâh, kaw-shaw'; a primitive root; properly, to be dense, i.e. tough or severe (in various applications):—be cruel, be fiercer, make grievous, be ((ask a), be in, have, seem, would) hard(-en, (labour), -ly, thing), be sore, (be, make) stiff(-en, (-necked)).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x

The KJV translates Strong's H7185 in the following manner: harden (12x), hard (4x), stiffnecked (with H6203) (2x), grievous (2x), miscellaneous (8x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x
The KJV translates Strong's H7185 in the following manner: harden (12x), hard (4x), stiffnecked (with H6203) (2x), grievous (2x), miscellaneous (8x).
  1. to be hard, be severe, be fierce, be harsh

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be hard, be difficult

      2. to be hard, be severe

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be ill-treated

      2. to be hard pressed

    3. (Piel) to have severe labour (of women)

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to make difficult, make difficulty

      2. to make severe, make burdensome

      3. to make hard, make stiff, make stubborn

        1. of obstinacy (fig)

      4. to show stubbornness

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
קָשָׁה qâshâh, kaw-shaw'; a primitive root; properly, to be dense, i.e. tough or severe (in various applications):—be cruel, be fiercer, make grievous, be ((ask a), be in, have, seem, would) hard(-en, (labour), -ly, thing), be sore, (be, make) stiff(-en, (-necked)).
STRONGS H7185: Abbreviations
I. [קָשָׁה] verb be hard, severe, fierce (Late Hebrew קָשָׁה be severe; Arabic bdb090401 (bdb090402) be hard, dry, III. endure, struggle against, severity; Aramaic קְשָׁא, bdb090403 be hard, difficult; Jewish-Aramaic קְשִׁי, קַשְׁיָה adjective hard); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular קָֽשְׁתָה 1 Samuel 5:7, קָשָׁ֑תָה Genesis 49:7; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִקְשֶׁה Deuteronomy 1:17; Deuteronomy 15:18, וַיִּ֫קֶשׁ 2 Samuel 19:44; —
1. be hard, difficult Deuteronomy 1:17 (of a legal case; מִן comparative).
2. be hard, severe, יָדוֺ ק׳ עָלֵינוּ 1 Samuel 5:7 (of י׳, in judgement); בְעֵינֶ֑ךָ יִק׳. Deuteronomy 15:18 it shall not be hard in thine eyes (seem a severe trial, an injustice); of wrath Genesis 49:7 (poem in J; || עָ֑ז); of fierce words 2 Samuel 19:44.
Niph. Participle נִקְשֶׁה Isaiah 8:21 hardly bestead, hard pressed.
Pi. Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular וַתְּקַשׁ בְּלִדְתָּהּ Genesis 35:16 (E) she made hard in her bearing (had severe labour).
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִקְשָׁה Exodus 13:15 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיֶּקֶשׁ 2 Chronicles 36:13; 3rd person masculine plural וַיַּקְשׁוּ Jeremiah 7:26 +, etc.; Infinitive construct suffix בְּהַקְשֹׁתָהּ Genesis 35:17; Participle מַקְשֶׁה Proverbs 28:14; Proverbs 29:1; —
1. make difficult, difficulty: הִקְשָׁה לְשַׁלְּחֵנוּ Exodus 13:15 Pharaoh made difficulty about sending us away; of travail Genesis 35:17 (E; as Pi.); הִקְשִׁיתָ לִשְׁאוֺל 2 Kings 2:10 thou hast made hard to ask, asked a hard thing.
2. make severe, burdensome, yoke imposed by king 1 Kings 12:4 2 Chronicles 10:4.
a. make hard, stiff, stubborn, figurative of obstinacy: אֶת־עָרְפָּם וַיַּקְשׁוּ 2 Kings 17:14 they stiffened their neck, so Jeremiah 7:26; Jeremiah 17:23; Jeremiah 19:15; Deuteronomy 10:16; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 36:13; Nehemiah 9:16, 17, 29; Proverbs 29:1; אַלתַּֿקְשׁוּ לְבַבְכֶם Psalm 95:8, compare Proverbs 28:14; subject י׳, אַקְשֶׁה אֶתלֵֿב פ׳ Exodus 7:3 (P), accusative אֶתרֿוחוֺ Deuteronomy 2:30,
b. shew stubborness Job 9:4 (with אֶל person [י׳]).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


35:16; 35:17; 35:17; 49:7; 49:7


7:3; 13:15; 13:15


1:17; 1:17; 2:30; 10:16; 15:18; 15:18

1 Samuel

5:7; 5:7

1 Kings


2 Kings

2:10; 17:14

2 Chronicles

10:4; 30:8; 36:13; 36:13


9:16; 9:17; 9:29






28:14; 28:14; 29:1; 29:1




7:26; 7:26; 17:23; 19:15

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7185 matches the Hebrew קָשָׁה (qāšâ),
which occurs 28 times in 28 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:16 - And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard H7185 labour.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:17 - And it came to pass, when she was in hard H7185 labour, that the midwife said unto her, Fear not; thou shalt have this son also.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:7 - Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: H7185 I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:3 - And I will harden H7185 Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:15 - And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly H7185 let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:17 - Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard H7185 for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:30 - But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened H7185 his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:16 - Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked. H7185
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 15:18 - It shall not seem hard H7185 unto thee, when thou sendest him away free from thee; for he hath been worth a double hired servant to thee, in serving thee six years: and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all that thou doest.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 5:7 - And when the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they said, The ark of the God of Israel shall not abide with us: for his hand is sore H7185 upon us, and upon Dagon our god.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:43 - And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back our king? And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer H7185 than the words of the men of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 12:4 - Thy father made H7185  our yoke grievous: H7185 now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:10 - And he said, Thou hast asked a hard thing: H7185 nevertheless, if thou see me when I am taken from thee, it shall be so unto thee; but if not, it shall not be so.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:14 - Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened H7185 their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 10:4 - Thy father made our yoke grievous: H7185 now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:8 - Now be ye not stiffnecked, H7185 as your fathers were, but yield yourselves unto the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary, which he hath sanctified for ever: and serve the LORD your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:13 - And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened H7185 his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:16 - But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened H7185 their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments,
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:17 - And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened H7185 their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:29 - And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened H7185 their neck, and would not hear.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:4 - He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath hardened H7185 himself against him, and hath prospered?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 95:8 - Harden H7185 not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:14 - Happy is the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth H7185 his heart shall fall into mischief.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:1 - He, that being often reproved hardeneth H7185 his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:21 - And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead H7185 and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:26 - Yet they hearkened not unto me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened H7185 their neck: they did worse than their fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:23 - But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, H7185 that they might not hear, nor receive instruction.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 19:15 - Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all her towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it, because they have hardened H7185 their necks, that they might not hear my words.
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