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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7223 - ri'šôn

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Part of Speech
adjective, adverb
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2097c

Strong’s Definitions

רִאשׁוֹן riʼshôwn, ree-shone'; or רִאשֹׁן riʼshôn; from H7221; first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun):—ancestor, (that were) before(-time), beginning, eldest, first, fore(-father) (-most), former (thing), of old time, past.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 185x

The KJV translates Strong's H7223 in the following manner: first (129x), former (26x), former things (6x), beginning (4x), chief (3x), before (3x), old time (2x), foremost (3x), aforetime (1x), miscellaneous (8x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 185x
The KJV translates Strong's H7223 in the following manner: first (129x), former (26x), former things (6x), beginning (4x), chief (3x), before (3x), old time (2x), foremost (3x), aforetime (1x), miscellaneous (8x).
  1. first, primary, former

    1. former (of time)

      1. ancestors

      2. former things

    2. foremost (of location)

    3. first (in time)

    4. first, chief (in degree)

  2. first, before, formerly, at first

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רִאשׁוֹן riʼshôwn, ree-shone'; or רִאשֹׁן riʼshôn; from H7221; first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun):—ancestor, (that were) before(-time), beginning, eldest, first, fore(-father) (-most), former (thing), of old time, past.
STRONGS H7223: Abbreviations
רִאשׁוֺן 182 adjective former, first, chief (i heightened from original a, see √); — absolute ר׳ Hosea 2:19 +, שֹׁן- Exodus 12:15 +, רִישׁוֺן Job 8:8, construct רִאשׁוֺן Job 15:7 Qr (Kt ראישון and so always Manuscript Sam. Pentateuch, see Köii. 1, 225 n); feminine רִאשֹׁנָה Judges 20:37 + (Joshua 21:10 Kt ראישנה see above); masculine plural רִאשֹׁנִים Exodus 34:1 +, feminine plural רִאשֹׁנוֺת Isaiah 41:22 +, etc.; —
1. former:
a. in time, former of two Genesis 25:25 (J), Genesis 41:20 (E), Deuteronomy 10:1, 2, 3, 4, 10; Deuteronomy 24:4, compare Hosea 2:9; Leviticus 4:21; Leviticus 9:15 (both P), Judges 20:39; 2 Kings 1:14; Haggai 2:3, 9; Ezra 3:12 +; more generally former, previous, Numbers 21:26 (JE), Micah 4:8; 2 Kings 17:34, 40; Zechariah 1:4; Zechariah 7:7, 12; Zechariah 8:11; Nehemiah 5:15; Eccl 17:10; Psalm 79:8 +; כָּעֵת הָ ר׳ Isaiah 8:23; דִּבְרֵי דויד הָ ר׳ 1 Chronicles 29:29 the doings of David, the former and the latter (הָאַחֲדֹנִים), compare 2 Chronicles 9:29; 12:15; 16:11; 20:34; 25:26; 26:22; 28:26; 35:27; early days of harvest 2 Samuel 21:9; רִאשֹׁנִים as substantive, former persons, ancestors, men of old, Deuteronomy 19:14; Leviticus 26:45 (H), Ecclesiastes 1:11 (opposed to אַחֲרֹנִים); (תָ)רִאשֹׁנוֺת as substantive the former things, i.e. past events Isaiah 41:22; Isaiah 43:9, 18; Isaiah 46:9; Isaiah 48:3, earlier predictions Isaiah 42:9.
b. location, foremost, of two 2 Samuel 18:27.
2. first:
a. in time, הַמַּכָּה הָ ר׳ 1 Samuel 14:14 the first slaughter (preliminary to general carnage); וְלֹאהָֿיָה דְּבָרִי ר׳ 2 Samuel 19:44 was not my word first? ר׳ in apposition with person subject 2 Samuel 19:21 I am come as first, compare perhaps Isaiah 41:27 (insert אָמַרְתִּי Ges De < read הִגַּדְתִּים for הִנֵּה הִנָּם CheHpt Kit Di), and הָ ר׳ Jeremiah 50:17 (opposed to הָאַחֲרוֺן), Isaiah 43:27; ר׳ absolute, first of mankind Job 15:17; absolute of י׳, I (an the) first Isaiah 41:4 (+אֶתֿ אַחֲדֹנִים), + אַחְרוֺן Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 48:12; absolute of time, מֵרִאשׁוֺן Jeremiah 17:12 from the beginning; especially first of a def. series (sometimes opposed to אַחֲרוֺן). first day of feast Deuteronomy 16:4; Exodus 12:15 (twice in verse); Exodus 12:16 + 5 times P (H), Nehemiah 8:18, usually first month (חֹרֶשׁ) Exodus 40:2, 17; Leviticus 23:5 + 6 times P, 1 Chronicles 12:16 (van d. H. 1 Chronicles 12:15) + 10 times Chronicles, Ezra, Esther 3:7; Daniel 10:4, חֹדֶשׁ omitted Genesis 8:13; Exodus 12:2, 18; Numbers 9:5 (all P) Ezekiel 29:17; Ezekiel 30:20; Ezekiel 45:18, 21, so Joel 2:23, but read כָּרִאשׁוֺנָה (3a) Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version We Now and Dr.
b. first in degree, chief: יַד רִאשׁוֹנָה ֗֗֗ הַשָּׂרִים Ezra 9:2 the hand of the princes... has been first in this trespass; 1 Chronicles 18:17; Daniel 10:13 (Chronicles, Esther 1:14 below).
a. feminine with preposition as adverb phrase:
(1) of time, בָּרִאשֹׁנָה Genesis 13:4 (J), = before, formerly, so Joshua 8:5, 6 (JE), 2 Samuel 7:10; 2 Samuel 20:18; Jeremiah 7:12; Isaiah 52:4, לָר׳ = before, formerly, Genesis 28:19 (J), Judges 18:29; so כְּבָר׳ as formerly Judges 20:32; 1 Kings 13:6; Isaiah 1:26; Jeremiah 33:7, 11, = כָּ ר׳ Deuteronomy 9:15; Daniel 11:29 (opposed to כָּאַחֲרוֺנָה); בָּר = at first, first of all, Deuteronomy 13:10; Deuteronomy 17:7; Numbers 10:13 (P) Joshua 8:33 (D), 1 Kings 17:13; 1 Kings 20:9; Zechariah 12:7; Proverbs 20:21 (opposed to אַחֲרִיתָהּ), 1 Chronicles 11:6 (twice in verse); 1 Chronicles 17:9; Nehemiah 7:5; לְמַבָּרִאשׁוֺנָה 1 Chronicles 15:13 (= לְמַהבָּֿר׳) for what was at first, etc. (מָךְ 1e);
(2) location, בָּר׳ i.e. at the head of an army 1 Kings 20:17, a procession Numbers 10:14 (P), compare Isaiah 60:9.
b. רִאשֹׁנָה alone as adverb:
(1) of time first Genesis 38:28 (J), 1 Kings 18:25; Jeremiah 16:18; Leviticus 5:8; Numbers 2:9; Joshua 21:10 (all P), Isaiah 65:7 (Ew De Che Di Du Skinner, >adjective Ges Hi Kn);
(2) of place Genesis 33:2 (J);
(3) of degree, rank, Esther 1:14.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


8:13; 13:4; 25:25; 28:19; 33:2; 38:28; 41:20


12:2; 12:15; 12:15; 12:16; 12:18; 34:1; 40:2; 40:17


4:21; 5:8; 9:15; 23:5; 26:45


2:9; 9:5; 10:13; 10:14; 21:26


9:15; 10:1; 10:2; 10:3; 10:4; 10:10; 13:10; 16:4; 17:7; 19:14; 24:4


8:5; 8:6; 8:33; 21:10; 21:10


18:29; 20:32; 20:37; 20:39

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

7:10; 18:27; 19:21; 20:18; 21:9

1 Kings

13:6; 17:13; 18:25; 20:9; 20:17

2 Kings

1:14; 17:34; 17:40

1 Chronicles

11:6; 12:15; 12:16; 15:13; 17:9; 18:17; 29:29

2 Chronicles

9:29; 12:15; 16:11; 20:34; 25:26; 26:22; 28:26; 35:27


3:12; 9:2


5:15; 7:5; 8:18


1:14; 1:14; 3:7


8:8; 15:7; 15:17








1:26; 41:4; 41:22; 41:22; 41:27; 42:9; 43:9; 43:18; 43:27; 44:6; 46:9; 48:3; 48:12; 52:4; 60:9; 65:7


7:12; 16:18; 17:12; 33:7; 33:11; 50:17


29:17; 30:20; 45:18; 45:21


10:4; 10:13; 11:29


2:9; 2:19






2:3; 2:9


1:4; 7:7; 7:12; 8:11; 12:7

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7223 matches the Hebrew רִאשׁוֹן (ri'šôn),
which occurs 182 times in 174 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 8:13–Deu 17:7)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:13 -

Now it happened in the six hundred and first year, in the first H7223 month, on the first of the month, the water was dried up [fn]from the earth. Then Noah removed the covering of the ark and looked, and behold, the [fn]surface of the ground was dried up.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:4 - to the place of the altar which he had made there formerly H7223; and there Abram called upon the name of Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:25 - And the first H7223 came forth red, all over like a hairy garment; and they named him Esau.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:1 -

Now there was a famine in the land, besides the previous H7223 famine that had occurred in the days of Abraham. So Isaac went to Gerar, to Abimelech king of the Philistines.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:19 - And he called the name of that place [fn]Bethel; however, [fn]previously H7223 the name of the city had been Luz.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:17 - And he commanded the first one H7223 in H7223 front H7223, saying, “When my brother Esau meets you and asks you, saying, ‘To whom do you belong, and where are you going, and to whom do these animals in front of you belong?’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:2 - And he put the servant-women and their children first H7223, and Leah and her children after them, and Rachel and Joseph after them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:28 - And it happened, while she was giving birth, one put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, “This one came out first H7223.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:13 - within three more days Pharaoh will [fn]lift up your head and restore you to your [fn]office; and you will put Pharaoh’s cup into his hand according to your former H7223 custom when you were his cupbearer.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:20 - and the lean and ugly cows ate up the first H7223 seven fat cows.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:8 - “And so it will be, if they will not believe you or listen to the [fn]witness of the first H7223 sign, they may believe the [fn]witness of [fn]this last sign.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:2 - “This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first H7223 month of the year to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - ‘Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first H7223 day you shall [fn]remove leaven from your houses; for whoever eats anything leavened from the first H7223 day until the seventh day, that [fn]person shall be cut off from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:16 - ‘Now on the first H7223 day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you; no work at all shall be done on them, except what must be eaten [fn]by every person, that alone may be done by you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:18 - ‘In the first H7223 month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:1 -

Now Yahweh said to Moses, “Carve out for yourself two stone tablets like the former H7223 ones H7223, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former H7223 tablets which you shattered.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:4 - So he carved out two stone tablets like the former H7223 ones H7223, and Moses rose up early in the morning and went up to Mount Sinai, as Yahweh had commanded him, and he took two stone tablets in his hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:2 - “On the first H7223 day of the first month you shall set up the [fn]tabernacle of the tent of meeting.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:17 -

Now it happened, in the first H7223 month [fn]of the second year, on the first day of the month, the [fn]tabernacle was erected.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:21 - ‘Then he shall bring out the bull to a place outside the camp and burn it as he burned the first H7223 bull; it is the sin offering for the assembly.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:8 - ‘And he shall bring them to the priest, who shall bring near first H7223 that which is for the sin offering and shall nip its head at the front of its neck, but he shall not separate it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 9:15 -

Then he brought near the people’s offering and took the goat of the sin offering which was for the people and slaughtered it and offered it for sin, like the first H7223.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:5 - ‘In the first H7223 month, on the fourteenth day of the month [fn]at twilight is the Passover of Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:7 - ‘On the first H7223 day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:35 - ‘On the first H7223 day is a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work of any kind.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:39 -

‘On exactly the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of Yahweh for seven days, with a [fn]rest on the first H7223 day and a [fn]rest on the eighth day.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:40 - ‘And on the first H7223 day you shall take for yourselves the [fn]foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall be glad before Yahweh your God for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:45 - ‘But I will remember for them the covenant with their ancestors H7223, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God. I am Yahweh.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 2:9 - “The total of the numbered men of the camp of Judah: 186,400, by their armies. They shall set out first H7223.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:12 - and shall dedicate to Yahweh the days of his [fn]Nazirite vow and shall bring a male lamb a year old for a guilt offering; but the former H7223 days will be void because his Nazirite vow was defiled.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 7:12 -

Now the one who brought his offering near on the first H7223 day was Nahshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah;

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:1 -

Thus Yahweh spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first H7223 month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying,

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:5 - And they celebrated the Passover in the first H7223 month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, in the wilderness of Sinai; according to all that Yahweh had commanded Moses, so the sons of Israel did.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:13 - So they moved out for the first H7223 time H7223 according to the [fn]command of Yahweh by the hand of Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:14 - And the standard of the camp of the sons of Judah, according to their armies, set out first H7223, with Nahshon the son of Amminadab, over its army,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:1 -

Then the sons of Israel, the whole congregation, came to the wilderness of Zin in the first H7223 month; and the people stayed at Kadesh. And Miriam died there and was buried there.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:26 - For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, king of the Amorites. Now it was he who had fought against the former H7223 king of Moab and had taken all his land out of his hand, as far as the Arnon.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 28:16 -

‘Then on the fourteenth day of the first H7223 month shall be the Passover of Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 28:18 - ‘On the first H7223 day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:3 -

They journeyed from Rameses in the first H7223 month, on the fifteenth day of the first H7223 month; on the [fn]next day after the Passover the sons of Israel started out [fn]with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:32 -

“Indeed, ask now concerning the former H7223 days which were before you, since the day that God created [fn]man on the earth, and inquire from one end of the heavens to the other. Has anything been done like this great thing, or has anything been heard like it?

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:18 - “And I fell down before Yahweh, as at the first H7223, forty days and nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water because of all your sin which you had committed in doing what was evil in the sight of Yahweh to provoke Him to anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:1 -

“At that time Yahweh said to me, ‘Carve out for yourself two tablets of stone like the former H7223 ones H7223, and come up to Me on the mountain, and make an ark of wood for yourself.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:2 - ‘And I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former H7223 tablets which you shattered, and you shall put them in the ark.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:3 - “So I made an ark of acacia wood and carved out two tablets of stone like the former H7223 ones H7223 and went up on the mountain with the two tablets in my hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:4 - “And He wrote on the tablets, like the former H7223 writing, the Ten [fn]Commandments which Yahweh had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly; and Yahweh gave them to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:10 -

“I, moreover, stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights like the first H7223 time, and Yahweh listened to me that time also; Yahweh was not willing to destroy you.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:9 - “But you shall surely kill him; your hand shall be first H7223 against him to put him to death, and afterwards the hand of all the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:4 - “For seven days no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory, and none of the flesh which you sacrifice on the evening of the first H7223 day shall remain overnight until morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:7 - “The hand of the witnesses shall be first H7223 against him to put him to death, and afterward the hand of all the people. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.

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