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Lexicon :: Strong's H7291 - rāḏap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2124

Strong’s Definitions

רָדַף râdaph, raw-daf'; a primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively [of time] gone by):—chase, put to flight, follow (after, on), hunt, (be under) persecute(-ion, -or), pursue(-r).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 143x

The KJV translates Strong's H7291 in the following manner: pursue (74x), persecute (20x), follow (18x), chase (13x), persecutors (7x), pursuer (6x), follow after (1x), flight (1x), miscellaneous (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 143x
The KJV translates Strong's H7291 in the following manner: pursue (74x), persecute (20x), follow (18x), chase (13x), persecutors (7x), pursuer (6x), follow after (1x), flight (1x), miscellaneous (3x).
  1. to be behind, follow after, pursue, persecute, run after

    1. (Qal)

      1. to pursue, put to flight, chase, dog, attend closely upon

      2. to persecute, harass (fig)

      3. to follow after, aim to secure (fig)

      4. to run after (a bribe) (fig)

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be pursued

      2. one pursued (participle)

    3. (Piel) to pursue ardently, aim eagerly to secure, pursue

    4. (Pual) to be pursued, be chased away

    5. (Hiphil) to pursue, chase

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רָדַף râdaph, raw-daf'; a primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively [of time] gone by):—chase, put to flight, follow (after, on), hunt, (be under) persecute(-ion, -or), pursue(-r).
STRONGS H7291: Abbreviations
רָדַף 141 verb pursue, chase, persecute (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic רְדַף, bdb092202; Arabic bdb092203; Sabean רדף id., SabDenkmNo. 7, 1. 2); —
Qal128 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ר׳ Judges 4:16 +; 1st person singular וְרָדַפְתִּ֫י Jeremiah 29:18, etc.; Imperfect יִרְדֹּף Deuteronomy 19:6 +, ִֽֽֽירַדֹּף Psalm 7:6 (apparently to give choice of Qal or Pi, Ki JHMich Bae and others; Ges§ 63n explanation as developed from יִרֲדֹף, compare Ol§ 236 e, and, further, Köi. 160), suffix יִרְ דְָּפֶ֑ךָ Ezekiel 35:6 (twice in verse), etc.; Imperative masculine singular רְדֹף Genesis 44:4 +, suffix רָדְפֵהוּ Psalm 34:15; masculine plural רִדְפוּ Judges 3:28 +; Infinitive construct רָדְפִף Joshua 8:16 +, מִרְדֹף 1 Samuel 23:28; 2 Samuel 18:16, suffix רָדְפִי Psalm 38:21 Qr, רדופי Kt, etc.; Participle רֹדֵף Judges 4:22 +, plural רֹדְפִים Judges 8:4 +; —
a.pursue (sometimes + הִשִּׂיג): literal with אַחֲרֵי person, in order to overtake Genesis 44:4 (J), 2 Kings 5:21; especially with hostile purpose Genesis 31:23 (+ הִדְבִּיק), Genesis 35:5; Joshua 24:6 (all E), Joshua 2:5, 7 (twice in verse); Joshua 8:16 (twice in verse); Joshua 8:17; Joshua 10:19 (JE), Deuteronomy 11:4; Deuteronomy 19:6; Joshua 20:5 (all D), Exodus 14:4, 8, 9 (P), Judges 1:6; 2 Samuel 20:6, 7, 10, 13; 2 Kings 9:27 + 17 times, + 2 Kings 25:5 (אַחַר), + Judges 4:16 (אַחֲרֵי הָרֶכֶב); + רִדְפוּ אַחֲרֵי Judges 3:28 = follow me (as leader; but this meaning not elsewhere; read רְדוּ Greek Version of the LXX Kit GFM).
b. literal, with accusative of person, put to flight, chase (defeated foe; sometimes with הִשִּׁיג): Amos 1:11; Hosea 8:3; Deuteronomy 32:30 (poem; || הֵנִיס), Deuteronomy 28:22, 45; Joshua 23:10 (D), Leviticus 26:8 (twice in verse) (H); וְרָדַף אֹתָם קוֺל עָלֶה נִדָּף Leviticus 26:36a (H); Joshua 7:5; Joshua 8:24; Joshua 10:10; Joshua 11:8 (all J E), Genesis 14:15; Deuteronomy 1:44; Judges 4:22; Isaiah 41:3 + 13 times + Judges 7:25 (read אֶתֿ for אֶלֿ, Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Targum GFM Bu Now).
†c. literal, accusative omitted Judges 8:4; 1 Samuel 30:8 (+ הִשִּׂיג), 1 Samuel 30:10; Genesis 14:14; Exodus 14:23 (P), Exodus 15:9 (poem; + הִשִּׂיג), Leviticus 26:36 b. 37 (H), Proverbs 28:1; especially participle plural הָר׳ the pursuers Joshua 2:16 (twice in verse); Joshua 2:22 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 9:11; Isaiah 30:16, so הָרֹדֵף Joshua 8:20; Lamentations 1:6.
†d. chase, hunt, partridge (קֹרֵא) 1 Samuel 26:20 (in simile; || בִּקֵּשׁ).
†e. pursue, in figure, Jeremiah 20:11; Lamentations 4:19, רִדְפוּ וְתִפְשׂוּהוּ Psalm 71:11, compare Lamentations 1:3; Psalm 7:6 (+ הִשִּׂיג; see above); especially subject י׳, pursue (figurative of punishment, judgment), with accusative of person Jeremiah 29:18 (בַּחֶרֶב), Lamentations 3:43 and (בְּאַף) Lamentations 3:66, Psalm 83:16 (בְּסַעֲרֶ֑ךָ); אֶתקַֿשׁ יָבֵשׁ תִּרְדֹּף Job 13:25 (|| תַּעַרוֺץ); רֹדְפָם, of מַלְאַךְ י׳, Psalm 35:6.
†f. figurative persecute, harass, with accusative of person Deuteronomy 30:7; Job 19:22 (כְּמוֺאֵֿל), Psalm 69:27; Psalm 109:16; Psalm 119:86; Psalm 119:161; with accusative נַפְשִׁי Psalm 143:3, with accusative נֲדִבָתִי Job 30:15 (but subject obscure; read perhaps תֵּרָדֵף Bu; Du תִּנָּדֵף); with ל person Job 19:28; participle as substantive Jeremiah 15:15; Jeremiah 17:18; Psalm 7:2; Psalm 31:16 (|| אוֺיְבַי; We מְרַדְּפָ֑י for וַרֹדְפָ֑י), Psalm 35:3; Psalm 119:84; Psalm 119:157 (+ צָרַי), Psalm 142:7.
†g. pursue, dog, subject דָּם, with accusative of person Ezekiel 35:6 (twice in verse) (del Ezekiel 35:6a Greek Version of the LXX Co Toy Krae); in good sense, attend closely upon, טוֺב וָחֶסֶד יִרְדְּפוּנִי Psalm 23:6.
†2. figurative follow after, aim to secure: in bad sense, with accusative שַׁלְמֹנִים Isaiah 1:23, שֵׁכָר Isaiah 5:11, קָדִים ר׳ Hosea 12:2, רֹדְפֵי זִמָּה Psalm 119:150; good sense, with infinitive לְדַעַת אֶתיֿ׳ Hosea 6:3, with accusative צֶדֶק Deuteronomy 16:20; Isaiah 51:1 (|| מְבַקְשֵׁי י׳), צְדָקָה וָחָ֑סֶד Proverbs 21:21, שָׁלוֺם Psalm 34:15 (|| בַּוֵּשׁ), טוֺב Psalm 38:21.
Niph. passive: Perfect 1st person plural עַלצַֿוָּארֵנוּ נִרְדָּ֑פְנוּ Lamentations 5:5 upon our neck (i.e. closely) we are pursued (improbable, compare Bu); perhaps Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֵּרָדֵף Job 30:15 Bu (for תִּרְדֹּף); Participle א׳ יְבַקֵּשׁ אֶתנִֿרְדָּ֑ף Ecclesiastes 3:15 God seeketh the pursued (i.e. what has disappeared, is past, but dubious).
Pi. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular consecutive וְרִדְּפָה Hosea 2:9; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְרַדֶּףֿ Nahum 1:8 (Psalm 7:6 see Qal); 3rd person femininesingular תְּרַדֵּף Proverbs 13:21; Participle מְרֵדֵּףֿ Proverbs 11:19 +; — pursue ardently, with accusative of person Hosea 2:9 (in figurative); figurative also חשֶׁךְ יְר׳ Nahum 1:8 (GunkZAW xiii (1893), 230, plausibly, יֶהְדֹּף), compare Proverbs 13:31; elsewhere participle, in Proverbs: aim (eagerly) to secure, with accusative רָעָה Proverbs 11:19, רֵיקִים Proverbs 12:11; Proverbs 28:19, אֲמָרִים Proverbs 19:7 (meaning dubious, see Toy); in good sense, צְדָקָה Proverbs 15:9.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular consecutive וְרֻדַּף כְמֹץ הָרִים Isaiah 17:13 it shall be chased away like chaff of the mountains (|| וְנָס).
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix הִרְּדִיפֻהוּ Judges 20:43 usually they chased him (Benjamin, collective), but strange after כִתְּרוּ surrounded (still stranger after כתתו or כרתו Greek Version of the LXX), and why Hiph.? GFM conjecture dittograph of הִדְרִיכֻהוּ following; the reverse conjectured by Bu Now.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


14:14; 14:15; 31:23; 35:5; 44:4; 44:4


14:4; 14:8; 14:9; 14:23; 15:9


26:8; 26:36; 26:36


1:44; 11:4; 16:20; 19:6; 19:6; 28:22; 28:45; 30:7; 32:30


2:5; 2:7; 2:16; 2:22; 7:5; 8:16; 8:16; 8:17; 8:20; 8:24; 10:10; 10:19; 11:8; 20:5; 23:10; 24:6


1:6; 3:28; 3:28; 4:16; 4:16; 4:22; 4:22; 7:25; 8:4; 8:4; 20:43

1 Samuel

23:28; 26:20; 30:8; 30:10

2 Samuel

18:16; 20:6; 20:7; 20:10; 20:13

2 Kings

5:21; 9:27; 25:5




13:25; 19:22; 19:28; 30:15; 30:15


7:2; 7:6; 7:6; 7:6; 23:6; 31:16; 34:15; 34:15; 35:3; 35:6; 38:21; 38:21; 69:27; 71:11; 83:16; 109:16; 119:84; 119:86; 119:150; 119:157; 119:161; 142:7; 143:3


11:19; 11:19; 12:11; 13:21; 15:9; 19:7; 21:21; 28:1; 28:19




1:23; 5:11; 17:13; 30:16; 41:3; 51:1


15:15; 17:18; 20:11; 29:18; 29:18


1:3; 1:6; 3:43; 3:66; 4:19; 5:5


35:6; 35:6; 35:6


2:9; 2:9; 6:3; 8:3; 12:2




1:8; 1:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7291 matches the Hebrew רָדַף (rāḏap̄),
which occurs 144 times in 135 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 14:14–1Sa 7:11)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:14 - And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued H7291 them unto Dan.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:15 - And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued H7291 them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:23 - And he took his brethren with him, and pursued H7291 after him seven days' journey; and they overtook him in the mount Gilead.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:5 - And they journeyed: and the terror of God was upon the cities that were round about them, and they did not pursue H7291 after the sons of Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:4 - And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow H7291 after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:4 - And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow H7291 after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:8 - And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued H7291 after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:9 - But the Egyptians pursued H7291 after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:23 - And the Egyptians pursued, H7291 and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:9 - The enemy said, I will pursue, H7291 I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:7 - And ye shall chase H7291 your enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:8 - And five of you shall chase H7291 an hundred, and an hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight: H7291 and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:17 - And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth H7291 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:36 - And upon them that are left alive of you I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a shaken leaf shall chase H7291 them; and they shall flee, as fleeing from a sword; and they shall fall when none pursueth. H7291
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:37 - And they shall fall one upon another, as it were before a sword, when none pursueth: H7291 and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:44 - And the Amorites, which dwelt in that mountain, came out against you, and chased H7291 you, as bees do, and destroyed you in Seir, even unto Hormah.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:4 - And what he did unto the army of Egypt, unto their horses, and to their chariots; how he made the water of the Red sea to overflow them as they pursued H7291 after you, and how the LORD hath destroyed them unto this day;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:20 - That which is altogether just shalt thou follow, H7291 that thou mayest live, and inherit the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:6 - Lest the avenger of the blood pursue H7291 the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:22 - The LORD shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue H7291 thee until thou perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:45 - Moreover all these curses shall come upon thee, and shall pursue H7291 thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed; because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which he commanded thee:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:7 - And the LORD thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, which persecuted H7291 thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:30 - How should one chase H7291 a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:5 - And it came to pass about the time of shutting of the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out: whither the men went I wot not: pursue H7291 after them quickly; for ye shall overtake them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:7 - And the men pursued H7291 after them the way to Jordan unto the fords: and as soon as they which pursued H7291 after them were gone out, they shut the gate.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:16 - And she said unto them, Get you to the mountain, lest the pursuers H7291 meet you; and hide yourselves there three days, until the pursuers H7291 be returned: and afterward may ye go your way.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:22 - And they went, and came unto the mountain, and abode there three days, until the pursuers H7291 were returned: and the pursuers H7291 sought them throughout all the way, but found them not.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:5 - And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men: for they chased H7291 them from before the gate even unto Shebarim, and smote them in the going down: wherefore the hearts of the people melted, and became as water.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:16 - And all the people that were in Ai were called together to pursue H7291 after them: and they pursued H7291 after Joshua, and were drawn away from the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:17 - And there was not a man left in Ai or Bethel, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued H7291 after Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:20 - And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no power to flee this way or that way: and the people that fled to the wilderness turned back upon the pursuers. H7291
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:24 - And it came to pass, when Israel had made an end of slaying all the inhabitants of Ai in the field, in the wilderness wherein they chased H7291 them, and when they were all fallen on the edge of the sword, until they were consumed, that all the Israelites returned unto Ai, and smote it with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:10 - And the LORD discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased H7291 them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:19 - And stay ye not, but pursue H7291 after your enemies, and smite the hindmost of them; suffer them not to enter into their cities: for the LORD your God hath delivered them into your hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:8 - And the LORD delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased H7291 them unto great Zidon, and unto Misrephothmaim, and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they smote them, until they left them none remaining.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - And if the avenger of blood pursue H7291 after him, then they shall not deliver the slayer up into his hand; because he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated him not beforetime.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:10 - One man of you shall chase H7291 a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:6 - And I brought your fathers out of Egypt: and ye came unto the sea; and the Egyptians pursued H7291 after your fathers with chariots and horsemen unto the Red sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:6 - But Adonibezek fled; and they pursued H7291 after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:28 - And he said unto them, Follow H7291 after me: for the LORD hath delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:16 - But Barak pursued H7291 after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles: and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:22 - And, behold, as Barak pursued H7291 Sisera, Jael came out to meet him, and said unto him, Come, and I will shew thee the man whom thou seekest. And when he came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail was in his temples.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:23 - And the men of Israel gathered themselves together out of Naphtali, and out of Asher, and out of all Manasseh, and pursued H7291 after the Midianites.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:25 - And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued H7291 Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:4 - And Gideon came to Jordan, and passed over, he, and the three hundred men that were with him, faint, yet pursuing H7291 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:5 - And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they be faint, and I am pursuing H7291 after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:12 - And when Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued H7291 after them, and took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:40 - And Abimelech chased H7291 him, and he fled before him, and many were overthrown and wounded, even unto the entering of the gate.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:43 - Thus they inclosed the Benjamites round about, and chased H7291 them, and trode them down with ease over against Gibeah toward the sunrising.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:11 - And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh, and pursued H7291 the Philistines, and smote them, until they came under Bethcar.

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Sa 17:52–Psa 142:6

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