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Lexicon :: Strong's H7270 - rāḡal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2113

Strong’s Definitions

רָגַל râgal, raw-gal'; a primitive root; also as denominative from H7272 to walk along; but only in specifically, applications, to reconnoiter, to be a tale-bearer (i.e. slander); to lead about:—backbite, search, slander, (e-) spy (out), teach to go, view.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 25x

The KJV translates Strong's H7270 in the following manner: spy (12x), spy out (8x), view (2x), backbiteth (1x), espy out (1x), slandered (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 25x
The KJV translates Strong's H7270 in the following manner: spy (12x), spy out (8x), view (2x), backbiteth (1x), espy out (1x), slandered (1x).
  1. to go on foot, spy out, foot it, go about, walk along, move the feet

    1. (Qal) to be a tale-bearer, slander, go about

    2. (Piel)

      1. to slander

      2. to go about as explorer, spy

    3. (Tiphel) to teach to walk

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רָגַל râgal, raw-gal'; a primitive root; also as denominative from H7272 to walk along; but only in specifically, applications, to reconnoiter, to be a tale-bearer (i.e. slander); to lead about:—backbite, search, slander, (e-) spy (out), teach to go, view.
רָגַל verb denominative foot it, go about; —
Qal go about (maliciously, as slanderer; compare Arabic bdb092001 and bdb092002 slanderer, from √√ bdb092003 wallk along, bdb092004 walk quickly), slander, Perfect 3rd person masculine singular עַללֿשֹׁנוֺ לאֹרֿ׳ Psalm 15:3, he talks no slander upon his tongue (|| דֹּבֵר אֱמֶת Psalm 15:2).
Pi. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singularוַיְרַגֵּל 2 Samuel 19:28, 3rd person masculine plural וַיְרַגְּלוּ Deuteronomy 1:24; Joshua 7:2; Imperative masculine plural רַגְּלוּ Joshua 7:2; Infinitive construct לְרֵגֵּל Numbers 21:32 + 5 times; suffix לְרַגְּלָהּ 2 Samuel 10:3; Participle plural מְרַגְּלִים Genesis 42:9 + 11 times; —
1. slander (compare Qal), בְּעַבְדְךָ אֶל וַיְר׳ 2 Samuel 19:28.
2. go about as explorer, spy, with accusative of location Numbers 21:32; Joshua 6:25; Joshua 7:2 (twice in verse); Joshua 14:7 (all J E), Judges 18:2 (|| חָקַר), Judges 18:14; Judges 18:17; 2 Samuel 10:3 (|| חָקַר), 1 Chronicles 19:3, so also participle Genesis 42:30 (E), Joshua 6:22 (JE); participle, accusative omitted, as adjective, אֲנָשִׁים מְרַגְּלִים Joshua 2:1, compare Joshua 6:23 (both J E); as substantive, spies 1 Samuel 26:4; 2 Samuel 15:10, and so perhaps (as predicate) Genesis 42:9, 11, 14, 16, 31, 34 (all E).
Tiph. Perfect 1st person singular תִּרְגַּלְתִּי לְאֶפְרַיִם [H8637 Hosea 11:3] I taught Ephraim to walk (si vera lectio; see Ges§ 55h).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


42:9; 42:9; 42:11; 42:14; 42:16; 42:30; 42:31; 42:34


21:32; 21:32




2:1; 6:22; 6:23; 6:25; 7:2; 7:2; 7:2; 14:7


18:2; 18:14; 18:17

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

10:3; 10:3; 15:10; 19:28; 19:28

1 Chronicles



15:2; 15:3

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7270 matches the Hebrew רָגַל (rāḡal),
which occurs 25 times in 24 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:9 - And Joseph remembered the dreams which he [fn]had about them, and he said to them, “You are spies H7270; you have come to look at the [fn]undefended parts of our land.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:11 - “We are all sons of one man; we are honest men, your servants are not spies H7270.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:14 - Yet Joseph said to them, “It is as I said [fn]to you, you are spies H7270;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:16 - “Send one of you and have him get your brother, while you remain confined, so that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you. But if not, by the life of Pharaoh, you are certainly spies H7270!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:30 - “The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly with us, and took us for spies H7270 of the country.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:31 - “But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies H7270.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:34 - ‘But bring your youngest brother to me so that I may know that you are not spies H7270, but [fn]honest men. I will give your brother to you, and you may trade in the land.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:32 - Now Moses sent men to spy H7270 out H7270 Jazer, and they captured its villages and dispossessed the Amorites who were there.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:24 - “Then they turned and went up into the hill country, and came to the Valley of Eshcol, and spied H7270 it out H7270.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:1 - Then Joshua the son of Nun sent two men as spies H7270 secretly from Shittim, saying, “Go, view the land, especially Jericho.” So they went and entered the house of a prostitute whose name was Rahab, and rested there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:22 - And Joshua said to the two men who had spied H7270 out H7270 the land, “Go into the prostitute’s house and bring the woman and all she has out of there, just as you have sworn to her.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:23 - So the young men who were spies H7270 went in and brought out Rahab, her father, her mother, her brothers, and all she had; they also brought out all her relatives, and placed them outside the camp of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:25 - However, Rahab the prostitute and her father’s household and all she had, Joshua [fn]spared; and she has lived in the midst of Israel to this day, because she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent to spy H7270 out H7270 Jericho.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:2 - Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth-aven, east of Bethel, and said to them, “[fn]Go up and spy H7270 out H7270 the land.” So the men went up and spied H7270 out H7270 Ai.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 14:7 - “I was forty years old when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadesh-barnea to spy H7270 out H7270 the land, and I brought word back to him as it was in my heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:2 - So the sons of Dan sent from their family five men out of their whole number, [fn]valiant men from Zorah and Eshtaol, to spy H7270 out H7270 the land and to explore it; and they said to them, “Go, explore the land.” And they came to the hill country of Ephraim, to the house of Micah, and stayed overnight there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:14 - Then the five men who went to spy H7270 out H7270 the country of Laish [fn]said to their kinsmen, “Do you know that there are in these houses an ephod and [fn]household idols, and a carved image and a cast metal image? Now then, consider what you should do.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:17 - Now the five men who went to spy H7270 out H7270 the land went up and entered there; they took the carved image, the ephod, the [fn]household idols, and the cast metal image, while the priest was standing at the entrance of the gate with the six hundred men armed with weapons of war.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:4 - David sent out spies H7270, and he learned that Saul was definitely coming.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 10:3 - the commanders of the Ammonites said to their lord Hanun, “[fn]Do you think that David is simply honoring your father since he has sent you servants [fn]to console you? Has David not sent his servants to you in order to explore the city, to spy H7270 it out H7270 and overthrow it?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:10 - But Absalom sent spies H7270 throughout the tribes of Israel, saying, “As soon as you hear the sound of the trumpet, then you shall say, ‘Absalom is king in Hebron!’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:27 - “Furthermore, he has slandered H7270 your servant to my lord the king; but my lord the king is like the angel of God, therefore do what is good in your sight.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 19:3 - But the commanders among the sons of Ammon said to Hanun, “[fn]Do you think that David is honoring your father, in that he has sent comforters to you? Have his servants not come to you to search, to demolish, and to spy H7270 out H7270 the land?”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 15:3 - He does not slander H7270 [fn]with his tongue,
Nor do evil to his neighbor,
Nor bring shame on his friend;

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