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Lexicon :: Strong's H7378 - rîḇ

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A primitive root
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TWOT Reference: 2159

Strong’s Definitions

רִיב rîyb, reeb; or רוּב rûwb; a primitive root; properly, to toss, i.e. grapple; mostly figuratively, to wrangle, i.e. hold a controversy; (by implication) to defend:—adversary, chide, complain, contend, debate, × ever, × lay wait, plead, rebuke, strive, × thoroughly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 67x

The KJV translates Strong's H7378 in the following manner: plead (27x), strive (13x), contend (12x), chide (6x), debate (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 67x
The KJV translates Strong's H7378 in the following manner: plead (27x), strive (13x), contend (12x), chide (6x), debate (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to strive, contend

    1. (Qal)

      1. to strive

        1. physically

        2. with words

      2. to conduct a case or suit (legal), sue

      3. to make complaint

      4. to quarrel

    2. (Hiphil) to contend against

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רִיב rîyb, reeb; or רוּב rûwb; a primitive root; properly, to toss, i.e. grapple; mostly figuratively, to wrangle, i.e. hold a controversy; (by implication) to defend:—adversary, chide, complain, contend, debate, × ever, × lay wait, plead, rebuke, strive, × thoroughly.
STRONGS H7378: Abbreviations
רִיב [NöZMG xxxvii (1883). 530, 534 Ges§ 73b] verb strive, contend (compare Arabic bdb093606(bdb093611) agitate (the mind), bdb093607disquiet; compare also Syriac bdb093608cry, shout, Aph`el also quarrel noisily, bdb093609shouting, clamour (see Nöl.c.); on Sabean proper name ריב = Arabic bdb093610see DHMib. 14); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular רָב Judges 11:25; 1 Samuel 25:29; 2nd person masculine singular רַבְתָּ Lamentations 3:58, רִיבוֺתָ Job 33:13, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יָרִיב Judges 6:31 +, jussive יָרֵב Hosea 4:4; 1 Samuel 24:16, יָ֫רֶב לוֺ(בּוֺׅ Judges 6:31, 32; וַיָּ֫רֶב Genesis 31:36 +; 2nd person masculine singular תרוב Proverbs 3:30 Kt, תָּרִיב Qr; 3rd person masculine plural יְרִיבֻן Exodus 21:18, etc.; Imperative masculine singular רִיב Micah 6:1; Proverbs 25:9, רִיבָה Psalm 35:1 +, masculine plural רִיבוּ Isaiah 1:17; Hosea 2:4; Infinitive absolute רוֺב Judges 11:25, רֹב Job 40:2; רִיב Jeremiah 50:34 (Ges§ 73di. 509 BaNB 80); construct רִיב Isaiah 3:13; Job 9:3 + Judges 21:22 Qr (Kt רוב), רִב Amos 7:4; Proverbs 25:8; Participle רָב Isaiah 19:20 +; — strive:
1. involving bodily struggle Exodus 21:18 (that is, one with another; E); public hostilities, יָרָיוּ רָב לוֺ Deuteronomy 33:7 (with) his hands he strove for it, with עִם of Israel, הֲרוֺב רָב Judges 11:25 (|| נִלְחַם).
2. with words, with ב person Genesis 31:36 (E), Exodus 17:2a (J) Judges 6:32, so (in figurative) Hosea 2:4 compare Hosea 2:4; often = quarrel, with עִם person, Genesis 26:20; Exodus 17:2b Numbers 20:3 (all J), Nehemiah 13:25; subject God Job 9:3; Job 13:19; Job 23:6; also Job 40:2 (עִם of God; on infinitive absolute see Ges§ 113ee), in general Proverbs 3:30; with אֵת person Judges 8:1; Nehemiah 5:7; Nehemiah 13:11, 17, subject י׳ Isaiah 49:25 (compare I. יָרִיב below), Psalm 35:1 (|| לָחַם); אֵת of י׳ Isaiah 45:9 (participle one striving), Numbers 20:13 (P); with עַל of thing Genesis 26:21, 22; absolute = find fault Hosea 4:4 (|| הוֺכִיחַ). Especially
3. conduct a (legal) case, suit, usually figurative, י׳ subject; Isaiah 3:13 (|| דִּין), Isaiah 57:16 (|| קָצַף), Psalm 103:9 (נָטַר [אַף]), compare קֹרֵא לָרִב בָּאֵשׁ Amos 7:4; with accusative of person with whom (unfriendly sense), Job 10:2; Isaiah 27:8; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb רִיב in good sense, = take one's part, 1 Samuel 24:15 (Gi; 1 Samuel 24:16 van d. H. Baer; || שָׁפַט), Micah 7:9; Jeremiah 50:34 (רִיב יָרִיב אֶתרִֿיבָם, infinitive construct = infinitive absolute, see above), Jeremiah 51:36 (|| נקם), Lamentations 3:58; Proverbs 22:23; Psalm 43:1 (+ מִגּוֺי; || שָׁפַט), Psalm 119:154 (+ גָּאַל), also Psalm 74:22 (God, his own cause); + מִיַּד person against whom 1 Samuel 25:39 (of vengeance); + אֵת person against whom Proverbs 23:11, so (without accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Isaiah 50:8; Jeremiah 2:9 (twice in verse); compare אֶתֿ הֶהָרִים Micah 6:1 (II. אֵת 1c; Greek Version of the LXX πρός, whence We Now אֶלֿ in the presence of, but on רִיב אֶל see 4); ר׳ = plead, with ל person for whom Judges 6:31 (3 times in verse); Job 13:8, with accusative of person for whom Isaiah 1:17, of God Isaiah 51:22, compare Deuteronomy 33:8 (obscure, see Dr); of human disputes Proverbs 25:8, אֶתרֵֿעֶ֑ךָ רִיבְךָ ר׳ Proverbs 25:9.
4. = make complaint, with אֶל person unto and against whom Judges 21:22; Jeremiah 2:29; Jeremiah 12:1; Job 33:13.
Hiph. Participle suffix מריבו 1 Samuel 2:10 Kt (Qr מְרִיבָיו), i.e. (those) displaying contention against him (י׳), compare plural construct ְ ועַמְּךָ כִמְרִיבֵי כֹהֵן Hosea 4:4, obscure; RSProph. 406 מָרוּ בִי thy people have rebelled against me, O priest ! Beck Wü We GASm וְעַמִּי כִּכְמָרָיו הַכֹּהֵן (הַכּ׳ as voc., and [by some] joined to Hosea 4:5); HermannSK, 1879, 516 וְעִמְּךָ מְרִיבִי הַכּ, compare Oort (רִיבִי); RubenCrit, Rem. on the passage ְ ועַמִּי כָמוֺךָ הַכּ׳, so Now. — וַיָּרֶכ 1 Samuel 15:5 see ארב Hiph.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:20; 26:21; 26:22; 31:36; 31:36


17:2; 17:2; 21:18; 21:18


20:3; 20:13


33:7; 33:8


6:31; 6:31; 6:31; 6:32; 6:32; 8:1; 11:25; 11:25; 11:25; 21:22; 21:22

1 Samuel

2:10; 15:5; 24:15; 24:16; 24:16; 25:29; 25:39


5:7; 13:11; 13:17; 13:25


9:3; 9:3; 10:2; 13:8; 13:19; 23:6; 33:13; 33:13; 40:2; 40:2


35:1; 35:1; 43:1; 74:22; 103:9; 119:154


3:30; 3:30; 22:23; 23:11; 25:8; 25:8; 25:9; 25:9


1:17; 1:17; 3:13; 3:13; 19:20; 27:8; 45:9; 49:25; 50:8; 51:22; 57:16


2:9; 2:29; 12:1; 50:34; 50:34; 51:36


3:58; 3:58


2:4; 2:4; 2:4; 4:4; 4:4; 4:4; 4:5


7:4; 7:4


6:1; 6:1; 7:9

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7378 matches the Hebrew רִיב (rîḇ),
which occurs 70 times in 59 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 26:20–Jer 2:29)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:20 - And the herdsmen of Gerar contended H7378 with the herdsmen of Isaac, saying, “The water is ours!” So he named the well [fn]Esek, because they quarreled with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:21 - Then they dug another well, and they contended H7378 over it also, so he called it [fn]Sitnah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:22 - Then he moved away from there and dug another well, and they did not contend H7378 over it; so he named it [fn]Rehoboth, and he said, “[fn]At last Yahweh has made [fn]room for us, and we will be fruitful in the land.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:36 -

Then Jacob became angry and contended H7378 with Laban; and Jacob answered and said to Laban, “What is my transgression? What is my sin that you have hotly pursued me?

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:2 - Therefore the people contended H7378 with Moses and said, “Give us water that we may drink.” And Moses said to them, “Why do you contend H7378 with me? Why do you test Yahweh?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:18 -

“And if men contend H7378 with each other and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but [fn]remains in bed,

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:3 - The people thus contended H7378 with Moses and spoke, saying, “If only we had breathed our last when our brothers breathed their last before Yahweh!
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:13 - Those were the waters of [fn]Meribah [fn]because the sons of Israel contended H7378 with Yahweh, and He proved Himself holy among them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:8 -

Of Levi he said,

Let Your Thummim and Your Urim belong to [fn]Your holy one,

Whom You tested at Massah,

[fn]With whom You contended H7378 at the waters of Meribah;

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:31 - But Joash said to all who stood against him, “Will you contend H7378 for Baal, or will you save him? Whoever will contend H7378 for him shall be put to death by morning. If he is a god, let him contend H7378 for himself, because someone has torn down his altar.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:32 - Therefore on that day he named him Jerubbaal, that is to say, “Let Baal contend H7378 against him,” because he had torn down his altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:1 -

Then the men of Ephraim said to him, “What is this thing you have done to us, not calling us when you went to fight against Midian?” And they strongly contended H7378 with him.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:25 - ‘So now are you any better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? Did he ever H7378 strive H7378 with Israel, or did he ever fight against them?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:22 - “And it will be when their fathers or their brothers come to contend H7378 with us, that we shall say to them, ‘Be gracious to us concerning them because we did not take for each man of Benjamin [fn]a wife in the battle, [fn]and you did not give your daughters to them; otherwise you would now be guilty.’”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:10 -

“Those who contend H7378 with Yahweh will be dismayed;

Against them He will thunder in the heavens;

Yahweh will render justice to the ends of the earth,

And He will give strength to His king,

And He will exalt the [fn]horn of His anointed.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:5 - And Saul came to the city of Amalek and set an ambush in the valley.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:15 - “Therefore Yahweh be judge and execute justice between [fn]you and me; and may He see and plead H7378 my cause and execute justice for me to escape from your hand.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:39 -

Then David heard that Nabal was dead, so he said, “Blessed be Yahweh, who has pleaded H7378 the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal and has kept back His servant from evil. Yahweh has also returned the evil of Nabal on his own head.” Then David sent [fn]a proposal to Abigail, to take her as his wife.

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 5:7 - I consulted within my own heart and contended H7378 with the nobles and the officials and said to them, “You are exacting usury, each from his brother!” Therefore, I held a great assembly against them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:11 - So I contended H7378 against the officials and said, “Why is the house of God forsaken?” Then I gathered them together and had them stand in their posts.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:17 - Then I contended H7378 with the nobles of Judah and said to them, “What is this evil thing you are doing, even profaning the sabbath day?
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:25 - So I contended H7378 with them and cursed them and struck some of them and pulled out their hair and made them swear by God, “You shall not give your daughters to their sons, nor take up their daughters for your sons or for yourselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:3 -

“If one desired to contend H7378 with Him,

He could not answer Him once in a thousand times.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:2 -

“I will say to God, ‘Do not account me as wicked;

Let me know why You contend H7378 with me.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 13:8 -

“Will you show partiality for Him?

Will you contend H7378 for God?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 13:19 -

“Who will contend H7378 with me?

For now I am silent and will breathe my last.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 23:6 -

“Would He contend H7378 with me by the greatness of His power?

No, surely He would pay attention to me.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:13 -

“If I have rejected the justice of my male or female [fn]slaves

When they filed a complaint against me,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:13 -

“Why do you contend H7378 against Him?

For He does not give an answer for all His doings.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:2 -

“Will the faultfinder contend H7378 with the Almighty?

Let him who reproves God answer it.”

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:1 -

Of David.

Contend H7378, O Yahweh, with those who contend with me;

Fight against those who fight against me.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 43:1 -

Give justice to me, O God, and plead H7378 my case against an unholy nation;

[fn]Oh protect me from the deceitful and unrighteous man!

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:22 -

Arise, O God, and plead H7378 Your own cause;

Remember [fn]how the wicked fool reproaches You all day long.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 103:9 -

He will not always contend H7378 with us,

And He will not keep His anger forever.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:154 -

Plead H7378 my cause and redeem me;

Revive me according to Your [fn]word.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 3:30 -

Do not contend H7378 with a man without cause,

If he has dealt you no [fn]harm.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:23 -

For Yahweh will plead H7378 their case

And rob the soul of those who rob them.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:11 -

For their Redeemer is strong;

He will plead H7378 their case against you.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:8 -

Do not go out hastily to plead H7378 your case;

Lest, what will you do in [fn]the end,

When your neighbor humiliates you?

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:9 -

Plead H7378 your case with your neighbor,

And do not reveal the secret of another,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:17 -

Learn to do good;

Seek justice,

Reprove the ruthless,

Execute justice for the [fn]orphan,

Plead H7378 for the widow.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:13 -

Yahweh takes His stand to contend H7378,

And stands to judge the peoples.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 27:8 -

You contended H7378 with them [fn]by driving them away, by making them forlorn.

With His fierce wind He has expelled them on the day of the east wind.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:9 -

“Woe to the one who contends H7378 with his [fn]Maker

An earthenware vessel [fn]among the vessels of earth!

Will the clay say to the [fn]potter, ‘What are you doing?’

Or the thing you are making say, ‘He has no hands’?

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:25 -

Surely, thus says Yahweh,

“Even the captives of the mighty man will be taken away,

And the prey of the tyrant will be granted escape;

For I will contend H7378 with the one who contends with you,

And I will save your sons.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:8 -

He who [fn]vindicates Me is near;

Who will contend H7378 with Me?

Let us stand up to each other;

Who has a judgment against Me?

Let him approach Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 51:22 -

Thus says your Lord, Yahweh, even your God

Who contends H7378 for His people,

“Behold, I have taken out of your hand the cup of reeling,

The [fn]chalice of My wrath;

You will never drink it again.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:16 -

“For I will not contend H7378 forever,

Nor will I always be angry;

For the spirit would grow faint before Me,

And the breath of those whom I have made.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:9 -

“Therefore I will yet contend H7378 with you,” declares Yahweh,

“And with your sons’ sons I will contend H7378.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:29 -

“Why do you contend H7378 with Me?

You have all transgressed against Me,” declares Yahweh.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 26:20–Jer 2:29) Gen 26:20–Jer 2:29

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