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Lexicon :: Strong's H7503 - rāp̄â

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2198

Strong’s Definitions

רָפָה râphâh, raw-faw'; a primitive root; to slacken (in many applications, literal or figurative):—abate, cease, consume, draw (toward evening), fail, (be) faint, be (wax) feeble, forsake, idle, leave, let alone (go, down), (be) slack, stay, be still, be slothful, (be) weak(-en). See H7495.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 46x

The KJV translates Strong's H7503 in the following manner: feeble (6x), fail (4x), weaken (4x), go (4x), alone (4x), idle (3x), stay (3x), slack (3x), faint (2x), forsake (2x), abated (1x), cease (1x), miscellaneous (9x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 46x
The KJV translates Strong's H7503 in the following manner: feeble (6x), fail (4x), weaken (4x), go (4x), alone (4x), idle (3x), stay (3x), slack (3x), faint (2x), forsake (2x), abated (1x), cease (1x), miscellaneous (9x).
  1. to sink, relax, sink down, let drop, be disheartened

    1. (Qal)

      1. to sink down

      2. to sink, drop

      3. to sink, relax, abate

      4. to relax, withdraw

    2. (Niphal) idle (participle)

    3. (Piel) to let drop

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to let drop, abandon, relax, refrain, forsake

      2. to let go

      3. to refrain, let alone

      4. to be quiet

    5. (Hithpael) to show oneself slack

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רָפָה râphâh, raw-faw'; a primitive root; to slacken (in many applications, literal or figurative):—abate, cease, consume, draw (toward evening), fail, (be) faint, be (wax) feeble, forsake, idle, leave, let alone (go, down), (be) slack, stay, be still, be slothful, (be) weak(-en). See H7495.
STRONGS H7503: Abbreviations
רָפה verb sink, relax (Late Hebrew id., so Aramaic רפא (derived species), Zinjirli רפה Aph`el, bdb095102; Arabic bdb095103 an easy life is perhaps akin); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular Judges 19:9 (yet see below); 3rd person feminine singular רָֽפִ֑תָה Judges 8:3; Jeremiah 49:24, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִרְפֶּה Isaiah 5:24, וַיִּרֶף Exodus 4:26 (see below), etc.; —
1. sink down, of hay in flame Isaiah 5:24; sink, decline, of day Judges 19:9 (si vera lectio; LXX of Lucian (Lag.) κέκλικεν, GFM נָטָה [but how explain the difficult רפה ?]). Usu.
2. sink, drop (of wings, see Pi.), of hands, with מִן Nehemiah 6:9 their hands will drop from the work (in fear); elsewhere absolute figurative = lose heart, energy, 2 Samuel 4:1; Isaiah 13:7; Jeremiah 6:24; Jeremiah 50:43; Ezekiel 7:17; Ezekiel 21:12; Zephaniah 3:16; יָרַיִם omitted Jeremiah 49:24.
3. sink, relax, abate, of temper Judges 8:3 (+ מֵעַל person).
4. relax, withdraw, subject י׳, מִן person Exodus 4:26 (J), i.e. let one alone (but read perhaps וַיֶרֶף, see Hiph.).
Niph.. Participle plural נִרְפִּים idle Exodus 5:8, 17 (J).
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular רִפָּה Job 12:21; Imperfect 3rd person feminine plural תְּרַפֶּינָה Ezekiel 1:24, 25; Participle מְרַפּא (Ges§ 75 rr) Jeremiah 38:4; plural מְרַפִּים Ezra 4:4; — causative: let wings drop Ezekiel 1:24, 25 (read Qal, כנפיהם subject, Greek Version of the LXX Co Toy Krae and others, who strike out in Ezekiel 1:25); loosen and let drop, girdle of mighty, figurative for weaken them Job 12:21; with accusative hands, figurative for enfeeble, dishearten Jeremiah 38:4; Ezra 4:4.
Hiph. Imperfect, 3rd person masculine singular suffix יַרְפְּךָ Deuteronomy 4:31 +; jussive 2nd person masculine singular תֶּ֫רֶף Joshua 10:6 +, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַרְפֵּה Judges 11:37; 2 Kings 4:27; הֶ֫רֶף Deuteronomy 9:14 +; masculine plural הַרְפּוּ Psalm 46:11; — causative,
1. let drop, the hand 2 Samuel 24:16 = 1 Chronicles 21:15; figurative, + מִן person, = abandon, Joshua 10:6 (JE); perhaps also (יָד omitted) = relax, refrain Exodus 4:26 (reading וַיֶרֶף, see Qal); accusative of thing, = abandon, forsake, Nehemiah 6:3, so (subject י׳) Psalm 138:8; subject י׳, with accusative of person, Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 31:6, 8; Joshua 1:5 (D), 1 Chronicles 28:20.
2. let go, suffix person, Songs 3:4 (opposed to אחז); figurative, accusative (omitted) מוּסָר, Proverbs 4:13 (opposed to החזיק), צְדָקָה Job 27:6 (opposed to id.).
3. refrain, with מִן person, = let one alone Judges 11:37; Deuteronomy 9:14, מִן of anger Psalm 37:8; with ל person 1 Samuel 11:3; 2 Kings 4:27; accusative of person Job 7:19; absolute let alone, i.e. do nothing, be quiet, 1 Samuel 15:16; Psalm 46:11 (compare Weir in Dr1 Samuel 15:16). — Jeremiah 3:22; Job 5:18; Psalm 60:4 see רָפָא.
Hithp. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular הִתְרַפִּיתָ Proverbs 24:10 hast shewn thyself slack; Participle מִתְרַפֶּה Proverbs 18:9 one shewing himself slack, plural מִתְרַפִּים Joshua 18:3. — See also רָפָא heal.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


4:26; 4:26; 4:26; 5:8; 5:17


4:31; 4:31; 9:14; 9:14; 31:6; 31:8


1:5; 10:6; 10:6; 18:3


8:3; 8:3; 11:37; 11:37; 19:9; 19:9

1 Samuel

11:3; 15:16; 15:16

2 Samuel

4:1; 24:16

2 Kings

4:27; 4:27

1 Chronicles

21:15; 28:20


4:4; 4:4


6:3; 6:9


5:18; 7:19; 12:21; 12:21; 27:6


37:8; 46:11; 46:11; 60:4; 138:8


4:13; 18:9; 24:10

Song of Songs



5:24; 5:24; 13:7


3:22; 6:24; 38:4; 38:4; 49:24; 49:24; 50:43


1:24; 1:24; 1:25; 1:25; 1:25; 7:17; 21:12



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7503 matches the Hebrew רָפָה (rāp̄â),
which occurs 46 times in 45 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:26 - So He let H7503 him alone. H7503 At that time she said,You are a bridegroom of blood”[fn]because of the circumcision.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:8 - “But the quota of bricks which they were making previously, you shall impose on them; you are not to reduce any of it. Because they are lazy, H7503 therefore they cry out, ‘[fn]Let us go and sacrifice to our God.’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:17 - But he said, “You are lazy, H7503 very lazy; H7503 therefore you say, ‘Let us go and sacrifice to the LORD.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:31 - “For the LORD your God is a compassionate God; He will not fail H7503 you nor destroy you nor forget the covenant with your fathers which He swore to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:14 - ‘Let H7503 Me alone, H7503 that I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven; and I will make of you a nation mightier and greater than they.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:6 - “Be strong and courageous, do not be afraid or tremble at them, for the LORD your God is the one who goes with you. He will not fail H7503 you or forsake you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:8 - “The LORD is the one who goes ahead of you; He will be with you. He will not fail H7503 you or forsake you. Do not fear or be dismayed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:5 - “No man will be able to stand before you all the days of your life. Just as I have been with Moses, I will be with you; I will not fail H7503 you or forsake you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:6 - Then the men of Gibeon sent word to Joshua to the camp at Gilgal, saying, “Do not [fn]abandon H7503 your servants; come up to us quickly and save us and help us, for all the kings of the Amorites that live in the hill country have assembled against us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 18:3 - So Joshua said to the sons of Israel, “How long will you put H7503 off H7503 entering to take possession of the land which the LORD, the God of your fathers, has given you?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:3 - “God has given the leaders of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb into your hands; and what was I able to do in comparison with you?” Then their [fn]anger toward him subsided H7503 when he said [fn]that.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:37 - She said to her father, “Let this thing be done for me; let H7503 me alone H7503 two months, that I may [fn]go to the mountains and weep because of my virginity, I and my companions.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:9 - When the man arose to go along with his concubine and servant, his father-in-law, the girl’s father, said to him, “Behold now, the day has drawn H7503 [fn]to a close; please spend the night. Lo, the day is [fn]coming to an end; spend the night here that your heart may be merry. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey so that you may go [fn]home.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:3 - The elders of Jabesh said to him, “Let H7503 us alone H7503 for seven days, that we may send messengers throughout the territory of Israel. Then, if there is no one to deliver us, we will come out to you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:16 - Then Samuel said to Saul, “Wait, H7503 and let me tell you what the LORD said to me last night.” And he said to him, “Speak!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 4:1 - Now when [fn]Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, heard that Abner had died in Hebron, [fn]he lost H7503 courage, H7503 and all Israel was disturbed.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 24:16 - When the angel stretched out his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD relented from the calamity and said to the angel who destroyed the people, “It is enough! Now relax H7503 your hand!” And the angel of the LORD was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:27 - When she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught hold of his feet. And Gehazi came near to push her away; but the man of God said, “Let H7503 her alone, H7503 for her soul is [fn]troubled within her; and the LORD has hidden it from me and has not told me.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 21:15 - And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it; but as he was about to destroy it, the LORD saw and was sorry over the calamity, and said to the destroying angel, “It is enough; now relax H7503 your hand.” And the angel of the LORD was standing by the threshing floor of [fn]Ornan the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:20 - Then David said to his son Solomon, “Be strong and courageous, and act; do not fear nor be dismayed, for the LORD God, my God, is with you. He will not fail H7503 you nor forsake you until all the work for the service of the house of the LORD is finished.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 15:7 - “But you, be strong and do not [fn]lose H7503 courage, H7503 for there is reward for your work.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 4:4 - Then the people of the land [fn]discouraged H7503 the people of Judah, and frightened them from building,
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:3 - So I sent messengers to them, saying, “I am doing a great work and I cannot come down. Why should the work stop while I leave H7503 it and come down to you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:9 - For all of them were trying to frighten us, [fn]thinking,[fn]They will become H7503 discouraged H7503 with the work and it will not be done.” But now, O God, strengthen my hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:19 - [fn]Will You never turn Your gaze away from me,
Nor let H7503 me alone H7503 until I swallow my spittle?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:21 - “He pours contempt on nobles
And loosens H7503 the belt of the strong.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:6 - “I hold fast my righteousness and will not let H7503 it go. H7503
My heart does not reproach any of my days.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:8 - Cease H7503 from anger and forsake wrath;
Do not fret; it leads only to evildoing.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 46:10 - [fn]Cease H7503 striving and know that I am God;
I will be exalted among the [fn]nations, I will be exalted in the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 138:8 - The LORD will accomplish what concerns me;
Your lovingkindness, O LORD, is everlasting;
Do not forsake H7503 the works of Your hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 4:13 - Take hold of instruction; do not let H7503 go. H7503
Guard her, for she is your life.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 18:9 - He also who is slack H7503 in his work
Is brother to him who destroys.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:10 - If you are slack H7503 in the day of distress,
Your strength is limited.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 3:4 - “Scarcely had I [fn]left them
When I found him whom my soul loves;
I held on to him and would not let H7503 him go H7503
Until I had brought him to my mother’s house,
And into the room of her who conceived me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:24 - Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes stubble
And dry grass collapses H7503 into the flame,
So their root will become like rot and their blossom [fn]blow away as dust;
For they have rejected the law of the LORD of hosts
And despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:7 - Therefore all hands will fall H7503 limp, H7503
And every man’s heart will melt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:24 - We have heard the report of it;
Our hands are limp. H7503
Anguish has seized us,
Pain as of a woman in childbirth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 38:4 - Then the officials said to the king, “Now let this man be put to death, inasmuch as he is [fn]discouraging H7503 the men of war who are left in this city and [fn]all the people, by speaking such words to them; for this man is not seeking the well-being of this people but rather their harm.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:24 - “Damascus has become H7503 helpless; H7503
She has turned away to flee,
And panic has gripped her;
Distress and pangs have taken hold of her
Like a woman in childbirth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:43 - “The king of Babylon has heard the report about them,
And his hands hang H7503 limp; H7503
Distress has gripped him,
Agony like a woman in childbirth.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 1:24 - I also heard the sound of their wings like the sound of abundant waters as they went, like the voice of [fn]the Almighty, a sound of tumult like the sound of an army camp; whenever they stood still, they dropped H7503 their wings.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 1:25 - And there came a voice from above the expanse that was over their heads; whenever they stood still, they dropped H7503 their wings.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:17 - ‘All hands will hang H7503 limp H7503 and all knees will [fn]become like water.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:7 - “And when they say to you, ‘Why do you groan?’ you shall say, ‘Because of the news that is coming; and every heart will melt, all hands will be feeble, H7503 every spirit will [fn]faint and all knees will [fn]be weak as water. Behold, it comes and it will happen,’ declares the Lord [fn]GOD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 3:16 - In that day it will be said to Jerusalem:
“Do not be afraid, O Zion;
Do not let your hands fall H7503 limp. H7503
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