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Lexicon :: Strong's H7378 - rîḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
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TWOT Reference: 2159

Strong’s Definitions

רִיב rîyb, reeb; or רוּב rûwb; a primitive root; properly, to toss, i.e. grapple; mostly figuratively, to wrangle, i.e. hold a controversy; (by implication) to defend:—adversary, chide, complain, contend, debate, × ever, × lay wait, plead, rebuke, strive, × thoroughly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 67x

The KJV translates Strong's H7378 in the following manner: plead (27x), strive (13x), contend (12x), chide (6x), debate (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 67x
The KJV translates Strong's H7378 in the following manner: plead (27x), strive (13x), contend (12x), chide (6x), debate (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to strive, contend

    1. (Qal)

      1. to strive

        1. physically

        2. with words

      2. to conduct a case or suit (legal), sue

      3. to make complaint

      4. to quarrel

    2. (Hiphil) to contend against

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רִיב rîyb, reeb; or רוּב rûwb; a primitive root; properly, to toss, i.e. grapple; mostly figuratively, to wrangle, i.e. hold a controversy; (by implication) to defend:—adversary, chide, complain, contend, debate, × ever, × lay wait, plead, rebuke, strive, × thoroughly.
STRONGS H7378: Abbreviations
רִיב [NöZMG xxxvii (1883). 530, 534 Ges§ 73b] verb strive, contend (compare Arabic bdb093606(bdb093611) agitate (the mind), bdb093607disquiet; compare also Syriac bdb093608cry, shout, Aph`el also quarrel noisily, bdb093609shouting, clamour (see Nöl.c.); on Sabean proper name ריב = Arabic bdb093610see DHMib. 14); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular רָב Judges 11:25; 1 Samuel 25:29; 2nd person masculine singular רַבְתָּ Lamentations 3:58, רִיבוֺתָ Job 33:13, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יָרִיב Judges 6:31 +, jussive יָרֵב Hosea 4:4; 1 Samuel 24:16, יָ֫רֶב לוֺ(בּוֺׅ Judges 6:31, 32; וַיָּ֫רֶב Genesis 31:36 +; 2nd person masculine singular תרוב Proverbs 3:30 Kt, תָּרִיב Qr; 3rd person masculine plural יְרִיבֻן Exodus 21:18, etc.; Imperative masculine singular רִיב Micah 6:1; Proverbs 25:9, רִיבָה Psalm 35:1 +, masculine plural רִיבוּ Isaiah 1:17; Hosea 2:4; Infinitive absolute רוֺב Judges 11:25, רֹב Job 40:2; רִיב Jeremiah 50:34 (Ges§ 73di. 509 BaNB 80); construct רִיב Isaiah 3:13; Job 9:3 + Judges 21:22 Qr (Kt רוב), רִב Amos 7:4; Proverbs 25:8; Participle רָב Isaiah 19:20 +; — strive:
1. involving bodily struggle Exodus 21:18 (that is, one with another; E); public hostilities, יָרָיוּ רָב לוֺ Deuteronomy 33:7 (with) his hands he strove for it, with עִם of Israel, הֲרוֺב רָב Judges 11:25 (|| נִלְחַם).
2. with words, with ב person Genesis 31:36 (E), Exodus 17:2a (J) Judges 6:32, so (in figurative) Hosea 2:4 compare Hosea 2:4; often = quarrel, with עִם person, Genesis 26:20; Exodus 17:2b Numbers 20:3 (all J), Nehemiah 13:25; subject God Job 9:3; Job 13:19; Job 23:6; also Job 40:2 (עִם of God; on infinitive absolute see Ges§ 113ee), in general Proverbs 3:30; with אֵת person Judges 8:1; Nehemiah 5:7; Nehemiah 13:11, 17, subject י׳ Isaiah 49:25 (compare I. יָרִיב below), Psalm 35:1 (|| לָחַם); אֵת of י׳ Isaiah 45:9 (participle one striving), Numbers 20:13 (P); with עַל of thing Genesis 26:21, 22; absolute = find fault Hosea 4:4 (|| הוֺכִיחַ). Especially
3. conduct a (legal) case, suit, usually figurative, י׳ subject; Isaiah 3:13 (|| דִּין), Isaiah 57:16 (|| קָצַף), Psalm 103:9 (נָטַר [אַף]), compare קֹרֵא לָרִב בָּאֵשׁ Amos 7:4; with accusative of person with whom (unfriendly sense), Job 10:2; Isaiah 27:8; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb רִיב in good sense, = take one's part, 1 Samuel 24:15 (Gi; 1 Samuel 24:16 van d. H. Baer; || שָׁפַט), Micah 7:9; Jeremiah 50:34 (רִיב יָרִיב אֶתרִֿיבָם, infinitive construct = infinitive absolute, see above), Jeremiah 51:36 (|| נקם), Lamentations 3:58; Proverbs 22:23; Psalm 43:1 (+ מִגּוֺי; || שָׁפַט), Psalm 119:154 (+ גָּאַל), also Psalm 74:22 (God, his own cause); + מִיַּד person against whom 1 Samuel 25:39 (of vengeance); + אֵת person against whom Proverbs 23:11, so (without accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Isaiah 50:8; Jeremiah 2:9 (twice in verse); compare אֶתֿ הֶהָרִים Micah 6:1 (II. אֵת 1c; Greek Version of the LXX πρός, whence We Now אֶלֿ in the presence of, but on רִיב אֶל see 4); ר׳ = plead, with ל person for whom Judges 6:31 (3 times in verse); Job 13:8, with accusative of person for whom Isaiah 1:17, of God Isaiah 51:22, compare Deuteronomy 33:8 (obscure, see Dr); of human disputes Proverbs 25:8, אֶתרֵֿעֶ֑ךָ רִיבְךָ ר׳ Proverbs 25:9.
4. = make complaint, with אֶל person unto and against whom Judges 21:22; Jeremiah 2:29; Jeremiah 12:1; Job 33:13.
Hiph. Participle suffix מריבו 1 Samuel 2:10 Kt (Qr מְרִיבָיו), i.e. (those) displaying contention against him (י׳), compare plural construct ְ ועַמְּךָ כִמְרִיבֵי כֹהֵן Hosea 4:4, obscure; RSProph. 406 מָרוּ בִי thy people have rebelled against me, O priest ! Beck Wü We GASm וְעַמִּי כִּכְמָרָיו הַכֹּהֵן (הַכּ׳ as voc., and [by some] joined to Hosea 4:5); HermannSK, 1879, 516 וְעִמְּךָ מְרִיבִי הַכּ, compare Oort (רִיבִי); RubenCrit, Rem. on the passage ְ ועַמִּי כָמוֺךָ הַכּ׳, so Now. — וַיָּרֶכ 1 Samuel 15:5 see ארב Hiph.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:20; 26:21; 26:22; 31:36; 31:36


17:2; 17:2; 21:18; 21:18


20:3; 20:13


33:7; 33:8


6:31; 6:31; 6:31; 6:32; 6:32; 8:1; 11:25; 11:25; 11:25; 21:22; 21:22

1 Samuel

2:10; 15:5; 24:15; 24:16; 24:16; 25:29; 25:39


5:7; 13:11; 13:17; 13:25


9:3; 9:3; 10:2; 13:8; 13:19; 23:6; 33:13; 33:13; 40:2; 40:2


35:1; 35:1; 43:1; 74:22; 103:9; 119:154


3:30; 3:30; 22:23; 23:11; 25:8; 25:8; 25:9; 25:9


1:17; 1:17; 3:13; 3:13; 19:20; 27:8; 45:9; 49:25; 50:8; 51:22; 57:16


2:9; 2:29; 12:1; 50:34; 50:34; 51:36


3:58; 3:58


2:4; 2:4; 2:4; 4:4; 4:4; 4:4; 4:5


7:4; 7:4


6:1; 6:1; 7:9

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7378 matches the Hebrew רִיב (rîḇ),
which occurs 70 times in 59 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 26:20–Jer 2:29)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:20 - And the herdmen of Gerar did strive H7378 with Isaac's herdmen, saying, The water is ours: and he called the name of the well Esek; because they strove with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:21 - And they digged another well, and strove H7378 for that also: and he called the name of it Sitnah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:22 - And he removed from thence, and digged another well; and for that they strove H7378 not: and he called the name of it Rehoboth; and he said, For now the LORD hath made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:36 - And Jacob was wroth, and chode H7378 with Laban: and Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is my trespass? what is my sin, that thou hast so hotly pursued after me?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:2 - Wherefore the people did chide H7378 with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide H7378 ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:18 - And if men strive H7378 together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:3 - And the people chode H7378 with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD!
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:13 - This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove H7378 with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:8 - And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst strive H7378 at the waters of Meribah;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:31 - And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead H7378 for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead H7378 for him, let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead H7378 for himself, because one hath cast down his altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:32 - Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal, saying, Let Baal plead H7378 against him, because he hath thrown down his altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:1 - And the men of Ephraim said unto him, Why hast thou served us thus, that thou calledst us not, when thou wentest to fight with the Midianites? And they did chide H7378 with him sharply.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:25 - And now art thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he ever H7378 strive H7378 against Israel, or did he ever fight against them,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:22 - And it shall be, when their fathers or their brethren come unto us to complain, H7378 that we will say unto them, Be favourable unto them for our sakes: because we reserved not to each man his wife in the war: for ye did not give unto them at this time, that ye should be guilty.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:10 - The adversaries H7378 of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:5 - And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait H7378 in the valley.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:15 - The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead H7378 my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:39 - And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded H7378 the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 5:7 - Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked H7378 the nobles, and the rulers, and said unto them, Ye exact usury, every one of his brother. And I set a great assembly against them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:11 - Then contended H7378 I with the rulers, and said, Why is the house of God forsaken? And I gathered them together, and set them in their place.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:17 - Then I contended H7378 with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day?
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:25 - And I contended H7378 with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:3 - If he will contend H7378 with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:2 - I will say unto God, Do not condemn me; shew me wherefore thou contendest H7378 with me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 13:8 - Will ye accept his person? will ye contend H7378 for God?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 13:19 - Who is he that will plead H7378 with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 23:6 - Will he plead H7378 against me with his great power? No; but he would put strength in me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:13 - If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:13 - Why dost thou strive H7378 against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:2 - Shall he that contendeth H7378 with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproveth God, let him answer it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:1 - [[A Psalm of David.]] Plead H7378 my cause, O LORD, with them that strive with me: fight against them that fight against me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 43:1 - Judge me, O God, and plead H7378 my cause against an ungodly nation: O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:22 - Arise, O God, plead H7378 thine own cause: remember how the foolish man reproacheth thee daily.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 103:9 - He will not always chide: H7378 neither will he keep his anger for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:154 - Plead H7378 my cause, and deliver me: quicken me according to thy word.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 3:30 - Strive H7378 not with a man without cause, if he have done thee no harm.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:23 - For the LORD will plead H7378 their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:11 - For their redeemer is mighty; he shall plead H7378 their cause with thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:8 - Go not forth hastily to strive, H7378 lest thou know not what to do in the end thereof, when thy neighbour hath put thee to shame.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:9 - Debate H7378 thy cause with thy neighbour himself; and discover not a secret to another:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:17 - Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead H7378 for the widow.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:13 - The LORD standeth up to plead, H7378 and standeth to judge the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 27:8 - In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate H7378 with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:9 - Woe unto him that striveth H7378 with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:25 - But thus saith the LORD, Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered: for I will contend H7378 with him that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:8 - He is near that justifieth me; who will contend H7378 with me? let us stand together: who is mine adversary? let him come near to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 51:22 - Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, and thy God that pleadeth H7378 the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, even the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:16 - For I will not contend H7378 for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:9 - Wherefore I will yet plead H7378 with you, saith the LORD, and with your children's children will I plead. H7378
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:29 - Wherefore will ye plead H7378 with me? ye all have transgressed against me, saith the LORD.

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