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Lexicon :: Strong's H7503 - rāp̄â

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2198

Strong’s Definitions

רָפָה râphâh, raw-faw'; a primitive root; to slacken (in many applications, literal or figurative):—abate, cease, consume, draw (toward evening), fail, (be) faint, be (wax) feeble, forsake, idle, leave, let alone (go, down), (be) slack, stay, be still, be slothful, (be) weak(-en). See H7495.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 46x

The KJV translates Strong's H7503 in the following manner: feeble (6x), fail (4x), weaken (4x), go (4x), alone (4x), idle (3x), stay (3x), slack (3x), faint (2x), forsake (2x), abated (1x), cease (1x), miscellaneous (9x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 46x
The KJV translates Strong's H7503 in the following manner: feeble (6x), fail (4x), weaken (4x), go (4x), alone (4x), idle (3x), stay (3x), slack (3x), faint (2x), forsake (2x), abated (1x), cease (1x), miscellaneous (9x).
  1. to sink, relax, sink down, let drop, be disheartened

    1. (Qal)

      1. to sink down

      2. to sink, drop

      3. to sink, relax, abate

      4. to relax, withdraw

    2. (Niphal) idle (participle)

    3. (Piel) to let drop

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to let drop, abandon, relax, refrain, forsake

      2. to let go

      3. to refrain, let alone

      4. to be quiet

    5. (Hithpael) to show oneself slack

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רָפָה râphâh, raw-faw'; a primitive root; to slacken (in many applications, literal or figurative):—abate, cease, consume, draw (toward evening), fail, (be) faint, be (wax) feeble, forsake, idle, leave, let alone (go, down), (be) slack, stay, be still, be slothful, (be) weak(-en). See H7495.
STRONGS H7503: Abbreviations
רָפה verb sink, relax (Late Hebrew id., so Aramaic רפא (derived species), Zinjirli רפה Aph`el, bdb095102; Arabic bdb095103 an easy life is perhaps akin); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular Judges 19:9 (yet see below); 3rd person feminine singular רָֽפִ֑תָה Judges 8:3; Jeremiah 49:24, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִרְפֶּה Isaiah 5:24, וַיִּרֶף Exodus 4:26 (see below), etc.; —
1. sink down, of hay in flame Isaiah 5:24; sink, decline, of day Judges 19:9 (si vera lectio; LXX of Lucian (Lag.) κέκλικεν, GFM נָטָה [but how explain the difficult רפה ?]). Usu.
2. sink, drop (of wings, see Pi.), of hands, with מִן Nehemiah 6:9 their hands will drop from the work (in fear); elsewhere absolute figurative = lose heart, energy, 2 Samuel 4:1; Isaiah 13:7; Jeremiah 6:24; Jeremiah 50:43; Ezekiel 7:17; Ezekiel 21:12; Zephaniah 3:16; יָרַיִם omitted Jeremiah 49:24.
3. sink, relax, abate, of temper Judges 8:3 (+ מֵעַל person).
4. relax, withdraw, subject י׳, מִן person Exodus 4:26 (J), i.e. let one alone (but read perhaps וַיֶרֶף, see Hiph.).
Niph.. Participle plural נִרְפִּים idle Exodus 5:8, 17 (J).
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular רִפָּה Job 12:21; Imperfect 3rd person feminine plural תְּרַפֶּינָה Ezekiel 1:24, 25; Participle מְרַפּא (Ges§ 75 rr) Jeremiah 38:4; plural מְרַפִּים Ezra 4:4; — causative: let wings drop Ezekiel 1:24, 25 (read Qal, כנפיהם subject, Greek Version of the LXX Co Toy Krae and others, who strike out in Ezekiel 1:25); loosen and let drop, girdle of mighty, figurative for weaken them Job 12:21; with accusative hands, figurative for enfeeble, dishearten Jeremiah 38:4; Ezra 4:4.
Hiph. Imperfect, 3rd person masculine singular suffix יַרְפְּךָ Deuteronomy 4:31 +; jussive 2nd person masculine singular תֶּ֫רֶף Joshua 10:6 +, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַרְפֵּה Judges 11:37; 2 Kings 4:27; הֶ֫רֶף Deuteronomy 9:14 +; masculine plural הַרְפּוּ Psalm 46:11; — causative,
1. let drop, the hand 2 Samuel 24:16 = 1 Chronicles 21:15; figurative, + מִן person, = abandon, Joshua 10:6 (JE); perhaps also (יָד omitted) = relax, refrain Exodus 4:26 (reading וַיֶרֶף, see Qal); accusative of thing, = abandon, forsake, Nehemiah 6:3, so (subject י׳) Psalm 138:8; subject י׳, with accusative of person, Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 31:6, 8; Joshua 1:5 (D), 1 Chronicles 28:20.
2. let go, suffix person, Songs 3:4 (opposed to אחז); figurative, accusative (omitted) מוּסָר, Proverbs 4:13 (opposed to החזיק), צְדָקָה Job 27:6 (opposed to id.).
3. refrain, with מִן person, = let one alone Judges 11:37; Deuteronomy 9:14, מִן of anger Psalm 37:8; with ל person 1 Samuel 11:3; 2 Kings 4:27; accusative of person Job 7:19; absolute let alone, i.e. do nothing, be quiet, 1 Samuel 15:16; Psalm 46:11 (compare Weir in Dr1 Samuel 15:16). — Jeremiah 3:22; Job 5:18; Psalm 60:4 see רָפָא.
Hithp. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular הִתְרַפִּיתָ Proverbs 24:10 hast shewn thyself slack; Participle מִתְרַפֶּה Proverbs 18:9 one shewing himself slack, plural מִתְרַפִּים Joshua 18:3. — See also רָפָא heal.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


4:26; 4:26; 4:26; 5:8; 5:17


4:31; 4:31; 9:14; 9:14; 31:6; 31:8


1:5; 10:6; 10:6; 18:3


8:3; 8:3; 11:37; 11:37; 19:9; 19:9

1 Samuel

11:3; 15:16; 15:16

2 Samuel

4:1; 24:16

2 Kings

4:27; 4:27

1 Chronicles

21:15; 28:20


4:4; 4:4


6:3; 6:9


5:18; 7:19; 12:21; 12:21; 27:6


37:8; 46:11; 46:11; 60:4; 138:8


4:13; 18:9; 24:10

Song of Songs



5:24; 5:24; 13:7


3:22; 6:24; 38:4; 38:4; 49:24; 49:24; 50:43


1:24; 1:24; 1:25; 1:25; 1:25; 7:17; 21:12



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7503 matches the Hebrew רָפָה (rāp̄â),
which occurs 46 times in 45 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:26 - So he let him go: H7503 then she said, A bloody husband thou art, because of the circumcision.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:8 - And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; H7503 therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:17 - But he said, Ye are idle, H7503 ye are idle: H7503 therefore ye say, Let us go and do sacrifice to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:31 - (For the LORD thy God is a merciful God;) he will not forsake H7503 thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:14 - Let me alone, H7503 that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:6 - Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; he will not fail H7503 thee, nor forsake thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:8 - And the LORD, he it is that doth go before thee; he will be with thee, he will not fail H7503 thee, neither forsake thee: fear not, neither be dismayed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:5 - There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the days of thy life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee: I will not fail H7503 thee, nor forsake thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:6 - And the men of Gibeon sent unto Joshua to the camp to Gilgal, saying, Slack H7503 not thy hand from thy servants; come up to us quickly, and save us, and help us: for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the mountains are gathered together against us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:3 - And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, How long are ye slack H7503 to go to possess the land, which the LORD God of your fathers hath given you?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:3 - God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated H7503 toward him, when he had said that.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:37 - And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone H7503 two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:9 - And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold, now the day draweth H7503 toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end, lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:3 - And the elders of Jabesh said unto him, Give us seven days' respite, H7503 that we may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel: and then, if there be no man to save us, we will come out to thee.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:16 - Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay, H7503 and I will tell thee what the LORD hath said to me this night. And he said unto him, Say on.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 4:1 - And when Saul's son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands were feeble, H7503 and all the Israelites were troubled.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 24:16 - And when the angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough: stay H7503 now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:27 - And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And the man of God said, Let her alone; H7503 for her soul is vexed within her: and the LORD hath hid it from me, and hath not told me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 21:15 - And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay H7503 now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:20 - And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the LORD God, even my God, will be with thee; he will not fail H7503 thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 15:7 - Be ye strong therefore, and let not your hands be weak: H7503 for your work shall be rewarded.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 4:4 - Then the people of the land weakened H7503 the hands of the people of Judah, and troubled them in building,
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:3 - And I sent messengers unto them, saying, I am doing a great work, so that I cannot come down: why should the work cease, whilst I leave H7503 it, and come down to you?
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:9 - For they all made us afraid, saying, Their hands shall be weakened H7503 from the work, that it be not done. Now therefore, O God, strengthen my hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:19 - How long wilt thou not depart from me, nor let me alone H7503 till I swallow down my spittle?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:21 - He poureth contempt upon princes, and weakeneth H7503 the strength of the mighty.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:6 - My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go: H7503 my heart shall not reproach me so long as I live.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:8 - Cease H7503 from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not thyself in any wise to do evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 46:10 - Be still, H7503 and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 138:8 - The LORD will perfect that which concerneth me: thy mercy, O LORD, endureth for ever: forsake H7503 not the works of thine own hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 4:13 - Take fast hold of instruction; let her not go: H7503 keep her; for she is thy life.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 18:9 - He also that is slothful H7503 in his work is brother to him that is a great waster.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:10 - If thou faint H7503 in the day of adversity, thy strength is small.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 3:4 - It was but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my soul loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, H7503 until I had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:24 - Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth H7503 the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:7 - Therefore shall all hands be faint, H7503 and every man's heart shall melt:
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:24 - We have heard the fame thereof: our hands wax feeble: H7503 anguish hath taken hold of us, and pain, as of a woman in travail.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 38:4 - Therefore the princes said unto the king, We beseech thee, let this man be put to death: for thus he weakeneth H7503 the hands of the men of war that remain in this city, and the hands of all the people, in speaking such words unto them: for this man seeketh not the welfare of this people, but the hurt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:24 - Damascus is waxed feeble, H7503 and turneth herself to flee, and fear hath seized on her: anguish and sorrows have taken her, as a woman in travail.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:43 - The king of Babylon hath heard the report of them, and his hands waxed feeble: H7503 anguish took hold of him, and pangs as of a woman in travail.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 1:24 - And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, they let down H7503 their wings.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 1:25 - And there was a voice from the firmament that was over their heads, when they stood, and had let down H7503 their wings.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:17 - All hands shall be feeble, H7503 and all knees shall be weak as water.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:7 - And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, H7503 and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak as water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 3:16 - In that day it shall be said to Jerusalem, Fear thou not: and to Zion, Let not thine hands be slack. H7503
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