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Lexicon :: Strong's H7185 - qāšâ

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קָשָׁה
Transliteration
qāšâ
Pronunciation
kaw-shaw'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2085

Strong’s Definitions

קָשָׁה qâshâh, kaw-shaw'; a primitive root; properly, to be dense, i.e. tough or severe (in various applications):—be cruel, be fiercer, make grievous, be ((ask a), be in, have, seem, would) hard(-en, (labour), -ly, thing), be sore, (be, make) stiff(-en, (-necked)).


KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x

The KJV translates Strong's H7185 in the following manner: harden (12x), hard (4x), stiffnecked (with H6203) (2x), grievous (2x), miscellaneous (8x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x
The KJV translates Strong's H7185 in the following manner: harden (12x), hard (4x), stiffnecked (with H6203) (2x), grievous (2x), miscellaneous (8x).
  1. to be hard, be severe, be fierce, be harsh

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be hard, be difficult

      2. to be hard, be severe

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be ill-treated

      2. to be hard pressed

    3. (Piel) to have severe labour (of women)

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to make difficult, make difficulty

      2. to make severe, make burdensome

      3. to make hard, make stiff, make stubborn

        1. of obstinacy (fig)

      4. to show stubbornness

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
קָשָׁה qâshâh, kaw-shaw'; a primitive root; properly, to be dense, i.e. tough or severe (in various applications):—be cruel, be fiercer, make grievous, be ((ask a), be in, have, seem, would) hard(-en, (labour), -ly, thing), be sore, (be, make) stiff(-en, (-necked)).
STRONGS H7185:
I. [קָשָׁה] verb be hard, severe, fierce (Late Hebrew קָשָׁה be severe; Arabic bdb090401 (bdb090402) be hard, dry, III. endure, struggle against, severity; Aramaic קְשָׁא, bdb090403 be hard, difficult; Jewish-Aramaic קְשִׁי, קַשְׁיָה adjective hard); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular קָֽשְׁתָה 1 Samuel 5:7, קָשָׁ֑תָה Genesis 49:7; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִקְשֶׁה Deuteronomy 1:17; Deuteronomy 15:18, וַיִּ֫קֶשׁ 2 Samuel 19:44; —
1. be hard, difficult Deuteronomy 1:17 (of a legal case; מִן comparative).
2. be hard, severe, יָדוֺ ק׳ עָלֵינוּ 1 Samuel 5:7 (of י׳, in judgement); בְעֵינֶ֑ךָ יִק׳. Deuteronomy 15:18 it shall not be hard in thine eyes (seem a severe trial, an injustice); of wrath Genesis 49:7 (poem in J; || עָ֑ז); of fierce words 2 Samuel 19:44.
Niph. Participle נִקְשֶׁה Isaiah 8:21 hardly bestead, hard pressed.
Pi. Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular וַתְּקַשׁ בְּלִדְתָּהּ Genesis 35:16 (E) she made hard in her bearing (had severe labour).
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִקְשָׁה Exodus 13:15 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיֶּקֶשׁ 2 Chronicles 36:13; 3rd person masculine plural וַיַּקְשׁוּ Jeremiah 7:26 +, etc.; Infinitive construct suffix בְּהַקְשֹׁתָהּ Genesis 35:17; Participle מַקְשֶׁה Proverbs 28:14; Proverbs 29:1; —
1. make difficult, difficulty: הִקְשָׁה לְשַׁלְּחֵנוּ Exodus 13:15 Pharaoh made difficulty about sending us away; of travail Genesis 35:17 (E; as Pi.); הִקְשִׁיתָ לִשְׁאוֺל 2 Kings 2:10 thou hast made hard to ask, asked a hard thing.
2. make severe, burdensome, yoke imposed by king 1 Kings 12:4 2 Chronicles 10:4.
3.
a. make hard, stiff, stubborn, figurative of obstinacy: אֶת־עָרְפָּם וַיַּקְשׁוּ 2 Kings 17:14 they stiffened their neck, so Jeremiah 7:26; Jeremiah 17:23; Jeremiah 19:15; Deuteronomy 10:16; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 36:13; Nehemiah 9:16, 17, 29; Proverbs 29:1; אַלתַּֿקְשׁוּ לְבַבְכֶם Psalm 95:8, compare Proverbs 28:14; subject י׳, אַקְשֶׁה אֶתלֵֿב פ׳ Exodus 7:3 (P), accusative אֶתרֿוחוֺ Deuteronomy 2:30,
b. shew stubborness Job 9:4 (with אֶל person [י׳]).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

35:16; 35:17; 35:17; 49:7; 49:7

Exodus

7:3; 13:15; 13:15

Deuteronomy

1:17; 1:17; 2:30; 10:16; 15:18; 15:18

1 Samuel

5:7; 5:7

1 Kings

12:4

2 Kings

2:10; 17:14

2 Chronicles

10:4; 30:8; 36:13; 36:13

Nehemiah

9:16; 9:17; 9:29

Job

9:4

Psalms

95:8

Proverbs

28:14; 28:14; 29:1; 29:1

Isaiah

8:21

Jeremiah

7:26; 7:26; 17:23; 19:15

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7185 matches the Hebrew קָשָׁה (qāšâ),
which occurs 28 times in 28 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:16 - Then they journeyed on from Bethel; but when there was still some distance to go to Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth and she suffered H7185 severe H7185 difficulties H7185 in her labor.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:17 - And when she was suffering H7185 severe H7185 difficulties H7185 in her labor, the midwife said to her, “Do not fear, for you have another son!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:7 - “Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;
And their wrath, for it is H7185 cruel H7185.
I will scatter them in Jacob,
And disperse them among Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:3 - “But I will harden H7185 Pharaoh’s heart, so that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:15 - ‘And it came about, when Pharaoh was H7185 stubborn H7185 about letting us go, that the LORD put to death every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from human firstborns to animal firstborns. Therefore, I sacrifice to the LORD the males, every firstborn of a womb, but every firstborn of my sons I redeem.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:17 - ‘You are not to [fn]show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike. You are not to be afraid of any person, for the judgment is H7185 God’s. The case that is too difficult H7185 for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:30 - “But Sihon king of Heshbon was not willing for us to pass [fn]through his land; for the LORD your God hardened H7185 his spirit and made his heart obstinate, in order to hand him over to you, as he is today.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:16 - “So circumcise [fn]your heart, and do not stiffen H7185 your neck any longer.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 15:18 - “It shall not seem H7185 difficult H7185 for you when you set him [fn]free, because he has given you six years with double the [fn]service of a hired worker; so the LORD your God will bless you in whatever you do.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 5:7 - When the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they said, “The ark of the God of Israel must not remain with us, because His hand is H7185 severe H7185 on us and on Dagon our god.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:43 - But the men of Israel answered the men of Judah and said, “[fn]We have ten parts in the king, therefore [fn]we also have more claim on David than you. Why then did you treat [fn]us with contempt? Was it not [fn]our [fn]advice first to bring back [fn]our king?” Yet the words of the men of Judah were H7185 harsher H7185 than the words of the men of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 12:4 - “Your father made H7185 our yoke hard H7185; but now, lighten the hard labor imposed by your father and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 2:10 - He said, “You have asked a hard H7185 thing H7185. Nevertheless, if you see me when I am taken from you, it shall be so for you; but if not, it shall not be so.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:14 - However, they did not listen, but stiffened H7185 their neck [fn]like their fathers, who did not believe in the LORD their God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 10:4 - “Your father made H7185 our yoke hard H7185; but now, lighten the hard labor imposed by your father and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:8 - “Now do not stiffen H7185 your neck like your fathers, but [fn]yield to the LORD and enter His sanctuary which He has consecrated forever, and serve the LORD your God, that His burning anger may turn away from you.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:13 - He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear allegiance by God. But he stiffened H7185 his neck and hardened his heart against turning to the LORD God of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:16 - “But they, our fathers, acted arrogantly;
They [fn]became H7185 stubborn H7185 and would not listen to Your commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:17 - “They refused to listen,
And did not remember Your wondrous deeds which You performed among them;
So they became H7185 stubborn H7185 and appointed a leader to return to their slavery in [fn]Egypt.
But You are a God of forgiveness,
Gracious and compassionate,
Slow to anger and abounding in [fn]mercy;
And You did not abandon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:29 - And admonished them in order to turn them back to Your Law.
Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances,
Which, if a person [fn]follows them, then he will live by them.
And they [fn]turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened H7185 their neck, and would not listen.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:4 - “Wise in heart and mighty in strength,
Who has [fn]defied H7185 Him [fn]without harm?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 95:8 - Do not harden H7185 your hearts as at [fn]Meribah,
As on the day of [fn]Massah in the wilderness,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:14 - How blessed is the person who fears always,
But one who hardens H7185 his heart will fall into disaster.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:1 - A person [fn]often rebuked who [fn]becomes H7185 obstinate H7185
Will suddenly be broken [fn]beyond remedy.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:21 - They will pass through [fn]the land dejected H7185 and hungry, and it will turn out that when they are hungry, they will become enraged and curse [fn]their king and their God as they face upward.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:26 - “Yet they did not listen to Me or incline their ear, but stiffened H7185 their neck; they did more evil than their fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:23 - “Yet they did not listen or incline their ears, but stiffened H7185 their necks so as not to listen or accept discipline.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 19:15 - “This is what the LORD of armies, the God of Israel says: ‘Behold, I am going to bring on this city and all its towns the entire disaster that I have declared against it, because they have stiffened H7185 their necks so as not to listen to My words.’”

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